2 Peter 1:9
New International Version
But whoever does not have them is nearsighted and blind, forgetting that they have been cleansed from their past sins.

New Living Translation
But those who fail to develop in this way are shortsighted or blind, forgetting that they have been cleansed from their old sins.

English Standard Version
For whoever lacks these qualities is so nearsighted that he is blind, having forgotten that he was cleansed from his former sins.

Berean Study Bible
But whoever lacks these traits is nearsighted to the point of blindness, having forgotten that he has been cleansed from his past sins.

Berean Literal Bible
For in whomever these things are not present, he is blind, being short sighted, having received forgetfulness of the purification from his former sins.

New American Standard Bible
For he who lacks these qualities is blind or short-sighted, having forgotten his purification from his former sins.

King James Bible
But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

Christian Standard Bible
The person who lacks these things is blind and shortsighted and has forgotten the cleansing from his past sins.

Contemporary English Version
But if you don't grow, you are like someone who is nearsighted or blind, and you have forgotten that your past sins are forgiven.

Good News Translation
But if you do not have them, you are so shortsighted that you cannot see and have forgotten that you have been purified from your past sins.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The person who lacks these things is blind and shortsighted and has forgotten the cleansing from his past sins.

International Standard Version
For the person who lacks these qualities is blind and shortsighted, and has forgotten the cleansing that he has received from his past sins.

NET Bible
But concerning the one who lacks such things--he is blind. That is to say, he is nearsighted, since he has forgotten about the cleansing of his past sins.

New Heart English Bible
For he who lacks these things is blind, seeing only what is near, having forgotten the cleansing from his old sins.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For he in whom these things are not found is blind, because he does not see that he has forgotten the purification of his former sins.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If these qualities aren't present in your life, you're shortsighted and have forgotten that you were cleansed from your past sins.

New American Standard 1977
For he who lacks these qualities is blind or short-sighted, having forgotten his purification from his former sins.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But he that lacks these things is blind and walks feeling the way with his hand, having forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

King James 2000 Bible
But he that lacks these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and has forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

American King James Version
But he that lacks these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and has forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

American Standard Version
For he that lacketh these things is blind, seeing only what is near, having forgotten the cleansing from his old sins.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he that hath not these things with him, is blind, and groping, having forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

Darby Bible Translation
for he with whom these things are not present is blind, short-sighted, and has forgotten the purging of his former sins.

English Revised Version
For he that lacketh these things is blind, seeing only what is near, having forgotten the cleansing from his old sins.

Webster's Bible Translation
But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purified from his old sins.

Weymouth New Testament
For the man in whom they are lacking is blind and cannot see distant objects, in that he has forgotten that he has been cleansed from his old sins.

World English Bible
For he who lacks these things is blind, seeing only what is near, having forgotten the cleansing from his old sins.

Young's Literal Translation
for he with whom these things are not present is blind, dim-sighted, having become forgetful of the cleansing of his old sins;
Study Bible
Partakers of the Divine Nature
8For if you possess these qualities and continue to grow in them, they will keep you from being ineffective and unproductive in your knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9But whoever lacks these traits is nearsighted to the point of blindness, having forgotten that he has been cleansed from his past sins. 10Therefore, brothers, be all the more eager to make your calling and election sure. For if you practice these things you will never stumble,…
Cross References
Ephesians 5:26
to sanctify her, cleansing her by the washing with water through the word,

Titus 2:14
He gave Himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds.

1 John 2:11
But whoever hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness. He does not know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his eyes.

Treasury of Scripture

But he that lacks these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and has forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

lacketh.

2 Peter 1:5-7
And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; …

Mark 10:21
Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me.

Luke 18:22
Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.

blind.

John 9:40,41
And some of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, and said unto him, Are we blind also? …

2 Corinthians 4:3,4
But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: …

1 John 2:9-11
He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now…

that he.

2 Peter 1:4
Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

2 Peter 2:18-20
For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error…

Romans 6:1-4,11
What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? …







Lexicon
[But]
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

whoever
(hō)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

lacks
πάρεστιν (parestin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3918: From para and eimi; to be near, i.e. At hand; neuter present participle time being, or property.

these [ traits ]
ταῦτα (tauta)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Nominative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3778: This; he, she, it.

is
ἐστιν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

nearsighted
μυωπάζων (myōpazōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3467: To be short-sighted, blink, see dimly. From a compound of the base of musterion and ops; to shut the eyes, i.e. Blink.

to the point of blindness,
τυφλός (typhlos)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5185: Blind, physically or mentally. From, tuphoo; opaque, i.e. blind.

having forgotten
λήθην (lēthēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3024: Forgetfulness, oblivion. From lanthano; forgetfulness.

that
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

he has been cleansed
καθαρισμοῦ (katharismou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2512: From katharizo; a washing off, i.e. ablution, expiation.

from his
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

past
πάλαι (palai)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3819: Of old, long ago, in times past, former. Probably another form for palin; formerly, or sometime since; ancient.

sins.
ἁμαρτιῶν (hamartiōn)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 266: From hamartano; a sin.
(9) But he that lacketh.--Rather, for he that lacketh. Geneva and Rheims have "for." The "for" introduces the second reason for the exhortation to furnish forth all these graces--viz., the evil of not having them. The Greek implies absence of possession in any degree, not merely absence of permanent possession. (See first Note on 2Peter 1:8.)

Is blind.--We might have expected "will be idle and unfruitful, &c.," but the writer is not content with merely emphasizing what has just been said, after the manner of St. John (e.g., 2Peter 1:3; 1John 1:5; 1John 2:4; 1John 2:27-28; 1John 4:2-3; 1John 4:6); he puts the case in a new way, with a new metaphor equally, applicable to the subject of knowledge. Note that he does not say "will be blind," but" is blind." The very fact of his possessing none of these graces shows that he has no eye for them.

Cannot see afar off.--The Greek word means literally closing the eyes; and the point seems to be, not wilful shutting of the eyes (those who won't see), but involuntary and partial closing, as in the case of short-sighted people; in a spiritual sense, those who have only a very hazy apprehension of the objects of belief and of the bearing which their beliefs should have on their conduct. There is, therefore, no anti-climax, a weak expression following a strong one, but a simple explanation, a more definite term following a general one; it explains what kind of blindness is meant. The special kind of short-sightedness here indicated is that of one who just sees that he is a member of a Christian community, but perceives neither the kind of life that one who has been purged from heathen enormities is bound to lead, nor the kind of life which alone can win an entrance into Christ's kingdom. The shortsightedness of not being able to see beyond this present world is probably not expressed here.

And hath forgotten.--Literally, having received or incurred forgetfulness--a unique expression in the New Testament. The phrase does not necessarily imply that the forgetfulness is voluntary; it is the inevitable result of wilful neglect--the neglect to cultivate Christian virtues. The forgetfulness is not the cause of the shortsightedness, but a phase of it.

His old sins.--Those committed before he was "purged" in baptism (1Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 5:26; 1Peter 3:21).

Verse 9. - But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off; literally, for he to whom these things are not present is blind, short-sighted. We cannot attain to the knowledge of Christ without these graces, for he who has them not is blind, or, at the best, short-sighted, like one who blinks with his eyes when he tries to see distant objects, and cannot bear the full light of day. Such a man can only see the things which lie close around him - earth and earthly things; he cannot lift up his eyes by faith and behold "the land that is very far off;" he cannot "see the King in his beauty" (Isaiah 33:17). The word for "short-sighted" (μυωπάζων) occurs only here in the New Testament. And hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins; literally, having incurred forgetfulness of the cleansing from his old sins. St. Peter is apparently thinking of the one baptism for the remission of sin. Ananias had said to Saul, "Arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins" (Acts 22:16); St. Peter himself had said, in his first great sermon, "Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the Name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins." Those who do not realize in the religious life that death unto sin of which holy baptism is the sign and the beginning, incur forgetfulness of the cleansing from sin which they then received; they do not use the grace once given for the attainment of those higher graces of which St. Peter has been speaking. The one talent once entrusted to them must be taken from them; they are idle and unfruitful, and cannot reach unto the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ (comp. 1 Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 5:26; 1 Peter 3:21). 1:1-11 Faith unites the weak believer to Christ, as really as it does the strong one, and purifies the heart of one as truly as of another; and every sincere believer is by his faith justified in the sight of God. Faith worketh godliness, and produces effects which no other grace in the soul can do. In Christ all fulness dwells, and pardon, peace, grace, and knowledge, and new principles, are thus given through the Holy Spirit. The promises to those who are partakers of a Divine nature, will cause us to inquire whether we are really renewed in the spirit of our minds; let us turn all these promises into prayers for the transforming and purifying grace of the Holy Spirit. The believer must add knowledge to his virtue, increasing acquaintance with the whole truth and will of God. We must add temperance to knowledge; moderation about worldly things; and add to temperance, patience, or cheerful submission to the will of God. Tribulation worketh patience, whereby we bear all calamities and crosses with silence and submission. To patience we must add godliness: this includes the holy affections and dispositions found in the true worshipper of God; with tender affection to all fellow Christians, who are children of the same Father, servants of the same Master, members of the same family, travellers to the same country, heirs of the same inheritance. Wherefore let Christians labour to attain assurance of their calling, and of their election, by believing and well-doing; and thus carefully to endeavour, is a firm argument of the grace and mercy of God, upholding them so that they shall not utterly fall. Those who are diligent in the work of religion, shall have a triumphant entrance into that everlasting kingdom where Christ reigns, and they shall reign with him for ever and ever; and it is in the practice of every good work that we are to expect entrance to heaven.
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Alphabetical: and anyone been blind But cleansed does For forgotten former from has have having he his if is lacks nearsighted not or past purification qualities short-sighted sins that them these who

NT Letters: 2 Peter 1:9 For he who lacks these things (2 Pet. 2P iiP ii Pet) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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