Luke 4:2
New International Version
where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry.

New Living Translation
where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry.

English Standard Version
for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days. And when they were ended, he was hungry.

Berean Study Bible
where for forty days He was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and when they had ended, He was hungry.

Berean Literal Bible
being tempted forty days by the devil. And He ate nothing in those days, and they having ended, He was hungry.

New American Standard Bible
for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days, and when they had ended, He became hungry.

King James Bible
Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

Christian Standard Bible
for forty days to be tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and when they were over, he was hungry.

Contemporary English Version
For 40 days Jesus was tested by the devil, and during that time he went without eating. When it was all over, he was hungry.

Good News Translation
where he was tempted by the Devil for forty days. In all that time he ate nothing, so that he was hungry when it was over.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
for 40 days to be tempted by the Devil. He ate nothing during those days, and when they were over, He was hungry.

International Standard Version
where he was being tempted by the devil for 40 days. During that time he ate nothing at all, and when they were over he became hungry.

NET Bible
where for forty days he endured temptations from the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and when they were completed, he was famished.

New Heart English Bible
for forty days, being tempted by the devil. He ate nothing in those days. When they were completed, he was hungry.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
To be tempted by The Devil for forty days, and he ate nothing in those days, and when he had finished them, at the end he was hungry.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
where he was tempted by the devil for 40 days. During those days Jesus ate nothing, so when they were over, he was hungry.

New American Standard 1977
for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days; and when they had ended, He became hungry.

Jubilee Bible 2000
for forty days and was tempted of the devil. And in those days he ate nothing; and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

King James 2000 Bible
Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

American King James Version
Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungry.

American Standard Version
during forty days, being tempted of the devil. And he did eat nothing in those days: and when they were completed, he hungered.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the space of forty days; and was tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing in those days; and when they were ended, he was hungry.

Darby Bible Translation
forty days, tempted of the devil; and in those days he did not eat anything, and when they were finished he hungered.

English Revised Version
during forty days, being tempted of the devil. And he did eat nothing in those days: and when they were completed, he hungered.

Webster's Bible Translation
Being forty days tempted by the devil. And in those days he ate nothing; and when they were ended, he was afterward hungry.

Weymouth New Testament
tempted all the while by the Devil. During those days He ate nothing, and at the close of them He suffered from hunger.

World English Bible
for forty days, being tempted by the devil. He ate nothing in those days. Afterward, when they were completed, he was hungry.

Young's Literal Translation
forty days being tempted by the Devil, and he did not eat anything in those days, and they having been ended, he afterward hungered,
Study Bible
The Temptation of Jesus
1Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, 2where for forty days He was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and when they had ended, He was hungry. 3The devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread.”…
Cross References
Exodus 34:28
So Moses was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights without eating bread or drinking water. He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant--the Ten Commandments.

1 Kings 19:8
So he got up and ate and drank. And strengthened by that food, he walked forty days and forty nights until he reached Horeb, the mountain of God.

Matthew 4:2
After fasting forty days and forty nights, He was hungry.

Luke 4:3
The devil said to Him, "If You are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread."

Treasury of Scripture

Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungry.

forty.

Exodus 24:18
And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.

Exodus 34:28
And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

Deuteronomy 9:9,18,25
When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water: …

tempted.

Genesis 3:15
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

1 Samuel 17:16
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Hebrews 2:18
For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.

he did.

Esther 4:16
Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.

Jonah 3:7
And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water:

he afterward.

Matthew 21:18
Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered.

John 4:6
Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour.

Hebrews 4:15
For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.







Lexicon
[where for] forty
τεσσεράκοντα (tesserakonta)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 5062: Forty. The decade of tessares; forty.

days
ἡμέρας (hēmeras)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 2250: A day, the period from sunrise to sunset.

He was tempted
πειραζόμενος (peirazomenos)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3985: To try, tempt, test. From peira; to test, i.e. Endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.

by
ὑπὸ (hypo)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 5259: A primary preposition; under, i.e. of place, or with verbs; of place (underneath) or where (below) or time (when).

the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

devil.
διαβόλου (diabolou)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1228: From diaballo; a traducer; specially, Satan.

He ate
ἔφαγεν (ephagen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 5315: A primary verb; to eat.

nothing
οὐδὲν (ouden)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3762: No one, none, nothing.

during
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

those
ἐκείναις (ekeinais)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1565: That, that one there, yonder. From ekei; that one (neuter) thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.

days,
ἡμέραις (hēmerais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 2250: A day, the period from sunrise to sunset.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

[when] they
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Feminine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

had ended,
συντελεσθεισῶν (syntelestheisōn)
Verb - Aorist Participle Passive - Genitive Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 4931: To bring to an end, fulfill, accomplish. From sun and teleo; to complete entirely; generally, to execute.

He was hungry.
ἐπείνασεν (epeinasen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3983: To be hungry, needy, desire earnestly. From the same as penes; to famish; figuratively, to crave.
Verse 2. - Being forty days tempted of the devil. For some reason unknown to us, the number forty seems to possess some mystic significance. Moses was forty days alone with the Divine Presence on Horeb. Elijah fasted forty days in the wilderness before the vision and the voice came to him. Forty years was the period, too, of the wanderings of the chosen people. The existence of an evil power has been a favorite subject of discussion in those schools of thought who more or less question the authoritative teaching of the canonical books of the two Testaments. Keim, quoted by Godet, well and fairly sums up the present state of opinion of the more moderate and thoughtful schools of free-thought: "We regard the question of an existence of an evil power as altogether an open question for science." Those, however, who recognize the Gospel narratives as the faithful expression of Jesus Christ's teaching, must accept the repeated declarations of the Master that an evil being of superhuman power does exist, and has a great, though a limited, influence over the thoughts and works of men. Whatever men may feel with regard to the famous clause in the Lord's Prayer, which the Revisers of the Authorized Version render, "deliver us from the evil one," they must agree at least with the conclusion of the Revisers, that, in the Christian Church, a large majority of the ancients understood the Master's words in his great prayer as asking deliverance, not from "evil" in the abstract, as the English Authorized Version seems to prefer, but deliverance from the power of some mighty evil being. And in those days he did eat nothing. In this state of ecstasy, when the body was completely subordinate to the Spirit, the ordinary bodily wants seem to have been suspended. There is no difficulty in accepting this supposition, if the signification of the words, "in the Spirit," above suggested, be adopted. The whole transaction belongs to the miraculous. We, who receive as God's Word these Gospel narratives, find no difficulty in recognizing God's power to suspend, when he pleases, what men regard as fixed natural laws. We believe, too, that on certain occasions in the world's history it has pleased him to put this power into operation. He afterward hungered. Although still in the Spirit, in order to provide a field for the exercise of the peculiar typical temptation about to be dwelt upon, some of the bodily functions, which during the trance or the ecstasy had been temporarily suspended, were allowed again to play their usual part in the life, as in the ease Of Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Paul, and John. 4:1-13 Christ's being led into the wilderness gave an advantage to the tempter; for there he was alone, none were with him by whose prayers and advice he might be helped in the hour of temptation. He who knew his own strength might give Satan advantage; but we may not, who know our own weakness. Being in all things made like unto his brethren, Jesus would, like the other children of God, live in dependence upon the Divine Providence and promise. The word of God is our sword, and faith in that word is our shield. God has many ways of providing for his people, and therefore is at all times to be depended upon in the way of duty. All Satan's promises are deceitful; and if he is permitted to have any influence in disposing of the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them, he uses them as baits to insnare men to destruction. We should reject at once and with abhorrence, every opportunity of sinful gain or advancement, as a price offered for our souls; we should seek riches, honours, and happiness in the worship and service of God only. Christ will not worship Satan; nor, when he has the kingdoms of the world delivered to him by his Father, will he suffer any remains of the worship of the devil to continue in them. Satan also tempted Jesus to be his own murderer, by unfitting confidence in his Father's protection, such as he had no warrant for. Let not any abuse of Scripture by Satan or by men abate our esteem, or cause us to abandon its use; but let us study it still, seek to know it, and seek our defence from it in all kinds of assaults. Let this word dwell richly in us, for it is our life. Our victorious Redeemer conquered, not for himself only, but for us also. The devil ended all the temptation. Christ let him try all his force, and defeated him. Satan saw it was to no purpose to attack Christ, who had nothing in him for his fiery darts to fasten upon. And if we resist the devil, he will flee from us. Yet he departed but till the season when he was again to be let loose upon Jesus, not as a tempter, to draw him to sin, and so to strike at his head, at which he now aimed and was wholly defeated in; but as a persecutor, to bring Christ to suffer, and so to bruise his heel, which it was told him, he should have to do, and would do, though it would be the breaking of his own head, Ge 3:15. Though Satan depart for a season, we shall never be out of his reach till removed from this present evil world.
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