Mark 15:44
New International Version
Pilate was surprised to hear that he was already dead. Summoning the centurion, he asked him if Jesus had already died.

New Living Translation
Pilate couldn’t believe that Jesus was already dead, so he called for the Roman officer and asked if he had died yet.

English Standard Version
Pilate was surprised to hear that he should have already died. And summoning the centurion, he asked him whether he was already dead.

Berean Study Bible
Pilate was surprised to hear that Jesus was already dead, so he summoned the centurion to ask if this was so.

Berean Literal Bible
And Pilate wondered if already He were dead. And having summoned the centurion, he questioned him whether He had died already.

King James Bible
And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead.

New King James Version
Pilate marveled that He was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him if He had been dead for some time.

New American Standard Bible
Now Pilate wondered if He was dead by this time, and summoning the centurion, he questioned him as to whether He was already dead.

NASB 1995
Pilate wondered if He was dead by this time, and summoning the centurion, he questioned him as to whether He was already dead.

NASB 1977
And Pilate wondered if He was dead by this time, and summoning the centurion, he questioned him as to whether He was already dead.

Amplified Bible
Pilate wondered if He was dead by this time [only six hours after being crucified], and he summoned the centurion and asked him whether He was already dead.

Christian Standard Bible
Pilate was surprised that he was already dead. Summoning the centurion, he asked him whether he had already died.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Pilate was surprised that He was already dead. Summoning the centurion, he asked him whether He had already died.

American Standard Version
And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But Pilate wondered if he had been dead that long, and he called the Centurion and asked him if he had died before the time.

Contemporary English Version
Pilate was surprised to hear that Jesus was already dead, and he called in the army officer to find out if Jesus had been dead very long.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Pilate wondered that he should be already dead. And sending for the centurion, he asked him if he were already dead.

English Revised Version
And Pilate marveled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead.

Good News Translation
Pilate was surprised to hear that Jesus was already dead. He called the army officer and asked him if Jesus had been dead a long time.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Pilate wondered if Jesus had already died. So he summoned the officer to ask him if Jesus was, in fact, dead.

International Standard Version
Pilate was amazed to hear that Jesus had already died, so he summoned the centurion to ask him if he was in fact dead.

Literal Standard Version
And Pilate wondered if He were already dead, and having called near the centurion, questioned him if He were long dead,

NET Bible
Pilate was surprised that he was already dead. He called the centurion and asked him if he had been dead for some time.

New Heart English Bible
Pilate was surprised that he was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him whether he had been dead long.

Weymouth New Testament
But Pilate could hardly believe that He was already dead. He called, however, for the Centurion and inquired whether He had been long dead;

World English Bible
Pilate marveled if he were already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him whether he had been dead long.

Young's Literal Translation
And Pilate wondered if he were already dead, and having called near the centurion, did question him if he were long dead,

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Burial of Jesus
43Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent Council member who himself was waiting for the kingdom of God, boldly went to Pilate to ask for the body of Jesus. 44 Pilate was surprised to hear that Jesus was already dead, so he summoned the centurion to ask if this was so. 45When Pilate had confirmed it with the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph.…

Cross References
Matthew 8:10
When Jesus heard this, He marveled and said to those following Him, "Truly I tell you, I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith.

Mark 15:43
Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent Council member who himself was waiting for the kingdom of God, boldly went to Pilate to ask for the body of Jesus.

Mark 15:45
When Pilate had confirmed it with the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph.


Treasury of Scripture

And Pilate marveled if he were already dead: and calling to him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead.

John 19:31-37
The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away…









(44) And Pilate marvelled.--The wonder of Pilate, and his calling the centurion (the article points to his being the same that had been mentioned in Mark 15:39), are peculiar to St. Mark.

Verse 44. - And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead. It must have Been somewhat early in the afternoon, probably not long after three o'clock, when Joseph went. The day being the Preparation, the Jews were anxious to satisfy the letter of the Law (Deuteronomy 21:13), and that, more especially, because the coming sabbath was a "high day." So they had gone early to Pilate to obtain permission to accelerate the deaths of the sufferers by the terrible additional punishment called σκελοκοπία. This violence was not inflicted upon our Lord, because he was already dead; and so another Scripture was fulfilled, "A bone of him shall not be broken." But it was necessary that Pilate should be assured of the fact that death had taken place before he gave up the body; and thus, in the providence of God, another evidence was given of the reality of Christ's death. Joseph asked for the body (σῶμα). Then Pilate asked the centurion "whether he had been any while dead." The verb here is in the aorist, and the adverb means "formerly" (εἰ πάλαι ἀπέθανε); literally, if he died some time ago.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
Pilate
Πιλᾶτος (Pilatos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 4091: Pilate. Of Latin origin; close-pressed, i.e. Firm; Pilatus, a Roman.

was surprised [to hear]
ἐθαύμασεν (ethaumasen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 2296: (a) intrans: I wonder, marvel, (b) trans: I wonder at, admire. From thauma; to wonder; by implication, to admire.

that
εἰ (ei)
Conjunction
Strong's 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

[Jesus] was already dead,
τέθνηκεν (tethnēken)
Verb - Perfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 2348: To die, be dying, be dead. A strengthened form of a simpler primary thano than'-o; to die.

so
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

he summoned
προσκαλεσάμενος (proskalesamenos)
Verb - Aorist Participle Middle - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 4341: To call to myself, summon. Middle voice from pros and kaleo; to call toward oneself, i.e. Summon, invite.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

centurion
κεντυρίωνα (kentyriōna)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2760: Of Latin origin; a centurion, i.e. Captain of one hundred soldiers.

to ask
ἐπηρώτησεν (epērōtēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1905: To interrogate, question, demand of. From epi and erotao; to ask for, i.e. Inquire, seek.

if
εἰ (ei)
Conjunction
Strong's 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

[this was so].
ἀπέθανεν (apethanen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 599: To be dying, be about to die, wither, decay. From apo and thnesko; to die off.


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NT Gospels: Mark 15:44 Pilate marveled if he were already dead (Mar Mk Mr)
Mark 15:43
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