John 12:49
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken.

New Living Translation
I don't speak on my own authority. The Father who sent me has commanded me what to say and how to say it.

English Standard Version
For I have not spoken on my own authority, but the Father who sent me has himself given me a commandment—what to say and what to speak.

Berean Study Bible
I have not spoken on My own, but the Father who sent Me has commanded Me what to say and how to say it.

Berean Literal Bible
For I did not speak from Myself, but the Father Himself, having sent Me, gave Me a commandment, what I should say and what I should speak.

New American Standard Bible
"For I did not speak on My own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a commandment as to what to say and what to speak.

King James Bible
For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For I have not spoken on My own, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a command as to what I should say and what I should speak.

International Standard Version
because I haven't spoken on my own authority. Instead, the Father who sent me has himself commanded me what to say and how to speak.

NET Bible
For I have not spoken from my own authority, but the Father himself who sent me has commanded me what I should say and what I should speak.

New Heart English Bible
For I spoke not from myself, but the Father who sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“For I have not spoken from myself, but The Father who sent me, he gave me commandments, what I will say and what I will utter.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I have not spoken on my own. Instead, the Father who sent me told me what I should say and how I should say it.

New American Standard 1977
“For I did not speak on My own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me commandment, what to say, and what to speak.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father who sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say and what I should speak.

King James 2000 Bible
For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father who sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

American King James Version
For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

American Standard Version
For I spake not from myself; but the Father that sent me, he hath given me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father who sent me, he gave me commandment what I should say, and what I should speak.

Darby Bible Translation
For I have not spoken from myself, but the Father who sent me has himself given me commandment what I should say and what I should speak;

English Revised Version
For I spake not from myself; but the Father which sent me, he hath given me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Webster's Bible Translation
For I have not spoken from myself; but the Father who sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Weymouth New Testament
Because I have not spoken on my own authority; but the Father who sent me, Himself gave me a command what to say and in what words to speak.

World English Bible
For I spoke not from myself, but the Father who sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

Young's Literal Translation
because I spake not from myself, but the Father who sent me, He did give me a command, what I may say, and what I may speak,
Study Bible
Belief and Unbelief
48There is a judge for the one who rejects Me and does not receive My words: The word that I have spoken will judge him on the last day. 49I have not spoken on My own, but the Father who sent Me has commanded Me what to say and how to say it. 50And I know that His command leads to eternal life. So I speak exactly what the Father has told Me to say.”…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 18:18
'I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him.

John 3:11
Truly, truly, I tell you, we speak of what we know, and we testify to what we have seen, and yet you people do not accept our testimony.

John 5:19
So Jesus replied, "Truly, truly, I tell you, the Son can do nothing by Himself, unless He sees the Father doing it. For whatever the Father does, the Son also does.

John 6:68
Simon Peter replied, "Lord, to whom would we go? You have the words of eternal life.

John 7:16
"My teaching is not My own," Jesus replied. "It comes from Him who sent Me.

John 8:26
"I have much to say about you and much to judge. But the One who sent Me is truthful, and what I have heard from Him, I tell the world."

John 8:28
So Jesus said, "When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am He, and that I do nothing on My own, but speak exactly what the Father has taught Me.

John 14:10
Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me? The words I say to you, I do not speak on My own. Instead, it is the Father dwelling in Me, carrying out His work.

John 14:24
Whoever does not love Me does not keep My words. The word that you hear is not My own, but it is from the Father who sent Me.

John 14:31
But I do exactly what the Father has commanded Me, so that the world may know that I love the Father. Get up! Let us go on from here.
Treasury of Scripture

For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

John 3:11,32 Truly, truly, I say to you, We speak that we do know, and testify …

John 5:30 I can of my own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment …

John 6:38-40 For I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will …

John 8:26,42 I have many things to say and to judge of you: but he that sent me is true…

John 14:10 Believe you not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the …

John 15:15 From now on I call you not servants; for the servant knows not what …

John 17:8 For I have given to them the words which you gave me; and they have …

Deuteronomy 18:18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brothers, like to …

Revelation 1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave to him, to show to …

(49) For I have not spoken of myself.--Comp. John 5:30; John 7:16-17; John 7:28-29; John 8:26; John 8:28; John 8:38. The word "for" connects this by way of reason with the condemnatory power of His word.

The Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment.--Comp. Note on John 10:18. The reference is to the commission of His Messianic life.

What I should say, and what I should speak.--It is clear that our Lord intends a distinction here between "saying" and "speaking." We have had the same distinction in John 8:43. That which He should say was the matter of the revelation which He made; that which He should speak was rather the method in which He made it. He claims for all the authority and commission of the Father. Every truth uttered by Him, and every work and word by which it was uttered, was ordained by the Father's will. He was Himself the Word of God. Every tone and accent in which that Word spoke was divine.

Verses 49, 50. - There is much emphasis to be laid upon the ὅτι, which implies that our Lord would give a sacred reason for the tremendous power with which his λόγος would be invested. The λόγος, the ῤήμα, is not simply his; it did not proceed from himself only, from his humanity, or even his Divine Sonship alone, but from the Father which sent me. He stood and spake always as the Voice of the Eternal One, from whom he came, with saving powers. He has given me commandment what I should say, and what I should speak. The two words εϊπω and λαλήσω (dicam and loquar, Vulgate), though Hengstenberg says it is frivolous to distinguish, are supposed by Meyer, Westcott, and Godet, to discriminate matter and form, as Godet says, "What I should say, and how I should say it." My words and their manner and opportunity and tone are all of them the outcome of the Father's ἐντολὴ. It certainly is incredible that John could have put these words into the lips of Jesus. They are no mere summary. They are set down with awful sincerity as having burned themselves into his memory. But the Lord added, "I may be rejected and my words spurned, and yet they may go on as apparitors of judgment, but however that may be, and I know (οϊδα) that his commandment, his commission to me, is life eternal - is so now" (cf. John 3:36; John 17:3; 1 John 5:12, 13). "The Law is ordained unto life," said Paul, and "the goodness of God leadeth us unto repentance." The depth of this sublime experience goes down and back into the eternal counsels. The things which therefore I speak (am speaking even at this moment), even as the Father has said unto me, so I speak. "In rejecting me and my words, men reject and insult the Father. His word they dare to renounce, as solemn and unalterable as the word spoken on Sinai. They not only reject me, but they count themselves unworthy of eternal life. They not only spurn Law, but love." Thus, at the conclusion of the public ministry, the evangelist sets forth, in a few burning words, the theme of the prologue, so far as it is realized in the offer of a full revelation of the Logos to the world in human flesh. This Logos found adequate utterance through the human life and lips of Jesus. "The Father has been so amply revealed that the non-believer and rejecter, who hears and does not keep my sayings, is disbelieving and rejecting Hill." These potent words, and this wonderful conclusion of the entire record of the public ministry of Jesus, is the appropriate summary of teachings which were now brought to a dose. Without any exact parallels, they breathe the spirit of the whole teaching, they supply the basis of the prologue. It is, however, dear that the style is different from the prologue, and from the reflection of the evangelist in previous verses. Just as the whole Gospel is a series of recollections which form from their own intrinsic glory and truth a sacred inimitable whole, so this spicilegium is a brief evangelium in evangelio - a gathering up of the whole in the narrow compass of a few precious lines. Though "the hour" has come, it waits. The comparison between this method of the evangelist and that of the apocalyptist is very impressive.



For I have not spoken of myself,.... As man, or as separate from his Father; his doctrine was not human, but divine, and therefore a rejection of it cannot escape notice at the future judgment:

but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment what I should say, and what I should speak; Christ, as man, had his mission, and commission, and his instructions from his Father to preach the Gospel unto men; he was anointed for it by the Holy Ghost; he was enjoined the preaching of it by his Father, and the several doctrines he published were delivered him by him; see John 8:28. 12:44-50 Our Lord publicly proclaimed, that every one who believed on him, as his true disciple, did not believe on him only, but on the Father who sent him. Beholding in Jesus the glory of the Father, we learn to obey, love, and trust in him. By daily looking to Him, who came a Light into the world, we are more and more freed from the darkness of ignorance, error, sin, and misery; we learn that the command of God our Saviour is everlasting life. But the same word will seal the condemnation of all who despise it, or neglect it.
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