Psalm 59:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
See how they lie in wait for me! Fierce men conspire against me for no offense or sin of mine, LORD.

New Living Translation
They have set an ambush for me. Fierce enemies are out there waiting, LORD, though I have not sinned or offended them.

English Standard Version
For behold, they lie in wait for my life; fierce men stir up strife against me. For no transgression or sin of mine, O LORD,

New American Standard Bible
For behold, they have set an ambush for my life; Fierce men launch an attack against me, Not for my transgression nor for my sin, O LORD,

King James Bible
For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
LORD, look! They set an ambush for me. Powerful men attack me, but not because of any sin or rebellion of mine.

International Standard Version
Look, they lie in ambush for my life; these violent men gather together against me, but not because of any transgression or sin of mine, LORD.

NET Bible
For look, they wait to ambush me; powerful men stalk me, but not because I have rebelled or sinned, O LORD.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because they lay in wait for my soul and their evils prevailed against me, not by my crimes, and not by my sins, my Lord.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They lie in ambush for me right here! Fierce men attack me, O LORD, but not because of any disobedience,

Jubilee Bible 2000
For, behold, they lie in wait for my soul; the strong are gathered against me; I am not in rebellion, nor in sin, O LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.

American King James Version
For, see, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.

American Standard Version
For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul; The mighty gather themselves together against me: Not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For behold they have caught my soul: the mighty have rushed in upon me:

Darby Bible Translation
For behold, they lie in wait for my soul; strong ones are gathered against me: not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Jehovah.

English Revised Version
For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul; the mighty gather themselves together against me: not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
For lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.

World English Bible
For, behold, they lie in wait for my soul. The mighty gather themselves together against me, not for my disobedience, nor for my sin, Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
For, lo, they laid wait for my soul, Assembled against me are strong ones, Not my transgression nor my sin, O Jehovah.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

59:1-7 In these words we hear the voice of David when a prisoner in his own house; the voice of Christ when surrounded by his merciless enemies; the voice of the church when under bondage in the world; and the voice of the Christian when under temptation, affliction, and persecution. And thus earnestly should we pray daily, to be defended and delivered from our spiritual enemies, the temptations of Satan, and the corruptions of our own hearts. We should fear suffering as evil-doers, but not be ashamed of the hatred of workers of iniquity. It is not strange, if those regard not what they themselves say, who have made themselves believe that God regards not what they say. And where there is no fear of God, there is nothing to secure proper regard to man.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul. The emissaries of Saul were sent to David's house "to watch him, and to slay him in the morning" (1 Samuel 19:11). This seems to be the "lying in wait" intended. Warned by his wife, Michal, Saul's daughter, David fled from his house during the night through a window, and so saved himself (1 Samuel 19:12). The mighty (or, the strong ones) are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Lord. Not in consequence of any wrong that I have done. It is noted, as characteristic of David's early psalms, that he protests his absolute innocence in them.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul,.... As the men did that watched his house, when Saul sent to kill him; so the Jews sought and lay in wait to take away the life of Christ; and very often was it the case of the Apostle Paul, that he was in danger of his life, through the lying in wait of the Jews; so Satan makes use of cunning devices, stratagems, and wiles, to ruin the souls of God's people, if possible; and false teachers lie in wait to deceive them. The emphasis lies upon the word "soul", which is so precious, and the redemption of which has cost so much, even the blood of Christ;

the mighty are gathered against me; or, "dwell by me"; see Psalm 56:6; around his house, the soldiers that Saul sent; and such were the enemies of Christ, Psalm 69:4; the chief priests, Scribes, and elders, men of great authority and influence among the people; the kings of the earth and rulers, Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and people of the Jews, Acts 4:26; yea, Satan, and his principalities and powers; and who are also those against whom the saints wrestle, and would be too mighty for them, were it not that God, and Christ, and the Holy Spirit, and the holy angels, are on their side;

not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Lord; as the cause of such usage and treatment. David was not without original sin, in which he was conceived and born; nor without inward corruptions, of which he often complained; nor without actual transgressions, and some very gross ones, and which he owned and confessed, and prayed for the pardon of: but in the case of Saul there was no transgression nor iniquity in him, as he declared to him himself, and appeals to God for the truth of it, 1 Samuel 24:11. One of the words here used signifies "rebellion" (m); of this he was not guilty; he never entered into any treasonable measures, nor committed any treasonable practices, nor conspired against the life and crown of his sovereign; in this respect he was quite clear and innocent. Christ, his antitype, was entirely without sin, without original or actual transgression; he had no sin in his nature, nor committed any in his life; he had none inherent in him, only the sins of his people imputed to him; and therefore the usage he met with from men was very cruel and unjust. And as for the saints, though they are not free from sin, original and actual, yet in the case for which they suffer reproach, and are persecuted by men, they are not criminal; they have done nothing to deserve such usage; they do not suffer as evildoers, but as Christians, 1 Peter 4:15.

(m) "rebellionem meam", Gejerus, Michaelis.

The Treasury of David

3 For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Lord.

4 They run and prepare themselves without my fault: awake to help me, and behold.

Psalm 59:3

"For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul." They were in ambuscade for the good man's life. He knew their design and cried to God to be rescued from it. Like wild beasts they crouched, and waited to make the fatal spring; but their victim used effectual means to baffle them, for he laid the matter before the Lord. While the enemy lies waiting in the posture of a beast, we wait before God in the posture of prayer, for God waits to be gracious to us and terrible towards our foes. "The mighty are gathered against me." None of them were absent from the muster when a saint was to be murdered. They were too fond of such sport to be away. The men at arms who ought to have been fighting their country's battles, are instead thereof hunting a quiet citizen; the gigantic monarch is spending all his strength to slay a faithful follower. "Not for my transgressions, nor for my sin, O Lord." He appeals to Jehovah that he had done no ill. His only fault was, that he was too valiant and too gracious, and was, besides, the chosen of the Lord, therefore the envious king could not rest till he had washed his hands in the blood of his too popular rival. We shall always find it to be a great thing to be innocent; if it does not carry our cause before an earthly tribunal, it will ever prove the best of arguments in the court of conscience, and a standing consolation when we are under persecution. Note the repetition of his declaration of integrity. David is sure of his innocence. He dares repeat the plea.

Psalm 59:4

"They run and prepare themselves without my fault." They are all alive and active, they are swift to shed blood. They prepare and use their best tactics; they besiege me in my house, and lay their ambuscades as for some notable enemy. They come up fully armed to the attack and assail me with all the rigour and skill of a host about to storm a castle; and all for no cause, but out of gratuitous malice. So quick are they to obey their cruel master, that they never stay to consider whether their errand is a good one or not; they run at once, and buckle on their harness as they run. To be thus gratuitously attacked is a great grief. To a brave man the danger causes little distress of mind compared with the injustice to which he is subjected. It was a cruel and crying shame that such a hero as David should be hounded down as if he were a monster, and beset in his house like a wild beast in its den. "Awake to help me, and behold." When others go to sleep, keep thou watch, O God. Put forth thy might. Arouse thee from thine inaction. Only look at thy servant's sad condition and thy hand will be sure to deliver me. We see how thorough was the Psalmist's faith in the mercy of his Lord, for he is satisfied that if the Lord do but look on his case it will move his active compassion.



Psalm 59:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Deliver Me from My Enemies, My God
2Deliver me from those who do iniquity And save me from men of bloodshed. 3For behold, they have set an ambush for my life; Fierce men launch an attack against me, Not for my transgression nor for my sin, O LORD, 4For no guilt of mine, they run and set themselves against me. Arouse Yourself to help me, and see!…
Cross References
1 Samuel 24:11
See, my father, look at this piece of your robe in my hand! I cut off the corner of your robe but did not kill you. See that there is nothing in my hand to indicate that I am guilty of wrongdoing or rebellion. I have not wronged you, but you are hunting me down to take my life.

Psalm 7:3
LORD my God, if I have done this and there is guilt on my hands--

Psalm 7:4
if I have repaid my ally with evil or without cause have robbed my foe--

Psalm 10:9
like a lion in cover he lies in wait. He lies in wait to catch the helpless; he catches the helpless and drags them off in his net.

Psalm 56:6
They conspire, they lurk, they watch my steps, hoping to take my life.

Psalm 69:4
Those who hate me without reason outnumber the hairs of my head; many are my enemies without cause, those who seek to destroy me. I am forced to restore what I did not steal.

Psalm 94:21
The wicked band together against the righteous and condemn the innocent to death.

Daniel 6:7
The royal administrators, prefects, satraps, advisers and governors have all agreed that the king should issue an edict and enforce the decree that anyone who prays to any god or human being during the next thirty days, except to you, Your Majesty, shall be thrown into the lions' den.
Treasury of Scripture

For, see, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.

they

Psalm 10:9,10 He lies in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lies in wait to …

Psalm 37:32,33 The wicked watches the righteous, and seeks to slay him…

Psalm 38:12 They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that …

Psalm 56:6 They gather themselves together, they hide themselves, they mark …

1 Samuel 19:1 And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that …

Proverbs 12:6 The words of the wicked are to lie in wait for blood: but the mouth …

Micah 7:2 The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright …

Acts 23:21 But do not you yield to them: for there lie in wait for him of them …

the mighty

Psalm 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel …

Acts 4:26,27 The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together …

not

Psalm 7:3-6 O LORD my God, If I have done this; if there be iniquity in my hands…

Psalm 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of my head: …

1 Samuel 24:11,17 Moreover, my father, see, yes, see the skirt of your robe in my hand: …

1 Samuel 26:18 And he said, Why does my lord thus pursue after his servant? for …

John 15:25 But this comes to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is …

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