Luke 23:38
Parallel Verses
New International Version
There was a written notice above him, which read: this is the king of the jews.

New Living Translation
A sign was fastened above him with these words: "This is the King of the Jews."

English Standard Version
There was also an inscription over him, “This is the King of the Jews.”

New American Standard Bible
Now there was also an inscription above Him, "THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS."

King James Bible
And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
An inscription was above Him: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

International Standard Version
There was also an inscription over him written in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: "This is the King of the Jews."

NET Bible
There was also an inscription over him, "This is the king of the Jews."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And there was an inscription that was written over him in Greek and in Latin and in Aramaic: “This is The King of the Judeans.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A written notice was placed above him. It said, "This is the king of the Jews."

Jubilee Bible 2000
And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek and Latin and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

King James 2000 Bible
And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

American King James Version
And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

American Standard Version
And there was also a superscription over him, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And there was also a superscription written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Darby Bible Translation
And there was also an inscription [written] over him in Greek, and Roman, and Hebrew letters: This is the King of the Jews.

English Revised Version
And there was also a superscription over him, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Webster's Bible Translation
And a superscription also was written over him, in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Weymouth New Testament
There was moreover a writing over His head: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

World English Bible
An inscription was also written over him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: "THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS."

Young's Literal Translation
And there was also a superscription written over him, in letters of Greek, and Roman, and Hebrew, 'This is the King of the Jews.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:32-43 As soon as Christ was fastened to the cross, he prayed for those who crucified him. The great thing he died to purchase and procure for us, is the forgiveness of sin. This he prays for. Jesus was crucified between two thieves; in them were shown the different effects the cross of Christ would have upon the children of men in the preaching the gospel. One malefactor was hardened to the last. No troubles of themselves will change a wicked heart. The other was softened at the last: he was snatched as a brand out of the burning, and made a monument of Divine mercy. This gives no encouragement to any to put off repentance to their death-beds, or to hope that they shall then find mercy. It is certain that true repentance is never too late; but it is as certain that late repentance is seldom true. None can be sure they shall have time to repent at death, but every man may be sure he cannot have the advantages this penitent thief had. We shall see the case to be singular, if we observe the uncommon effects of God's grace upon this man. He reproved the other for railing on Christ. He owned that he deserved what was done to him. He believed Jesus to have suffered wrongfully. Observe his faith in this prayer. Christ was in the depth of disgrace, suffering as a deceiver, and not delivered by his Father. He made this profession before the wonders were displayed which put honour on Christ's sufferings, and startled the centurion. He believed in a life to come, and desired to be happy in that life; not like the other thief, to be only saved from the cross. Observe his humility in this prayer. All his request is, Lord, remember me; quite referring it to Jesus in what way to remember him. Thus he was humbled in true repentance, and he brought forth all the fruits for repentance his circumstances would admit. Christ upon the cross, is gracious like Christ upon the throne. Though he was in the greatest struggle and agony, yet he had pity for a poor penitent. By this act of grace we are to understand that Jesus Christ died to open the kingdom of heaven to all penitent, obedient believers. It is a single instance in Scripture; it should teach us to despair of none, and that none should despair of themselves; but lest it should be abused, it is contrasted with the awful state of the other thief, who died hardened in unbelief, though a crucified Saviour was so near him. Be sure that in general men die as they live.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 38. - And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. The older authorities omit "in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew," but the fact is indisputable, for we read the same statement in John 19:20, where in the older authorities the order of the titles is, "in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek." Such multilingual inscriptions were common in the great provincial cities of the empire, where so many nationalities were wont to congregate. The four reports of the inscriptions slightly differ verbally, not substantially. Pilate probably (see note on ver. 33, on effect of accurate rendering of John 19:19, "and Pilate wrote a title also") wrote a rough draft with his own hand, "Rex Ju-daeorum hic est." One of the officials translated freely into Hebrew and Greek the Roman governor's Latin memorandum of what he desired to have written in black on the white gypsum-smeared board to be affixed to the upper arm of the cross. ישו הנצרי מלך היהודים (John).
Ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ιουδαίων (Mark).
Rex Judaeorum hic est (Luke). Dr. Farrar suggests that the title over the cross was as above. St. Matthew's is an accurate combination of the three, and was not improbably, as a combination of the three inscriptions, the common form reproduced in the first oral Gospel.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And a superscription also was written,.... Containing the crime he was charged with, and accused of; See Gill on Matthew 27:37; See Gill on John 19:19; See Gill on John 19:20.



Luke 23:38 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Crucifixion
37and saying, "If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself!" 38Now there was also an inscription above Him, "THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS." 39One of the criminals who were hanged there was hurling abuse at Him, saying, "Are You not the Christ? Save Yourself and us!"…
Cross References
Matthew 2:2
and asked, "Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him."

Matthew 27:37
Above his head they placed the written charge against him: this is jesus, the king of the jews.

Mark 15:26
The written notice of the charge against him read: the king of the jews.

John 19:19
Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth, the king of the jews.
Treasury of Scripture

And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Luke 23:3 And Pilate asked him, saying, Are you the King of the Jews? And he …

Matthew 27:11,37 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, …

Mark 15:18,26,32 And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!…

John 19:3,19-22 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands…

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