1 Kings 1:4
New International Version
The woman was very beautiful; she took care of the king and waited on him, but the king had no sexual relations with her.

New Living Translation
The girl was very beautiful, and she looked after the king and took care of him. But the king had no sexual relations with her.

English Standard Version
The young woman was very beautiful, and she was of service to the king and attended to him, but the king knew her not.

Berean Study Bible
The girl was unsurpassed in beauty, and she cared for the king and served him, but he had no relations with her.

New American Standard Bible
The girl was very beautiful; and she became the king's nurse and served him, but the king did not cohabit with her.

King James Bible
And the damsel was very fair, and cherished the king, and ministered to him: but the king knew her not.

Christian Standard Bible
The girl was of unsurpassed beauty, and she became the king's caregiver. She attended to him, but he was not intimate with her.

Good News Translation
She was very beautiful, and waited on the king and took care of him, but he did not have intercourse with her.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The girl was of unsurpassed beauty, and she became the king's caregiver. She served him, but he was not intimate with her.

International Standard Version
The young woman was absolutely beautiful. She served the king and was very useful to him. The king was not sexually involved with her.

NET Bible
The young woman was very beautiful; she became the king's nurse and served him, but the king did not have sexual relations with her.

New Heart English Bible
The young lady was very beautiful; and she became the king's attendant and served him; but the king did not know her intimately.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The woman was very beautiful. She became the king's servant and took care of him, but the king did not make love to her.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the damsel was very fair; and she became a companion unto the king, and ministered to him; but the king knew her not.

New American Standard 1977
And the girl was very beautiful; and she became the king’s nurse and served him, but the king did not cohabit with her.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the damsel was very fair and warmed the king and ministered to him, but the king knew her not.

King James 2000 Bible
And the young woman was very fair, and cherished the king, and ministered to him: but the king knew her not.

American King James Version
And the damsel was very fair, and cherished the king, and ministered to him: but the king knew her not.

American Standard Version
And the damsel was very fair; and she cherished the king, and ministered to him; but the king knew her not.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the damsel was extremely beautiful, and she cherished the king, and ministered to him, but the king knew her not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the damsel was exceeding beautiful, and she slept with the king: and served him, but the king did not know her.

Darby Bible Translation
And the damsel was very fair; and cherished the king, and ministered to him; but the king knew her not.

English Revised Version
And the damsel was very fair; and she cherished the king, and ministered to him; but the king knew her not.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the damsel was very fair, and cherished the king, and ministered to him: but the king knew her not.

World English Bible
The young lady was very beautiful; and she cherished the king, and ministered to him; but the king didn't know her intimately.

Young's Literal Translation
and the young woman is very very fair, and she is to the king a companion, and serveth him, and the king hath not known her.
Study Bible
Abishag Cares for David
3Then they searched throughout Israel for a beautiful girl, and they found Abishag the Shunammite and brought her to the king. 4The girl was unsurpassed in beauty, and she cared for the king and served him, but he had no relations with her.
Cross References
1 Kings 1:3
Then they searched throughout Israel for a beautiful girl, and they found Abishag the Shunammite and brought her to the king.

1 Kings 1:5
At that time Adonijah, David's son by Haggith, began to exalt himself, saying, "I will be king!" And he acquired chariots and horsemen and fifty men to run ahead of him.

1 Kings 2:17
Adonijah replied, "Please speak to King Solomon, since he will not turn you down. Let him give me Abishag the Shunammite as my wife."

1 Kings 2:21
So Bathsheba said, "Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to your brother Adonijah as his wife."

Treasury of Scripture

And the damsel was very fair, and cherished the king, and ministered to him: but the king knew her not.

knew her not

Matthew 1:25
And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.







Lexicon
The girl
וְהַֽנַּעֲרָ֖ה (wə·han·na·‘ă·rāh)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5291: A girl, maiden

was unsurpassed
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

in beauty,
יָפָ֣ה (yā·p̄āh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3303: Fair, beautiful

and she
וַתְּהִ֨י (wat·tə·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

cared
סֹכֶ֙נֶת֙ (sō·ḵe·neṯ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5532: To be familiar with, to minister to, be serviceable to, be customary

for the king
לַמֶּ֤לֶךְ (lam·me·leḵ)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

and served him,
וַתְּשָׁ֣רְתֵ֔הוּ (wat·tə·šā·rə·ṯê·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8334: To attend as a, menial, worshipper, to contribute to

but he
וְהַמֶּ֖לֶךְ (wə·ham·me·leḵ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

had no
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

relations with her.
יְדָעָֽהּ׃ (yə·ḏā·‘āh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know
Verse 4. - And the damsel was very fair [lit. ,fair to exceeding] and cherished [see on ver. 2] the king, and ministered to him; but the king knew her not. [This is mentioned to explain the history of 1 Kings 2:13-25. Had it been otherwise, Adonijah could never have presumed to seek her in marriage, and Bathsheba would never have promised her help in his suit. Such an incestuous alliance would not only have been contrary to the law (Leviticus 18:8), but abhorrent to all true Israelites (cf. 1 Corinthians 5:1). In this fact, which the court knew, and which the nation at large did not know - they could only suppose that such a "search" for one so exceeding "fair" meant the increase of the seraglio - Adoni-jah found his point d'appui for a second attempt on the throne. The older expositors and some of the modern, notably Wordsworth, assume that Abishag was David's wife, in the sense of being legally married to him. (Corn. A Lap. discusses the question at considerable length, and with needless pruriency.) But this idea finds no support in Scripture, which represents her as simply an attendant. It is idle to remark, consequently, that "the Jewish law allowed polygamy" (Rawlinson). 1:1-4 We have David sinking under infirmities. He was chastised for his recent sins, and felt the effects of his former toils and hardships.
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Alphabetical: and beautiful became but care cohabit did girl had her him intimate king king's no not nurse of on relations served she The took very waited was with

OT History: 1 Kings 1:4 The young lady was very beautiful (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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