3985. peirazó
Strong's Concordance
peirazó: to make proof of, to attempt, test, tempt
Original Word: πειράζω
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: peirazó
Phonetic Spelling: (pi-rad'-zo)
Definition: to make proof of, to attempt, test, tempt
Usage: I try, tempt, test.
HELPS Word-studies

3985 peirázō (from 3984 /peíra, "test, trial") – "originally to test, to try which was its usual meaning in the ancient Greek and in the LXX" (WP, 1, 30). "The word means either test or tempt" (WP, 1, 348). Context alone determines which sense is intended, or if both apply simultaneously.

3985 (peirazō) means "tempt" ("negative sense") in: Mt 16:1, 19:3, 22:18,35; Mk 8:11, 10:2, 12:15; Lk 11:16, 20:33; Jn 8:6; Js 1:13,14.

3985 (peirazō) however is used of positive tests in: Mt 4:11; Lk 22:28; 1 Cor 10:13; Js 1:12.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from peira
to make proof of, to attempt, test, tempt
NASB Translation
did (1), put (1), put to the test (2), tempt (2), tempted (13), tempter (2), test (6), tested (2), testing (7), tried (2), trying (2).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 3985: πειράζω

πειράζω (a form found several times in Homer and Apoll. Rhod. and later prose, for πειράω (which see in Veitch) more common in the other Greek writings); imperfect ἐπείραζον; 1 aorist ἐπείρασα; passive, present πειράζομαι; 1 aorist ἐπειρασθην; perfect participle πεπειρασμενος (Hebrews 4:15; see πειράω, 1); 1 aorist middle 2 person singular ἐπειράσω (Revelation 2:2 Rec.); the Sept. for נִסָּה; to try, i. e.:

1. to try whether a thing can be done; to attempt, endeavor: with an infinitive, Acts 9:26 L T Tr WH; .

2. to try, make trial of, test: τινα, for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself;

a. in a good sense: Matthew 22:35 (others refer this to b.); John 6:6; (2 Corinthians 13:5); Revelation 2:2.

b. in a bad sense: to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgment, Matthew 16:1; Matthew 19:3; Matthew 22:18, 35; Mark 8:11; Mark 10:2; Mark 12:15; Luke 11:16; Luke 20:23 (where G T WH Tr text omit; Tr marginal reading brackets the words τί με πειράζετε); John 8:6.

c. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin; hence, according to the context equivalent to to solicit to sin, to tempt: James 1:13; Galatians 6:1; Revelation 2:10; of the temptations of the devil, Matthew 4:1, 3; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 1 Thessalonians 3:5; hence, πειράζων, a substantive, Vulg.tentator, etc., the tempter: Matthew 4:3; 1 Thessalonians 3:5.

d. After the O. T. usage α. of God; to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith: 1 Corinthians 10:13; Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15 (see πειράω); (where see WH's Appendix); Revelation 3:10 (Genesis 22:1; Exodus 20:20; Deuteronomy 8:2; Wis. 3:5 Wis. 11:10(); Judith 8:25f). β. Men are said πειράζειν τόν Θεόν — by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted; by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were, to give proof of his perfections: Acts 15:10; Hebrews 3:9 R G (Exodus 17:2, 7; Numbers 14:22; Psalm 77:41 (), ; (), etc.; cf. Grimm, Exgt. Hdb. on Sap., p. 49); namely, τόν Χριστόν (L T Tr text WH τόν κύριον), 1 Corinthians 10:9 (but L marginal reading T WH marginal reading ἐξεπείρασαν); τό κυρίου, Acts 5:9; absolutely πειράζειν ἐν δοιμασια (see δοκιμασία), Hebrews 3:9 L T Tr WH. (On πειράζω (as compared with δοκιμάζω), see Trench, § lxxiv.; cf. Cremer, under the word. Compare: ἐξπειράζω.)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
tempt, examine, try

From peira; to test (objectively), i.e. Endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline -- assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.

see GREEK peira

Forms and Transliterations
επειραζεν ἐπείραζεν επειραζον επείραζον ἐπείραζον επείρασα επειρασαν επείρασαν επείρασάν ἐπείρασαν επειρασας επείρασας ἐπείρασας επείρασε επειρασεν επείρασεν ἐπείρασεν επειρασθησαν επειράσθησαν ἐπειράσθησαν επειράτο επειρώντο πειραζει πειράζει πειράζειν πειραζεται πειράζεται πειραζετε πειράζετε πειραζη πειράζη πειράζῃ πειραζομαι πειράζομαι πειραζομενοις πειραζομένοις πειραζομενος πειραζόμενος πειραζοντες πειράζοντες πειραζων πειράζων πειρασαι πειράσαι πειράση πειρασθεις πειρασθείς πειρασθηναι πειρασθήναι πειρασθῆναι πειρασθης πειρασθής πειρασθῇς πειρασθητε πειρασθήτε πειρασθῆτε πείρασον πείρασόν πειράσω πεπειραμένον πεπειρασμενον πεπειρασμένον epeirasan epeírasan epeirasas epeírasas epeirasen epeírasen epeirasthesan epeirasthēsan epeirásthesan epeirásthēsan epeirazen epeírazen epeirazon epeírazon peirasai peirásai peirastheis peirastheís peirasthêis peirasthē̂is peirasthenai peirasthênai peirasthēnai peirasthē̂nai peirasthes peirasthēs peirasthete peirasthête peirasthēte peirasthē̂te peiraze peirazē peirazei peirázei peirázēi peirazetai peirázetai peirazete peirázete peirazomai peirázomai peirazomenois peirazoménois peirazomenos peirazómenos peirazon peirazōn peirázon peirázōn peirazontes peirázontes pepeirasmenon pepeirasménon
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 4:1 V-ANP
GRK: τοῦ πνεύματος πειρασθῆναι ὑπὸ τοῦ
NAS: into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.
KJV: the wilderness to be tempted of
INT: the Spirit to be tempted by the

Matthew 4:3 V-PPA-NMS
GRK: προσελθὼν ὁ πειράζων εἶπεν αὐτῷ
NAS: And the tempter came and said
KJV: And when the tempter came to him,
INT: having come the tempter said to him

Matthew 16:1 V-PPA-NMP
GRK: καὶ Σαδδουκαῖοι πειράζοντες ἐπηρώτησαν αὐτὸν
NAS: came up, and testing Jesus, they asked
KJV: came, and tempting desired him
INT: and Sadducees tempting [him] asked him

Matthew 19:3 V-PPA-NMP
GRK: αὐτῷ Φαρισαῖοι πειράζοντες αὐτὸν καὶ
NAS: came to Jesus, testing Him and asking,
KJV: came unto him, tempting him, and
INT: to him Pharisees testing him and

Matthew 22:18 V-PIA-2P
GRK: Τί με πειράζετε ὑποκριταί
NAS: Why are you testing Me, you hypocrites?
KJV: Why tempt ye me,
INT: Why me do you tempt hypocrites

Matthew 22:35 V-PPA-NMS
GRK: αὐτῶν νομικὸς πειράζων αὐτόν
NAS: asked Him [a question], testing Him,
KJV: asked [him a question], tempting him,
INT: them a lawyer testing him

Mark 1:13 V-PPM/P-NMS
GRK: τεσσεράκοντα ἡμέρας πειραζόμενος ὑπὸ τοῦ
NAS: days being tempted by Satan;
KJV: forty days, tempted of Satan;
INT: forty days tempted by

Mark 8:11 V-PPA-NMP
GRK: τοῦ οὐρανοῦ πειράζοντες αὐτόν
NAS: from heaven, to test Him.
KJV: from heaven, tempting him.
INT: heaven testing him

Mark 10:2 V-PPA-NMP
GRK: γυναῖκα ἀπολῦσαι πειράζοντες αὐτόν
NAS: came up to Jesus, testing Him, and [began] to question
KJV: to put away [his] wife? tempting him.
INT: a wife to divorce testing him

Mark 12:15 V-PIA-2P
GRK: Τί με πειράζετε φέρετέ μοι
NAS: to them, Why are you testing Me? Bring
KJV: unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring
INT: Why me do you tempt Bring me

Luke 4:2 V-PPM/P-NMS
GRK: ἡμέρας τεσσεράκοντα πειραζόμενος ὑπὸ τοῦ
NAS: days, being tempted by the devil.
KJV: forty days tempted of the devil.
INT: days forty being tempted by the

Luke 11:16 V-PPA-NMP
GRK: ἕτεροι δὲ πειράζοντες σημεῖον ἐξ
NAS: Others, to test [Him], were demanding
KJV: And others, tempting [him], sought of
INT: others moreover testing a sign from

John 6:6 V-PPA-NMS
GRK: δὲ ἔλεγεν πειράζων αὐτόν αὐτὸς
NAS: He was saying to test him, for He Himself
KJV: this he said to prove him: for
INT: moreover he said testing him he

John 8:6 V-PPA-NMP
GRK: δὲ ἔλεγον πειράζοντες αὐτόν ἵνα
NAS: this, testing Him, so
KJV: This they said, tempting him, that
INT: moreover they said testing him that

Acts 5:9 V-ANA
GRK: συνεφωνήθη ὑμῖν πειράσαι τὸ πνεῦμα
NAS: is it that you have agreed together to put the Spirit
KJV: have agreed together to tempt the Spirit
INT: agreed together you to test the Spirit

Acts 9:26 V-IIA-3S
GRK: εἰς Ἰερουσαλὴμ ἐπείραζεν κολλᾶσθαι τοῖς
NAS: to Jerusalem, he was trying to associate
INT: at Jerusalem he attempted to join himself to the

Acts 15:10 V-PIA-2P
GRK: οὖν τί πειράζετε τὸν θεόν
NAS: why do you put God
KJV: therefore why tempt ye God, to put
INT: therefore why tempt you God

Acts 16:7 V-IIA-3P
GRK: τὴν Μυσίαν ἐπείραζον εἰς τὴν
NAS: to Mysia, they were trying to go
KJV: to Mysia, they assayed to go into
INT: Mysia they attempted into

Acts 24:6 V-IIA-3S
GRK: τὸ ἱερὸν ἐπείρασεν βεβηλῶσαι ὃν
NAS: And he even tried to desecrate
KJV: also hath gone about to profane
INT: the temple attempted to profane whom

1 Corinthians 7:5 V-PSA-3S
GRK: ἵνα μὴ πειράζῃ ὑμᾶς ὁ
NAS: that Satan will not tempt you because
KJV: that Satan tempt you not
INT: that not might tempt you

1 Corinthians 10:9 V-AIA-3P
GRK: τινες αὐτῶν ἐπείρασαν καὶ ὑπὸ
NAS: as some of them did, and were destroyed
KJV: also tempted, and
INT: some of them tested and by

1 Corinthians 10:13 V-ANP
GRK: ἐάσει ὑμᾶς πειρασθῆναι ὑπὲρ ὃ
NAS: will not allow you to be tempted beyond
KJV: suffer you to be tempted above that
INT: will allow you to be tempted above what

2 Corinthians 13:5 V-PMA-2P
GRK: Ἑαυτοὺς πειράζετε εἰ ἐστὲ
NAS: Test yourselves [to see] if
KJV: Examine yourselves, whether
INT: yourselves examine you if you are

Galatians 6:1 V-ASP-2S
GRK: καὶ σὺ πειρασθῇς
NAS: so that you too will not be tempted.
KJV: thou also be tempted.
INT: also you be tempted

1 Thessalonians 3:5 V-IIA-3S
GRK: μή πως ἐπείρασεν ὑμᾶς ὁ
NAS: for fear that the tempter might have tempted
KJV: lest by some means the tempter have tempted
INT: lest somehow did tempt you he who

Strong's Greek 3985
39 Occurrences

ἐπείρασαν — 2 Occ.
ἐπείρασας — 1 Occ.
ἐπείρασεν — 2 Occ.
ἐπειράσθησαν — 1 Occ.
ἐπείραζεν — 1 Occ.
ἐπείραζον — 1 Occ.
πειράσαι — 2 Occ.
πειρασθῆναι — 2 Occ.
πειρασθῇς — 1 Occ.
πειρασθῆτε — 1 Occ.
πειρασθείς — 1 Occ.
πειράζῃ — 1 Occ.
πειράζει — 1 Occ.
πειράζεται — 1 Occ.
πειράζετε — 4 Occ.
πειράζων — 4 Occ.
πειράζομαι — 1 Occ.
πειραζομένοις — 1 Occ.
πειραζόμενος — 4 Occ.
πειράζοντες — 6 Occ.
πεπειρασμένον — 1 Occ.

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