Luke 2:46
Parallel Verses
New International Version
After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions.

New Living Translation
Three days later they finally discovered him in the Temple, sitting among the religious teachers, listening to them and asking questions.

English Standard Version
After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions.

New American Standard Bible
Then, after three days they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions.

King James Bible
And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After three days, they found Him in the temple complex sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions.

International Standard Version
Three days later, they found him in the Temple sitting among the teachers, listening to them, and posing questions to them.

NET Bible
After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
After three days, they found him in The Temple as he sat in the midst of the Teachers and he heard from them and he was inquiring of them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Three days later, they found him in the temple courtyard. He was sitting among the teachers, listening to them, and asking them questions.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them and asking them questions.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.

American King James Version
And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the middle of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass, after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both hearing them, and asking them questions:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass, after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers and hearing them and asking them questions.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass, after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions:

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.

Weymouth New Testament
On the third day they found Him in the Temple sitting among the Rabbis, both listening to them and asking them questions,

World English Bible
It happened after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them, and asking them questions.

Young's Literal Translation
And it came to pass, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both hearing them and questioning them,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:41-52 It is for the honour of Christ that children should attend on public worship. His parents did not return till they had stayed all the seven days of the feast. It is well to stay to the end of an ordinance, as becomes those who say, It is good to be here. Those that have lost their comforts in Christ, and the evidences of their having a part in him, must bethink themselves where, and when, and how they lost them, and must turn back again. Those that would recover their lost acquaintance with Christ, must go to the place in which he has put his name; there they may hope to meet him. They found him in some part of the temple, where the doctors of the law kept their schools; he was sitting there, hearkening to their instructions, proposing questions, and answering inquiries, with such wisdom, that those who heard were delighted with him. Young persons should seek the knowledge of Divine truth, attend the ministry of the gospel, and ask such questions of their elders and teachers as may tend to increase their knowledge. Those who seek Christ in sorrow, shall find him with the greater joy. Know ye not that I ought to be in my Father's house; at my Father's work; I must be about my Father's business. Herein is an example; for it becomes the children of God, in conformity to Christ, to attend their heavenly Father's business, and make all other concerns give way to it. Though he was the Son of God, yet he was subject to his earthly parents; how then will the foolish and weak sons of men answer it, who are disobedient to their parents? However we may neglect men's sayings, because they are obscure, yet we must not think so of God's sayings. That which at first is dark, may afterwards become plain and easy. The greatest and wisest, those most eminent, may learn of this admirable and Divine Child, that it is the truest greatness of soul to know our own place and office; to deny ourselves amusements and pleasures not consistent with our state and calling.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 46. - And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple. According to the common way of reckoning among the Hebrews, this expression, "after three days," probably means "on the third day." One day was consumed in the usual short pilgrim-journey. His absence at first would excite no attention; on the second, as they missed him still, they sought him in the various pilgrim-companies; and on the day following they found him in the temple courts, with the doctors of the Law. Sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. In the temple enclosure, says the Talmud, there were three synagogues - one at the gate of the court of the Gentiles, another at the entrance of the court of the Israelites, a third in the south-east part of the inner court: it was in these that the rabbis expounded the Law. Among the famous doctors, or rabbis, then living and teaching in Jerusalem, were the famous Hillel, then very aged, verging, we are told, on his hundredth year; his almost equally illustrious rival, Shammai; Gamaliel, the master of Saul of Tarsus; Jonathan, the compiler of the Chaldee Paraphrase of the sacred books; Simeon, the son and successor of Hillel; Nicodemus, who, some years afterwards, came to Jesus by night, and, when the end was come, reverently assisted in laying the King's Son with all honor in his tomb in Joseph of Arimathaea's garden. We may, with great probability, assume that amongst those "doctors" whom the Boy questioned at that Passover Feast, some if not all of these well-known men were sitting. The apocryphal Gospels, as usual, profess to give us details where the true story is reverently silent. The 'Gospel of Thomas' (second century), for instance, tells us that Jesus, when on the road to Nazareth, returned of his own accord to Jerusalem, and amazed the rabbis of the temple by his solution of the hardest and most difficult questions of the Law and the prophets. In an Arabic Gospel of somewhat later date than that of Thomas, we find the Boy even teaching the astronomers the secrets of their own difficult study. Probably Stier's simple words approach the nearest to the truth here, when he suggests that his questions were "the pure questions of innocence and of truth, which keenly and deeply penetrated into the confused errors of the rabbinical teaching."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And it came to pass, that after three days,.... From their first setting out from Jerusalem, when Jesus tarried behind; or on the third day, which may be reckoned thus; the first day was spent in journeying, and the second in coming back the same journey, and the third day they sought all Jerusalem for him, when

they found him in the temple; his Father's house, the house of God, a figure of a Gospel church, where the word and ordinances are duly administered, and where Christ is to be found. What part of the temple Christ was in, is not easy to say; it was not in the holy of holies, for none but the high priest went into that, and that only on the day of atonement; nor in the court of the priests, for he was not among them, but the doctors; nor in the court of the Israelites, where the common people worshipped: it may be best judged of, by observing where their several consistories, or courts of judicature were (a); the grand sanhedrim sat in the sanctuary, in the room Gazith; the lesser sanhedrim, which consisted of twenty three persons, and the bench of three; the one sat in the gate of the court (of the Israelites); and the other in the gate of the mountain of the house (or court of the Gentiles); it seems most likely, that he was in the room Gazith, where the grand sanhedrim sat; for here was the largest number of doctors; and it was the more amazing to his parents, to find him here; unless it should be rather thought, that he was in the synagogue in the temple, for such an one there (b) was there; where, after service was over, he might be admitted to a conversation with the learned doctors that belonged to it: it follows,

sitting in the midst of the doctors: the principal doctors in being at this time, were Hillell and Shammai, the one the president, and the other vice president of the council; and Rabban Simeon, the son of Hillell, who succeeded him in his office; and R. Judah, and R. Joshua, the sons of Bethira; Jonathan ben Uzziel, the author of the Chaldee paraphrase; and R. Jochanan ben Zaccai. The sanhedrim sat in a semicircular form, like the half of a round corn floor; so that they could see one another, and the prince, and the father of the court, could see them all; and before them sat three rows of the disciples of the wise men, or scholars; and in each row there were three and twenty men: the first row was next to the sanhedrim, and the second row below that, and the third row below that; and in every row they sat according to their superiority in wisdom (c): on a seat, in one of these rows, I think, Christ sat among the scholars; and this may be called sitting among the doctors, because these seats were just before them, and were in a semicircular form; at least he might be here at first; when upon the questions he put, and the answers he made, he was taken particular notice of by the doctors, who might call him up, and place him between them; for this, in some cases, was done to scholars. Thus, it is said (d),

"if one of the disciples, or scholars, say, I have something to say in favour of him, (one that is on his trial,) they bring him up, and "cause him to sit in the midst of them"; and he does not go down from thence all the whole day.

Both hearing them: their debates and decisions about points in the law of Moses:

and asking them questions; upon those points. Had this been a "Midrash", or school, there would be no difficulty of producing instances of putting questions to the doctors there; but there was no such place in the temple, or synagogue, where teachers were interrogated by their hearers; for which reason I think the passages, produced by Dr. Lightfoot, are not so pertinent, since they refer to such a place: it is very likely, since there were such a number of scholars admitted to sit before the sanhedrim to hear their controversies, and determinations, and were allowed, in some cases, to speak; so they might be suffered to put questions, in order to gain knowledge,

(a) Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 10. sect. 2. Maimon. Hilch. Sanhedrin, c. 1. sect. 3.((b) Jarchi in Misn. Yoma, c. 7. sect. 1.((c) Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 4. sect. 3, 4. Maimon. Hilch. Sanhedrin, c. 1. sect. 7. (d) Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 5. sect. 4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

46. hearing … asking—The method of question and answer was the customary form of rabbinical teaching; teacher and learner becoming by turns questioner and answerer, as may be seen from their extant works. This would give full scope for all that "astonished them in His understanding and answers." Not that He assumed the office of teaching—"His hour" for that "was not yet come," and His equipment for that was not complete; for He had yet to "increase in wisdom" as well as "stature" (Lu 2:52). In fact, the beauty of Christ's example lies very much in His never at one stage of His life anticipating the duties of another. All would be in the style and manner of a learner, "opening His mouth and panting." "His soul breaking for the longing that it had unto God's judgments at all times" (Ps 119:20), and now more than ever before, when finding Himself for the first time in His Father's house. Still there would be in His questions far more than in their answers; and if we may take the frivolous interrogatories with which they afterwards plied Him, about the woman that had seven husbands and such like, as a specimen of their present drivelling questions, perhaps we shall not greatly err, if we suppose that "the questions" which He now "asked them" in return were just the germs of those pregnant questions with which He astonished and silenced them in after years: "What think ye of Christ? Whose Son is He? If David call Him Lord, how is He then his Son?" "Which is the first and great commandment?" "Who is my neighbour?"

Luke 2:46 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Boy Jesus at the Temple
45When they did not find Him, they returned to Jerusalem looking for Him. 46Then, after three days they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions. 47And all who heard Him were amazed at His understanding and His answers.…
Cross References
Luke 2:45
When they did not find him, they went back to Jerusalem to look for him.

Luke 2:47
Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers.

Luke 5:17
One day Jesus was teaching, and Pharisees and teachers of the law were sitting there. They had come from every village of Galilee and from Judea and Jerusalem. And the power of the Lord was with Jesus to heal the sick.

John 3:10
"You are Israel's teacher," said Jesus, "and do you not understand these things?

Acts 5:34
But a Pharisee named Gamaliel, a teacher of the law, who was honored by all the people, stood up in the Sanhedrin and ordered that the men be put outside for a little while.

1 Timothy 1:7
They want to be teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about or what they so confidently affirm.
Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the middle of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.

after.

Luke 2:44,45 But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's …

1 Kings 12:5,12 And he said to them, Depart yet for three days, then come again to …

Matthew 12:40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly…

Matthew 16:21 From that time forth began Jesus to show to his disciples, how that …

Matthew 27:63,64 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet …

the doctors.

Luke 5:17 And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there …

Acts 5:34 Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, …

both.

Isaiah 49:1,2 Listen, O isles, to me; and listen, you people, from far; The LORD …

Isaiah 50:4 The Lord GOD has given me the tongue of the learned, that I should …

Jump to Previous
Anxious Doctors Ear Find Found Hearing Inquiry Jerusalem Listening Making Midst Putting Questioning Questions Seated Sitting Teachers Temple Three Unable Wise Words
Jump to Next
Anxious Doctors Ear Find Found Hearing Inquiry Jerusalem Listening Making Midst Putting Questioning Questions Seated Sitting Teachers Temple Three Unable Wise Words
Links
Luke 2:46 NIV
Luke 2:46 NLT
Luke 2:46 ESV
Luke 2:46 NASB
Luke 2:46 KJV

Luke 2:46 Bible Apps
Luke 2:46 Bible Suite
Luke 2:46 Biblia Paralela
Luke 2:46 Chinese Bible
Luke 2:46 French Bible
Luke 2:46 German Bible

Alphabetical: After among and asking both courts days found him in listening midst of questions sitting teachers temple the them Then they three to

NT Gospels: Luke 2:46 It happened after three days they found (Luke Lu Lk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Luke 2:45
Top of Page
Top of Page