Exodus 19:22
New International Version
Even the priests, who approach the LORD, must consecrate themselves, or the LORD will break out against them."

New Living Translation
Even the priests who regularly come near to the LORD must purify themselves so that the LORD does not break out and destroy them."

English Standard Version
Also let the priests who come near to the LORD consecrate themselves, lest the LORD break out against them.”

Berean Study Bible
Even the priests who come near the LORD must consecrate themselves, or the LORD will break out against them.”

New American Standard Bible
"Also let the priests who come near to the LORD consecrate themselves, or else the LORD will break out against them."

King James Bible
And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

Christian Standard Bible
Even the priests who come near the LORD must consecrate themselves, or the LORD will break out in anger against them."

Contemporary English Version
Only the priests may come near me, and they must obey strict rules before I let them. If they don't, they will be punished."

Good News Translation
Even the priests who come near me must purify themselves, or I will punish them."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Even the priests who come near the LORD must purify themselves or the LORD will break out in anger against them."

International Standard Version
Even the priests who approach the LORD must consecrate themselves. Otherwise, the LORD will attack them."

NET Bible
Let the priests also, who approach the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break through against them."

New Heart English Bible
Let the priests also, who come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth on them."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Even the priests who are allowed to come near the LORD must set themselves apart as holy, or the LORD will violently kill them."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And let the priests also, that come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.'

New American Standard 1977
“And also let the priests who come near to the LORD consecrate themselves, lest the LORD break out against them.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And also let the priests who come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves lest the LORD break forth upon them.

King James 2000 Bible
And let the priests also, who come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

American King James Version
And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth on them.

American Standard Version
And let the priests also, that come near to Jehovah, sanctify themselves, lest Jehovah break forth upon them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And let the priests that draw nigh to the Lord God sanctify themselves, lest he destroy some of them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The priests also that come to the Lord, let them be sanctified, lest he strike them.

Darby Bible Translation
And the priests also, who come near to Jehovah, shall hallow themselves, lest Jehovah break forth on them.

English Revised Version
And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And let the priests also who come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

World English Bible
Let the priests also, who come near to Yahweh, sanctify themselves, lest Yahweh break forth on them."

Young's Literal Translation
and also the priests who are coming nigh unto Jehovah do sanctify themselves, lest Jehovah break forth on them.'
Study Bible
The LORD Visits Sinai
21and the LORD said to him, “Go down and warn the people not to break through to see the LORD, lest many of them perish. 22Even the priests who come near the LORD must consecrate themselves, or the LORD will break out against them.” 23But Moses said to the LORD, “The people cannot come up Mount Sinai, for You solemnly warned us, ‘Put a boundary around the mountain and set it apart as holy.’”…
Cross References
Exodus 19:24
And the LORD replied, "Go down and bring Aaron with you. But the priests and the people must not break through to come up to the LORD, or He will break out against them."

Exodus 24:5
Then he sent out some young men of Israel, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as peace offerings to the LORD.

Leviticus 10:3
Then Moses said to Aaron, "This is what the LORD meant when He said: 'To those who come near Me I will show My holiness, and in the sight of all the people I will reveal My glory.'" But Aaron remained silent.

Leviticus 21:6
They must be holy to their God and not profane the name of their God. For they present the offerings made by fire to the LORD, the food of their God. So they must be holy.

Numbers 11:18
And say to the people: Consecrate yourselves for tomorrow, and you will eat meat, because you have cried out in the hearing of the LORD, saying, 'Who will feed us meat? For we were better off in Egypt.' Therefore the LORD will give you meat, and you will eat.

Treasury of Scripture

And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth on them.

the priests

Exodus 24:5
And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD.

Leviticus 10:1-3
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not…

Isaiah 52:11
Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean thing; go ye out of the midst of her; be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the LORD.

sanctify

Exodus 19:5,14,15
Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: …

break

2 Samuel 6:6-8
And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it

1 Chronicles 13:9-11
And when they came unto the threshingfloor of Chidon, Uzza put forth his hand to hold the ark; for the oxen stumbled…

1 Chronicles 15:13
For because ye did it not at the first, the LORD our God made a breach upon us, for that we sought him not after the due order.







Lexicon
Even
וְגַ֧ם (wə·ḡam)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

the priests
הַכֹּהֲנִ֛ים (hak·kō·hă·nîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest

who come near
הַנִּגָּשִׁ֥ים (han·nig·gā·šîm)
Article | Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5066: To draw near, approach

the LORD
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

must consecrate themselves,
יִתְקַדָּ֑שׁוּ (yiṯ·qad·dā·šū)
Verb - Hitpael - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6942: To be set apart or consecrated

or
פֶּן־ (pen-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 6435: Removal, lest

the LORD
יְהוָֽה׃ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

will break out
יִפְרֹ֥ץ (yip̄·rōṣ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6555: To break through

against them.”
בָּהֶ֖ם (bā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew
(22) The priests.--This has been called an anachronism, since the Levitical priesthood was not as yet instituted. But the Israelites, like all other ancient tribes or races, must have had priests long ere this, appointed upon one principle or another. It is a reasonable conjecture that hitherto the heads of families had exercised sacerdotal functions.

Break forth--i.e., punish in some open and manifest way. Compare the "breach" upon Uzzah (2Samuel 6:8).

Verse 22. - Let the priests also. It has been objected, that no priests had been as yet appointed, and that we have here therefore an anachronism. But every nation in ancient times had priests, appointed on one principle or another: and the Levitical priesthood must be regarded as having superseded one previously existent, not as the first priesthood known to Israel. We have a second mention of priests, previous to the appointment of Aaron's sons to the office (in Exodus 24:5), which confirms the present passage. Sanctify themselves. The verb used is identical with that which occurs in ver. 10; and there is no reason to believe that any different sanctification was intended. The natural inference is that the priests had neglected to sanctify themselves. (See the introductory paragraph.) Lest the Lord break forth. Compare 2 Samuel 6:8, where we have an instance of such a "breaking forth" upon Uzzah. 19:16-25 Never was there such a sermon preached, before or since, as this which was preached to the church in the wilderness. It might be supposed that the terrors would have checked presumption and curiosity in the people; but the hard heart of an unawakened sinner can trifle with the most terrible threatenings and judgments. In drawing near to God, we must never forget his holiness and greatness, nor our own meanness and pollution. We cannot stand in judgment before him according to his righteous law. The convinced transgressor asks, What must I do to be saved? and he hears the voice, Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved. The Holy Ghost, who made the law to convince of sin, now takes of the things of Christ, and shows them to us. In the gospel we read, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us. We have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins. Through him we are justified from all things, from which we could not be justified by the law of Moses. But the Divine law is binding as a rule of life. The Son of God came down from heaven, and suffered poverty, shame, agony, and death, not only to redeem us from its curse, but to bind us more closely to keep its commands.
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