Grecians
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Hellenists, Greek-Jews; Jews born in a foreign country, and thus did not speak Hebrew (Acts 6:1; 9:29), nor join in the Hebrew services of the Jews in Palestine, but had synagogues of their own in Jerusalem. Joel 3:6 =Greeks.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GRECIANS; GREEKS

gre'-shanz, greks: In the Old Testament the word "Grecians" occurs but once (Joel 3 (4):6). For references to Greece in the Old Testament see JAVAN. In the King James Version of the Old Testament Apocrypha "Grecians" and "Greeks" are used without distinction, e.g. 1 Maccabees 1:10; 6:02; 8:09; 2 Maccabees 4:15, 36. Thus, in 1 Maccabees 1:1, Alexander the Great is spoken of as king of Greece, and in 1 Maccabees 1:10 the Macedonian empire is called "the kingdom of the Greeks" (basileia Hellenon). In 2 Maccabees 13:2 the army of Antiochus, king of Syria, is called "Grecian" (dunamis Hellenike), and in 2 Maccabees 6:8 the "Greek cities" (poleis Hellenides) are Macedonian colonies. Reference is made in 2 Maccabees 6:1 to an aged Athenian who was sent by Antiochus the king charged with the duty of Hellenizing the Jews; in 2 Maccabees 9:15 Antiochus vows that he will make the Jews equal to the Athenians; in 1 Maccabees 12-14, reference is made to negotiations of Jonathan, the high priest, with the Spartans, whom he calls brethren, seeking the renewal of a treaty of alliance and amity against the Syrians. With the spread of Greek power and influence, everything not specifically Jewish was called Greek; thus in 2 Maccabees 4:36; 11:02; 3 Maccabees 3:3, 1 the "Greeks" contrasted with the Jews are simply non-Jews, so called because of the prevalence of Greek institutions and culture, and "Greek" even came to be used in the sense of "anti-Jewish" (2 Maccabees 4:10, 15; 6:09; 11:24).

In Isaiah 9:12 the Septuagint reads tous Hellenas, for Pelishtim, "Philistines"; but we are not therefore justified in assuming a racial connection between the Philistines and the Greeks. Further light on the ethnography of the Mediterranean

basin may in time show that there was actually such a connection; but the rendering in question proves nothing, since "the oppressing sword" of Jeremiah 46:16 and 50:16 is likewise rendered in the Septuagint with "the sword of the Greeks" (machaira Hellenike). In all these cases the translators were influenced by the conditions existing in their own day, and were certainly not disclosing obscure relations long forgotten and newly discovered.

In the New Testament, English Versions of the Bible attempts to distinguish between (Hellenes), which is rendered "Greeks," and (Hellenistai), which is rendered "Grecians" or "Grecian Jews," or in the Revised Version, margin "Hellenists," e.g. Acts 6:1; Acts 9:29. These latter were Jews of the Dispersion, who spoke Greek (see HELLENISM; HELLENIST), as distinguished from Palestinian Jews; but since many of the latter also spoke Greek by preference, the distinction could in no sense be absolute. Indeed in John 7:35, "the Dispersion among (the Revised Version, margin, Greek "of") the Greeks," can hardly refer to any but "Grecian Jews" (Hellenistai), although Hellenes is used, and in John 12:20 the "Greeks" (Hellenes) who went up to worship at the feast of the Passover were almost certainly "Grecian Jews" (Hellenistai). Thus, while English Versions of the Bible consistently renders Hellenes with "Greeks," we are not by that rendering apprised of the real character of the people so designated. This difficulty is aggravated by the fact, already noted in connection with the Old Testament Apocrypha, that, in consequence of the spread of Hellenism, the term Hellenes was applied not only to such as were of Hellenic descent, but also to all those who had appropriated the language of Greece, as the universal means of communication, and the ideals and customs collectively known as Hellenism. The latter were thus in the strict sense Hellenists, differing from the "Grecians" of English Versions of the Bible only in that they were not of Jewish descent. In other words, Hellenes (except perhaps in John 7:35 and 12:20, as noted above) is, in general, equivalent to ta ethne, "Gentiles" (see GENTILES). The various readings of the manuscripts (and hence the difference between the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American)) in 1 Corinthians 1:23 well illustrate this. There is consequently much confusion, which it is quite impossible, with our limited knowledge of the facts in particular cases, to clear up. In general, it would seem probable that where "Greeks" are comprehensively contrasted with "Jews," the reference is to "Gentiles," as in Acts 14:1; Acts 17:4; Acts 18:4; 19:10, 17; 20:21 Romans 1:16; Romans 10:12 1 Corinthians 1:22-24 (the Revised Version (British and American) "Gentiles," representing ethnesin; Galatians 3:28 Colossians 3:11. In Mark 7:26 the woman of Tyre, called "a Greek (the Revised Version, margin "Gentile") a Syrophoenician," was clearly not of Hellenic descent. Whether Titus (Galatians 2:3) and the father of Timothy; (Acts 16:1, 3) were in the strict sense "Greeks," we have no means of knowing. In Romans 1:14, "I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians," there is an undoubted reference to Greeks strictly so called; possibly, though by no means certainly, the "Greeks" of Acts 21:28, alluding to Trophimus the Ephesian (Acts 21:29), are to be taken in the same sense. References to the Greek language occur in John 19:20 (Luke 23:38 is properly omitted in the Revised Version (British and American)); Acts 21:37 Revelation 9:11.

In Acts 11:20 the manuscripts vary between Hellenistas, and Hellenas (the King James Version "Grecians," the Revised Version (British and American) "Greeks"), with the preponderance of authority in favor of the former; but even if one adopts the latter, it is not clear whether true Greeks or Gentiles are intended.

William Arthur Heidel

Library

The Seven Deacons
... In those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring
of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were ...
/.../white/the acts of the apostles/lesson 9 the seven deacons.htm

The Institution of Deacons, and the History of Stephen.
... "And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose
a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were ...
/.../dick/lectures on the acts of the apostles/lecture viii the institution of.htm

Caesarea. Strato's Tower.
... She was a goad, sticking in Israel, in the days of the Grecians. But when the
kingdom of the Asmonean family prevailed, it overcame her, &c. ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 57 caesarea stratos tower.htm

The Mystery of Iniquity
... Here was a manifest breach of brotherly love in the Hebrews; a sin both against
justice and mercy: Seeing the Grecians, as well as the Hebrews, had "sold all ...
/.../wesley/sermons on several occasions/sermon 61 the mystery of.htm

The Calamities and Slaughters that came Upon the Jews.
... in assisting him against the Egyptians, and as a reward for such their assistance,
gave them equal privileges in this city with the Grecians themselves; which ...
/.../chapter 18 the calamities and.htm

The Foundation of the Church among the Jews
... The first schism.] And now came the first division in the body, "a murmuring
of the Grecians against the Hebrews[38].". [Sidenote ...
/.../blunt/a key to the knowledge of church history/chapter i the foundation of.htm

The Progress of the Gospel from the Death of Christ to the Death ...
... At an early period complaints were made respecting the distribution of this charity,
and we are told that "there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/killen/the ancient church/chapter iv the progress of.htm

The Jewish World in the Days of Christ - the Jewish Dispersion in ...
... former, as we know from the New Testament, commonly bore in Palestine the name of
the dispersion of the Greeks,' [25] and of Hellenists' or Grecians.' [26] On ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter i the jewish world.htm

The Mediaeval Church in Great Britain and Ireland
... Simon Magus the author of, 22, 51 """ at Corinth, 40 """ at Ephesus, 51 Gospels,
Holy, great reverence shown to them, 54 "Grecians," Who meant by ...
/.../a key to the knowledge of church history/chapter xii the mediaeval church.htm

Book 1.
... a plain sign that our nation is of a late date, because they are not so much as
vouchsafed a bare mention by the most famous historiographers among the Grecians ...
//christianbookshelf.org/josephus/against apion/book 1.htm

Thesaurus
Grecians (4 Occurrences)
... Joel 3:6 =Greeks. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. GRECIANS; GREEKS.
gre'-shanz, greks: In the Old Testament the word "Grecians" occurs ...
/g/grecians.htm - 14k

Greeks (22 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia GRECIANS; GREEKS. gre'-shanz, greks: In
the Old Testament the word "Grecians" occurs but once (Joel ...
/g/greeks.htm - 19k

Grecian (3 Occurrences)
... Acts 6:1 And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there
arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows ...
/g/grecian.htm - 7k

Jevanim (1 Occurrence)
... Joel 3:6 and have sold the children of Judah and the children of Jerusalem unto
the sons of the Grecians, that ye may remove them far from their border; (See ...
/j/jevanim.htm - 6k

Greek (19 Occurrences)
... The word "Grecians" in Acts 11:20 should be "Greeks," denoting the heathen Greeks
of that city, as rendered in the Revised Version according to the reading of ...
/g/greek.htm - 13k

Multiplied (109 Occurrences)
... Acts 6:1 And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there
arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows ...
/m/multiplied.htm - 38k

Ministration (33 Occurrences)
... Acts 6:1 And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there
arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows ...
/m/ministration.htm - 15k

Murmuring (14 Occurrences)
... Acts 6:1 And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there
arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows ...
/m/murmuring.htm - 11k

Antiochians
... under him lost courage to "serve any more at the altar, but despising the temple
and neglecting the sacrifices, hastened" to ally themselves with the Grecians. ...
/a/antiochians.htm - 10k

Slay (189 Occurrences)
... (KJV ASV WBS YLT). Acts 9:29 And he spake boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus,
and disputed against the Grecians: but they went about to slay him. (KJV WBS). ...
/s/slay.htm - 38k

Concordance
Grecians (4 Occurrences)

Acts 6:1
And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration.
(KJV WBS)

Acts 9:29
And he spake boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus, and disputed against the Grecians: but they went about to slay him.
(KJV WBS)

Acts 11:20
And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the LORD Jesus.
(KJV WBS)

Joel 3:6
The children also of Judah and the children of Jerusalem have ye sold unto the Grecians, that ye might remove them far from their border.
(KJV ASV WBS)

Subtopics

Grecians

Related Terms

Greeks (22 Occurrences)

Grecian (3 Occurrences)

Jevanim (1 Occurrence)

Greek (19 Occurrences)

Multiplied (109 Occurrences)

Ministration (33 Occurrences)

Murmuring (14 Occurrences)

Antiochians

Slay (189 Occurrences)

Astrology

Greece (15 Occurrences)

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