Luke 16:28
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
for I have five brothers. Let him warn them, so that they will not also come to this place of torment.'

New Living Translation
For I have five brothers, and I want him to warn them so they don't end up in this place of torment.'

English Standard Version
for I have five brothers—so that he may warn them, lest they also come into this place of torment.’

Berean Study Bible
for I have five brothers. Let him warn them so they will not also end up in this place of torment.'

Berean Literal Bible
for I have five brothers--so that he might warn them, that they also might not come to this place of torment.'

New American Standard Bible
for I have five brothers-- in order that he may warn them, so that they will not also come to this place of torment.'

King James Bible
For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
because I have five brothers--to warn them, so they won't also come to this place of torment.'

International Standard Version
because I have five brothers—to warn them, so that they won't end up in this place of torture, too.'

NET Bible
(for I have five brothers) to warn them so that they don't come into this place of torment.'

New Heart English Bible
for I have five brothers, that he may testify to them, so they won't also come into this place of torment.'

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
'For I have five brothers; he should go testify to them so that they would not come to this place of torment also.'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I have five brothers. He can warn them so that they won't end up in this place of torture.'

New American Standard 1977
for I have five brothers—that he may warn them, lest they also come to this place of torment.’

Jubilee Bible 2000
for I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

King James 2000 Bible
For I have five brothers; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

American King James Version
For I have five brothers; that he may testify to them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

American Standard Version
for I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torments.

Darby Bible Translation
for I have five brothers, so that he may earnestly testify to them, that they also may not come to this place of torment.

English Revised Version
for I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

Webster's Bible Translation
For I have five brethren; that he may testify to them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

Weymouth New Testament
For I have five brothers. Let him earnestly warn them, lest they also come to this place of torment.'

World English Bible
for I have five brothers, that he may testify to them, so they won't also come into this place of torment.'

Young's Literal Translation
for I have five brothers, so that he may thoroughly testify to them, that they also may not come to this place of torment.
Study Bible
The Rich Man and Lazarus
27‘Then I beg you, father,’ he said, ‘send Lazarus to my father’s house, 28for I have five brothers. Let him warn them so they will not also end up in this place of torment.’ 29But Abraham replied, ‘They have Moses and the prophets; let your brothers listen to them.’…
Cross References
Luke 16:27
Then I beg you, father,' he said, 'send Lazarus to my father's house,

Acts 2:40
With many other words he testified, and he urged them, "Be saved from this corrupt generation."

Acts 8:25
After Peter and John had testified and spoken the word of the Lord, they returned to Jerusalem, preaching the gospel in many of the Samaritan villages.

Acts 10:42
And He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that He is the One appointed by God to judge the living and the dead.

Acts 18:5
And when Silas and Timothy came down from Macedonia, Paul devoted himself fully to the word, testifying to the Jews that Jesus is the Christ.

Acts 20:21
testifying to Jews and Greeks alike about repentance to God and faith in our Lord Jesus.

Acts 20:23
I only know that in town after town the Holy Spirit warns me that chains and afflictions await me.

Acts 20:24
But I consider my life of no value to myself, if only I may finish my course and complete the ministry I have received from the Lord Jesus--the ministry of testifying to the good news of God's grace.

Acts 23:11
The following night the Lord stood by Paul and said, "Take courage! As you have testified about Me in Jerusalem, so also you must testify in Rome."

Acts 26:22
But I have had God's help to this day, and I stand here to testify to small and great alike. I am saying nothing beyond what the prophets and Moses said would happen:
Treasury of Scripture

For I have five brothers; that he may testify to them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

lest.

Psalm 49:12,13 Nevertheless man being in honor stays not: he is like the beasts that perish…

(28) For I have five brethren.--Here again we are left to choose between opposite views of the motive which prompted the request. Was it simply a selfish fear of reproaches that might aggravate his sufferings? Was it the stirring in him of an unselfish anxiety for others, content to bear his own anguish if only his brothers might escape? Either view is tenable enough, but the latter harmonises more with the humility of the tone in which the request is uttered. The question why "five" are named is again one which we cannot answer with certainty. The allusions which some have found to the five senses, in the indulgence of which the man had passed his life, or to the five books of Moses (!), are simply fantastic. It may have been merely the use of a certain number for an uncertain, as in the case of the five wise and the five foolish virgins (Matthew 25:2), or the five talents (Matthew 25:15), or the five cities in the land of Egypt (Isaiah 19:18). It may have been an individualising feature, pointing to some conspicuously self-indulgent rich man among the hearers of the parable, and so coming home to him as a warning; or, possibly (following up the hint in the Note on Luke 16:19), to the number of the Tetrarch's surviving brothers. Of these he had had eight, but Aristobulus and Arche-laus were already dead, and possibly, of course, another. Here, returning to the structure of the parable, there is a special motive for the rich man's wishing Lazarus to be sent. The brothers had seen the beggar lying at his gate. If they were to see him now, as risen from the dead, they would learn how far more blessed his state had been than the luxurious ease in which they had passed and were still passing their lives.

For I have five brethren,.... Meaning his brethren and countrymen, according to the flesh; who when he was alive, stood in such a relation to him; said to be "five", in allusion it may be to the children of Israel coming out of Egypt, "by fives", or five in a rank, Exodus 13:18 as a learned man (m) conjectures, to whom I am beholden for several hints, in the explanation of this parable; and certain it is, that these five brethren were Jews, since they had the writings of Moses and the prophets with them, Luke 16:29. Wherefore I shall venture to propose another conjecture, though it may be liable to exception, as all conjectures usually are: it is plain that there were "six" brethren in all; let it be observed then, that the Jewish nation were usually divided into "three" parts, "priests, Levites, and Israelites"; of these three the great sanhedrim usually consisted (n); and these read the law every sabbath day; first a priest, then a Levite, and then "five Israelites" (o); (let that number also be remarked;) now these were again divided into "three" sects, "Pharisees, Sadducees", and "Essenes". The former of these are represented in this parable; this I only propose, I lay no stress on it: it may be, that the twice five, or ten tribes of Israel, which were not known where they were, nor are they to this day, may be designed by a "synechdoche", of a part for the whole; whose return the Jews are yet expecting, and for whose welfare they are greatly concerned.

That he may testify unto them: that is, preach unto them, as the word is used in Acts 2:40. Christ, when here on earth, did testify to that people of their sins, showed them the heinousness of them, inveighed against them, and reproved for them; and of their righteousness, and showed the hypocrisy, deficiency, and insufficiency of it to justify them; of himself as the Messiah; of truth in general; and of their ruin, temporal and eternal; but he had now finished his testimony, and which, though faithful, was not heard nor received by them; the reason of this request is,

lest they also come into this place of torment; as hell is, and which these brethren of his, he left behind, were deserving of, and in danger of coming into; and his concern for them did not arise from any regard to Christ, and the enlargement of his interest; nor from any love to his testimony, the Gospel; nor from any real notion or desire of converting grace for his brethren; nor from true love to them; but from a selfish principle, lest his own torments should be aggravated by their coming: this, as it may regard the Jews in their affliction, and if the ten tribes should be meant by the five brethren, may design the very passionate concern the Jews had, and still have for them, who yet, to this day, hope for the return of them; see Manasseh ben Israel's book, called, "Spes Israelis".

(m) Teelmannus. (n) Maimon Hilchot Sanhedrin, c. 2. sect. 2.((o) Ib. Hilchot Tephilla, c. 12. sect. 16. 16:19-31 Here the spiritual things are represented, in a description of the different state of good and bad, in this world and in the other. We are not told that the rich man got his estate by fraud, or oppression; but Christ shows, that a man may have a great deal of the wealth, pomp, and pleasure of this world, yet perish for ever under God's wrath and curse. The sin of this rich man was his providing for himself only. Here is a godly man, and one that will hereafter be happy for ever, in the depth of adversity and distress. It is often the lot of some of the dearest of God's saints and servants to be greatly afflicted in this world. We are not told that the rich man did him any harm, but we do not find that he had any care for him. Here is the different condition of this godly poor man, and this wicked rich man, at and after death. The rich man in hell lifted up his eyes, being in torment. It is not probable that there are discourses between glorified saints and damned sinners, but this dialogue shows the hopeless misery and fruitless desires, to which condemned spirits are brought. There is a day coming, when those who now hate and despise the people of God, would gladly receive kindness from them. But the damned in hell shall not have the least abatement of their torment. Sinners are now called upon to remember; but they do not, they will not, they find ways to avoid it. As wicked people have good things only in this life, and at death are for ever separated from all good, so godly people have evil things only in this life, and at death they are for ever put from them. In this world, blessed be God, there is no gulf between a state of nature and grace, we may pass from sin to God; but if we die in our sins, there is no coming out. The rich man had five brethren, and would have them stopped in their sinful course; their coming to that place of torment, would make his misery the worse, who had helped to show them the way thither. How many would now desire to recall or to undo what they have written or done! Those who would make the rich man's praying to Abraham justify praying to saints departed, go far to seek for proofs, when the mistake of a damned sinner is all they can find for an example. And surely there is no encouragement to follow the example, when all his prayers were made in vain. A messenger from the dead could say no more than what is said in the Scriptures. The same strength of corruption that breaks through the convictions of the written word, would triumph over a witness from the dead. Let us seek to the law and to the testimony, Isa 8:19,20, for that is the sure word of prophecy, upon which we may rest, 2Pe 1:19. Circumstances in every age show that no terrors, or arguments, can give true repentance without the special grace of God renewing the sinner's heart.
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