Deuteronomy 26:12
New International Version
When you have finished setting aside a tenth of all your produce in the third year, the year of the tithe, you shall give it to the Levite, the foreigner, the fatherless and the widow, so that they may eat in your towns and be satisfied.

New Living Translation
"Every third year you must offer a special tithe of your crops. In this year of the special tithe you must give your tithes to the Levites, foreigners, orphans, and widows, so that they will have enough to eat in your towns.

English Standard Version
“When you have finished paying all the tithe of your produce in the third year, which is the year of tithing, giving it to the Levite, the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow, so that they may eat within your towns and be filled,

Berean Study Bible
When you have finished laying aside a tenth of all of your produce in the third year, the year of the tithe, you are to give it to the Levite, the foreigner, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat and be filled within your gates.

New American Standard Bible
"When you have finished paying all the tithe of your increase in the third year, the year of tithing, then you shall give it to the Levite, to the stranger, to the orphan and to the widow, that they may eat in your towns and be satisfied.

King James Bible
When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thine increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled;

Christian Standard Bible
"When you have finished paying all the tenth of your produce in the third year, the year of the tenth, you are to give it to the Levites, resident aliens, fatherless children and widows, so that they may eat in your towns and be satisfied.

Contemporary English Version
Every year you are to give ten percent of your harvest to the LORD. But every third year, this ten percent must be given to the poor who live in your town, including Levites, foreigners, orphans, and widows. That way, they will have enough to eat.

Good News Translation
"Every third year give the tithe--a tenth of your crops--to the Levites, the foreigners, the orphans, and the widows, so that in every community they will have all they need to eat. When you have done this,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When you have finished paying all the tenth of your produce in the third year, the year of the tenth, you are to give it to the Levite, the foreigner, the fatherless, and the widow, so that they may eat in your towns and be satisfied.

International Standard Version
"When you have finished your harvest, reserve the tithe in the third year (the year of the tithe), and give the entire tithe to the descendants of Levi, to the foreigners, to the orphans, and to the widows, so they may eat and be satisfied in your cities.

NET Bible
When you finish tithing all your income in the third year (the year of tithing), you must give it to the Levites, the resident foreigners, the orphans, and the widows so that they may eat to their satisfaction in your villages.

New Heart English Bible
When you have made an end of tithing all the tithe of your increase in the third year, which is the year of tithing, then you shall give it to the Levite, to the foreigner, to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat within your gates, and be filled.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Every third year is the year when you will store a tenth of that year's crops [in your houses]. During that year distribute what you have stored to the Levites, foreigners, orphans, and widows in your cities, and they may eat all they want.

JPS Tanakh 1917
When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithe of thine increase in the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it unto the Levite, to the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be satisfied,

New American Standard 1977
“When you have finished paying all the tithe of your increase in the third year, the year of tithing, then you shall give it to the Levite, to the stranger, to the orphan and to the widow, that they may eat in your towns, and be satisfied.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thy fruits the third year, which is the year of tithing and hast given it unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates and be filled;

King James 2000 Bible
When you have finished tithing all the tithes of your increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and have given it unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within your gates, and be filled;

American King James Version
When you have made an end of tithing all the tithes of your increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and have given it to the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within your gates, and be filled;

American Standard Version
When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithe of thine increase in the third year, which is the year of tithing, then thou shalt give it unto the Levite, to the sojourner, to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And when thou shalt have completed all the tithings of thy fruits in the third year, thou shalt give the second tenth to the Levite, and stranger, and fatherless, and widow; and they shall eat it in thy cities, and be merry.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When thou hast made an end of tithing all thy fruits, in the third year of tithes thou shalt give it to the Levite, and to the stranger, and to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled:

Darby Bible Translation
When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thy produce in the third year, the year of tithing, thou shalt give it to the Levite, to the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat in thy gates, and be filled;

English Revised Version
When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithe of thine increase in the third year, which is the year of tithing, then thou shalt give it unto the Levite, to the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled;

Webster's Bible Translation
When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thy increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it to the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled:

World English Bible
When you have made an end of tithing all the tithe of your increase in the third year, which is the year of tithing, then you shall give it to the Levite, to the foreigner, to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat within your gates, and be filled.

Young's Literal Translation
'When thou dost complete to tithe all the tithe of thine increase in the third year, the year of the tithe, then thou hast given to the Levite, to the sojourner, to the fatherless, and to the widow, and they have eaten within thy gates, and been satisfied,
Study Bible
Offering Firstfruits and Tithes
11So you shall rejoice—you, the Levite, and the foreigner dwelling among you—in all the good things the LORD your God has given to you and your household. 12When you have finished laying aside a tenth of all of your produce in the third year, the year of the tithe, you are to give it to the Levite, the foreigner, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat and be filled within your gates. 13Then you shall declare in the presence of the LORD your God, “I have removed from my house the sacred portion and have given it to the Levite, the foreigner, the fatherless, and the widow, according to all the commandments You have given me. I have not transgressed or forgotten Your commandments.…
Cross References
Hebrews 7:5
Now the Law commands the sons of Levi who become priests to collect a tenth from the people (that is, their brothers), even though they are descended from Abraham.

Hebrews 7:9
And so to speak, Levi, who collects the tenth, paid the tenth through Abraham.

Leviticus 27:30
Thus any the tithe from the land, whether from the seed of the land or the fruit of the trees, belongs to the LORD; it is holy to the LORD.

Numbers 18:24
For I have given the Levites as their inheritance the tenth that the Israelites present to the LORD as a contribution. That is why I told them that they would not receive an inheritance among the Israelites."

Deuteronomy 14:28
At the end of every three years, bring a tenth of all your produce for that year and lay it up within your gates.

Deuteronomy 14:29
Then the Levite (because he has no portion or inheritance among you), the foreigner, the fatherless, and the widow within your gates may come and eat and be satisfied. And the LORD your God will bless you in all the work of your hands.

Treasury of Scripture

When you have made an end of tithing all the tithes of your increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and have given it to the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within your gates, and be filled;

the tithes

Leviticus 27:30
And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD'S: it is holy unto the LORD.

Numbers 18:24
But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.

the third

Deuteronomy 14:22-29
Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year…

hast given it

Deuteronomy 12:17-19
Thou mayest not eat within thy gates the tithe of thy corn, or of thy wine, or of thy oil, or the firstlings of thy herds or of thy flock, nor any of thy vows which thou vowest, nor thy freewill offerings, or heave offering of thine hand: …

Deuteronomy 16:14
And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates.

Proverbs 14:21
He that despiseth his neighbour sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy is he.







Lexicon
When
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

you have finished laying aside
תְכַלֶּ֞ה (ṯə·ḵal·leh)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3615: To be complete, at an end, finished, accomplished, or spent

a tenth
מַעְשַׂ֧ר (ma‘·śar)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4643: Tenth part, tithe

of all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

of your produce
תְּבוּאָתְךָ֛ (tə·ḇū·’ā·ṯə·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8393: Product, revenue

in the third
הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֖ת (haš·šə·lî·šiṯ)
Article | Number - ordinal feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7992: Third, feminine a, third, a third, a third-story cell)

year,
בַּשָּׁנָ֥ה (baš·šā·nāh)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

the year
שְׁנַ֣ת (šə·naṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

of the tithe,
הַֽמַּעֲשֵׂ֑ר (ham·ma·‘ă·śêr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4643: Tenth part, tithe

you are to give
וְנָתַתָּ֣ה (wə·nā·ṯat·tāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

it to the Levite,
לַלֵּוִ֗י (lal·lê·wî)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3881: Levites -- descendant of Levi

the foreigner,
לַגֵּר֙ (lag·gêr)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1616: A guest, a foreigner

the fatherless,
לַיָּת֣וֹם (lay·yā·ṯō·wm)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3490: A bereaved person

and the widow,
וְלָֽאַלְמָנָ֔ה (wə·lā·’al·mā·nāh)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 490: A widow, a desolate place

that they may eat
וְאָכְל֥וּ (wə·’ā·ḵə·lū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

and be filled
וְשָׂבֵֽעוּ׃ (wə·śā·ḇê·‘ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 7646: To be sated, satisfied or surfeited

within your gates.
בִשְׁעָרֶ֖יךָ (ḇiš·‘ā·re·ḵā)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8179: An opening, door, gate
Deuteronomy 26:12-15. DECLARATION OF THE TITHE.

(12) When thou hast made an end.--The time fixed for making the confession prescribed in Deuteronomy 26:13-15, according to Jewish usage, was the Passover-eve of the fourth year, i.e., the first feast after the completion of the year of tithing. It would seem that something was still to be gathered from the trees after the Feast of Tabernacles, and thus there would still be some produce untithed at that feast in any given year. But the tithe of the third year must be separated to the very last item before the Passover of the fourth.

The third year, which is the year of tithing.--See Deuteronomy 14:28-29. In the third and sixth years, the second tithe, which in other years was eaten by the owners (in kind or value) at Jerusalem, was given to the poor, and was called the poor's tithe. In Talmudical language, the Ma'aser ani took the place of Ma'aser sheni in these years.

Thus the words "and hast given it unto the Levite," are applied to the first tithe, which was never omitted, and which is prescribed by Numbers 18. The words that follow, "the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow," are interpreted of the poor's tithe. The prescribed confession is not to be made until all the tithe has been given, both first and second, i.e., the annual tithe to the Levites, and the second, which was in these years devoted to the poor.

That they may eat within thy gates, and be filled.--The quantity with which they were to be satisfied was duly prescribed by the Jewish scribes!

(13) Thou shalt say before the Lord thy God, I have brought away.--Literally, I have consumed, or burned out. It is the same strong word used so frequently in this book for "putting away" evil, and from which the name Taberah, "burning," is derived. It is taken by Jewish commentators to include everything that could possibly be required as holy under any law, whether tithe, or firstfruit of trees not yet made common, or anything that from any cause had not been brought to Jerusalem during the three previous years.

I . . . have given . . . unto the Levite (the first tithe), and unto the stranger. . . . (the poor's tithe).--Rashi.

According to all thy commandments--i.e., "giving everything in its due order" (Rashi). The following words are also taken to refer to the details of the law respecting these matters.

(14) I have not eaten thereof in my mourning.--"When I was clean and they were unclean, or when they were clean and I was unclean" (Rashi). The tomb or presence of a dead body made both persons and things unclean (Numbers 19).

Neither have I taken away.--Literally, consumed any of them in uncleanness.

Nor given ought thereof for (or to) the dead.--Rashi explains, "to provide for him a coffin or grave-clothes." Another explanation, which is certainly possible, is, "I have not made any offering to an idol from them." "They joined themselves to Baal-peor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead" (Psalm 106:28).

I have hearkened . . . and have done according to all that thou hast commanded me.--A claim which might be truly made as to outward observances and requirements. I am therefore the more disposed to take the confession in these verses in its most literal sense, and to limit it to the particular things with which it was connected--the tithes and offerings.

(15) Look down from thy holy habitation, from heaven.--A phrase like this occurs frequently in Solomon's prayer; but there is a difference there in the Hebrew, which is less beautiful than in this place. The exact phrase is found in 2Chronicles 30:27. And in 2Chronicles 36:15, we have "His dwelling-place" applied to Jerusalem and the Temple. This suggests that the thought here may be twofold. Look down from the dwelling-place of Thy holiness here below, and not only thence, but from thine own dwelling-place in heaven.

And bless thy people Israel, and the land (literally, the ground) which thou hast given us.--"We have done what Thou hast decreed for us. Do Thou that which it rests with Thee to do" (Rashi).

Verses 12-15. - On the occasion of presenting the tithes, a special service was also to be made. The tithe here referred to is the vegetable or predial tithe, which, at the end of each third year, as here prescribed, was to be converted into a gift to the poor and needy. This, properly the second tithe (LXX., τὸ δεύτερον ἐπιδέκατον), but usually called the third tithe (Tobit 1:7, 8; Josephus, 'Antiq.,' 4:8, 22), is quite distinct from the Levitical tithe prescribed in Leviticus 27:30-33 and Numbers 18:21-32; and it is a mistake to suppose that the law here was designed to contravene or supersede that in the earlier books (see Kitto, 'Bibl. Cycl.,' 3:1010). As this tithe completed the triennial series of tithes which the Israelites had to offer, it was fitting that in presenting it a solemn declaration should be made by the offerer to the effect that he had honorably and conscientiously discharged all the obligations in this respect which the Law laid upon him. Verse 12. - The third year, which is the year of tithing. As each week ended with a Sabbath, so a sabbatical year ended each cycle or week of years; and as on it no tithes were levied, "the year of tithing" here specified would be the third and the sixth years in each septennial period. 26:12-15 How should the earth yield its increase, or, if it does, what comfort can we take in it, unless therewith our God gives us his blessing? All this represented the covenant relation between a reconciled God and every true believer, and the privileges and duties belonging to it. We must be watchful, and show that according to the covenant of grace in Christ Jesus, the Lord is our God, and we are his people, waiting in his appointed way for the performance of his gracious promises.
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