Luke 2:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world.

New Living Translation
At that time the Roman emperor, Augustus, decreed that a census should be taken throughout the Roman Empire.

English Standard Version
In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered.

New American Standard Bible
Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census be taken of all the inhabited earth.

King James Bible
And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that the whole empire should be registered.

International Standard Version
Now in those days an order was published by Caesar Augustus that the whole world should be registered.

NET Bible
Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus to register all the empire for taxes.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But it occurred in those days that a command also went out from Augustus Caesar that every nation of his empire would be registered.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At that time the Emperor Augustus ordered a census of the Roman Empire.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass in those days that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.

American King James Version
And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.

American Standard Version
Now it came to pass in those days, there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be enrolled.

Douay-Rheims Bible
AND it came to pass, that in those days there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that the whole world should be enrolled.

Darby Bible Translation
But it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census should be made of all the habitable world.

English Revised Version
Now it came to pass in those days, there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be enrolled.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Cesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.

Weymouth New Testament
Just at this time an edict was issued by Caesar Augustus for the registration of the whole Empire.

World English Bible
Now it happened in those days, that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be enrolled.

Young's Literal Translation
And it came to pass in those days, there went forth a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world be enrolled --
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:1-7 The fulness of time was now come, when God would send forth his Son, made of a woman, and made under the law. The circumstances of his birth were very mean. Christ was born at an inn; he came into the world to sojourn here for awhile, as at an inn, and to teach us to do likewise. We are become by sin like an outcast infant, helpless and forlorn; and such a one was Christ. He well knew how unwilling we are to be meanly lodged, clothed, or fed; how we desire to have our children decorated and indulged; how apt the poor are to envy the rich, and how prone the rich to disdain the poor. But when we by faith view the Son of God being made man and lying in a manger, our vanity, ambition, and envy are checked. We cannot, with this object rightly before us, seek great things for ourselves or our children.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 1-20. - The Redeemer's birth. Verse 1. - There went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed; more accurately, that there should be a registration, etc.; that is, with a view to the assessment of a tax. On the historical note of St. Luke in this passage much discussion has arisen, not, however, of much real practical interest to the ordinary devout reader. We will glance very briefly at the main criticism of this and the following verse. Respecting this general registration it is alleged

(1) no historian of the time mentions such a decree of Augustus.

(2) Supposing Augustus had issued such an edict, Herod, in his kingdom of Judaea, would not have been included in it, for Judaea was not formally annexed to the Roman province of Syria before the death of Archelaus, Herod's son; for some years after this time Herod occupied the position of a rex socius. In answer to (1), we possess scarcely any minute records of this particular time; and there are besides distinct traces in contemporary histories of such a general registration. In answer to (2), in the event of such an imperial registration being made, it was most unlikely that Herod would have claimed exemption for his only nominally independent states. It must be remembered that Herod was an attached dependent of the emperor, and in such a matter would never have opposed the imperial will of his great patron.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And it came to pass in those days,.... When John the Baptist was born, and Christ was conceived, and his mother pregnant with him, and the time of his birth drew on. The Ethiopic version reads, "in that day"; as if it was the same day in which John was circumcised, and Zacharias delivered the above song of praise: that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus; second emperor of Rome; the name Caesar was common to all the emperors, as Pharaoh to the Egyptians, and afterwards Ptolemy. His name Augustus, was not his original surname, but Thurinus; and was given him, after he became Caesar, to express his grandeur, majesty, and reverence; and that by the advice of Munatius Plancus, when others would have had him called Romulus, as if he was the founder of the city of Rome (z): by him a decree was made and published,

that all the world should be taxed; or "registered", or "enrolled"; for this was not levying a tax, or imposing tribute upon them, but a taking an account of the names of persons, and of their estates; and which might be, in order to lay a tax upon them, as afterwards was: for the payment of a tax, there was no need of the appearance of women and children; and so the Arabic version renders it, "that the names the whole habitable world might be described, or written down": such an enrolment had been determined on by Augustus, when at Tarracon in Spain, twenty seven years before; but he was diverted from it by some disturbances in the empire, so that it was deferred to this time, in which there was a remarkable interposition of divine providence; for had this enrolment been made then, in all likelihood it had not been done now, and Joseph and Mary would not have had occasion to have come to Bethlehem: but so it must be; and thus were things ordered by an infinite, and all wise providence to effect it: nor did this enrolment reach to all the parts of the known world, but only to the Roman empire; which, because it was so very large as it was, and in the boasting language of the Romans was so called, as, Ptolemy Evergetes (a) calls his kingdom, "the world". Though some think only the land of Judea is meant, which is called the earth, in Luke 21:26 and "all the world", in Acts 11:28 but the other sense seems more agreeable; and so the Syriac version renders it, "that all the people of his empire might be enrolled": and the Persic version, "that they should enrol all the subjects of his kingdom"; and is justified by the use of the phrase for the Roman empire, in several passages of Scripture, Romans 1:8. Now at the time of this enrolment, and under this august emperor, and when the whole world was in a profound peace, was the Messiah born, the King of kings, and the only potentate; the Shiloh, the peaceable and prosperous, the Prince of Peace, and Lord of life and glory; and that, in order to redeem men from that worse subjection and bondage they were in to sin, Satan, the law, and death, than they were to the Roman emperor. The Jews say (b), the son of David shall not come, until the kingdom (of Edom, or Rome, as some copies read, in others it is erased) shall be extended over all Israel, nine months, according to Micah 5:3. The gloss on it is, that is, "all the world", in which the Israelites are scattered,

(z) Suetonius in Vita Octav August. sect. 7. (a) Apud Fabricii Biblioth Gr. Tom. 2. p. 608. (b) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 98. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 2

Lu 2:1-7. Birth of Christ.

1. Cæsar Augustus—the first of the Roman emperors.

all the world—so the vast Roman Empire was termed.

taxed—enrolled, or register themselves.

Luke 2:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Birth of Jesus
1Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census be taken of all the inhabited earth. 2This was the first census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria.…
Cross References
Matthew 22:17
Tell us then, what is your opinion? Is it right to pay the imperial tax to Caesar or not?"

Matthew 24:14
And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.

Luke 2:3
And everyone went to their own town to register.

Luke 2:5
He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child.

Luke 3:1
In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar--when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and Traconitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene--
Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.

Caesar.

Luke 3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius …

Acts 11:28 And there stood up one of them named Agabus, and signified by the …

Acts 25:11,21 For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, …

Philippians 4:22 All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Caesar's household.

all.

Matthew 24:14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world …

Mark 14:9 Truly I say to you, Wherever this gospel shall be preached throughout …

Mark 16:15 And he said to them, Go you into all the world, and preach the gospel …

Romans 1:8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your …

taxed. or, enrolled.

Jump to Previous
Augustus Caesar Census Cesar Decree Earth Edict Empire Enrolled Entire Forth Habitable Inhabited Issued Order Registration Roman Taxed Time Whole World
Jump to Next
Augustus Caesar Census Cesar Decree Earth Edict Empire Enrolled Entire Forth Habitable Inhabited Issued Order Registration Roman Taxed Time Whole World
Links
Luke 2:1 NIV
Luke 2:1 NLT
Luke 2:1 ESV
Luke 2:1 NASB
Luke 2:1 KJV

Luke 2:1 Bible Apps
Luke 2:1 Bible Suite
Luke 2:1 Biblia Paralela
Luke 2:1 Chinese Bible
Luke 2:1 French Bible
Luke 2:1 German Bible

Alphabetical: a all Augustus be Caesar census days decree earth entire from In inhabited issued Now of out Roman should taken that the those went world

NT Gospels: Luke 2:1 Now it happened in those days that (Luke Lu Lk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Luke 1:80
Top of Page
Top of Page