1344. dikaioó
Strong's Concordance
dikaioó: to show to be righteous, declare righteous
Original Word: δικαιόω
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: dikaioó
Phonetic Spelling: (dik-ah-yo'-o)
Definition: to show to be righteous, declare righteous
Usage: I make righteous, defend the cause of, plead for the righteousness (innocence) of, acquit, justify; hence: I regard as righteous.
HELPS Word-studies

Cognate: 1344 dikaióō (from dikē, "right, judicial-approval") – properly, approved, especially in a legal, authoritative sense; to show what is right, i.e. conformed to a proper standard (i.e. "upright").

The believer is "made righteous/justified" (1344 /dikaióō) by the Lord, cleared of all charges (punishment) related to their sins. Moreover, they are justified (1344 /dikaióō, "made right, righteous") by God's grace each time they receive (obey) faith (4102 /pístis), i.e. "God's inwrought persuasion" (cf. the -oō ending which conveys "to bring to/out"). See 1343 (dikaiosynē).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from dikaios
to show to be righteous, declare righteous
NASB Translation
acknowledged...justice (1), acquitted (1), freed (3), justified (24), justifier (1), justifies (2), justify (4), vindicated (3).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 1344: δικαιόω

δικαιόω, δικαίῳ; future δικαιώσω; 1 aorist ἐδικαίωσα; passive (present δικαιοῦμαι); perfect δεδικαίωμαι; 1 aorist ἐδικαιωθην; future δικαιωθήσομαι; (δίκαιος); the Sept. for צִדֵּק and הִצְדִּיק;

1. properly, (according to the analogy of other verbs ending in , as τυφλόω, δουλόω) to make δίκαιος; to render righteous or such as he ought to be; (Vulg.justifico); but this meaning is extremely rare, if not altogether doubtful; ἐδικαίωσα τήν καρδίαν μου stands for לְבָבִי זִכִּיתִי in Psalm 72:13 () (unless I have shown my heart to be upright be preferred as the rendering of the Greek there).

2. τινα, to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered (Ezekiel 16:51f; τήν ψυχήν αὐτοῦ, Jeremiah 3:11, and, probably, δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, Isaiah 53:11): σοφία ἐδικαιώθη ἀπό τῶν τέκνων αὐτῆς, the wisdom taught and exemplified by John the Baptist, and by Jesus, gained from its disciples (i. e. from their life, character, and deeds) the benefit of being shown to be righteous, i. e. true and divine (cf. Buttmann, 322 (277); others interpret, was acknowledged to be righteous on the part of (nearly, equivalent to, by) her children; cf. Buttmann, 325 (280); see ἀπό, II. 2 d. bb.), Luke 7:35; Matthew 11:19 (here T Tr text WH read ἔργων, i. e. by her works); passive, of Christ: ἐδικαιώθη ἐν πνεύματι, evinced to be righteous as to his spiritual (divine ((?) cf. e. g. Ellicott at the passage or Meyer on Romans 1:4)) nature, 1 Timothy 3:16; of God: ὅπως δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου, Romans 3:4 from Psalm 50:6 () (κύριος μόνος δικαιωθήσεται, Sir. 18:2); passive used reflexively, to show oneself righteous: of men, Revelation 22:11 Rec.; (τί δικαιωθῶμεν; Genesis 44:16).

3. τινα, to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be, (cf. ὁμοιόω to declare to be like, liken, i. e. compare; ὁσιόω, Wis. 6:11; ἀξιόω, which never means to make worthy, but to judge worthy, to declare worthy, to treat as worthy; see also κοινόω, 2 b.);

a. with the negative idea predominant, to declare guiltless one accused or who may be accused, acquitted of a charge or reproach, (Deuteronomy 25:1; Sir. 13:22 (21), etc.; an unjust judge is said δικαιοῦν τόν ἀσεβῆ in Exodus 23:7; Isaiah 5:23): ἑαυτόν, Luke 10:29; passive οὐ δεδικαίωμαι, namely, with God, 1 Corinthians 4:4; pregnantly with ἀπό τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν added, to be declared innocent and therefore to be absolved from the charge of sins (cf. Buttmann, 322 (277)), Acts 13:38 (39) (so ἀπό ἁμαρτίας, Sir. 26:29; simply, to be absolved, namely, from the payment of a vow, Sir. 18:22 (21)); hence, figuratively, by a usage not met with elsewhere, to be freed, ἀπό τῆς ἁμαρτίας, from its dominion, Romans 6:7, where cf. Fritzsche or ((less fully) Meyer).

b. with the positive idea predominant, to judge, declare, pronounce, righteous and therefore acceptable, (God is said δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, 1 Kings 8:32): ἑαυτόν, Luke 16:15; ἐδικαίωσαν τόν Θεόν, declared God to be righteous, i. e. by receiving the baptism declared that it had been prescribed by God rightly, Luke 7:29; passive by God, Romans 2:13; ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη, got his reputation for righteousness (namely, with his countrymen (but see Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage)) by works, Romans 4:2; ἐκ τῶν λόγων, by thy words, in contrast with καταδικάζεσθαι, namely, by God, Matthew 12:37. Especially is it so used, in the technical phraseology of Paul, respecting God who judges and declares such men as put faith in Christ to be righteous and acceptable to him, and accordingly fit to receive the pardon of their sins and eternal life (see δικαιοσύνη, 1 c.): thus absolutely, δικαιοῦν τινα, Romans 3:26; Romans 4:5; Romans 8:30, 33 (namely, ἡμᾶς, opposed to ἐγκάλειν); with the addition of ἐκ (in consequence of) πίστεως, Romans 3:30; Galatians 3:8; of διά τῆς πίστεως, Romans 3:30; men are said δικαιοῦσθαι, δικαιωθῆναι, τῇ χάριτι τοῦ Θεοῦ, Titus 3:7; δωρεάν τῇ χάριτι τοῦ Θεοῦ, Romans 3:24 πίστει, Romans 3:28; ἐκ πίστεως, by means of faith, Romans 5:1; Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:24; ἐν τῷ αἵματι τοῦ Χριστοῦ (as the meritorious cause of their acceptance, as the old theologians say, faith being the apprehending or subjective cause), Romans 5:9; ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ καί ἐν τῷ πνεύματι τοῦ Θεοῦ ἡμῶν, by confessing the name of the Lord (which implies faith in him, Romans 10:10, cf. 2 Corinthians 4:13), and by the Spirit of God (which has awakened faith in the soul), 1 Corinthians 6:11; ἐν Χριστῷ through Christ, Galatians 2:17; Acts 13:39; it is vehemently denied by Paul, that a man δικαιοῦται ἐξ ἔργων νόμου, Galatians 2:16 — with the addition ἐνώπιον αὐτοῦ, i. e. of God, Romans 3:20, cf. Romans 3:28; Romans 4:2, (see δικαιοσύνην, 1 c. under the end) — a statement which is affirmed by James in f (though he says simply ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦται, significantly omitting νόμου); to the same purport Paul denies that a man δικαιοῦται ἐν νόμῳ, in obeying the law, or by keeping it, Galatians 5:4; with the addition, παρά τῷ Θεῷ, in the sight of God, Galatians 3:11. Luke 18:14 teaches that a man δικαιοῦται by deep sorrow for his sins, which so humbles him that he hopes for salvation only from divine grace. The Pauline conceptions of δίκαιος, δικαιοσύνη, δικαιόω, are elucidated especially by Winzer, De vocabulis δίκαιος, etc., in Ep. ad Rom., Lipsius 1831; Usteri, Paulin. Lehrbegriff, p. 86f edition 4 etc.; Neander, Gesch. der Pfianzung as above with ii., p. 567ff et passim, edition 3 (Robinson's translation of edition 4, pp. 382ff, 417ff); Baur, Paulus, p. 572ff ((Zeller's) edition 2, vol. ii 145-183; English translation, vol. ii, p. 134ff); Rauwenhoff Disquisitio etc., Lugd. Bat. 1852; Lipsius, Die paulin. Rechtfertigungslehre, Lpz. 1853; Schmid, Biblical Theologie des N. T., p. 562ff edition 2 (p. 558ff edition 4; English translation, p. 495f); Ernesti, Vom Ursprung der Sunde as above with i., p. 152ff; Messner, Lehre der Apostel, p. 256ff (summary by S. R. Asbury in Bib. Sacr. for 1870, p. 140f); Jul. Kostlin in the Jahrbb. fur deutsche Theol. 1856 fasc. 1, p. 85ff; Wieseler, Commentar u. d. Br. an d. Galater, pp. 176ff (see in Schaff's Lange's Rom., p. 122f); Kahnis, Lutherische Dogmatik, Bd. i., p. 592ff; Philippi, Dogmatik, v. 1, p. 208ff; Weiss, Biblical Theol. des N. T. § 65; Ritschl, Die christl. Lehre v. d. Versohnung u. Rechtf. ii. 318ff; Pfleiderer, Paulinismus, p. 172ff (English translation, vol. i., p. 171ff; but especially Dr. James Morison, Critical Exposition of the Third Chapter of the Epistle to the Romans, pp. 163-198. On the patristic usage see Reithmayr, Galaterbrief, p. 177f; Cremer, Worterbuch, 4te Aufl., p. 285; Suicer, Thesaurus under the word). In classic Greek δικαιόω (Ionic δικαιέω, Herodotus) is:

1. equivalent to δίκαιον νομίζω, to deem right or fair: τί, often followed by the infinitive; to choose what is right and fair, hence, universally, to choose, desire, decide: Herodotus, Sophocles, Thucydides, others.

2. with the accusative of person, τό δίκαιον ποιῶ τινα to do one justice, in a bad sense, viz. to condemn, punish, one: Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, others; hence, δικαιοῦσθαι, to have justice done oneself, to suffer justice, be treated rightly, opposed to ἀδικεῖσθαι, Aristotle, eth. Nic. 5, 9, 11, p. 1136{a}, 18ff (In like manner the German rechtfertigen in its early forensic use bore a bad sense, viz. to try judicially (so for ἀνακρίνειν, Acts 12:19 Luther), then condemn; execute judgment, especially put to death.)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
free, justify, be righteous.

From dikaios; to render (i.e. Show or regard as) just or innocent -- free, justify(-ier), be righteous.

see GREEK dikaios

Forms and Transliterations
δεδικαιωμαι δεδικαίωμαι δεδικαιωμένα δεδικαιωμενος δεδικαιωμένος δεδικαιωται δεδικαίωται δικαιοι δικαιοί δικαιοῖ δικαιουμενοι δικαιούμενοι δικαιούν δικαιουντα δικαιούντα δικαιοῦντα δικαιουντες δικαιούντες δικαιοῦντες δικαιουσθαι δικαιούσθαι δικαιοῦσθαι δικαιουσθε δικαιούσθε δικαιοῦσθε δικαιουται δικαιούται δικαιοῦται Δικαιωθεντες Δικαιωθέντες δικαιωθή δικαιωθηναι δικαιωθήναι δικαιωθήναί δικαιωθῆναι δικαιωθης δικαιωθής δικαιωθῇς δικαιωθησεται δικαιωθήσεται δικαιωθηση δικαιωθήση δικαιωθήσῃ δικαιωθησονται δικαιωθήσονται δικαιωθήτωσαν δικαιωθωμεν δικαιωθώμεν δικαιωθῶμεν δικαιων δικαιών δικαιῶν δικαιωσαι δικαιώσαι δικαιώσαί δικαιῶσαι δικαιώσας δικαιώσατε δικαιωσει δικαιώσει δικαιώσεις δικαιώσουσι δικαιώσω δικαιώσωσι εδικαιωθη εδικαιώθη ἐδικαιώθη εδικαιωθητε εδικαιώθητε ἐδικαιώθητε εδικαίωσα εδικαιωσαν εδικαίωσαν ἐδικαίωσαν εδικαίωσας εδικαίωσε εδικαιωσεν εδικαίωσεν ἐδικαίωσεν dedikaiomai dedikaiōmai dedikaíomai dedikaíōmai dedikaiomenos dedikaioménos dedikaiōmenos dedikaiōménos dedikaiotai dedikaiōtai dedikaíotai dedikaíōtai dikaioi dikaioî dikaion dikaiôn dikaiōn dikaiō̂n dikaiosai dikaiôsai dikaiōsai dikaiō̂sai dikaiosei dikaiōsei dikaiṓsei dikaiothêis dikaiōthē̂is dikaiothenai dikaiothênai dikaiōthēnai dikaiōthē̂nai Dikaiothentes Dikaiothéntes Dikaiōthentes Dikaiōthéntes dikaiothes dikaiōthēs dikaiothese dikaiōthēsē dikaiothḗsei dikaiōthḗsēi dikaiothesetai dikaiothḗsetai dikaiōthēsetai dikaiōthḗsetai dikaiothesontai dikaiothḗsontai dikaiōthēsontai dikaiōthḗsontai dikaiothomen dikaiothômen dikaiōthōmen dikaiōthō̂men dikaioumenoi dikaioúmenoi dikaiounta dikaioûnta dikaiountes dikaioûntes dikaiousthai dikaioûsthai dikaiousthe dikaioûsthe dikaioutai dikaioûtai edikaiosan edikaiōsan edikaíosan edikaíōsan edikaiosen edikaiōsen edikaíosen edikaíōsen edikaiothe edikaiōthē edikaiṓthe edikaiṓthē edikaiothete edikaiōthēte edikaiṓthete edikaiṓthēte
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 11:19 V-AIP-3S
GRK: ἁμαρτωλῶν καὶ ἐδικαιώθη ἡ σοφία
NAS: wisdom is vindicated by her deeds.
KJV: But wisdom is justified of her
INT: of sinners And was justified the wisdom

Matthew 12:37 V-FIP-2S
GRK: λόγων σου δικαιωθήσῃ καὶ ἐκ
NAS: For by your words you will be justified, and by your words
KJV: words thou shalt be justified, and
INT: words of you you will be justified and by

Luke 7:29 V-AIA-3P
GRK: οἱ τελῶναι ἐδικαίωσαν τὸν θεόν
NAS: heard [this], they acknowledged God's
KJV: the publicans, justified God,
INT: the tax collectors declared just God

Luke 7:35 V-AIP-3S
GRK: καὶ ἐδικαιώθη ἡ σοφία
NAS: wisdom is vindicated by all
KJV: But wisdom is justified of all
INT: and was justified wisdom

Luke 10:29 V-ANA
GRK: δὲ θέλων δικαιῶσαι ἑαυτὸν εἶπεν
NAS: But wishing to justify himself,
KJV: he, willing to justify himself,
INT: but desiring to justify himself he said

Luke 16:15 V-PPA-NMP
GRK: ἐστὲ οἱ δικαιοῦντες ἑαυτοὺς ἐνώπιον
NAS: to them, You are those who justify yourselves
KJV: are they which justify yourselves
INT: are they who justify themselves before

Luke 18:14 V-RPM/P-NMS
GRK: κατέβη οὗτος δεδικαιωμένος εἰς τὸν
NAS: to his house justified rather than
KJV: house justified [rather] than
INT: Went down this one justified to the

Acts 13:39 V-ANP
GRK: νόμῳ Μωυσέως δικαιωθῆναι ἐν τούτῳ
NAS: who believes is freed from all things,
KJV: that believe are justified from
INT: law of Moses be justified in him

Acts 13:39 V-PIM/P-3S
GRK: ὁ πιστεύων δικαιοῦται
NAS: you could not be freed through
KJV: ye could not be justified by the law
INT: that believes is justified

Romans 2:13 V-FIP-3P
GRK: ποιηταὶ νόμου δικαιωθήσονται
NAS: of the Law will be justified.
KJV: of the law shall be justified.
INT: doers of the law will be justified

Romans 3:4 V-ASP-2S
GRK: Ὅπως ἂν δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς
KJV: That thou mightest be justified in thy
INT: That anyhow you should be justified in the

Romans 3:20 V-FIP-3S
GRK: νόμου οὐ δικαιωθήσεται πᾶσα σὰρξ
NAS: flesh will be justified in His sight;
KJV: no flesh be justified in his sight:
INT: of law not will be justified any flesh

Romans 3:24 V-PPM/P-NMP
GRK: δικαιούμενοι δωρεὰν τῇ
NAS: being justified as a gift by His grace
KJV: Being justified freely by his
INT: being justified freely by the

Romans 3:26 V-PPA-AMS
GRK: δίκαιον καὶ δικαιοῦντα τὸν ἐκ
NAS: that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith
KJV: and the justifier of him
INT: righteous and justifying him that [is] of [the]

Romans 3:28 V-PNM/P
GRK: λογιζόμεθα γὰρ δικαιοῦσθαι πίστει ἄνθρωπον
NAS: that a man is justified by faith
KJV: that a man is justified by faith
INT: We reckon therefore to be justified by faith a man

Romans 3:30 V-FIA-3S
GRK: θεός ὃς δικαιώσει περιτομὴν ἐκ
NAS: who will justify the circumcised
KJV: which shall justify the circumcision
INT: God [it is] who will justify [the] circumcision by

Romans 4:2 V-AIP-3S
GRK: ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη ἔχει καύχημα
NAS: Abraham was justified by works,
KJV: if Abraham were justified by works,
INT: by works was justified he has ground of boasting

Romans 4:5 V-PPA-AMS
GRK: ἐπὶ τὸν δικαιοῦντα τὸν ἀσεβῆ
NAS: but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly,
KJV: on him that justifieth the ungodly,
INT: on him that justifies the ungodly

Romans 5:1 V-APP-NMP
GRK: Δικαιωθέντες οὖν ἐκ
NAS: Therefore, having been justified by faith,
KJV: Therefore being justified by faith,
INT: Having been justified therefore by

Romans 5:9 V-APP-NMP
GRK: οὖν μᾶλλον δικαιωθέντες νῦν ἐν
NAS: having now been justified by His blood,
KJV: being now justified by his
INT: therefore more having been justified now by

Romans 6:7 V-RIM/P-3S
GRK: γὰρ ἀποθανὼν δεδικαίωται ἀπὸ τῆς
NAS: for he who has died is freed from sin.
KJV: For he that is dead is freed from sin.
INT: indeed having died has been justified from

Romans 8:30 V-AIA-3S
GRK: τούτους καὶ ἐδικαίωσεν οὓς δὲ
NAS: He also justified; and these
KJV: he also justified: and whom
INT: these also he justified whom moreover

Romans 8:30 V-AIA-3S
GRK: οὓς δὲ ἐδικαίωσεν τούτους καὶ
NAS: whom He justified, He also
KJV: and whom he justified, them he
INT: whom moreover he justified these also

Romans 8:33 V-PPA-NMS
GRK: θεὸς ὁ δικαιῶν
NAS: elect? God is the one who justifies;
KJV: elect? [It is] God that justifieth.
INT: [It is] God who justifies

1 Corinthians 4:4 V-RIM/P-1S
GRK: ἐν τούτῳ δεδικαίωμαι ὁ δὲ
NAS: I am not by this acquitted; but the one who examines
KJV: hereby justified: but
INT: by this have I been justified he who moreover

Strong's Greek 1344
39 Occurrences

δεδικαίωμαι — 1 Occ.
δεδικαιωμένος — 1 Occ.
δεδικαίωται — 1 Occ.
δικαιῶν — 1 Occ.
δικαιῶσαι — 1 Occ.
δικαιώσει — 1 Occ.
δικαιωθῆναι — 2 Occ.
δικαιωθῇς — 1 Occ.
δικαιωθήσῃ — 1 Occ.
δικαιωθήσεται — 2 Occ.
δικαιωθήσονται — 1 Occ.
Δικαιωθέντες — 3 Occ.
δικαιωθῶμεν — 2 Occ.
δικαιοῖ — 1 Occ.
δικαιούμενοι — 1 Occ.
δικαιοῦντα — 2 Occ.
δικαιοῦντες — 1 Occ.
δικαιοῦσθαι — 1 Occ.
δικαιοῦσθε — 1 Occ.
δικαιοῦται — 4 Occ.
ἐδικαίωσαν — 1 Occ.
ἐδικαίωσεν — 2 Occ.
ἐδικαιώθη — 6 Occ.
ἐδικαιώθητε — 1 Occ.

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