Leviticus 16:31
New International Version
It is a day of sabbath rest, and you must deny yourselves; it is a lasting ordinance.

New Living Translation
It will be a Sabbath day of complete rest for you, and you must deny yourselves. This is a permanent law for you.

English Standard Version
It is a Sabbath of solemn rest to you, and you shall afflict yourselves; it is a statute forever.

Berean Study Bible
It is a Sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble yourselves; it is a permanent statute.

New American Standard Bible
"It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute.

New King James Version
It is a sabbath of solemn rest for you, and you shall afflict your souls. It is a statute forever.

King James Bible
It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.

Christian Standard Bible
It is a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must practice self-denial; it is a permanent statute.

Contemporary English Version
and from now on, it must be celebrated each year. Go without eating and make this a day of complete rest just like the Sabbath.

Good News Translation
That day is to be a very holy day, one on which they fast and do no work at all. These regulations are to be observed for all time to come.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
It is a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must practice self-denial; it is a permanent statute.

International Standard Version
It's the Sabbath of all Sabbaths for you, so humble yourselves. This is to be a perpetual statute.

NET Bible
It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves. It is a perpetual statute.

New Heart English Bible
It is a Sabbath of solemn rest to you, and you shall afflict your souls; it is a statute forever.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is the most important worship festival there is for you. You will humble yourselves. It is a permanent law.

JPS Tanakh 1917
It is a sabbath of solemn rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls; it is a statute for ever.

New American Standard 1977
“It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute.

Jubilee Bible 2000
It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a perpetual statute.

King James 2000 Bible
It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and you shall humble yourselves, by a statute forever.

American King James Version
It shall be a sabbath of rest to you, and you shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.

American Standard Version
It is a sabbath of solemn rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls; it is a statute for ever.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
This shall be to you a most holy sabbath, a rest, and ye shall humble your souls; it is a perpetual ordinance.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For it is a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls by a perpetual religion.

Darby Bible Translation
A sabbath of rest shall it be unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls: [it is] an everlasting statute.

English Revised Version
It is a sabbath of solemn rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls; it is a statute for ever.

Webster's Bible Translation
It shall be a sabbath of rest to you, and ye shall afflict your souls by a statute for ever.

World English Bible
It is a Sabbath of solemn rest to you, and you shall afflict your souls; it is a statute forever.

Young's Literal Translation
it is to you a sabbath of rest, and ye have humbled yourselves -- a statute age-during.
Study Bible
The Day of Atonement
30because on this day atonement will be made for you to cleanse you, and you will be clean from all your sins before the LORD. 31It is a Sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute. 32The priest who is anointed and ordained to succeed his father as high priest shall make atonement. He will put on the sacred linen garments…
Cross References
Leviticus 23:32
It will be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you shall humble your souls. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your Sabbath."

Ezra 8:21
And there by the Ahava Canal, I proclaimed a fast, so that we might humble ourselves before our God and ask Him for a safe journey for us and our children, with all our possessions.

Isaiah 58:3
"Why have we fasted, and You have not seen? Why have we humbled ourselves, and You have not noticed?" "Behold, on the day of your fast, you do as you please, and you oppress all your workers.

Isaiah 58:5
Is this the fast I have chosen, a day for a man to deny himself, to bow his head like a reed, and to spread out sackcloth and ashes? Will you call this a fast and a day acceptable to the LORD?

Daniel 10:12
"Do not be afraid, Daniel," he said, "for from the first day that you purposed to understand and to humble yourself before your God, your words were heard, and I have come in response to them.

Treasury of Scripture

It shall be a sabbath of rest to you, and you shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.

Leviticus 23:32
It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

Leviticus 25:4
But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.

Exodus 31:15
Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.







Lexicon
It
הִיא֙ (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

is a Sabbath
שַׁבַּ֨ת (šab·baṯ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7676: Intermission, the Sabbath

of solemn rest
שַׁבָּת֥וֹן (šab·bā·ṯō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7677: Sabbath observance, sabbatism

for you,
לָכֶ֔ם (lā·ḵem)
Preposition | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

that you may humble
וְעִנִּיתֶ֖ם (wə·‘in·nî·ṯem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6031: To be bowed down or afflicted

your souls;
נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶ֑ם (nap̄·šō·ṯê·ḵem)
Noun - feminine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

it is a permanent
עוֹלָֽם׃ (‘ō·w·lām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5769: Concealed, eternity, frequentatively, always

statute.
חֻקַּ֖ת (ḥuq·qaṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2708: Something prescribed, an enactment, statute
(31) It shall be a Sabbath of rest unto you.--Literally, a resting day of solemn resting, a Sabbath of Sabbaths, i.e., a day of complete and perfect rest. This phrase, which occurs six times in the Bible, is only applied to weekly Sabbaths (Exodus 16:23; Exodus 31:15; Exodus 35:2; Leviticus 23:3), the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:31; Leviticus 23:32), and to the Sabbatical year, or the year of Jubilee (Leviticus 25:4), but not to the other festivals.

16:15-34 Here are typified the two great gospel privileges, of the remission of sin, and access to God, both of which we owe to our Lord Jesus. See the expiation of guilt. Christ is both the Maker and the Matter of the atonement; for he is the Priest, the High Priest, that makes reconciliation for the sins of the people. And as Christ is the High Priest, so he is the Sacrifice with which atonement is made; for he is all in all in our reconciliation to God. Thus he was figured by the two goats. The slain goat was a type of Christ dying for our sins; the scape-goat a type of Christ rising again for our justification. The atonement is said to be completed by putting the sins of Israel upon the head of the goat, which was sent away into a wilderness, a land not inhabited; and the sending away of the goat represented the free and full remission of their sins. He shall bear upon him all their iniquities. Thus Christ, the Lamb of God, takes away the sin of the world, by taking it upon himself, Joh 1:29. The entrance into heaven, which Christ made for us, was typified by the high priest's entrance into the most holy place. See Heb 9:7. The high priest was to come out again; but our Lord Jesus ever lives, making intercession, and always appears in the presence of God for us. Here are typified the two great gospel duties of faith and repentance. By faith we put our hands upon the head of the offering; relying on Christ as the Lord our Righteousness, pleading his satisfaction, as that which alone is able to atone for our sins, and procure us a pardon. By repentance we afflict our souls; not only fasting for a time from the delights of the body, but inwardly sorrowing for sin, and living a life of self-denial, assuring ourselves, that if we confess our sins, God is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. By the atonement we obtain rest for our souls, and all the glorious liberties of the children of God. Sinner, get the blood of Christ effectually applied to thy soul, or else thou canst never look God in the face with any comfort or acceptance. Take this blood of Christ, apply it by faith, and see how it atones with God.
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