Leviticus 25:4
New International Version
But in the seventh year the land is to have a year of sabbath rest, a sabbath to the LORD. Do not sow your fields or prune your vineyards.

New Living Translation
but during the seventh year the land must have a Sabbath year of complete rest. It is the LORD’s Sabbath. Do not plant your fields or prune your vineyards during that year.

English Standard Version
but in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a Sabbath to the LORD. You shall not sow your field or prune your vineyard.

Berean Study Bible
But in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of complete rest for the land—a Sabbath to the LORD. You are not to sow your field or prune your vineyard.

King James Bible
But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.

New King James Version
but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to the LORD. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

New American Standard Bible
but during the seventh year the land shall have a Sabbath rest, a Sabbath to the LORD; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

NASB 1995
but during the seventh year the land shall have a sabbath rest, a sabbath to the LORD; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

NASB 1977
but during the seventh year the land shall have a sabbath rest, a sabbath to the LORD; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

Amplified Bible
But in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of rest for the land, a Sabbath to the LORD; you shall not sow [seed in] your field nor prune your vineyard.

Christian Standard Bible
But there will be a Sabbath of complete rest for the land in the seventh year, a Sabbath to the LORD: you are not to sow your field or prune your vineyard.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But there will be a Sabbath of complete rest for the land in the seventh year, a Sabbath to the LORD: you are not to sow your field or prune your vineyard.

American Standard Version
but in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath unto Jehovah: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the seventh year shall be a Sabbath rest to the land and there shall be to you a Sabbath for LORD JEHOVAH; you shall not sow your fields and you shall not prune your vineyards.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath, it shall be a rest to the land, a sabbath to the Lord: thou shalt not sow thy field, and thou shalt not prune thy vine.

Contemporary English Version
but the seventh year you must let your fields and vineyards rest in honor of me, your LORD.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath to the land, of the resting of the Lord: thou shalt not sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.

English Revised Version
but in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath unto the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.

Good News Translation
But the seventh year is to be a year of complete rest for the land, a year dedicated to the LORD. Do not plant your fields or prune your vineyards.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
However, the seventh year will be a festival year for the land. It will be a year to honor the LORD. Don't plant crops in your fields or prune your vineyards.

International Standard Version
But the seventh year is to be a Sabbath of rest for the land—a Sabbath for the LORD. You are not to plant your field or prune your vineyard.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath unto the LORD; thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.

Literal Standard Version
and in the seventh year is a Sabbath of rest for the land, a Sabbath to YHWH; you do not sow your field, and you do not prune your vineyard;

NET Bible
but in the seventh year the land must have a Sabbath of complete rest--a Sabbath to the LORD. You must not sow your field or prune your vineyard.

New Heart English Bible
but in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a Sabbath to the LORD. You shall not sow your field or prune your vineyard.

World English Bible
but in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a Sabbath to Yahweh. You shall not sow your field or prune your vineyard.

Young's Literal Translation
and in the seventh year a sabbath of rest is to the land, a sabbath to Jehovah; thy field thou dost not sow, and thy vineyard thou dost not prune;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Sabbatical Year
3For six years you may sow your field and prune your vineyard and gather its crops. 4But in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of complete rest for the land— a Sabbath to the LORD. You are not to sow your field or prune your vineyard. 5You are not to reap the aftergrowth of your harvest or gather the grapes of your untended vines. The land must have a year of complete rest.…

Cross References
Leviticus 25:5
You are not to reap the aftergrowth of your harvest or gather the grapes of your untended vines. The land must have a year of complete rest.

Leviticus 25:20
Now you may wonder, 'What will we eat in the seventh year if we do not sow or gather our produce?'

2 Chronicles 36:21
So the land enjoyed its Sabbath rest all the days of the desolation, until seventy years were completed, in fulfillment of the word of the LORD through Jeremiah.


Treasury of Scripture

But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest to the land, a sabbath for the LORD: you shall neither sow your field, nor prune your vineyard.

Leviticus 25:20-23
And if ye shall say, What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we shall not sow, nor gather in our increase: …

Leviticus 26:34,35,43
Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye be in your enemies' land; even then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths…

Exodus 23:10,11
And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof: …









(4) The seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest.--Literally, the seventh year shall be a rest of solemn resting, or a sabbath of sabbaths. For the import of this phrase see Note on Leviticus 16:31. Like the weekly sabbath, the seventh year is to be the Lord's sabbath. The soil is therefore to have a perfect rest.

Thou shalt neither sow thy field.--What constitutes cultivation, and how much of labour was regarded as transgressing this law, may be seen from the following canons which obtained during the second Temple. No one was allowed to plant trees in the sabbatical year, nor to cut off dried-up branches, to break off withered leaves, to smoke under the plants in order to kill the insects, nor to besmear the unripe fruit with any kind of soil in order to protect them, &c. Any one who committed one of these things received the prescribed number of stripes. As much land, however, might be cultivated as was required for the payment of taxes as well as for growing the barley required for the omer or wave sheaf at the Passover, and wheat for the two wave-loaves at Pentecost.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
But in the seventh
הַשְּׁבִיעִ֗ת (haš·šə·ḇî·‘iṯ)
Article | Number - ordinal feminine singular
Strong's 7637: Seventh (an ordinal number)

year
וּבַשָּׁנָ֣ה (ū·ḇaš·šā·nāh)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8141: A year

{there shall} be
יִהְיֶ֣ה (yih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

a Sabbath
שַׁבַּ֤ת (šab·baṯ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's 7676: Intermission, the Sabbath

of complete rest
שַׁבָּתוֹן֙ (šab·bā·ṯō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7677: Sabbath observance, sabbatism

for the land—
לָאָ֔רֶץ (lā·’ā·reṣ)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 776: Earth, land

a Sabbath
שַׁבָּ֖ת (šab·bāṯ)
Noun - common singular
Strong's 7676: Intermission, the Sabbath

to the LORD.
לַיהוָ֑ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

You are not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

to sow
תִזְרָ֔ע (ṯiz·rā‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 2232: To sow, to disseminate, plant, fructify

your field
שָֽׂדְךָ֙ (śā·ḏə·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 7704: Field, land

or prune
תִזְמֹֽר׃ (ṯiz·mōr)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 2168: To trim, prune

your vineyard.
וְכַרְמְךָ֖ (wə·ḵar·mə·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 3754: A garden, vineyard


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OT Law: Leviticus 25:4 But in the seventh year there shall (Le Lv Lev.)
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