Genesis 14:20
New International Version
And praise be to God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand." Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

New Living Translation
And blessed be God Most High, who has defeated your enemies for you." Then Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of all the goods he had recovered.

English Standard Version
and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand!” And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

Berean Study Bible
and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” Then Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything.

New American Standard Bible
And blessed be God Most High, Who has delivered your enemies into your hand." He gave him a tenth of all.

King James Bible
And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

Christian Standard Bible
and blessed be God Most High who has handed over your enemies to you. And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

Contemporary English Version
All praise belongs to God Most High for helping you defeat your enemies." Then Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything.

Good News Translation
May the Most High God, who gave you victory over your enemies, be praised!" And Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of all the loot he had recovered.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and I give praise to God Most High who has handed over your enemies to you. And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

International Standard Version
and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your control." Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

NET Bible
Worthy of praise is the Most High God, who delivered your enemies into your hand." Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything.

New Heart English Bible
and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand." Abram gave him a tenth of all.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Blessed is God Most High, who has handed your enemies over to you." Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and blessed be God the Most High, who hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand.' And he gave him a tenth of all.

New American Standard 1977
And blessed be God Most High, Who has delivered your enemies into your hand.”And he gave him a tenth of all.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and blessed be the most high God, who has delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And Abram gave him tithes of all.

King James 2000 Bible
And blessed be the most high God, who has delivered your enemies into your hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

American King James Version
And blessed be the most high God, which has delivered your enemies into your hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

American Standard Version
and blessed be God Most High, who hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him a tenth of all.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and blessed be the most high God who delivered thine enemies into thy power. And Abram gave him the tithe of all.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And blessed be the most high God, by whose protection the enemies are in thy hands. And he gace him the tithes of all.

Darby Bible Translation
And blessed be the Most High God, who has delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him the tenth of all.

English Revised Version
and blessed be God Most High, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him a tenth of all.

Webster's Bible Translation
And blessed be the most high God, who hath delivered thy enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

World English Bible
and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand." Abram gave him a tenth of all.

Young's Literal Translation
and blessed is God Most High, who hath delivered thine adversaries into thy hand;' and he giveth to him a tenth of all.
Study Bible
Melchizedek Blesses Abram
19and he blessed Abram and said: “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth, 20and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” Then Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything. 21The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people, but take the goods for yourself.”…
Cross References
Hebrews 7:4
Consider how great Melchizedek was: Even the patriarch Abraham gave him a tenth of the spoils.

Genesis 9:26
He also declared: "Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem! May Canaan be the servant of Shem.

Genesis 14:21
The king of Sodom said to Abram, "Give me the people, but take the goods for yourself."

Exodus 18:10
Jethro declared, "Praise the LORD, who has delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and of Pharaoh, and who has rescued the people from the hand of the Egyptians.

Treasury of Scripture

And blessed be the most high God, which has delivered your enemies into your hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

blessed.

Genesis 9:26
And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

Genesis 24:27
And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of my master Abraham, who hath not left destitute my master of his mercy and his truth: I being in the way, the LORD led me to the house of my master's brethren.

Psalm 68:19
Blessed be the Lord, who daily loadeth us with benefits, even the God of our salvation. Selah.

which.

Joshua 10:42
And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.

Psalm 44:3
For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.

tithes.

Genesis 28:22
And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.

Leviticus 27:30-32
And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD'S: it is holy unto the LORD…

Numbers 28:26
Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the LORD, after your weeks be out, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work:







Lexicon
and blessed be
וּבָרוּךְ֙ (ū·ḇā·rūḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1288: To kneel, to bless God, man, to curse

God
אֵ֣ל (’êl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 410: Strength -- as adjective, mighty, the Almighty

Most High,
עֶלְי֔וֹן (‘el·yō·wn)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5945: An elevation, lofty, as title, the Supreme

who
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

has delivered
מִגֵּ֥ן (mig·gên)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4042: To shield, encompass with, to rescue, to hand safely over

your enemies
צָרֶ֖יךָ (ṣā·re·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6862: Narrow, a tight place, a pebble, an opponent

into your hand.”
בְּיָדֶ֑ךָ (bə·yā·ḏe·ḵā)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

Then Abram gave
וַיִּתֶּן־ (way·yit·ten-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

[Melchizedek] a tenth
מַעֲשֵׂ֖ר (ma·‘ă·śêr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4643: Tenth part, tithe

of everything.
מִכֹּֽל׃ (mik·kōl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every
(20) He gave him tithes.--Abram thus consecrated the war by a thank-offering to God, Who had given him the victory. But he also, by paying tithes, acknowledged the priesthood of Melchizedek, and that the God Whom he served was the true God. See Hebrews 7:4-11.

Verse 20. - And blessed be the most high God (cf. Genesis 9:56), who hath delivered - miggen, a word peculiar to poetry - nathan (cf. Proverbs 4:9; Hosea 11:8) - thine enemies - tsarecha, also a poetical expression - oyeb (cf. Deuteronomy 32:27; Job 16:9; Psalm 81:15) - into thy hand. And he - not Melchisedeck (Jewish interpreters), but Abram (Josephus, LXX., Jonathan, Hebrews 7:6) - gave him (not Abram, but Melchisedeck) tithes "tenths." These, being the customary offering to the Deity, were an acknowledgment of the Divine priesthood of Melchisedeck. The practice of paying tithes, primarily a voluntary tax for the servants of the sanctuary, appears to have obtained among different nations from the remotest antiquity (vide Dr. Ginsburg in 'Kitto's Cyclopedia,' art. Tithes). The tithal law was afterwards incorporated among the Mosaic statutes (Leviticus 27:30-33; Numbers 18:31-32) - of all - the spoils which he had taken (Hebrews 7:4.) 14:17-20 Melchizedek is spoken of as a king of Salem, supposed to be the place afterwards called Jerusalem, and it is generally thought that he was only a man. The words of the apostle, Heb 7:3, state only, that the sacred history has said nothing of his ancestors. The silence of the Scriptures on this, is to raise our thoughts to Him, whose generation cannot be declared. Bread and wine were suitable refreshment for the weary followers of Abram; and it is remarkable that Christ appointed the same as the memorials of his body and blood, which are meat and drink indeed to the soul. Melchizedek blessed Abram from God. He blessed God from Abram. We ought to give thanks for other's mercies as for our own. Jesus Christ, our great High Priest, is the Mediator both of our prayers and praises, and not only offers up ours, but his own for us. Abram gave him the tenth of the spoils, Heb 7:4. When we have received some great mercy from God, it is very fit we should express our thankfulness by some special act of pious charity. Jesus Christ, our great Melchisedek, is to have homage done him, and to be humbly acknowledged as our King and Priest; not only the tithe of all, but all we have, must be given up to him.
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