Leviticus 23:32
New International Version
It is a day of sabbath rest for you, and you must deny yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath."

New Living Translation
This will be a Sabbath day of complete rest for you, and on that day you must deny yourselves. This day of rest will begin at sundown on the ninth day of the month and extend until sundown on the tenth day."

English Standard Version
It shall be to you a Sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict yourselves. On the ninth day of the month beginning at evening, from evening to evening shall you keep your Sabbath.”

Berean Study Bible
It will be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you shall humble your souls. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your Sabbath.’”

New American Standard Bible
"It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath."

King James Bible
It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

Christian Standard Bible
It will be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must practice self-denial. You are to observe your Sabbath from the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening."

Contemporary English Version
This is a time of complete rest just like the Sabbath, and everyone must go without eating from the evening of the ninth to the evening of the tenth.

Good News Translation
From sunset on the ninth day of the month to sunset on the tenth observe this day as a special day of rest, during which nothing may be eaten.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
It will be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must practice self-denial. You are to observe your Sabbath from the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening."

International Standard Version
It's a Sabbath of rest for you on which you are to humble yourselves starting the evening of the ninth day of the month. You are to observe your Sabbath from evening to evening."

NET Bible
It is a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves on the ninth day of the month in the evening, from evening until evening you must observe your Sabbath."

New Heart English Bible
It shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for you, and you shall deny yourselves. In the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall keep your Sabbath."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It is a day of worship, a day when you don't work. Humble yourselves starting on the evening of the ninth day of the month. From that evening to the next, observe the day of worship."

JPS Tanakh 1917
It shall be unto you a sabbath of solemn rest, and ye shall afflict your souls; in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye keep your sabbath.

New American Standard 1977
“It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
It shall be unto you a sabbath of sabbaths, and ye shall afflict your souls, beginning in the ninth day of the month in the evening, from evening unto evening, shall ye rest on your sabbath.

King James 2000 Bible
It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and you shall humble yourselves: in the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening unto evening, shall you celebrate your sabbath.

American King James Version
It shall be to you a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even to even, shall you celebrate your sabbath.

American Standard Version
It shall be unto you a sabbath of solemn rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye keep your sabbath.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
It shall be a holy sabbath to you; and ye shall humble your souls, from the ninth day of the month: from evening to evening ye shall keep your sabbaths.

Douay-Rheims Bible
It is a sabbath of rest, and you shell afflict your souls beginning on the ninth day of the month: from evening until evening you shall celebrate your sabbaths.

Darby Bible Translation
A sabbath of rest shall it be unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls. On the ninth of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

English Revised Version
It shall be unto you a sabbath of solemn rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye keep your sabbath.

Webster's Bible Translation
It shall be to you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls in the ninth day of the month at evening: from evening to evening shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

World English Bible
It shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for you, and you shall deny yourselves. In the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall keep your Sabbath."

Young's Literal Translation
It is a sabbath of rest to you, and ye have humbled yourselves in the ninth of the month at even; from evening till evening ye do keep your sabbath.'
Study Bible
The Day of Atonement
31You are not to do any work at all. This is a permanent statute for the generations to come, wherever you live. 32It will be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you shall humble your souls. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your Sabbath.’”
Cross References
Leviticus 16:31
It is a Sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute.

Leviticus 23:31
You are not to do any work at all. This is a permanent statute for the generations to come, wherever you live.

Leviticus 23:33
And the LORD said to Moses,

Nehemiah 13:19
When the evening shadows began to fall on the gates of Jerusalem, just before the Sabbath, I ordered that the gates be shut and not opened until after the Sabbath. I posted some of my servants at the gates, so that no goods could enter on the Sabbath day.

Treasury of Scripture

It shall be to you a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even to even, shall you celebrate your sabbath.

a sabbath

Leviticus 16:31
It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.

Matthew 11:28-30
Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest…

Hebrews 4:3,11
For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world…

afflict

Leviticus 23:27
Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

Psalm 25:13
His soul shall dwell at ease; and his seed shall inherit the earth.

Psalm 51:17
The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

celebrate your sabbath [heb] rest







Lexicon
It
הוּא֙ (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

will be a Sabbath
שַׁבַּ֨ת (šab·baṯ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7676: Intermission, the Sabbath

of complete rest
שַׁבָּת֥וֹן (šab·bā·ṯō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7677: Sabbath observance, sabbatism

for you,
לָכֶ֔ם (lā·ḵem)
Preposition | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

and you shall humble
וְעִנִּיתֶ֖ם (wə·‘in·nî·ṯem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6031: To be bowed down or afflicted

your souls.
נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶ֑ם (nap̄·šō·ṯê·ḵem)
Noun - feminine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

From the evening
בָּעֶ֔רֶב (bā·‘e·reḇ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6153: Evening

of the ninth
בְּתִשְׁעָ֤ה (bə·ṯiš·‘āh)
Preposition-b | Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8672: Nine, ninth

day of the month
לַחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ (la·ḥō·ḏeš)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2320: The new moon, a month

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the following evening
מֵעֶ֣רֶב (mê·‘e·reḇ)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6153: Evening

you are to observe
תִּשְׁבְּת֖וּ (tiš·bə·ṯū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7673: To repose, desist from exertion

your Sabbath.’”
שַׁבַּתְּכֶֽם׃ (šab·bat·tə·ḵem)
Noun - common singular construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7676: Intermission, the Sabbath
(32) It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest.--Rather, It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, as the Authorised version renders it in Leviticus 16:31. It is most unaccountable why the translators varied this important formula, when it is exactly the same in the original in both passages. For the import of this phrase see Leviticus 16:31.

And ye shall afflict your souls.--Having set forth in Leviticus 23:30-31, and in the first clause of this verse, the duty of abstaining from all work, and of celebrating this day as a day of solemn rest, the law giver repeats the second feature of the day, which is of equal importance, viz., the fasting, lest some should think that doing the one and leaving the other undone would pass as having kept this law.

In the ninth day of the month at even.--In accordance with the ancient mode of counting the day, the tenth of the month began with the evening of the ninth. (See Leviticus 16:29.)

Celebrate your sabbath.--In Leviticus 25:2, where this phrase occurs again, the Authorised version inconsistently renders it keep . . . sabbath. In both instances, however, the margin has, "Heb., rest." This alternative rendering of part of the phrase has no meaning. To convey to the English reader an idea of the Hebrew idiom here used, which was the intention of the translators, the whole phrase should have been translated, which is, rest the day of rest, that is, to "keep rest," to "keep the day of rest." Just as to "fast a fast" (2Samuel 12:16; Zechariah 7:5) denotes "to keep a fast." In 2Samuel 12:16 the margin has consistently reproduced the Hebraism by remarking "Heb., fasted a fast."

23:23-32 the blowing of trumpets represented the preaching of the gospel, by which men are called to repent of sin, and to accept the salvation of Christ, which was signified by the day of atonement. Also it invited to rejoice in God, and become strangers and pilgrims on earth, which was denoted by the feast of Tabernacles, observed in the same month. At the beginning of the year, they were called by this sound of trumpet to shake off spiritual drowsiness, to search and try their ways, and to amend them. The day of atonement was the ninth day after this; thus they were awakened to prepare for that day, by sincere and serious repentance, that it might indeed be to them a day of atonement. The humbling of our souls for sin, and the making our peace with God, is work that requires the whole man, and the closest application of mind. On that day God spake peace to his people, and to his saints; therefore they must lay aside all their wordly business, that they might the more clearly hear that voice of joy and gladness.
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