1 Chronicles 19:4
New International Version
So Hanun seized David's envoys, shaved them, cut off their garments at the buttocks, and sent them away.

New Living Translation
So Hanun seized David’s ambassadors and shaved them, cut off their robes at the buttocks, and sent them back to David in shame.

English Standard Version
So Hanun took David’s servants and shaved them and cut off their garments in the middle, at their hips, and sent them away;

Berean Study Bible
So Hanun took David’s servants, shaved their beards, cut off their garments at the hips, and sent them away.

King James Bible
Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.

New King James Version
Therefore Hanun took David’s servants, shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle, at their buttocks, and sent them away.

New American Standard Bible
So Hanun took David’s servants and shaved them, and cut off their robes in the middle as far as their buttocks, and sent them away.

NASB 1995
So Hanun took David's servants and shaved them and cut off their garments in the middle as far as their hips, and sent them away.

NASB 1977
So Hanun took David’s servants and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle as far as their hips, and sent them away.

Amplified Bible
Therefore Hanun took David’s servants, shaved them [cutting off half their beards], and cut off their garments in the middle as far as their buttocks, and sent them away [in humiliation].

Christian Standard Bible
So Hanun took David’s emissaries, shaved them, cut their clothes in half at the hips, and sent them away.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Hanun took David's emissaries, shaved them, cut their clothes in half at the hips, and sent them away.

American Standard Version
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Khanun took the Servants of David, and he shaved the half of their beards and the half of their heads, and he cut off their tunics unto their navels, and he sent them away.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Anan took the servants of David, and shaved them, and cut off the half of their garments as far as their tunic, and sent them away.

Contemporary English Version
Hanun arrested David's officials and had their beards shaved off and their robes cut off just below the waist, and then he sent them away.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wherefore Hanon shaved the heads and beards of the servants of David, and cut away their garments from the buttocks to the feet, and sent them away.

English Revised Version
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

Good News Translation
Hanun seized David's messengers, shaved off their beards, cut off their clothes at the hips, and sent them away.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So Hanun took David's men, shaved them, cut off their clothes from the waist down, and sent them away.

International Standard Version
So Hanun arrested David's delegation, shaved off their beards, cut off their clothes at the waist line, and sent them away in disgrace.

JPS Tanakh 1917
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their hips, and sent them away.

Literal Standard Version
And Hanun takes the servants of David and shaves them, and cuts their long robes in the midst, to the buttocks, and sends them away.

NET Bible
So Hanun seized David's servants and shaved their beards off. He cut off the lower part of their robes so that their buttocks were exposed and then sent them away.

New Heart English Bible
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

World English Bible
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

Young's Literal Translation
And Hanun taketh the servants of David, and shaveth them, and cutteth their long robes in the midst, unto the buttocks, and sendeth them away.

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Messengers Disgraced
3the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun, “Just because David has sent you comforters, do you really believe he is showing respect for your father? Have not his servants come to you to explore the land, spy it out, and overthrow it?” 4So Hanun took David’s servants, shaved their beards, cut off their garments at the hips, and sent them away. 5When someone came and told David about his men, he sent messengers to meet them, since the men had been thoroughly humiliated. The king told them, “Stay in Jericho until your beards have grown back, and then return.”…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 19:3
the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun, "Just because David has sent you comforters, do you really believe he is showing respect for your father? Have not his servants come to you to explore the land, spy it out, and overthrow it?"

1 Chronicles 19:5
When someone came and told David about his men, he sent messengers to meet them, since the men had been thoroughly humiliated. The king told them, "Stay in Jericho until your beards have grown back, and then return."


Treasury of Scripture

Why Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.

took David's

Psalm 35:12
They rewarded me evil for good to the spoiling of my soul.

Psalm 109:4,5
For my love they are my adversaries: but I give myself unto prayer…

shaved them

Leviticus 19:27
Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.

Isaiah 15:2
He is gone up to Bajith, and to Dibon, the high places, to weep: Moab shall howl over Nebo, and over Medeba: on all their heads shall be baldness, and every beard cut off.

Jeremiah 41:5
That there came certain from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, even fourscore men, having their beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with offerings and incense in their hand, to bring them to the house of the LORD.

and cut

Isaiah 20:4
So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians prisoners, and the Ethiopians captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, even with their buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.

Isaiah 47:2,3
Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers…

sent them

2 Samuel 10:4,5
Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away…

2 Chronicles 36:16
But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy.

Mark 12:4
And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled.









(4) Shaved them--i.e., the half of their beards (Samuel).

Hard by their buttocks.--Literally, unto the extremities. The chronicler has substituted a more decorous term for the one which appears in Samuel.

Cut off their garments.--To look like captives (Isaiah 20:4).

Verse 4. - The classical scholar will not fail to be reminded, so far as the shaving here spoken of is concerned, of the account contained in Herodotus, 2:121. The parallel place makes the resemblance close, in that it tells us that "one-half of their beards" was shaved. To shave them was an affront to their customs, dignity, and religion: to shave them half added mockery; and to cut off half their garments completed the tale of ignominious and contemptuous insult (Isaiah 20:4). The beard was held almost in reverence by Easterns.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So Hanun
חָנ֜וּן (ḥā·nūn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2586: Hanun -- 'favored', two contemporaries of Nehemiah, also an Ammonite king

took
וַיִּקַּ֨ח (way·yiq·qaḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3947: To take

David’s
דָוִיד֙ (ḏā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

servants,
עַבְדֵ֤י (‘aḇ·ḏê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 5650: Slave, servant

shaved [their beards],
וַֽיְגַלְּחֵ֔ם (way·ḡal·lə·ḥêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 1548: To be bald, to shave, to lay waste

cut
וַיִּכְרֹ֧ת (way·yiḵ·rōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3772: To cut, to destroy, consume, to covenant

their garments
מַדְוֵיהֶ֛ם (maḏ·wê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 4063: Extent, measure, a dress

in half
בַּחֵ֖צִי (ba·ḥê·ṣî)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2677: The half, middle

at
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the hips,
הַמִּפְשָׂעָ֑ה (ham·mip̄·śā·‘āh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4667: A stride, the crotch

and sent them away.
וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֵֽם׃ (way·šal·lə·ḥêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 7971: To send away, for, out


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 19:4 So Hanun took David's servants and shaved (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 19:3
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