1 Chronicles 19:3
New International Version
the Ammonite commanders said to Hanun, "Do you think David is honoring your father by sending envoys to you to express sympathy? Haven't his envoys come to you only to explore and spy out the country and overthrow it?"

New Living Translation
the Ammonite commanders said to Hanun, “Do you really think these men are coming here to honor your father? No! David has sent them to spy out the land so they can come in and conquer it!”

English Standard Version
But the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun, “Do you think, because David has sent comforters to you, that he is honoring your father? Have not his servants come to you to search and to overthrow and to spy out the land?”

Berean Study Bible
the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun, “Just because David has sent you comforters, do you really believe he is showing respect for your father? Have not his servants come to you to explore the land, spy it out, and overthrow it?”

New American Standard Bible
But the princes of the sons of Ammon said to Hanun, "Do you think that David is honoring your father, in that he has sent comforters to you? Have not his servants come to you to search and to overthrow and to spy out the land?"

King James Bible
But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?

Christian Standard Bible
the Ammonite leaders said to Hanun, "Just because David has sent men with condolences for you, do you really believe he's showing respect for your father? Instead, haven't his emissaries come in order to scout out, overthrow, and spy on the land?"

Contemporary English Version
the Ammonite leaders said to Hanun, "Do you really believe King David is honoring your father by sending these men to comfort you? He probably sent them to spy on our country, so he can come and destroy it."

Good News Translation
the Ammonite leaders said to the king, "Do you think that it is in your father's honor that David has sent these men to express sympathy to you? Of course not! He has sent them here as spies to explore the land, so that he can conquer it!"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
the Ammonite leaders said to Hanun, "Just because David has sent men with condolences for you, do you really believe he's showing respect for your father? Instead, hasn't David sent his emissaries in order to scout out, overthrow, and spy on the land?"

International Standard Version
the Ammonite officials asked Hanun, "Do you think that because David has sent a delegation of consolers to you that he is honoring your father? His delegation has arrived to search, overthrow, and scout the land, hasn't it?"

NET Bible
the Ammonite officials said to Hanun, "Do you really think David is trying to honor your father by sending these messengers to express his sympathy? No, his servants have come to you so they can get information and spy out the land!"

New Heart English Bible
But the leaders of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, "Do you think that David honors your father, in that he has sent comforters to you? Haven't his servants come to you to search, to overthrow, and to spy out the land?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
the Ammonite princes asked Hanun, "Do you think David is honoring your father because he sent men to comfort you? Haven't his servants come to explore, destroy, and spy on the country?"

JPS Tanakh 1917
But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun: 'Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?'

New American Standard 1977
But the princes of the sons of Ammon said to Hanun, “Do you think that David is honoring your father, in that he has sent comforters to you? Have not his servants come to you to search and to overthrow and to spy out the land?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
But the princes of the sons of Ammon said to Hanun, Does it seem unto thee that David honours thy father, that he has sent comforters unto thee? Are not his slaves come unto thee to search and to overthrow and to spy out the land?

King James 2000 Bible
But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Think you that David does honor your father, that he has sent comforters unto you? are not his servants come unto you to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?

American King James Version
But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Think you that David does honor your father, that he has sent comforters to you? are not his servants come to you for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?

American Standard Version
But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honor thy father, in that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the chiefs of the children of Ammon said to Anan, Is it to honour thy father before thee, that David has sent comforters to thee? Have not his servants come to thee that they might search the city, and to spy out the land?

Douay-Rheims Bible
The princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanon: Thou thinkest perhaps that David to do honour to thy father hath sent comforters to thee: and thou dost not take notice, that his servants are come to thee to consider, and search, and spy out thy land.

Darby Bible Translation
And the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Is it, in thine eyes, to honour thy father that David has sent comforters to thee? Is it not to search and overthrow, and to spy out the land that his servants are come to thee?

English Revised Version
But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?

Webster's Bible Translation
But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honor thy father, that he hath sent comforters to thee? are not his servants come to thee to search, and to overthrow, and to explore the land?

World English Bible
But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, "Do you think that David honors your father, in that he has sent comforters to you? Haven't his servants come to you to search, to overthrow, and to spy out the land?"

Young's Literal Translation
and the heads of the sons of Ammon say to Hanun, 'Is David honouring thy father, in thine eyes, because he hath sent to thee comforters? in order to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out, the land, have not his servants come in unto thee?'
Study Bible
David's Messengers Disgraced
2And David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent messengers to console Hanun concerning his father. But when David’s servants arrived in the land of the Ammonites to console him, 3the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun, “Just because David has sent you comforters, do you really believe he is showing respect for your father? Have not his servants come to you to explore the land, spy it out, and overthrow it?” 4So Hanun took David’s servants, shaved their beards, cut off their garments at the hips, and sent them away.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 10:3
the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun their lord, "Just because David has sent you comforters, do you really believe he is showing respect for your father? Has not David instead sent his servants to explore the city, spy it out, and overthrow it?"

1 Chronicles 19:2
And David said, "I will show kindness to Hanun son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me." So David sent messengers to console Hanun concerning his father. But when David's servants arrived in the land of the Ammonites to console him,

1 Chronicles 19:4
So Hanun took David's servants, shaved their beards, cut their garments in half at the hips, and sent them away.

Treasury of Scripture

But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Think you that David does honor your father, that he has sent comforters to you? are not his servants come to you for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?

but the princes

1 Samuel 29:4,9
And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him; and the princes of the Philistines said unto him, Make this fellow return, that he may go again to his place which thou hast appointed him, and let him not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he be an adversary to us: for wherewith should he reconcile himself unto his master? should it not be with the heads of these men? …

1 Kings 12:8-11
But he forsook the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, and which stood before him: …

Thinkest thou that David.

1 Corinthians 13:5-7
Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; …

to search

Genesis 42:9-18
And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them, Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come…

Joshua 2:1-3
And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there…

Judges 1:23,24
And the house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel. (Now the name of the city before was Luz.) …







Lexicon
the princes
שָׂרֵ֨י (śā·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of the Ammonites
בְנֵי־ (ḇə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

said
וַיֹּאמְרוּ֩ (way·yō·mə·rū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to Hanun,
לְחָנ֗וּן (lə·ḥā·nūn)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2586: Hanun -- 'favored', two contemporaries of Nehemiah, also an Ammonite king

“Just because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

David has sent
שָׁלַ֥ח (šā·laḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

you
לְךָ֖ (lə·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

comforters,
מְנַחֲמִ֑ים (mə·na·ḥă·mîm)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5162: To sigh, breathe strongly, to be sorry, to pity, console, rue, to avenge

do you really believe
בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ (bə·‘ê·ne·ḵā)
Preposition-b | Noun - cdc | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5869: An eye, a fountain

he is
דָּוִ֤יד (dā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

showing respect
הַֽמְכַבֵּ֨ד (ham·ḵab·bêḏ)
Article | Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3513: To be heavy, weighty, or burdensome

for your father?
אָבִ֙יךָ֙ (’ā·ḇî·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

Have not
הֲלֹ֡א (hă·lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

his servants
עֲבָדָ֖יו (‘ă·ḇā·ḏāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

come
בָּ֥אוּ (bā·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to you
אֵלֶֽיךָ׃ (’ê·le·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

to explore
לַחְקֹ֨ר (laḥ·qōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 2713: To penetrate, to examine intimately

the land,
הָאָ֔רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

spy it out,
וּלְרַגֵּל֙ (ū·lə·rag·gêl)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7270: To walk along, to reconnoiter, to be a, tale-bearer, to lead about

and overthrow it??
וְלַהֲפֹ֤ךְ (wə·la·hă·p̄ōḵ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 2015: To turn about, over, to change, overturn, return, pervert
(3) Are not his servants come . . . for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?--Literally, Is it not for to search . . . that his servants are come unto thee? This is hardly an improvement on Samuel: "Is it not to search the city (Rabbath-Ammon, the capital), and to spy it out, and to overthrow it, that David hath sent his servants unto thee?" The Syriac and Arabic agree with Samuel in reading "city;" LXX. and Vulg., "land."

Verse 3. - Thinkest thou that David, etc.? The Hebrew is, "In thine eyes doth David?" The order of to overthrow, and to spy out is reversed in Samuel. 19:1-19 David's wars. - The history is here repeated which we read 2Sa 10. The only safety of sinners consists in submitting to the Lord, seeking peace with him, and becoming his servants. Let us assist each other in a good cause; but let us fear lest, while made instruments of good to others, we should come short of salvation, through unbelief and sin.
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Alphabetical: Ammon Ammonite and But by come comforters country David Do explore express father Hanun has Have Haven't he his honoring in is it land men nobles not of out overthrow princes said search sending sent servants sons spy sympathy that the think to you your

OT History: 1 Chronicles 19:3 But the princes of the children (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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