Exodus 2:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Now a priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came to draw water and fill the troughs to water their father's flock.

New Living Translation
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters who came as usual to draw water and fill the water troughs for their father's flocks.

English Standard Version
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came and drew water and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock.

Berean Study Bible
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came to draw water and fill the troughs to water their father’s flock.

New American Standard Bible
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and they came to draw water and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

King James Bible
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

Christian Standard Bible
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters. They came to draw water and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

Contemporary English Version
the seven daughters of Jethro, the priest of Midian, came up to water their father's sheep and goats.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters. They came to draw water and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

International Standard Version
Meanwhile, the seven daughters of a certain Midianite priest would come to draw water in order to fill water troughs for their father's sheep.

NET Bible
Now a priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came and began to draw water and fill the troughs in order to water their father's flock.

New Heart English Bible
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters. They came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
seven daughters of the priest of Midian came. They drew water and filled the troughs to water their father's sheep.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

New American Standard 1977
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and they came to draw water, and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters who came and drew water to fill the troughs to water their father's sheep.

King James 2000 Bible
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

American King James Version
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

American Standard Version
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the priest of Madian had seven daughters, who came to draw water: and when the troughs were filled, desired to water their father's flocks.

Darby Bible Translation
And the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and they came and drew [water], and filled the troughs, to water their father's flock.

English Revised Version
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

World English Bible
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters. They came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

Young's Literal Translation
And to a priest of Midian are seven daughters, and they come and draw, and fill the troughs, to water the flock of their father,
Study Bible
Moses Flees to Midian
15When Pharaoh heard about this matter, he sought to kill Moses. But Moses fled from Pharaoh and settled in the land of Midian, where he sat down beside a well. 16Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came to draw water and fill the troughs to water their father’s flock. 17And when some shepherds came along and drove them away, Moses stood up and came to their rescue and watered their flock.…
Cross References
Genesis 24:11
As evening approached, he made the camels kneel down near the well outside the town, at the time when the women went out to draw water.

Genesis 24:13
Here I am, standing beside the spring, and the daughters of the townspeople are coming out to draw water.

Genesis 29:2
He looked and saw a well in the field, and there by it lay three flocks of sheep, because the sheep were watered from this well. And a large stone covered the mouth of the well.

Genesis 29:6
"Is he well?" Jacob inquired. "Yes," they answered, "and here comes his daughter Rachel with his sheep."

Genesis 29:9
While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father's sheep, for she was a shepherdess.

Genesis 29:10
As soon as Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of his mother's brother Laban, with Laban's sheep, he went up and rolled the stone away from the mouth of the well and watered his uncle's sheep.

Exodus 3:1
Meanwhile, Moses was shepherding the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian. He led the flock to the far side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.

Exodus 18:1
Now Moses' father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian, heard about all that God had done for Moses and His people Israel, and how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

Exodus 18:12
Then Moses' father-in-law Jethro brought a burnt offering and sacrifices to God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat bread with Moses' father-in-law in the presence of God.

1 Samuel 9:11
And as they were climbing the hill to the city, they met some young women coming out to draw water and asked, "Is the seer here?"

Treasury of Scripture

Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

the priest. or prince.

Exodus 3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest …

Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he …

Genesis 41:45 And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnathpaaneah; and he gave him …

they came.

Genesis 24:11,14-20 And he made his camels to kneel down without the city by a well of …

Genesis 29:6-10 And he said to them, Is he well? And they said, He is well: and, …

1 Samuel 9:11 And as they went up the hill to the city, they found young maidens …







(16) The priest of Midian.--Reuel may have been both "priest" and "prince," like Melchizedek (Genesis 14:18); but there is no reason to doubt that he is here called "priest." In Exodus 18:12, Jethro is represented as exercising priestly functions. The Midianites, descendants of Abraham by Keturah, worshipped the true God, and seem to have been at this time a religious people. The name Reuel, or Raguel, means "friend of God." Jethro's sacrifices were "for God," and Aaron and the elders eat bread with him "before God."

They came and drew water.--Comp. Genesis 29:9. According to Oriental ideas, there is nothing derogatory in the daughters of a chief so acting.

Verses 16-22. - LIFE OF MOSES IN MIDIAN. Fugitives from Egypt generally took the northern route from Pelusium or Migdol to Gaza, and so to Syria, or the regions beyond. But in this quarter they were liable to be arrested and sent back to the Egyptian monarch. Rameses II: put a special clause to this effect into his treaty with the contemporary Hittite king (Brugsch, 'History of Egypt,' vol. 2 p. 73). It was, perhaps, the fear of extradition which made Moses turn his steps southeastward, and proceed along the route, or at any rate in the direction, which he afterwards took with his nation. Though Egypt had possessions in the Sinaitic peninsula, it was not difficult to avoid them; and before Sinai was reached the fugitive would be in complete safety, for the Egyptians seem never to have penetrated to the southern or eastern parts of the great triangle. "The well," by which Moses took up his abode, is placed with some probability in the neighbourhood of Sherm, about ten miles north-east of Ras Mahommed, the southern cape of the peninsula Verse 16. - The priest of Midian. Cohen is certainly "priest" here, and not "prince," since the father-in-law of Moses exercises priestly functions in Exodus 18:12. His seven daughters drew water for his flock, in accordance with Eastern custom. So Rachel "kept the sheep" of her father Laban, and watered them (Genesis 29:9). Such a practice agrees well with the simplicity of primitive times and peoples; nor would it even at the present day be regarded as strange in Arabia. Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters,.... Who being a descendant of Abraham might have retained the knowledge of the true God, and might be a priest of his, as Melchizedek was, or otherwise it may be thought improbable that Moses would have married his daughter, as he afterwards did; and so Aben Ezra says, he was a priest of God; though the word is sometimes used of a prince, ruler, and governor; and is so rendered here by the Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan; and Artapanus (r), an Heathen writer, expressly calls him a "prince" of those places, that is, of Arabia; he might be both prince and priest, as Melchizedek before mentioned was, and as has been the usage of many countries:

and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock; which is no contradiction to their being daughters either of a priest or a prince, which were both high titles and characters; since it was usual in those early times, and in those countries, for the sons and daughters of considerable persons to be employed in such services; See Gill on Genesis 29:9.

(r) Ut supra, (Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 27.) p. 434. 16-22. the priest of Midian—or, "prince of Midian." As the officers were usually conjoined, he was the ruler also of the people called Cushites or Ethiopians, and like many other chiefs of pastoral people in that early age, he still retained the faith and worship of the true God.

seven daughters—were shepherdesses to whom Moses was favorably introduced by an act of courtesy and courage in protecting them from the rude shepherds of some neighboring tribe at a well. He afterwards formed a close and permanent alliance with this family by marrying one of the daughters, Zipporah, "a little bird," called a Cushite or Ethiopian (Nu 12:1), and whom Moses doubtless obtained in the manner of Jacob by service [see Ex 3:1]. He had by her two sons, whose names were, according to common practice, commemorative of incidents in the family history [Ex 18:3, 4].2:16-22 Moses found shelter in Midian. He was ready to help Reuel's daughters to water their flocks, although bred in learning and at court. Moses loved to be doing justice, and to act in defence of such as he saw injured, which every man ought to do, as far as it is in his power. He loved to be doing good; wherever the providence of God casts us, we should desire and try to be useful; and when we cannot do the good we would, we must be ready to do the good we can. Moses commended himself to the prince of Midian; who married one of his daughters to Moses, by whom he had a son, called Gershom, a stranger there, that he might keep in remembrance the land in which he had been a stranger.
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