1 Samuel 17:16
New International Version
For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening and took his stand.

New Living Translation
For forty days, every morning and evening, the Philistine champion strutted in front of the Israelite army.

English Standard Version
For forty days the Philistine came forward and took his stand, morning and evening.

Berean Study Bible
For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening to take his stand.

King James Bible
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

New King James Version
And the Philistine drew near and presented himself forty days, morning and evening.

New American Standard Bible
And the Philistine came forward morning and evening, and took his stand for forty days.

NASB 1995
The Philistine came forward morning and evening for forty days and took his stand.

NASB 1977
And the Philistine came forward morning and evening for forty days, and took his stand.

Amplified Bible
The Philistine [Goliath] came out morning and evening, and took his stand for forty days.

Christian Standard Bible
Every morning and evening for forty days the Philistine came forward and took his stand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Every morning and evening for 40 days the Philistine came forward and took his stand.

American Standard Version
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Philistine came early and when it became dark, and he remained forty days

Contemporary English Version
Goliath came out and gave his challenge every morning and every evening for 40 days.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now the Philistine came out morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

English Revised Version
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Good News Translation
Goliath challenged the Israelites every morning and evening for forty days.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Each morning and evening for 40 days, the Philistine came forward and made his challenge.

International Standard Version
For 40 days the Philistine would come forward, morning and evening, to take his position.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Literal Standard Version
And the Philistine draws near, morning and evening, and stations himself [for] forty days.

NET Bible
Meanwhile for forty days the Philistine approached every morning and evening and took his position.

New Heart English Bible
The Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

World English Bible
The Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Philistine draweth nigh, morning and evening, and stationeth himself forty days.

Additional Translations ...
Context
David Accepts the Challenge
15but David went back and forth from Saul to tend his father’s sheep in Bethlehem. 16For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening to take his stand. 17One day Jesse said to his son David, “Take this ephah of roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp.…

Cross References
1 Samuel 17:15
but David went back and forth from Saul to tend his father's sheep in Bethlehem.

1 Samuel 17:17
One day Jesse said to his son David, "Take this ephah of roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp.


Treasury of Scripture

And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

forty days

Matthew 4:2
And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.

Luke 4:2
Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.









(16) And presented himself forty days.--Wordsworth, following Augustine, sees here a reference to the temptation of the true David, who "was in the wilderness forty days, tempted of the devil." "In David is Christ . . . do not, therefore, read this history of David as if it did not concern you who are members of Christ." (Aug. in Psalms 143).

Verses 16-19. - The Philistine .... presented himself. I.e. took his stand (see on 1 Samuel 10:23; 12:7, 16). This verse takes up the narrative, disturbed by the inserted explanation about David's family relations. The extraordinary formation of the ground, as described in ver. 3, shows how it was possible for this challenge to go on for forty days without either army advancing or retiring. During this long time it seems to have been the business of the friends at home to supply the combatants with food, and so Jesse sends David with an ephah, about three pecks, of parched corn - as the word is spelt in the Hebrew it means "parched pease." Also ten loaves, and, for the captain of their thousand, ten cheeses - rather, "ten slices of fresh curd." David was also to take their pledge. Apparently neither Eliab nor his brethren could write, and therefore they would send back to their father some token previously agreed upon to show that they were in good health, and had received the supplies sent them. Now Saul, etc. This is a part of Jesse's speech, telling David where he would find his brethren. For were, the right translation is, "They are in the terebinth valley, fighting with the Philistines."

CHAPTER 17:20-58

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
For forty
אַרְבָּעִ֥ים (’ar·bā·‘îm)
Number - common plural
Strong's 705: Forty

days
יֽוֹם׃ (yō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3117: A day

the Philistine
הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֖י (hap·pə·liš·tî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

came forward
וַיִּגַּ֥שׁ (way·yig·gaš)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5066: To draw near, approach

every morning
הַשְׁכֵּ֣ם (haš·kêm)
Verb - Hifil - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 7925: To load up, to start early in the morning

and evening
וְהַעֲרֵ֑ב (wə·ha·‘ă·rêḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 6150: To become evening, grow dark

to take his stand.
וַיִּתְיַצֵּ֖ב (way·yiṯ·yaṣ·ṣêḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3320: To set or station oneself, take one's stand


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OT History: 1 Samuel 17:16 The Philistine drew near morning and evening (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 17:15
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