Judges 11:31
New International Version
whatever comes out of the door of my house to meet me when I return in triumph from the Ammonites will be the LORD's, and I will sacrifice it as a burnt offering."

New Living Translation
I will give to the LORD whatever comes out of my house to meet me when I return in triumph. I will sacrifice it as a burnt offering."

English Standard Version
then whatever comes out from the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the Ammonites shall be the LORD’s, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.”

Berean Study Bible
then whatever comes out of the door of my house to greet me on my triumphant return from the Ammonites will belong to the LORD, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.”

New American Standard Bible
then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon, it shall be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering."

King James Bible
Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.

Christian Standard Bible
whoever comes out the doors of my house to greet me when I return safely from the Ammonites will belong to the LORD, and I will offer that person as a burnt offering."

Contemporary English Version
and come home safely, I will sacrifice to you whoever comes out to meet me first."

Good News Translation
I will burn as an offering the first person that comes out of my house to meet me, when I come back from the victory. I will offer that person to you as a sacrifice."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
whatever comes out of the doors of my house to greet me when I return in peace from the Ammonites will belong to the LORD, and I will offer it as a burnt offering."

International Standard Version
then if I return from the Ammonites without incident, whatever comes out the doors of my house to meet me will become the LORD's, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering."

NET Bible
then whoever is the first to come through the doors of my house to meet me when I return safely from fighting the Ammonites--he will belong to the LORD and I will offer him up as a burnt sacrifice."

New Heart English Bible
then it shall be that whatever comes forth from the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, it shall be the LORD's, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
then whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return safely from Ammon will belong to the LORD. I will sacrifice it as a burnt offering."

JPS Tanakh 1917
then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, it shall be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt-offering.'

New American Standard 1977
then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon, it shall be the LORD’S, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
whoever comes forth of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon shall surely be the LORD's, and I will offer them up for a burnt offering.

King James 2000 Bible
Then it shall be, that whatsoever comes forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.

American King James Version
Then it shall be, that whatever comes forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD's, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.

American Standard Version
then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth from the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, it shall be Jehovah's, and I will offer it up for a burnt-offering.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
then it shall come to pass that whosoever shall first come out of the door of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, he shall be the Lord's: I will offer him up for a whole-burnt-offering.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whosoever shall first come forth out of the doors of my house, and shall meet me when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, the same will I offer a holocaust to the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
then shall that which cometh forth from the door of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, be Jehovah's, and I will offer it up for a burnt-offering.

English Revised Version
then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, it shall be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then it shall be, that whatever cometh out of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it for a burnt-offering.

World English Bible
then it shall be, that whatever comes forth from the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, it shall be Yahweh's, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering."

Young's Literal Translation
then it hath been, that which at all cometh out from the doors of my house to meet me in my turning back in peace from the Bene-Ammon -- it hath been to Jehovah, or I have offered up for it -- a burnt-offering.'
Study Bible
Jephthah's Tragic Vow
30Jephthah made this vow to the LORD: “If indeed You will deliver the Ammonites into my hands, 31then whatever comes out of the door of my house to greet me on my triumphant return from the Ammonites will belong to the LORD, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.” 32So Jephthah crossed over to the Ammonites to fight against them, and the LORD delivered them into his hands.…
Cross References
Genesis 28:21
so that I may return safely to my father's house, then the LORD will be my God.

Judges 11:30
Jephthah made this vow to the LORD: "If indeed You will deliver the Ammonites into my hands,

Judges 11:32
So Jephthah crossed over to the Ammonites to fight against them, and the LORD delivered them into his hands.

Treasury of Scripture

Then it shall be, that whatever comes forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD's, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.

whatsoever.

Leviticus 27:2,3,28,29
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons shall be for the LORD by thy estimation…

1 Samuel 1:11,28
And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no rasor come upon his head…

1 Samuel 2:18
But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen ephod.

and I will.

Leviticus 27:11,12
And if it be any unclean beast, of which they do not offer a sacrifice unto the LORD, then he shall present the beast before the priest: …

Deuteronomy 23:18
Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God.

Psalm 66:13
I will go into thy house with burnt offerings: I will pay thee my vows,







Lexicon
then whatever
אֲשֶׁ֨ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

comes out
הַיּוֹצֵ֗א (hay·yō·w·ṣê)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

of the door
מִדַּלְתֵ֤י (mid·dal·ṯê)
Preposition-m | Noun - fdc
Strong's Hebrew 1817: Something swinging, the valve of a, door

of my house
בֵיתִי֙ (ḇê·ṯî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

to greet me
לִקְרָאתִ֔י (liq·rā·ṯî)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7125: Against he come, help, meet, seek, to, in the way

on my triumphant
בְשָׁל֖וֹם (ḇə·šā·lō·wm)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7965: Safe, well, happy, friendly, welfare, health, prosperity, peace

return
בְּשׁוּבִ֥י (bə·šū·ḇî)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

from the Ammonites
מִבְּנֵ֣י (mib·bə·nê)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

will belong to
וְהָיָ֣ה (wə·hā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

the LORD,
לַֽיהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

and I will offer it up
וְהַעֲלִיתִ֖הוּ (wə·ha·‘ă·lî·ṯi·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

as a burnt offering.”
עוֹלָֽה׃ (‘ō·w·lāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5930: Whole burnt offering
(31) Whatsoever cometh forth.--The true rendering undoubtedly is, Whosoever cometh forth (LXX., ? ?????????????; Vulg., quicunque). Nothing can be clearer than that the view held of this passage, from early Jewish days down to the Middle Ages, and still held by nearly all unbiased commentators, is the true one, and alone adequately explains the text: viz., that Jephthah, ignorant as he was--being a man of semi-heathen parentage, and long familiarised with heathen surroundings--contemplated a human sacrifice. To say that he imagined that an animal would "come forth of the doors of his house to meet him" on his triumphant return is a notion which even St. Augustine ridicules. The offer to sacrifice a single animal--even if we could suppose an animal "coming forth to meet" Jephthah--would be strangely inadequate. It would be assumed as a matter of course that not one, but many holocausts of animals would express the gratitude of Israel. Pfeiffer sensibly observes (Dub. vexata, p. 356): "What kind of vow would it be if some great prince or general should say, 'O God, if Thou wilt give me this victory, the first calf that meets me shall be Thine?'" Jephthah left God, as it were, to choose His own victim, and probably anticipated that it would be some slave. The notion of human sacrifice was all but universal among ancient nations, and it was specially prevalent among the Syrians, among whom Jephthah had lived for so many years, and among the Ph?nicians, whose gods had been recently adopted by the Israelites (Judges 10:6). Further than this, it was the peculiar worship of the Moabites and Ammonites, against whom Jephthah was marching to battle; and one who had been a rude freebooter, in a heathen country and a lawless epoch, when constant and grave violations of the Law were daily tolerated, might well suppose in his ignorance that Jehovah would need to be propitiated by some offering as costly as those which bled on the altars of Chemosh and Moloch. Human sacrifice had been "the first thought of Balak in the extremity of his terror" (Micah 6:7), and "the last expedient of Balak's successor" (2Kings 3:27)--Stanley, i. 358. If it be urged that after the great lesson which had been taught to Abraham at Jehovah-jireh the very notion of human sacrifice ought to have become abhorrent to any Israelite, especially as it had been expressly forbidden in the Law (Leviticus 18:21; Deuteronomy 12:31, &c), one more than sufficient answer is that even in the wilderness Israel had been guilty of Moloch-worship (Ezekiel 20:26; Jeremiah 49:1; Melcom, Amos 5:26; Acts 7:43). The Law was one thing; the knowledge of it and the observance of it was quite another. During this period we find the Law violated again and again, even by judges like Gideon and Samson; and the tendency to violate it by human sacrifices lasted down to the far more enlightened and civilised days of Ahaz and Manasseh (2Chronicles 28:3; 2Chronicles 33:6). Indeed, we find the priests expressly sanctioning, even in the palmiest days of David's reign, an execution which, to the vulgar, would bear an aspect not far removed from human sacrifice, or (rather) which might easily be confused with the spirit which led to it (2Samuel 21:1-9). If, again, it be said that the possibility of Jephthah's being guilty of so rash and evil a vow is excluded by the phrase that "the Spirit of the Lord came upon him," such reasoning is to substitute idle fancies for clear facts. The Spirit of the Lord "clothed" Gideon, yet he set up an illegal worship. The "Spirit of the Lord" came upon Saul (1Samuel 19:23), yet Saul contemplated slaying his own son out of regard for no less foolish a vow (1Samuel 14:44). The "Spirit of the Lord" came upon David "from that day forward" on which Samuel anointed him (1Samuel 16:13), yet he could sink into adultery and murder. The phrase must not be interpreted of high or permanent spiritual achievement, but of Divine strength granted for a particular end.

And I will offer it up for a burnt offering.--The margin gives the alternative reading or instead of and. This is due to the same feeling which made our translators adopt the rendering "whatsoever." They are practically following R. Kimchi in the attempt to explain away, out of deference to modern notions, the plain meaning of the Bible. It is true that vau, "and," is sometimes practically disjunctive (or, rather, is used where a disjunctive might be used), but to take it so here is to make nonsense of the clause, for if any person or thing was made "a burnt offering" it was necessarily "the Lord's" (Exodus 13:2, &c.), so that there can be no alternative here. The "and" is exactly analogous to the "and" between the two clauses of Jacob's (Genesis 28:21-22) and of Hannah's vow (1Samuel 1:11). The "it will I offer" ought to be, "I will offer him."

11:29-40 Several important lessons are to be learned from Jephthah's vow. 1. There may be remainders of distrust and doubting, even in the hearts of true and great believers. 2. Our vows to God should not be as a purchase of the favour we desire, but to express gratitude to him. 3. We need to be very well-advised in making vows, lest we entangle ourselves. 4. What we have solemnly vowed to God, we must perform, if it be possible and lawful, though it be difficult and grievous to us. 5. It well becomes children, obediently and cheerfully to submit to their parents in the Lord. It is hard to say what Jephthah did in performance of his vow; but it is thought that he did not offer his daughter as a burnt-offering. Such a sacrifice would have been an abomination to the Lord; it is supposed she was obliged to remain unmarried, and apart from her family. Concerning this and some other such passages in the sacred history, about which learned men are divided and in doubt, we need not perplex ourselves; what is necessary to our salvation, thanks be to God, is plain enough. If the reader recollects the promise of Christ concerning the teaching of the Holy Spirit, and places himself under this heavenly Teacher, the Holy Ghost will guide to all truth in every passage, so far as it is needful to be understood.
Jump to Previous
Ammon Burned Burnt Burnt-Offering Children Door Doors House Jehovah's LORD's Meet Meeting Offer Offering Peace Sacrifice Surely Triumph Victorious Whatever Whatsoever
Jump to Next
Ammon Burned Burnt Burnt-Offering Children Door Doors House Jehovah's LORD's Meet Meeting Offer Offering Peace Sacrifice Surely Triumph Victorious Whatever Whatsoever
Links
Judges 11:31 NIV
Judges 11:31 NLT
Judges 11:31 ESV
Judges 11:31 NASB
Judges 11:31 KJV

Judges 11:31 Bible Apps
Judges 11:31 Biblia Paralela
Judges 11:31 Chinese Bible
Judges 11:31 French Bible
Judges 11:31 German Bible

Alphabetical: a Ammon Ammonites and as be burnt comes door doors from house I in it Lord's me meet my of offer offering out peace return sacrifice shall sons that the then to triumph up whatever when will

OT History: Judges 11:31 Then it shall be that whatever comes (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Judges 11:30
Top of Page
Top of Page