Luke 5:30
New International Version
But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law who belonged to their sect complained to his disciples, "Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?"

New Living Translation
But the Pharisees and their teachers of religious law complained bitterly to Jesus' disciples, "Why do you eat and drink with such scum?"

English Standard Version
And the Pharisees and their scribes grumbled at his disciples, saying, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?”

Berean Study Bible
But the Pharisees and their scribes complained to Jesus’ disciples, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?”

Berean Literal Bible
And the Pharisees and their scribes were grumbling at His disciples, saying, "Why do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?"

New American Standard Bible
The Pharisees and their scribes began grumbling at His disciples, saying, "Why do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?"

King James Bible
But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

Christian Standard Bible
But the Pharisees and their scribes were complaining to his disciples, "Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?"

Contemporary English Version
The Pharisees and some of their teachers of the Law of Moses grumbled to Jesus' disciples, "Why do you eat and drink with these tax collectors and other sinners?"

Good News Translation
Some Pharisees and some teachers of the Law who belonged to their group complained to Jesus' disciples. "Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and other outcasts?" they asked.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But the Pharisees and their scribes were complaining to His disciples, "Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?"

International Standard Version
The Pharisees and their scribes started complaining to Jesus' disciples, "Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?"

NET Bible
But the Pharisees and their experts in the law complained to his disciples, saying, "Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?"

New Heart English Bible
The Pharisees and their scribes grumbled at his disciples, saying, "Why do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Scribes and the Pharisees were complaining and they were saying to his disciples, “Why do you eat and drink with the Tax Collectors and sinners?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Pharisees and their scribes complained to Jesus' disciples. They asked, "Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?"

New American Standard 1977
And the Pharisees and their scribes began grumbling at His disciples, saying, “Why do you eat and drink with the tax-gatherers and sinners?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

King James 2000 Bible
But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?

American King James Version
But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do you eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

American Standard Version
And the Pharisees and their scribes murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with the publicans and sinners?

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying to his disciples: Why do you eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

Darby Bible Translation
And their scribes and the Pharisees murmured at his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with tax-gatherers and sinners?

English Revised Version
And the Pharisees and their scribes murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with the publicans and sinners?

Webster's Bible Translation
But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

Weymouth New Testament
This led the Pharisees and Scribes of their party to expostulate with His disciples and ask, "Why are you eating and drinking with these tax-gatherers and notorious sinners?"

World English Bible
Their scribes and the Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, "Why do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?"

Young's Literal Translation
and the scribes and the Pharisees among them were murmuring at his disciples, saying, 'Wherefore with tax-gatherers and sinners do ye eat and drink?'
Study Bible
The Calling of Levi
29Then Levi hosted a great banquet for Jesus at his house. A large crowd of tax collectors was there, along with others who were eating with them. 30But the Pharisees and their scribes complained to Jesus’ disciples, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?” 31Jesus answered, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick.…
Cross References
Matthew 5:46
If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Do not even tax collectors do the same?

Matthew 9:11
When the Pharisees saw this, they asked His disciples, "Why does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

Mark 2:16
When the scribes who were Pharisees saw Jesus eating with these people, they asked His disciples, "Why does He eat with tax collectors and sinners?"

Luke 15:2
So the Pharisees and scribes began to grumble: "This man welcomes sinners and eats with them."

Acts 23:9
A great clamor arose, and some scribes from the party of the Pharisees got up and contended sharply, "We find nothing wrong with this man. What if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?"

Treasury of Scripture

But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do you eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

Luke 5:17,21
And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was present to heal them…

Luke 7:29,30,34,39
And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John…

Luke 15:1,2
Then drew near unto him all the publicans and sinners for to hear him…







Lexicon
But
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Pharisees
Φαρισαῖοι (Pharisaioi)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5330: Of Hebrew origin; a separatist, i.e. Exclusively religious; a Pharisean, i.e. Jewish sectary.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

their
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

scribes
γραμματεῖς (grammateis)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1122: From gramma. A writer, i.e. scribe or secretary.

complained
ἐγόγγυζον (egongyzon)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1111: To whisper, murmur, grumble (generally of smoldering discontent). Of uncertain derivation; to grumble.

to
πρὸς (pros)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 4314: To, towards, with. A strengthened form of pro; a preposition of direction; forward to, i.e. Toward.

[Jesus’]
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

disciples,
μαθητὰς (mathētas)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3101: A learner, disciple, pupil. From manthano; a learner, i.e. Pupil.

“Why
Διὰ (Dia)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

do you eat
ἐσθίετε (esthiete)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2068: Strengthened for a primary edo; used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by phago; to eat.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

drink
πίνετε (pinete)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4095: To drink, imbibe. A prolonged form of pio, which poo occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe.

with
μετὰ (meta)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 3326: (a) gen: with, in company with, (b) acc: (1) behind, beyond, after, of place, (2) after, of time, with nouns, neut. of adjectives.

tax collectors
τελωνῶν (telōnōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5057: A publican, collector of taxes. From telos and oneomai; a tax-farmer, i.e. Collector of public revenue.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

sinners?”
ἁμαρτωλῶν (hamartōlōn)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 268: Sinning, sinful, depraved, detestable. From hamartano; sinful, i.e. A sinner.
(30) Murmured.--Better, were murmuring. In reporting what was said by others, St. Luke naturally gives the word "sinners" as it was actually spoken.

Verse 30. - But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples. Many of the older authorities here omit "their" αὐτῶν before "scribes." The older authorities vary slightly in the position of the words here. The best reading and translation would give, "The Pharisees and the scribes among them" - "among them," that is, among the Capernaites; in other words, "They among them who were Pharisees and scribes." These scribes (Hebrew, sopherim), under this appellation, first appear after the Exile. Their occupation was to copy and to expound the Law. They were the recognized teachers of the Jews, and seem to have succeeded that great and influential class or order, the "sons of the prophets," originally founded by Samuel. These "sons of the prophets" are repeatedly mentioned in the books of the Old Testament which treat of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. The scribes were succeeded, in the year , by the tanaim (repeaters), under which name the scribes were officially, though apparently not popularly, known until A.D. , after which date these scribes were termed amoraim. The Talmud (Mishna and Gemara) may be said to have been the work of this great and enduring teacher order. The Talmud was finally closed in A.D. , by Rabbina Abina, the last of the amoraim. Why do you eat and drink with publicans and sinners?. 5:27-39 It was a wonder of Christ's grace, that he would call a publican to be his disciple and follower. It was a wonder of his grace, that the call was made so effectual. It was a wonder of his grace, that he came to call sinners to repentance, and to assure them of pardon. It was a wonder of his grace, that he so patiently bore the contradiction of sinners against himself and his disciples. It was a wonder of his grace, that he fixed the services of his disciples according to their strength and standing. The Lord trains up his people gradually for the trials allotted them; we should copy his example in dealing with the weak in faith, or the tempted believer.
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