Psalm 40:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He lifted me out of the slimy pit, out of the mud and mire; he set my feet on a rock and gave me a firm place to stand.

New Living Translation
He lifted me out of the pit of despair, out of the mud and the mire. He set my feet on solid ground and steadied me as I walked along.

English Standard Version
He drew me up from the pit of destruction, out of the miry bog, and set my feet upon a rock, making my steps secure.

New American Standard Bible
He brought me up out of the pit of destruction, out of the miry clay, And He set my feet upon a rock making my footsteps firm.

King James Bible
He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He brought me up from a desolate pit, out of the muddy clay, and set my feet on a rock, making my steps secure.

International Standard Version
He plucked me out of a pit of confusion, even out of the quicksand; he placed my feet on a rock and established my steps.

NET Bible
He lifted me out of the watery pit, out of the slimy mud. He placed my feet on a rock and gave me secure footing.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he brought me up from the pit of misery and from the mire of destruction; he set my feet upon a rock and he has made my ways ready.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He pulled me out of a horrible pit, out of the mud and clay. He set my feet on a rock and made my steps secure.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He brought me up also out of the pit of hopelessness, out of the miry clay and set my feet upon a rock and straightened my steps.

King James 2000 Bible
He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my steps.

American King James Version
He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet on a rock, and established my goings.

American Standard Version
He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay; And he set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he heard my prayers, and brought me out of the pit of misery and the mire of dregs. And he set my feet upon a rock, and directed my steps.

Darby Bible Translation
And he brought me up out of the pit of destruction, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock; he hath established my goings:

English Revised Version
He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay; and he set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

Webster's Bible Translation
He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

World English Bible
He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay. He set my feet on a rock, and gave me a firm place to stand.

Young's Literal Translation
And He doth cause me to come up From a pit of desolation -- from mire of mud, And He raiseth up on a rock my feet, He is establishing my steps.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

40:1-5 Doubts and fears about the eternal state, are a horrible pit and miry clay, and have been so to many a dear child of God. There is power enough in God to help the weakest, and grace enough to help the unworthiest of all that trust in him. The psalmist waited patiently; he continued believing, hoping, and praying. This is applicable to Christ. His agony, in the garden and on the cross, was a horrible pit and miry clay. But those that wait patiently for God do not wait in vain. Those that have been under religious melancholy, and by the grace of God have been relieved, may apply ver. 2 very feelingly to themselves; they are brought up out of a horrible pit. Christ is the Rock on which a poor soul can alone stand fast. Where God has given stedfast hope, he expects there should be a steady, regular walk and conduct. God filled the psalmist with joy, as well as peace in believing. Multitudes, by faith beholding the sufferings and glory of Christ, have learned to fear the justice and trust in the mercy of God through Him. Many are the benefits with which we are daily loaded, both by the providence and by the grace of God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - He brought me up also out of an horrible pit; literally, a pit of tumult or uproar, which is variously explained. Some imagine a pit with rushing water at the bottom of it, but such pits are scarcely known in Palestine. Others a pit which is filled with noise as a warrior, with crash of arms and amid the shouts of enemies, falls into it. But pits, though used in hunting, were not employed in warfare. The explanation that שׁאון here is to be taken in the secondary sense of "destruction" or "misery," seems to me preferable (see the Septuagint, ἐκ λάκκου ταλαιπωρίας). Out of the miry clay (comp. Psalm 69:2, 14). Such "clay "would be frequently found at the bottom of disused cisterns. And set my feet upon a rock; i.e. upon solid ground, where I had a firm footing. And established my goings; literally, and make my steps firm (comp. Psalm 17:5; Psalm 18:36; Psalm 94:18).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He brought me up also out of an horrible pit,.... Which, with the following phrase,

out of the miry clay, expresses the state and condition Christ was in at the time of his bloody sweat, his crucifixion, and his lying in "sheol", the pit or grave, sometimes rendered hell, which these figurative phrases fitly signify; when it is observed, that he was made sin, and had the sins of all his people on him; and, as the type of Joshua, was clothed with their filthy garments; he might be truly said to be in the miry clay; and also that he was made a curse for them, and bore the wrath of God in their room and stead; and was forsaken by his God and Father, and so endured both the punishment of loss and sense, and what was tantamount to the sufferings of the damned in hell; see Psalm 69:1; to which may be added the noisy insults of malignant men, and the infernal fiends, who surrounded him on the cross; when he was in an horrible, or "noisy pit", as the words may be rendered (k), the allusion being to subterraneous caverns or pits, in which the falls of water make so horrible a noise as is intolerable; or to deep pits, into which anything cast makes a great sound: and the issue of all this was, that he was laid in the pit of the grave, and held under the power and with the cords of death; from all which he was delivered when he was raised from the dead, justified in the Spirit, and glorified in the human nature by his God and Father;

and set my feet upon a rock; on Mount Zion in heaven, whither he was carried up after his resurrection; where he will remain until his second coming, being set down at the right hand of God, in a most stable, firm, and unalterable state, as well as an honourable one; for he will die no more, and death shall no more have dominion over him;

and established my goings; in treading the path of life, which was shown him at his resurrection; in passing through the air, the territory of Satan, at his ascension; and in his entrance into his glory, and making his way to his Father's right hand and throne.

(k) "e cisterna sonitus", Pagninus, Montanus; "strepitus", Vatablus, the Targum & Kimchi; and to the same purpose Musculus, Cocceius, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "out of the pit of sounding calamity", Ainsworth.



Psalm 40:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
I Waited Patiently for the Lord
1For the choir director. A Psalm of David. I waited patiently for the LORD; And He inclined to me and heard my cry. 2He brought me up out of the pit of destruction, out of the miry clay, And He set my feet upon a rock making my footsteps firm. 3He put a new song in my mouth, a song of praise to our God; Many will see and fear And will trust in the LORD.…
Cross References
Psalm 7:9
Bring to an end the violence of the wicked and make the righteous secure-- you, the righteous God who probes minds and hearts.

Psalm 18:29
With your help I can advance against a troop; with my God I can scale a wall.

Psalm 26:12
My feet stand on level ground; in the great congregation I will praise the LORD.

Psalm 27:5
For in the day of trouble he will keep me safe in his dwelling; he will hide me in the shelter of his sacred tent and set me high upon a rock.

Psalm 37:23
The LORD makes firm the steps of the one who delights in him;

Psalm 69:2
I sink in the miry depths, where there is no foothold. I have come into the deep waters; the floods engulf me.

Psalm 69:14
Rescue me from the mire, do not let me sink; deliver me from those who hate me, from the deep waters.

Psalm 119:5
Oh, that my ways were steadfast in obeying your decrees!

Jeremiah 38:6
So they took Jeremiah and put him into the cistern of Malkijah, the king's son, which was in the courtyard of the guard. They lowered Jeremiah by ropes into the cistern; it had no water in it, only mud, and Jeremiah sank down into the mud.
Treasury of Scripture

He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet on a rock, and established my goings.

brought

Psalm 18:16,17 He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters…

Psalm 71:20 You, which have showed me great and sore troubles, shall quicken …

Psalm 86:13 For great is your mercy toward me: and you have delivered my soul …

Psalm 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell got hold …

Psalm 142:6,7 Attend to my cry; for I am brought very low: deliver me from my persecutors; …

Psalm 143:3 For the enemy has persecuted my soul; he has smitten my life down …

Isaiah 24:22 And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in …

Jonah 2:5,6 The waters compassed me about, even to the soul: the depth closed …

Zechariah 9:11 As for you also, by the blood of your covenant I have sent forth …

Acts 2:24,27-31 Whom God has raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because …

horrible pit [heb.] pit of noise

Matthew 13:50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing …

the miry

Psalm 69:2,14,15 I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep …

Jeremiah 38:6-12 Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah …

Lamentations 3:53-55 They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone on me…

set

Psalm 27:5 For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the …

Psalm 61:2 From the end of the earth will I cry to you, when my heart is overwhelmed: …

Matthew 7:24,25 Therefore whoever hears these sayings of mine, and does them, I will …

established

Psalm 17:5 Hold up my goings in your paths, that my footsteps slip not.

Psalm 18:36 You have enlarged my steps under me, that my feet did not slip.

Psalm 37:23 The steps of a good man are ordered by the LORD: and he delights in his way.

Psalm 119:133 Order my steps in your word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me.

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