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ATS Bible DictionaryPurple
The famous and costly Tyrian purple, the royal color of the ancients, is said to have been discovered by the Tyrian Hercules, whose dog having by chance eaten a shellfish called Purpura, and returning to his master with his lips tinged with a purple color, occasioned the discovery of this precious dye. Purple, however, is much more ancient than this, since we find it mentioned by Moses in several places. Two kinds of purple are mentioned in the Old Testament:
1. Argamon, rendered in our version "purple," denoting a reddish purple obtained from a species of muscle or shellfish found on the coasts of the Mediterranean.
2. Techieleth, rendered in the English Bible "blue." This was a bluish or cerulean purple, likewise obtained from another species of shellfish. The "scarlet" or "crimson," for the two words denote essentially the same color, was produced from the coccus in sect, coccus ilicis. All these were sacred colors among the Jews; and the latter was used for the highpriest's ephod, and for veils, ribbons, and cloths, Exodus 26:1,4,31,36 28:31 Numbers 4:6-12 15:38.
The "purple" of the ancients seems to have included many different tints derived originally from the shellfish, and modified by various arts in which the Tyrians excelled. As each fish yielded but a few drops of coloring matter, the choicest purple bore a very high price. Purple robes were worn by the kings and first magistrates of ancient Rome, and Nero forbade their use by his subjects under pain of death. Our Savior was clothed with a royal robe of purple, in mockery of his title, "The King of the Jews" John 19:2,5. Compare also Jud 8:26 Esther 8:15 Proverbs 31:22 Daniel 5:7 Luke 16:19. Moses used much wool dyed of a crimson and used much wool dyed of a crimson and purple color in the work of the tabernacle, and in the ornaments of the high priest, Exodus 25:4 26:1,31,36 39:1 2Ch 3:14. The Babylonians also clothed their idols in robes of a purple and azure color, Jeremiah 10:9 Ezekiel 23:15 27:7,16.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) A color formed by, or resembling that formed by, a combination of the primary colors red and blue.
2. (n.) Cloth dyed a purple color, or a garment of such color; especially, a purple robe, worn as an emblem of rank or authority; specifically, the purple rode or mantle worn by Roman emperors as the emblem of imperial dignity; as, to put on the imperial purple.
3. (n.) Hence: Imperial sovereignty; royal rank, dignity, or favor; loosely and colloquially, any exalted station; great wealth.
4. (n.) A cardinalate. See Cardinal.
5. (n.) Any species of large butterflies, usually marked with purple or blue, of the genus Basilarchia (formerly Limenitis) as, the banded purple (B. arthemis).
6. (n.) Any shell of the genus Purpura.
7. (n.) See Purpura.
8. (n.) A disease of wheat. Same as Earcockle.
9. (a.) Exhibiting or possessing the color called purple, much esteemed for its richness and beauty; of a deep red, or red and blue color; as, a purple robe.
10. (a.) Imperial; regal; -- so called from the color having been an emblem of imperial authority.
11. (a.) Blood-red; bloody.
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaPURPLE
pur'-p'-l ('argaman; Chaldaic 'argewan (2 Chronicles 2:7); compare Arabic 'urjuwan, and Persian 'arghawan; porphura, porphureos Septuagint and New Testament)):
Greek4209. porphura -- purple fish, purple dye, purple cloth
... purple fish, purple dye, purple cloth. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration:
porphura Phonetic Spelling: (por-foo'-rah) Short Definition: a purple ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4209.htm - 7k
4210. porphurous -- purple
4211. porphuropolis -- a seller of purple fabrics
5191. huakinthinos -- of hyacinth, hyacinthine
Strong's Hebrew713. argaman -- purple, red-purple
... 712, 713. argaman. 714 . purple, red-purple. Transliteration: argaman
Phonetic Spelling: (ar-gaw-mawn') Short Definition: purple. ...
/hebrew/713.htm - 6k
711. argevan -- purple, red-purple
710. argevan -- purple
8438. tola -- worm, scarlet stuff
8504. tekeleth -- violet, violet thread
8321. soreq -- (choice species of) the vine
He Made the Pillars Thereof of Silver, the Couch of Gold, the ...
Thine Head Upon Thee is Like Carmel, and the Hair of Thy Head Like ...
The Unjust Steward - Dives and Lazarus - Jewish Agricultural Notes ...
Of the Mockery which He Sustained at the Hands of Pilate's Cohort ...
The Emperor and Empress
The Child Samuel.
Those Days it was Near Twelve O'Clock by the Great Dial of History ...
Dress as Connected with Idolatry.
Things Seemed to be Arranged in Some Measure to the Satisfaction ...
ThesaurusPurple (54 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) Cloth dyed a purple color, or a garment of such color; especially, a purple
robe, worn as an emblem of rank or authority; specifically, the purple rode ...
/p/purple.htm - 28k
Twined (25 Occurrences)
Finely (27 Occurrences)
Yarn (37 Occurrences)
Byssus (40 Occurrences)
Craftsman (23 Occurrences)
Needlework (23 Occurrences)
Designer (12 Occurrences)
Stuff (49 Occurrences)
Twisted (79 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordancePurple (54 Occurrences)
Mark 15:17 They clothed him with purple, and weaving a crown of thorns, they put it on him.
Mark 15:20 When they had mocked him, they took the purple off of him, and put his own garments on him. They led him out to crucify him.
Luke 16:19 "Now there was a certain rich man, and he was clothed in purple and fine linen, living in luxury every day.
John 19:2 The soldiers twisted thorns into a crown, and put it on his head, and dressed him in a purple garment.
John 19:5 Jesus therefore came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple garment. Pilate said to them, "Behold, the man!"
Acts 16:14 A certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, one who worshiped God, heard us; whose heart the Lord opened to listen to the things which were spoken by Paul.
Revelation 17:4 The woman was dressed in purple and scarlet, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the impurities of the sexual immorality of the earth.
Revelation 18:12 merchandise of gold, silver, precious stones, pearls, fine linen, purple, silk, scarlet, all expensive wood, every vessel of ivory, every vessel made of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble;
Revelation 18:16 saying,'Woe, woe, the great city, she who was dressed in fine linen, purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls!
Exodus 25:4 blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goats' hair,
Exodus 26:1 "Moreover you shall make the tabernacle with ten curtains; of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, with cherubim. The work of the skillful workman you shall make them.
Exodus 26:31 "You shall make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cherubim. The work of the skillful workman shall it be made.
Exodus 26:36 "You shall make a screen for the door of the Tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the embroiderer.
Exodus 27:16 For the gate of the court shall be a screen of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the embroiderer; their pillars four, and their sockets four.
Exodus 28:5 They shall take the gold, and the blue, and the purple, and the scarlet, and the fine linen.
Exodus 28:6 "They shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the skillful workman.
Exodus 28:8 The skillfully woven band, which is on it, that is on him, shall be like its work and of the same piece; of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
Exodus 28:15 "You shall make a breastplate of judgment, the work of the skillful workman; like the work of the ephod you shall make it; of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, you shall make it.
Exodus 28:33 On its hem you shall make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, around its hem; and bells of gold between and around them:
Exodus 35:6 blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goats' hair,
Exodus 35:23 Everyone, with whom was found blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goats' hair, rams' skins dyed red, and sea cow hides, brought them.
Exodus 35:25 All the women who were wise-hearted spun with their hands, and brought that which they had spun, the blue, the purple, the scarlet, and the fine linen.
Exodus 35:35 He has filled them with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of workmanship, of the engraver, of the skillful workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of those who do any workmanship, and of those who make skillful works.
Exodus 36:8 All the wise-hearted men among those who did the work made the tabernacle with ten curtains; of fine twined linen, blue, purple, and scarlet, with cherubim, the work of the skillful workman, they made them.
Exodus 36:35 He made the veil of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen: with cherubim. He made it the work of a skillful workman.
Exodus 36:37 He made a screen for the door of the tent, of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of an embroiderer;
Exodus 38:18 The screen for the gate of the court was the work of the embroiderer, of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen. Twenty cubits was the length, and the height in the breadth was five cubits, like to the hangings of the court.
Exodus 38:23 With him was Oholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver, and a skillful workman, and an embroiderer in blue, in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen.
Exodus 39:1 Of the blue, purple, and scarlet, they made finely worked garments, for ministering in the holy place, and made the holy garments for Aaron; as Yahweh commanded Moses.
Exodus 39:2 He made the ephod of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen.
Exodus 39:3 They beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, in the purple, in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skillful workman.
Exodus 39:5 The skillfully woven band that was on it, with which to fasten it on, was of the same piece, like its work; of gold, of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen; as Yahweh commanded Moses.
Exodus 39:8 He made the breastplate, the work of a skillful workman, like the work of the ephod; of gold, of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen.
Exodus 39:24 They made on the skirts of the robe pomegranates of blue, purple, scarlet, and twined linen.
Exodus 39:29 and the sash of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, the work of the embroiderer, as Yahweh commanded Moses.
Numbers 4:13 "They shall take away the ashes from the altar, and spread a purple cloth on it.
Judges 8:26 The weight of the golden earrings that he requested was one thousand and seven hundred shekels of gold, besides the crescents, and the pendants, and the purple clothing that was on the kings of Midian, and besides the chains that were about their camels' necks.
2 Chronicles 2:7 Now therefore send me a man skillful to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in iron, and in purple, and crimson, and blue, and who knows how to engrave all manner of engravings, to be with the skillful men who are with me in Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father did provide.
2 Chronicles 2:14 the son of a woman of the daughters of Dan; and his father was a man of Tyre, skillful to work in gold, and in silver, in brass, in iron, in stone, and in timber, in purple, in blue, and in fine linen, and in crimson, also to engrave any manner of engraving, and to devise any device; that there may be a place appointed to him with your skillful men, and with the skillful men of my lord David your father.
2 Chronicles 3:14 He made the veil of blue, and purple, and crimson, and fine linen, and ornamented it with cherubim.
Esther 1:6 There were hangings of white, green, and blue material, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars. The couches were of gold and silver, on a pavement of red, white, yellow, and black marble.
Esther 8:15 Mordecai went out of the presence of the king in royal clothing of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a robe of fine linen and purple; and the city of Susa shouted and was glad.
Proverbs 31:22 She makes for herself carpets of tapestry. Her clothing is fine linen and purple.
Song of Songs 3:10 He made its pillars of silver, its bottom of gold, its seat of purple, its midst being paved with love, from the daughters of Jerusalem.
Song of Songs 7:5 Your head on you is like Carmel. The hair of your head like purple. The king is held captive in its tresses.
Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us have an argument together, says the Lord: how may your sins which are red like blood be white as snow? how may their dark purple seem like wool?
Jeremiah 10:9 There is silver beaten into plates, which is brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz, the work of the artificer and of the hands of the goldsmith; blue and purple for their clothing; they are all the work of skillful men.
Lamentations 4:5 Those who were used to feasting on delicate food are wasted in the streets: those who as children were dressed in purple are stretched out on the dust.
Ezekiel 23:6 who were clothed with blue, governors and rulers, all of them desirable young men, horsemen riding on horses.
Ezekiel 27:7 Of fine linen with embroidered work from Egypt was your sail, that it might be to you for a banner; blue and purple from the islands of Elishah was your awning.
Ezekiel 27:16 Syria was your merchant by reason of the multitude of your handiworks: they traded for your wares with emeralds, purple, and embroidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and rubies.
Daniel 5:7 The king cried aloud to bring in the enchanters, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. The king spoke and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whoever shall read this writing, and show me its interpretation, shall be clothed with purple, and have a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.
Daniel 5:16 But I have heard of you, that you can give interpretations, and dissolve doubts; now if you can read the writing, and make known to me its interpretation, you shall be clothed with purple, and have a chain of gold about your neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.
Daniel 5:29 Then commanded Belshazzar, and they clothed Daniel with purple, and put a chain of gold about his neck, and made proclamation concerning him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom.
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