Matthew 9:11
New International Version
When the Pharisees saw this, they asked his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

New Living Translation
But when the Pharisees saw this, they asked his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with such scum?"

English Standard Version
And when the Pharisees saw this, they said to his disciples, “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?”

Berean Study Bible
When the Pharisees saw this, they asked His disciples, “Why does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?”

Berean Literal Bible
And having seen it, the Pharisees said to His disciples, "Why does your Teacher eat with the tax collectors and sinners?"

New American Standard Bible
When the Pharisees saw this, they said to His disciples, "Why is your Teacher eating with the tax collectors and sinners?"

King James Bible
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners?

Christian Standard Bible
When the Pharisees saw this, they asked his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

Contemporary English Version
Some Pharisees asked Jesus' disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and other sinners?"

Good News Translation
Some Pharisees saw this and asked his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with such people?"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the Pharisees saw this, they asked His disciples, "Why does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

International Standard Version
The Pharisees saw this and asked his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

NET Bible
When the Pharisees saw this they said to his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

New Heart English Bible
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to his disciples, "Why does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when the Pharisees saw, they were saying to his disciples, “Why does your master eat with Tax Collectors and sinners?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Pharisees saw this and asked his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

New American Standard 1977
And when the Pharisees saw this, they said to His disciples, “Why is your Teacher eating with the tax-gatherers and sinners?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why does your Master eat with publicans and sinners?

King James 2000 Bible
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?

American King James Version
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to his disciples, Why eats your Master with publicans and sinners?

American Standard Version
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Teacher with the publicans and sinners?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Pharisees seeing it, said to his disciples: Why doth your master eat with publicans and sinners?

Darby Bible Translation
And the Pharisees seeing [it], said to his disciples, Why does your teacher eat with tax-gatherers and sinners?

English Revised Version
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Master with the publicans and sinners?

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners?

Weymouth New Testament
The Pharisees noticed this, and they inquired of His disciples, "Why does your Teacher eat with the tax-gatherers and notorious sinners?"

World English Bible
When the Pharisees saw it, they said to his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

Young's Literal Translation
and the Pharisees having seen, said to his disciples, 'Wherefore with the tax-gatherers and sinners doth your teacher eat?'
Study Bible
The Calling of Matthew
10Later, as Jesus was dining at Matthew’s house, many tax collectors and sinners came and ate with Him and His disciples. 11When the Pharisees saw this, they asked His disciples, “Why does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?” 12On hearing this, Jesus said, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick.…
Cross References
Isaiah 65:5
They say, 'Keep to yourself, do not come near me, for I am holier than you!' Such people are smoke in My nostrils, a fire that burns all day long.

Matthew 5:46
If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Do not even tax collectors do the same?

Matthew 9:10
Later, as Jesus was dining at Matthew's house, many tax collectors and sinners came and ate with Him and His disciples.

Matthew 11:19
The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, 'Look at this glutton and drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and of sinners!' But wisdom is vindicated by her actions."

Mark 2:16
When the scribes who were Pharisees saw Jesus eating with these people, they asked His disciples, "Why does He eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

Luke 5:30
But the Pharisees and their scribes complained to Jesus' disciples, "Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?"

Luke 15:2
So the Pharisees and scribes began to grumble: "This man welcomes sinners and eats with them."

Acts 11:3
and said, "You visited uncircumcised men and ate with them."

Treasury of Scripture

And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to his disciples, Why eats your Master with publicans and sinners?

they said.

Mark 2:16
And when the scribes and Pharisees saw him eat with publicans and sinners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with publicans and sinners?

Mark 9:14-16
And when he came to his disciples, he saw a great multitude about them, and the scribes questioning with them…

Why.

Matthew 11:19
The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her children.

Isaiah 65:5
Which say, Stand by thyself, come not near to me; for I am holier than thou. These are a smoke in my nose, a fire that burneth all the day.

Luke 5:30
But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

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Lexicon
When
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Pharisees
Φαρισαῖοι (Pharisaioi)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5330: Of Hebrew origin; a separatist, i.e. Exclusively religious; a Pharisean, i.e. Jewish sectary.

saw this,
ἰδόντες (idontes)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3708: Properly, to stare at, i.e. to discern clearly; by extension, to attend to; by Hebraism, to experience; passively, to appear.

they asked
ἔλεγον (elegon)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

His
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

disciples,
μαθηταῖς (mathētais)
Noun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3101: A learner, disciple, pupil. From manthano; a learner, i.e. Pupil.

“Why
Διὰ (Dia)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

{does} your
ὑμῶν (hymōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

Teacher
διδάσκαλος (didaskalos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1320: A teacher, master. From didasko; an instructor.

eat
ἐσθίει (esthiei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2068: Strengthened for a primary edo; used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by phago; to eat.

with
μετὰ (meta)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 3326: (a) gen: with, in company with, (b) acc: (1) behind, beyond, after, of place, (2) after, of time, with nouns, neut. of adjectives.

tax collectors
τελωνῶν (telōnōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5057: A publican, collector of taxes. From telos and oneomai; a tax-farmer, i.e. Collector of public revenue.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

sinners?”
ἁμαρτωλῶν (hamartōlōn)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 268: Sinning, sinful, depraved, detestable. From hamartano; sinful, i.e. A sinner.
(11) When the Pharisees saw it.--"Scribes of the Pharisees" (Mark 2:16). These were probably those who had been present at the healing of the paralytic. the scribes who had come from Jerusalem. They, of course, would not enter the publican's house, but they stood outside and watched the mingled guests with wonder, and asked their two-fold question, "Why do ye eat and drink . . . (Luke 5:30)?" "Why doth your Master . . .?"

Verse 11. - And when the Pharisees. Mentioned thus far only in Matthew 3:7 and Matthew 5:20. This is, therefore, the first time that Matthew speaks of them as coming into direct contact with Jesus. Although Mark (cf. Luke) says that the objection was raised by those among the Pharisees who were also scribes (οἱ γραμματεῖς τῶν Φαρισαίων), yet the difference of expression from that in ver. 3 must not be overlooked. There the fact that they were scribes, accustomed to weigh the statements of the Law about blasphemy, etc., was prominent in the mind of the narrator; here it is rather the fact that they were Pharisees, men who by their very name professed to hold aloof from those who neglected the Law. Saw it. They could freely come into the court of the house, and when there could both see and hear what was passing in the rooms that opened into it. They said; ἔλεγον: dieebaat (Vulgate); "were saying." Their eager talk is brought vividly before us. Unto his disciples. Probably these were nearer to the Pharisees than Jesus himself was, or perhaps the Pharisees thought it easier to attack Jesus through them. On the naturalness of this remark in the mouth of Pharisees, vide Schurer, II. 2. p. 25. Why eateth your Master (διδάσκαλος); Teacher (Revised Version margin) is preferable, for both Pharisees and disciples realized that even Jesus' actions were intended to instruct his followers. But the reason for this action (why, cf. also ver. 14) they did not understand. It is possible that the order of the Greek points to irony on the part of the Pharisees. The man who presumes to be called Teacher, and whom the disciples accept as such, sets at defiance the primary rules of right and wrong. Professor Marshall (Expositor, IV. 4. p. 222) explains the variants "teacher" (here) and "drink" (parallel passages) by the original Aramaic word for "drink" (רוא) having been written here with the peculiar spelling of the Samaritan Targum (רבא). With (the, Revised Version) publicans and sinners? Who form but one class (τῶν τελωνῶν καὶ ἁμαρτωλῶν). (For the thought, cf. Matthew 11:19; Luke 15:2; also Psalm 101:5 [LXX.]. 9:10-13 Some time after his call, Matthew sought to bring his old associates to hear Christ. He knew by experience what the grace of Christ could do, and would not despair concerning them. Those who are effectually brought to Christ, cannot but desire that others also may be brought to him. Those who suppose their souls to be without disease will not welcome the spiritual Physician. This was the case with the Pharisees; they despised Christ, because they thought themselves whole; but the poor publicans and sinners felt that they wanted instruction and amendment. It is easy, and too common, to put the worst constructions upon the best words and actions. It may justly be suspected that those have not the grace of God themselves, who are not pleased with others' obtaining it. Christ's conversing with sinners is here called mercy; for to promote the conversion of souls is the greatest act of mercy. The gospel call is a call to repentance; a call to us to change our minds, and to change our ways. If the children of men had not been sinners, there had been no need for Christ to come among them. Let us examine whether we have found out our sickness, and have learned to follow the directions of our great Physician.
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