Job 24:18
New International Version
"Yet they are foam on the surface of the water; their portion of the land is cursed, so that no one goes to the vineyards.

New Living Translation
"But they disappear like foam down a river. Everything they own is cursed, and they are afraid to enter their own vineyards.

English Standard Version
“You say, ‘Swift are they on the face of the waters; their portion is cursed in the land; no treader turns toward their vineyards.

Berean Study Bible
They are but foam on the surface of the water; their portion of the land is cursed, so that no one would turn into their vineyards.

New American Standard Bible
"They are insignificant on the surface of the water; Their portion is cursed on the earth. They do not turn toward the vineyards.

King James Bible
He is swift as the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth: he beholdeth not the way of the vineyards.

Christian Standard Bible
They float on the surface of the water. Their section of the land is cursed, so that they never go to their vineyards.

Contemporary English Version
Those sinners are filthy foam on the surface of the water. And so, their fields and vineyards will fall under a curse and won't produce.

Good News Translation
The wicked are swept away by floods, and the land they own is under God's curse; they no longer go to work in their vineyards.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They float on the surface of the water. Their section of the land is cursed, so that they never go to their vineyards.

International Standard Version
"They remain only a short time on the water's surface; their inheritance will be cursed in the land; no one will work in their vineyards.

NET Bible
"You say, 'He is foam on the face of the waters; their portion of the land is cursed so that no one goes to their vineyard.

New Heart English Bible
"They are foam on the surface of the waters. Their portion is cursed in the earth. They do not turn into the way of the vineyards.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Such people are like scum on the surface of the water. Their property is cursed in the land. People do not travel the road that goes to their vineyards.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He is swift upon the face of the waters; Their portion is cursed in the earth; He turneth not by the way of the vineyards.

New American Standard 1977
“They are insignificant on the surface of the water; Their portion is cursed on the earth. They do not turn toward the vineyards.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They are swift upon the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth; they never come by the way of the vineyards.

King James 2000 Bible
They are swift as the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth: no one turns into the way of the vineyards.

American King James Version
He is swift as the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth: he beholds not the way of the vineyards.

American Standard Version
Swiftly they pass away upon the face of the waters; Their portion is cursed in the earth: They turn not into the way of the vineyards.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He is swift on the face of the water: let his portion be cursed on the earth; and let their plants be laid bare.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He is light upon the face of the water: cursed be his portion on the earth, let him not walk by the way of the vineyards.

Darby Bible Translation
He is swift on the face of the waters; their portion is cursed on the earth: he turneth not unto the way of the vineyards.

English Revised Version
He is swift upon the face of the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth: he turneth not by the way of the vineyards.

Webster's Bible Translation
He is swift as the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth: he beholdeth not the way of the vineyards.

World English Bible
"They are foam on the surface of the waters. Their portion is cursed in the earth. They don't turn into the way of the vineyards.

Young's Literal Translation
Light he is on the face of the waters, Vilified is their portion in the earth, He turneth not the way of vineyards.
Study Bible
Job: Judgment for the Wicked
17For to them, deep darkness is their morning; surely they are friends with the terrors of darkness! 18They are but foam on the surface of the water; their portion of the land is cursed, so that no one would turn into their vineyards. 19As drought and heat consume the melting snow, so Sheol steals those who have sinned.…
Cross References
Job 5:3
I have seen a fool taking root, but suddenly his house was cursed.

Job 22:11
it is so dark you cannot see, and a flood of water covers you.

Job 22:16
They were snatched away before their time, and their foundations were swept away by a river.

Job 24:6
They gather fodder in the fields and glean the vineyards of the wicked.

Job 24:11
They crush olives within their walls; they tread the winepresses, but go thirsty.

Job 27:20
Terrors overtake him like a flood; a tempest sweeps him away in the night.

Treasury of Scripture

He is swift as the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth: he beholds not the way of the vineyards.

swift

Psalm 58:7
Let them melt away as waters which run continually: when he bendeth his bow to shoot his arrows, let them be as cut in pieces.

Psalm 73:18-20
Surely thou didst set them in slippery places: thou castedst them down into destruction…

Isaiah 23:10
Pass through thy land as a river, O daughter of Tarshish: there is no more strength.

their portion

Deuteronomy 28:16-20
Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field…

Psalm 69:22
Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap.

Proverbs 3:33
The curse of the LORD is in the house of the wicked: but he blesseth the habitation of the just.







Lexicon
They
ה֤וּא ׀ (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

are but foam
קַֽל־ (qal-)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7031: Light, swift, fleet

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the surface
פְּנֵי־ (pə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

of the water;
מַ֗יִם (ma·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

their portion
חֶלְקָתָ֣ם (ḥel·qā·ṯām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2513: Smoothness, flattery, an allotment

of the land
בָּאָ֑רֶץ (bā·’ā·reṣ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

is cursed,
תְּקֻלַּ֣ל (tə·qul·lal)
Verb - Pual - Imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7043: To be slight, swift or trifling

so that no one
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

[would] turn
יִ֝פְנֶה (yip̄·neh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6437: To turn, to face, appear, look

into
דֶּ֣רֶךְ (de·reḵ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

their vineyards.
כְּרָמִֽים׃ (kə·rā·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3754: A garden, vineyard
(18) He is swift.--That is--each of these rebels against the light is swift to make his escape over the face of the waters. So we ought to read it, and not, with Authorised Version, as a comparison.

Their portion is cursed in the earth.--That is, men so regard it; it has an evil name, and is of bad repute.

He beholdeth not.--Rather, he--that is, each of them--turneth not the way of the vineyards, which is frequented and cultivated, but chooseth rather lone, desolate, solitary, and rugged paths.

Verse 18. - He is swift as the waters. "Locus obscurissimus" (Schulteus). Scarcely any two commentators agree even as to the subject on which Job proceeds to speak. Some regard him as giving his own judgment on the ultimate fate of the wicked; others, as anticipating what his opponents will say on the point. One recent expositor takes the passage as referring to the efforts made by the malefactors of vers. 14-16 to escape from justice, and to the discredit and difficulty in which they involve themselves. Another suggests that Job here calls attention to a fresh class of oppressors, viz. water-thieves (see Strabo, 16:18), who, starting in light boats from some island in a lake or river, plundered the neighbouring lands, making the portions of the landholders worthless, and causing them to neglect the cultivation, even of their vineyards. If we accept this view, the proper translation of the present verse will be, Swift is he (i.e. the water-thief) upon the face of the waters: then is the portion of them who dwell in the land worthless; no one turneth his face toward his vine. yards (see Professor Lee's 'Book of Job,' pp. 153, 378, 379). 24:18-25 Sometimes how gradual is the decay, how quiet the departure of a wicked person, how is he honoured, and how soon are all his cruelties and oppressions forgotten! They are taken off with other men, as the harvestman gathers the ears of corn as they come to hand. There will often appear much to resemble the wrong view of Providence Job takes in this chapter. But we are taught by the word of inspiration, that these notions are formed in ignorance, from partial views. The providence of God, in the affairs of men, is in every thing a just and wise providence. Let us apply this whenever the Lord may try us. He cannot do wrong. The unequalled sorrows of the Son of God when on earth, unless looked at in this view, perplex the mind. But when we behold him, as the sinner's Surety, bearing the curse, we can explain why he should endure that wrath which was due to sin, that Divine justice might be satisfied, and his people saved.
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Alphabetical: are cursed do earth foam goes insignificant is land no not of on one portion so surface that the their they to toward turn vineyards water Yet

OT Poetry: Job 24:18 They are foam on the surface (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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