Basin
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Basin

Among the smaller vessels for the tabernacle or temple service, many must have been required to receive from the sacrificial victims the blood to be sprinkled for purification. The "basin" from which our Lord washed the disciples' feet was probably deeper and larger than the hand-basin for sprinkling.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Or Bason.

(1.) A trough or laver (Hebrews aggan') for washing (Exodus 24:6); rendered also "goblet" (Cant. 7:2) and "cups" (Isaiah 22:24).

(2.) A covered dish or urn (Hebrews k'for) among the vessels of the temple (1 Chronicles 28:17; Ezra 1:10; 8:27).

(3.) A vase (Hebrews mizrak) from which to sprinkle anything. A metallic vessel; sometimes rendered "bowl" (Amos 6:6; Zechariah 9:15). The vessels of the tabernacle were of brass (Exodus 27:3), while those of the temple were of gold (2 Chronicles 4:8).

(4.) A utensil (Hebrews saph) for holding the blood of the victims (Exodus 12:22); also a basin for domestic purposes (2 Samuel 17:28).

The various vessels spoken of by the names "basin, bowl, charger, cup, and dish," cannot now be accurately distinguished.

The basin in which our Lord washed the disciples' feet (John 13:5) must have been larger and deeper than the hand-basin.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A hollow vessel or dish, to hold water for washing, and for various other uses.

2. (n.) The quantity contained in a basin.

3. (n.) A hollow vessel, of various forms and materials, used in the arts or manufactures, as that used by glass grinders for forming concave glasses, by hatters for molding a hat into shape, etc.

4. (n.) A hollow place containing water, as a pond, a dock for ships, a little bay.

5. (n.) A circular or oval valley, or depression of the surface of the ground, the lowest part of which is generally occupied by a lake, or traversed by a river.

6. (n.) The entire tract of country drained by a river, or sloping towards a sea or lake.

7. (n.) An isolated or circumscribed formation, particularly where the strata dip inward, on all sides, toward a center; -- especially applied to the coal formations, called coal basins or coal fields.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BASIN; BASON

ba'-s'-n.

1. The Terms Used and Their Meaning:

The American Standard Revised Version has "basin," the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) "bason," the preferred spelling of the English revisers. In the Appendix to the Revised Old Testament the American Revisers (section viii) say, "The modern spelling is preferred for the following words"; then follow among others "basin" for "bason"; but no similar statement appears in the Appendix to the Revised New Testament. The Hebrew word so rendered in English Versions of the Bible is chiefly used for the large bowl of bronze (the King James Version "brass") employed by the priests to receive the blood of the sacrificial victims (Exodus 27:3; compare Exodus 29:16 1 Kings 7:45, etc.). It is found only once in secular use (Amos 6:6, "drink wine in bowls"), if the text there is correct; the Septuagint has it otherwise. See BOWL. The "basins" of Exodus 12:22 2 Samuel 17:28 were probably of earthenware.

2. Of Various Materials and Forms:

While the priests' bowls were of bronze, similar bowls or basins of silver were presented by the princes of the congregation, according to Numbers 7:13; and those spoken of in 1 Kings 7:50 as destined for Solomon's temple were of gold (compare 1 Chronicles 28:17).

3. The Typical Ewer of the East:

(1) The well-known eastern mode of washing the hands was and is by pouring water on the hands, not by dipping them in water, an act, of course, calling for the aid of an attendant. Elisha "poured water on the hands of Elijah" (2 Kings 3:11; see Kitto's note in Pictorial Bible 2, II, 330). A disciple came to be known as "one who poured water on the hands of another." Such was beyond question the prevailing custom among the ancient Hebrews, as it was, and is, among eastern peoples in general. They incline to look with disgust, if not with horror, upon our western practice of washing face and hands in water retained in a basin.

(2) The typical vessel of the East used in such ablutions has a long spout, not unlike our large coffee-pot (see Kitto, Pict. Biblical, II, 331, note). While the English Versions of the Bible unfortunately often suggests nothing like such pouring, the Hebrew expresses it, e.g. in 1 Samuel 25:41, where we have the Qal of rachats compare Kennedy in 1-vol HDB, and HDB, articles "Bath," "Bathing." Kennedy shows that "affusion," "pouring on" of water, was meant in many cases where we read "bathe" or "wash" in Enoch glish Versions. Lane (Mod. Egypt, chapter v) says: "A servant brings him a basin and ewer (called Tsisht and ibreek) of tinned copper or brass. The first has a cover with holes, with a raised receptacle for the soap; and the water is poured upon the hands and passes through the ewer into the space below; so that when the basin is brought to a second person the water with which the former has washed is not seen."

4. A Basin of a Unique Sort:

(1) A wash-basin of a special sort was used by Jesus for washing the disciples' feet (see John 13:5). The Greek is nipter eita ballei hudor eis ton niptera, translated the Revised Version (British and American), "then he poureth water into the basin." This word nipter is not found elsewhere in the New Testament, nor in the Septuagint, nor, indeed, in Greek profane literature. But fortunately the general sense is here made plain by the context and by comparison of the cognate verbs niptein and n izein. It evidently denotes an article, not necessarily a vessel, specifically suited to the use of washing a part of the body, e.g. the hands or the feet, and hence is used with the article, "the basin," the Revised Version (British and American). It is doubtful, therefore, if "basin," or "bason," conveys a true idea of either the oriental article here meant or the scene portrayed. The fact that, according to the custom of the day, the position of the disciples here was reclining, precludes the possibility of the use of a "basin" of our sort, in the way we are accustom edition to, i.e. for immersing the feet in the water, in whole or in part.

(2) So it is likely that the nipter was a jug, or ewer, with a dish, saucer, or basin placed under it and combined with it to catch the dripping water. We know from other sources that such a vessel was kept in the Jewish house regularly for ordinary handwashings, etc. (see Matthew 15:2 Mark 7:3), and for ceremonial ablutions. Hence, it would naturally be ready here in the upper room as a normal part of the preparation of the "goodman of the house" for his guests (the King James Version Mark 14:14 Luke 22:12), and so it is distinguished by the Greek article ton. Jesus Himself used the nipter, standing, doubtless, to impress upon His disciples the lessons of humility, self-abasement and loving service which He ever sought to impart and illustrate.

(3) Our conclusion, we may say with George Farmer in DCG, article "Bason," is that nipter was not simply one large basin, but the set of ewer and basin combined, such a set as was commonly kept in the Jewish house for the purpose of cleansing either the hands or the feet by means of affusion. The Arabic Tisht, authorities tell us, is the exact rendering of nipter, and it comes from a root which means "to pour," or "rain slightly." (See Anton Tien, reviser of the Arabic prayer-book, author of Arabic and Mod. Greek Grammars, etc., quoted in DCG, article "Bason.")

George B. Eager

Greek
3537. nipter -- a basin
... a basin. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: nipter Phonetic Spelling:
(nip-tare') Short Definition: a basin Definition: a basin for washing hands ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3537.htm - 6k
Strong's Hebrew
5592a. saph -- a basin, goblet
... 5592, 5592a. saph. 5592b . a basin, goblet. Transliteration: saph Short
Definition: basin. Word Origin of uncertain derivation Definition ...
/hebrew/5592a.htm - 5k

101. aggan -- a bowl, basin
... 100, 101. aggan. 102 . a bowl, basin. Transliteration: aggan Phonetic Spelling:
(ag-gawn') Short Definition: basins. ... basin, cup, goblet. ...
/hebrew/101.htm - 6k

3595. kiyyor -- pot, basin
kiyyor or kiyyor. 3594, 3595. kiyyor or kiyyor. 3596 . pot, basin. Transliteration:
kiyyor or kiyyor Phonetic Spelling: (kee-yore') Short Definition: laver ...
/hebrew/3595.htm - 6k

4219. mizraq -- bowl, basin
... 4218, 4219. mizraq. 4220 . bowl, basin. Transliteration: mizraq Phonetic
Spelling: (miz-rawk') Short Definition: bowl. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/4219.htm - 6k

105. agartal -- a basin, basket
... agartal. 106 . a basin, basket. Transliteration: agartal Phonetic Spelling:
(ag-ar-tawl') Short Definition: dishes. ... Of uncertain derivation; a basin -- charger ...
/hebrew/105.htm - 5k

1543. gullah -- a basin, bowl
... 1542, 1543. gullah. 1544 . a basin, bowl. Transliteration: gullah Phonetic
Spelling: (gool-law') Short Definition: bowls. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/1543.htm - 6k

4699. metsullah -- a basin or hollow
... 4698, 4699. metsullah. 4700 . a basin or hollow. Transliteration: metsullah
Phonetic Spelling: (mets-ool-law') Short Definition: ravine. ...
/hebrew/4699.htm - 6k

5592. caph -- a basin, goblet
... caph. 5592a . a basin, goblet. Transliteration: caph Phonetic Spelling: (saf)
Short Definition: bason. bason, bowl, cup, door post, gate, post, threshold ...
/hebrew/5592.htm - 5k

3220. yam -- sea
... in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article), the
Mediterranean Sea; sometimes a large river, or an artifical basin; locally, the ...
/hebrew/3220.htm - 6k

4518. menaqqith -- a sacrificial bowl
... bowl. From naqah; a sacrificial basin (for holding blood) -- bowl. see HEBREW
naqah. 4517, 4518. menaqqith. 4519 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/4518.htm - 6k

Library

Moab is My Washpot
... MOAB, which had threatened Israel, was to be so completely subdued, and become so
utterly contemptible as to be likened to a washpot or basin in which men wash ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 17 1871/moab is my washpot.htm

Meditation vii. The Washing of the Feet.
... Meanwhile Jesus, in the vestibule, told John to take a basin, and James a pitcher
filled with water, with which they followed him into the room, where the major ...
/.../the dolorous passion of our lord jesus christ/meditation vii the washing of.htm

The Right to the Ordinary Safeguards of Good Health
... It will be warm enough in just a minute.". The hot water was ladled into the basin,
and Mrs. Wong looked inquiringly around the room. I poked my sister. ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/williamson/have we no rights/chapter 3 the right to.htm

The Choice of Gideon was a Figure of Our Lord's Incarnation, The
... dryness and moistening of the fleece was signified the falling away of the Jews
and the calling of the Gentiles, by the water received in a basin the washing ...
/.../ambrose/works and letters of st ambrose/the choice of gideon was.htm

The Foot-Washing.
... Then He poureth water into the basin, and began to wash the disciples' feet,
and to wipe them with the towel wherewith He was girded. ...
/.../dods/the expositors bible the gospel of st john vol ii/vi the foot-washing.htm

Continues the Same Subject, Explaining by a Comparison in what ...
... two basins are filled in different ways; the one with water from a distance flowing
into it through many pipes and waterworks, while the other basin is built ...
/.../teresa/the interior castle or the mansions/chapter ii continues the same 2.htm

An Appeal to the History of Creation True Meaning of the Term ...
... On the other hand, [6321] if we were to make such a statement as this, for example,
"In the beginning the potter made a basin or a water-jug," the word ...
/.../tertullian/against hermogenes/chapter xix an appeal to the.htm

Of the Second Coming of Christ, Or, the Fountain with Three Rills
... [49] Probably Ruysbroeck had here in mind such a "fountain" or lavabo as was to
be seen in almost any fourteenth century cloister: a cistern or basin fed by a ...
/.../john/the adornment of the spritual marriage/chapter xxxv of the second.htm

The Escape from Egypt
... You shall also take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin
and strike the lintel and the two door posts with the blood that is in the ...
//christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/the escape from egypt.htm

The Project of French Empire and Evangelization --Its Wide and ...
... not so much by the prowess of her soldiers as by her craft in diplomacy with savage
tribes, France was to assert and make good her title to the basin of the St ...
/.../bacon/a history of american christianity/chapter iii the project of.htm

Thesaurus
Basin (37 Occurrences)
... (4.) A utensil (Hebrews saph) for holding the blood of the victims (Exodus
12:22); also a basin for domestic purposes (2 Samuel 17:28). ...
/b/basin.htm - 26k

Bread-basin (2 Occurrences)
Bread-basin. Bread, Bread-basin. Bread-basins . Multi-Version
Concordance Bread-basin (2 Occurrences). Deuteronomy 28 ...
/b/bread-basin.htm - 6k

Washing-basin (1 Occurrence)
Washing-basin. Washing, Washing-basin. Washings . Multi-Version
Concordance Washing-basin (1 Occurrence). Leviticus ...
/w/washing-basin.htm - 6k

Bason (3 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary (n.) A basin. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia.
BASIN; BASON. ba'-s'-n. 1. The Terms Used and Their Meaning ...
/b/bason.htm - 13k

Weighing (39 Occurrences)
... Numbers 7:13 and his offering was one silver dish, the weight thereof was a hundred
and thirty shekels, one silver basin of seventy shekels, after the shekel ...
/w/weighing.htm - 17k

Plate (34 Occurrences)
... Numbers 7:13 And his offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels
in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place ...
/p/plate.htm - 20k

Scale (38 Occurrences)
... Numbers 7:13 And his offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels
in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place ...
/s/scale.htm - 22k

Laver (13 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary (Hebrews kiyor), a "basin" for boiling in, a "pan" for
cooking ... Noah Webster's Dictionary. 1. (n.) A vessel for washing; a large basin. ...
/l/laver.htm - 17k

Basins (33 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 7:38 He made ten basins of brass: one basin contained forty baths; and every
basin was four cubits; and on every one of the ten bases one basin. ...
/b/basins.htm - 16k

Baths (8 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 7:38 He made ten basins of brass: one basin contained forty baths; and every
basin was four cubits; and on every one of the ten bases one basin. ...
/b/baths.htm - 9k

Concordance
Basin (37 Occurrences)

John 13:5
Then he poured water into the basin, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him.
(WEB WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 12:22
You shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 30:18
"You shall also make a basin of brass, and its base of brass, in which to wash. You shall put it between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and you shall put water in it.
(WEB NIV)

Exodus 30:28
the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the basin with its base.
(WEB NIV)

Exodus 31:9
the altar of burnt offering with all its vessels, the basin and its base,
(WEB NIV)

Exodus 35:16
the altar of burnt offering, with its grating of brass, it poles, and all its vessels, the basin and its base;
(WEB NAS NIV)

Exodus 38:8
He made the basin of brass, and its base of brass, out of the mirrors of the ministering women who ministered at the door of the Tent of Meeting.
(WEB NIV)

Exodus 39:39
the bronze altar, its grating of brass, its poles, all of its vessels, the basin and its base,
(WEB NIV)

Exodus 40:7
You shall set the basin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and shall put water therein.
(WEB NIV)

Exodus 40:11
You shall anoint the basin and its base, and sanctify it.
(WEB NIV)

Exodus 40:30
He set the basin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and put water therein, with which to wash.
(WEB NIV)

Leviticus 8:11
He sprinkled it on the altar seven times, and anointed the altar and all its vessels, and the basin and its base, to sanctify them.
(WEB BBE NAS NIV)

Numbers 7:13
And his offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:19
He gave one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:25
His offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:31
His offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:37
His offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:43
His offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:49
His offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:55
His offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:61
His offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:67
His offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:73
His offering was one silver plate; a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:79
His offering was one silver plate, a hundred and thirty shekels in weight, one silver basin of seventy shekels, by the scale of the holy place; the two of them full of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Numbers 7:85
The weight of every silver plate was a hundred and thirty shekels, and of every basin seventy; the weight of all the silver of the vessels was two thousand and four hundred shekels, by the scale of the holy place;
(BBE JPS RSV)

Judges 6:38
And it was so: for he got up early on the morning after, and twisting the wool in his hands, he got a basin full of water from the dew on the wool.
(BBE)

2 Samuel 17:28
brought beds, and basins, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and meal, and parched grain, and beans, and lentils, and parched pulse,
(Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV)

1 Kings 7:30
Every base had four bronze wheels, and axles of brass; and the four feet of it had supports: beneath the basin were the supports molten, with wreaths at the side of each.
(WEB NAS NIV)

1 Kings 7:38
He made ten basins of brass: one basin contained forty baths; and every basin was four cubits; and on every one of the ten bases one basin.
(Root in WEB NAS NIV)

2 Kings 16:17
King Ahaz cut off the panels of the bases, and removed the basin from off them, and took down the sea from off the bronze oxen that were under it, and put it on a pavement of stone.
(WEB NIV)

1 Chronicles 28:17
and the forks, and the basins, and the cups, of pure gold; and for the golden bowls by weight for every bowl; and for the silver bowls by weight for every bowl;
(Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Psalms 60:8
Moab is my wash basin. I will throw my shoe on Edom. I shout in triumph over Philistia."
(WEB RSV NIV)

Proverbs 19:24
The hater of work puts his hand deep into the basin, and will not even take it to his mouth again.
(BBE)

Proverbs 26:15
The hater of work puts his hand deep into the basin: lifting it again to his mouth is a weariness to him.
(BBE)

Song of Songs 7:2
Thy waist 'is' a basin of roundness, It lacketh not the mixture, Thy body a heap of wheat, fenced with lilies,
(YLT)

Isaiah 22:11
ye made also a reservoir between the two walls for the water of the old pool. But ye looked not unto him that had done this, neither had ye respect unto him that purposed it long ago.
(See JPS)

Zechariah 9:15
The LORD of hosts will defend them; and they shall devour, and shall tread down the sling-stones; and they shall drink, and make a noise as through wine; and they shall be filled like the basins, like the corners of the altar.
(Root in JPS NAS)

Subtopics

Basin

Basin: Made of Brass (Bronze)

Basin: Made of Gold

Related Terms

Bread-basin (2 Occurrences)

Washing-basin (1 Occurrence)

Bason (3 Occurrences)

Weighing (39 Occurrences)

Plate (34 Occurrences)

Scale (38 Occurrences)

Laver (13 Occurrences)

Basins (33 Occurrences)

Baths (8 Occurrences)

Contained (11 Occurrences)

Contain (19 Occurrences)

Bowl (44 Occurrences)

Bronze (146 Occurrences)

Bases (80 Occurrences)

Base (127 Occurrences)

Brass (168 Occurrences)

Vessels (210 Occurrences)

Burnt (392 Occurrences)

Lintel (4 Occurrences)

Goblet (6 Occurrences)

Grating (6 Occurrences)

Fleshhooks (5 Occurrences)

Doorframe (3 Occurrences)

Doorposts (15 Occurrences)

Doorway (221 Occurrences)

Dip (17 Occurrences)

Dipped (17 Occurrences)

Meat-hooks (5 Occurrences)

Posts (68 Occurrences)

Poles (58 Occurrences)

Bunch (6 Occurrences)

Apply (19 Occurrences)

Sides (170 Occurrences)

Side-posts (7 Occurrences)

Stands (111 Occurrences)

Hyssop (12 Occurrences)

Meeting (323 Occurrences)

Galilee (73 Occurrences)

Cubit (51 Occurrences)

Sanctify (91 Occurrences)

Cubits (156 Occurrences)

Consecrate (65 Occurrences)

Opening (242 Occurrences)

Basing (7 Occurrences)

Struck (373 Occurrences)

Touching (121 Occurrences)

Holding (62 Occurrences)

Touch (82 Occurrences)

Therein (269 Occurrences)

Washing (56 Occurrences)

Door (249 Occurrences)

Forty (142 Occurrences)

Valley (187 Occurrences)

Dead (580 Occurrences)

Wash (105 Occurrences)

Tent (333 Occurrences)

Sea (4178 Occurrences)

Strike (168 Occurrences)

Morning (264 Occurrences)

Outside (215 Occurrences)

Altar (343 Occurrences)

Jordan (188 Occurrences)

Utensils (72 Occurrences)

Lacks (27 Occurrences)

Lentiles (4 Occurrences)

Lacketh (17 Occurrences)

Greeks (22 Occurrences)

Grecians (4 Occurrences)

Gulf (3 Occurrences)

Wrapped (40 Occurrences)

Wheels (30 Occurrences)

Washbowl (2 Occurrences)

Washhand (1 Occurrence)

Wreaths (9 Occurrences)

Washings (4 Occurrences)

Wipe (24 Occurrences)

Fountain (57 Occurrences)

Firepan (2 Occurrences)

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