Luke 12:53
New International Version
They will be divided, father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."

New Living Translation
'Father will be divided against son and son against father; mother against daughter and daughter against mother; and mother-in-law against daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law.'"

English Standard Version
They will be divided, father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law.”

Berean Study Bible
They will be divided, father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law.”

Berean Literal Bible
They will be divided father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."

New American Standard Bible
"They will be divided, father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."

King James Bible
The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

Christian Standard Bible
They will be divided, father against son, son against father, mother against daughter, daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."

Contemporary English Version
Fathers and sons will turn against one another, and mothers and daughters will do the same. Mothers-in-law and daughters-in-law will also turn against each other.

Good News Translation
Fathers will be against their sons, and sons against their fathers; mothers will be against their daughters, and daughters against their mothers; mothers-in-law will be against their daughters-in-law, and daughters-in-law against their mothers-in-law."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They will be divided, father against son, son against father, mother against daughter, daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."

International Standard Version
They will be divided father against son, son against father, mother against daughter, daughter against mother, mother-in-law against daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."

NET Bible
They will be divided, father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."

New Heart English Bible
They will be divided, father against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against her mother; mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“For a father will be divided against his son and son against his father, mother against her daughter and daughter against her mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A father will be against his son and a son against his father. A mother will be against her daughter and a daughter against her mother. A mother-in-law will be against her daughter-in-law and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law."

New American Standard 1977
“They will be divided, father against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against mother; mother-in-law against daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
The father shall be divided against the son and the son against the father, the mother against the daughter and the daughter against the mother, the mother-in-law against her daughter- in-law and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.

King James 2000 Bible
The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.

American King James Version
The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

American Standard Version
They shall be divided, father against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against her mother; mother in law against her daughter in law, and daughter in law against her mother in law.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against his father, the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother, the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

Darby Bible Translation
father against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against mother; a mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.

English Revised Version
They shall be divided, father against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against her mother; mother in law against her daughter in law, and daughter in law against her mother in law.

Webster's Bible Translation
The father will be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.

Weymouth New Testament
father against son and son against father; mother attacking daughter and daughter her mother, mother-in-law her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law her mother-in-law."

World English Bible
They will be divided, father against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against her mother; mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law."

Young's Literal Translation
a father shall be divided against a son, and a son against a father, a mother against a daughter, and a daughter against a mother, a mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.'
Study Bible
Not Peace, But Division
52From now on, five in one household will be divided, three against two and two against three. 53They will be divided, father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law.” 54Then Jesus said to the crowds, “As soon as you see a cloud rising in the west, you say, ‘A shower is coming,’ and that is what happens.…
Cross References
Micah 7:6
For a son dishonors his father, a daughter rises against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; a man's enemies are the members of his own household.

Matthew 10:21
Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; children will rise against their parents and have them put to death.

Matthew 10:35
For I have come to turn 'A man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.

Luke 12:52
From now on, five in one household will be divided, three against two and two against three.

Treasury of Scripture

The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

Micah 7:6
For the son dishonoureth the father, the daughter riseth up against her mother, the daughter in law against her mother in law; a man's enemies are the men of his own house.

Zechariah 13:2-6
And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, that I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land, and they shall no more be remembered: and also I will cause the prophets and the unclean spirit to pass out of the land…

Matthew 10:21,22
And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death…







Lexicon
They will be divided,
διαμερισθήσονται (diameristhēsontai)
Verb - Future Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1266: To divide up into parts, break up; I distribute. From dia and merizo; to partition thoroughly.

father
πατὴρ (patēr)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3962: Father, (Heavenly) Father, ancestor, elder, senior. Apparently a primary word; a 'father'.

against
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

son
υἱῷ (huiō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

son
υἱὸς (huios)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.

against
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

father,
πατρί (patri)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3962: Father, (Heavenly) Father, ancestor, elder, senior. Apparently a primary word; a 'father'.

mother
μήτηρ (mētēr)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3384: A mother. Apparently a primary word; a 'mother'.

against
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

daughter
θυγατέρα (thygatera)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2364: Apparently a primary word; a female child, or descendant.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

daughter
θυγάτηρ (thygatēr)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2364: Apparently a primary word; a female child, or descendant.

against
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

mother,
μητέρα (mētera)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3384: A mother. Apparently a primary word; a 'mother'.

mother-in-law
πενθερὰ (penthera)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3994: A mother-in-law. Feminine of pentheros; a wife's mother.

against
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

daughter-in-law
νύμφην (nymphēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3565: From a primary but obsolete verb nupto; a young married woman, including a betrothed girl; by implication, a son's wife.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

daughter-in-law
νύμφη (nymphē)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3565: From a primary but obsolete verb nupto; a young married woman, including a betrothed girl; by implication, a son's wife.

against
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

mother-in-law.”
πενθεράν (pentheran)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3994: A mother-in-law. Feminine of pentheros; a wife's mother.
12:41-53 All are to take to themselves what Christ says in his word, and to inquire concerning it. No one is left so ignorant as not to know many things to be wrong which he does, and many things to be right which he neglects; therefore all are without excuse in their sin. The bringing in the gospel dispensation would occasion desolations. Not that this would be the tendency of Christ's religion, which is pure, peaceable, and loving; but the effect of its being contrary to men's pride and lusts. There was to be a wide publication of the gospel. But before that took place, Christ had a baptism to be baptized with, far different from that of water and the Holy Spirit. He must endure sufferings and death. It agreed not with his plan to preach the gospel more widely, till this baptism was completed. We should be zealous in making known the truth, for though divisions will be stirred up, and a man's own household may be his foes, yet sinners will be converted, and God will be glorified.
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