Ezekiel 44:3
New International Version
The prince himself is the only one who may sit inside the gateway to eat in the presence of the LORD. He is to enter by way of the portico of the gateway and go out the same way."

New Living Translation
Only the prince himself may sit inside this gateway to feast in the LORD's presence. But he may come and go only through the entry room of the gateway."

English Standard Version
Only the prince may sit in it to eat bread before the LORD. He shall enter by way of the vestibule of the gate, and shall go out by the same way.”

Berean Study Bible
Only the prince himself may sit inside the gateway to eat in the presence of the LORD. He must enter by way of the portico of the gateway and go out the same way.”

New American Standard Bible
"As for the prince, he shall sit in it as prince to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by way of the porch of the gate and shall go out by the same way."

King James Bible
It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.

Christian Standard Bible
The prince himself will sit in the gate to eat a meal before the LORD. He is to enter by way of the portico of the gate and go out the same way."

Contemporary English Version
The ruler of Israel may come here to eat a sacrificial meal that has been offered to me, but he must use only the entrance room of this gate.

Good News Translation
The ruling prince, however, may go there to eat a holy meal in my presence. He is to enter and leave the gateway through the entrance room at the inner end."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The prince himself will sit in the gateway to eat a meal before the LORD. He must enter by way of the portico of the gate and go out the same way."

International Standard Version
The Regent Prince will be seated there, as Regent Prince, and will dine in the LORD's presence, entering through the portico of the gate and exiting through it also."

NET Bible
Only the prince may sit in it to eat a sacrificial meal before the LORD; he will enter by way of the porch of the gate and will go out by the same way."

New Heart English Bible
As for the prince, he shall sit in it as prince to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the way of the same."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Only the prince may sit there and eat food in the presence of the LORD. He will enter through the entrance hall of the gateway and leave the same way."

JPS Tanakh 1917
As for the prince, being a prince, he shall sit therein to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.'

New American Standard 1977
“As for the prince, he shall sit in it as prince to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the same way.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate and shall go out by the way of the same.

King James 2000 Bible
It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the same way.

American King James Version
It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.

American Standard Version
As for the prince, he shall sit therein as prince to eat bread before Jehovah; he shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the prince. The prince himself shall sit in it, to eat bread before the Lord: he shall enter in by the way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the same way.

Darby Bible Translation
As for the prince, he, the prince, shall sit in it to eat bread before Jehovah: he shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.

English Revised Version
As for the prince, he shall sit therein as prince to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.

Webster's Bible Translation
It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.

World English Bible
As for the prince, he shall sit therein as prince to eat bread before Yahweh; he shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.

Young's Literal Translation
The prince, who is prince, he sitteth by it to eat bread before Jehovah, by the way of the porch of the gate he cometh in, and by its way he goeth out.'
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The East Gate Assigned to the Prince
2And the LORD said to me, “This gate is to remain shut. It shall not be opened, and no man shall enter through it, because the LORD, the God of Israel, has entered through it. Therefore it will remain shut. 3Only the prince himself may sit inside the gateway to eat in the presence of the LORD. He must enter by way of the portico of the gateway and go out the same way.” 4Then the man brought me to the front of the temple by way of the north gate. I looked and saw the glory of the LORD filling His temple, and I fell facedown.…
Cross References
Genesis 31:54
Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain and invited his kinsmen to eat a meal. And after they had eaten, they spent the night on the mountain.

Exodus 24:9
Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel,

Ezekiel 34:24
I, the LORD, will be their God, and My servant David will be a prince among them. I, the LORD, have spoken.'

Ezekiel 37:25
They will live in the land that I gave to My servant Jacob, where your fathers lived. They will live there forever with their children and grandchildren, and My servant David will be their prince forever.

Ezekiel 40:9
it was eight cubits deep and its jambs were two cubits thick. And the portico of the gateway faced the temple.

Ezekiel 46:2
The prince is to enter from the outside through the portico of the gateway and stand by the gatepost, while the priests sacrifice his burnt offerings and peace offerings. He is to bow in worship at the threshold of the gate and then depart, but the gate must not be shut until evening.

Ezekiel 46:8
When the prince enters, he shall go in through the portico of the gateway, and he shall go out the same way.

Ezekiel 46:12
When the prince makes a freewill offering to the LORD, whether a burnt offering or a peace offering, the gate facing east must be opened for him. He is to offer his burnt offering or peace offering just as he does on the Sabbath day. Then he shall go out, and the gate must be closed after he goes out.

Treasury of Scripture

It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.

for

Ezekiel 46:2,8 And the prince shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate without, …

2 Chronicles 23:13 And she looked, and, behold, the king stood at his pillar at the …

2 Chronicles 34:31 And the king stood in his place, and made a covenant before the LORD, …

the prince It is probable that the prince mentioned here and elsewhere, does not mean the Messiah, but the ruler of the jewish nation for the time being. For it is not only directed where he should sit in the temple, and eat his portion of the sacrifices, and when and how he should go out; but it is also ordered (ch.

Ezekiel 45:22 And on that day shall the prince prepare for himself and for all …

Ezekiel 45:8 In the land shall be his possession in Israel: and my princes shall …

Ezekiel 46:18 Moreover the prince shall not take of the people's inheritance by …

Ezekiel 34:24 And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among …

Ezekiel 37:25 And they shall dwell in the land that I have given to Jacob my servant, …

Zechariah 6:12,13 And speak to him, saying, Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, …

to eat

Genesis 31:54 Then Jacob offered sacrifice on the mount, and called his brothers …

Exodus 24:9-11 Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the …

Deuteronomy 12:7,17,18 And there you shall eat before the LORD your God, and you shall rejoice …

Isaiah 23:18 And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it …

Isaiah 62:9 But they that have gathered it shall eat it, and praise the LORD…

1 Corinthians 10:18 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices …

Revelation 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, …

he shall enter

Ezekiel 40:9 Then measured he the porch of the gate, eight cubits; and the posts …

Ezekiel 46:2,8-1 And the prince shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate without, …







Lexicon
Only the prince
הַנָּשִׂ֗יא (han·nā·śî)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5387: An exalted one, a king, sheik, a rising mist

himself
ה֛וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

may sit
יֵֽשֶׁב־ (yê·šeḇ-)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

inside the gateway
בּ֥וֹ (bōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

to eat
תתן־ (le·’ĕ·ḵāl-)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

in the presence of
לִפְנֵ֣י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

the LORD.
יְהוָ֑ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

He must enter
יָב֔וֹא (yā·ḇō·w)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

by way
מִדֶּ֨רֶךְ (mid·de·reḵ)
Preposition-m | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

of the portico
אֻלָ֤ם (’u·lām)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 197: A vestibule

of the gateway
הַשַּׁ֙עַר֙ (haš·ša·‘ar)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8179: An opening, door, gate

and go out
יֵצֵֽא׃ (yê·ṣê)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

the same way.”
וּמִדַּרְכּ֖וֹ (ū·mid·dar·kōw)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-m | Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action
(3) The prince.--The Rabbis understood this to refer to the Messiah, and unquestionably the same person must be meant as by David in Ezekiel 34:23-24; Ezekiel 37:24. This gives another and a conclusive reason for regarding the sacrificial worship of Ezekiel 46 as symbolical.

To eat bread before the Lord.--This is the common scriptural expression for partaking of the sacrifices (see Genesis 31:54; Exodus 18:12), and there is no reason for restricting it to the shew-bread and other unbloody offerings. The eating of the latter was an exclusively priestly prerogative, and the "prince" of Ezekiel, though greatly distinguished, is not in any way endued with priestly functions. He is to partake of his sacrificial meals within this highly-honoured gate, while the people eat in the outer court. There has been much discussion as to whether the prince was to go in and out by this gateway, or only, having entered by one of the others, to eat in this. The language here seems sufficiently plain, and if there could be any doubt, it would be removed by Ezekiel 46:1-2; Ezekiel 46:8; Ezekiel 46:10; Ezekiel 46:12. It appears there that the prince is always to enter and leave by this gate except "in the solemn feasts;" then he is to enter in the midst of the people, by either the north or the south gate, and go out by the opposite one.

Verse 3. - It is for the prince conveys an erroneous impression, as if the edict, excluding all from passing through the east outer gate, did not apply to the prince; but even for him the gate was not to serve as a mode of entrance into the temple, or, if so, only on exceptional occasions (see on Ezekiel 46:2), but merely as a place to sit in. The Revised Version accurately renders the words, As for the prince, he shall sit therein as prince, etc. That the "prince" here alluded to (הַגָּשִׂיא) could not have been the Prince David, i.e. the Messiah already spoken of (Ezekiel 34:23, 24; Ezekiel 37:24), but must have denoted the civic authorities of the new community of Israel, "the civil head of the theocracy," Havernick infers from Ezekiel 45:8, 9, where the coming "prince" is contrasted with Israel's previous rulers who oppressed their subjects, from the absence of some such characteristic predicate as "shepherd" or "king," which would, he thinks, have been attached to the word "prince" had it been intended to designate Messiah, from the prince's offering for himself a sin offering (Ezekiel 45:22), from the allusion to his sons (Ezekiel 46:16), and from what is recorded about his behavior in worship (Ezekiel 46:2); but none of these statements concerning the "prince' forbids his identification with Messiah, unless on the supposition that it was already understood Messiah should be a Divine-human Personage. This, however, had not then been so distinctly revealed as to be widely and accurately known. Hence it seems enough to say that while the "prince" would have his highest antitype in the Messiah, he would also have, though in a lower and lesser degree, an antitype in every righteous ruler (if ever there should be such) who might subsequently preside over Israel (see on Ezekiel 37:25). The phrase, to eat bread before the Lord, while referring in the first instance to those sacrificial meals which, under the Law, commonly accompanied unbloody offerings, as the meat offerings (Leviticus 2:3), the showbread (Leviticus 24:9), and the unleavened leaves of the Passover (Exodus 12:18; Leviticus 23:6; Numbers 28:17; Deuteronomy 16:3), and could only be partaken of by the priests, in the second instance signified to partake of sacrificial meals in general, even of such as consisted of the portions of flesh which were eaten in connection with ordinary bloody offerings (Genesis 31:54; Exodus 18:12). If, after Kliefoth, the former be adopted as the import of the phrase here, then the thought will be that in the new cultus the prince should enjoy a privilege which under the old was not possessed even by the king; if, after Keil, the second view be preferred, the sense will amount to this, that under the regulations of the future the prince should have the favor accorded him "of holding his sacrificial meals in the gate," whereas the people should only be permitted to hold theirs "in the court," or "in the vicinity of the sacrificial kitchens." The way of the porch is mentioned as the ingress and egress for the prince; which implies that he should obtain access to the outer court by either the north or the south gate, since the outer door of the east gate was shut. This renders it probable that Ezekiel was himself standing on the outside of the east gate (see on ver. 1). 44:1-31 This chapter contains ordinances relative to the true priests. The prince evidently means Christ, and the words in ver. 2, may remind us that no other can enter heaven, the true sanctuary, as Christ did; namely, by virtue of his own excellency, and his personal holiness, righteousness, and strength. He who is the Brightness of Jehovah's glory entered by his own holiness; but that way is shut to the whole human race, and we all must enter as sinners, by faith in his blood, and by the power of his grace.
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 44:3 As for the prince he shall sit (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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