1 Kings 1:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The woman was very beautiful; she took care of the king and waited on him, but the king had no sexual relations with her.

King James Bible
And the damsel was very fair, and cherished the king, and ministered to him: but the king knew her not.

Darby Bible Translation
And the damsel was very fair; and cherished the king, and ministered to him; but the king knew her not.

World English Bible
The young lady was very beautiful; and she cherished the king, and ministered to him; but the king didn't know her intimately.

Young's Literal Translation
and the young woman is very very fair, and she is to the king a companion, and serveth him, and the king hath not known her.

1 Kings 1:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The king knew her not - The maxim of Bacon in his enigmatical cure is, "Take all you can from the medicine, but give nothing to it; if you give any thing, it increases the disease and hastens death." I have seen this abundantly verified; but it is a subject on which it would be improper to dilate except in a medical work. An extract from Friar Bacon's Cure of Old Age may be found at the end of the chapter.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

knew her not

Matthew 1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.

Library
David Appointing Solomon
'Then king David answered and said, Call me Bath-sheba. And she came into the king's presence, and stood before the king. 29. And the king sware, and said, As the Lord liveth, that hath redeemed my soul out of all distress, 30. Even as I sware unto thee by the Lord God of Israel, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead; even so will I certainly do this day. 31. Then Bath-sheba bowed with her face to the earth, and did reverence to the king,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Whether Prayer Should be Vocal?
Objection 1: It would seem that prayer ought not to be vocal. As stated above [3025](A[4]), prayer is addressed chiefly to God. Now God knows the language of the heart. Therefore it is useless to employ vocal prayer. Objection 2: Further, prayer should lift man's mind to God, as stated above (A[1], ad 2). But words, like other sensible objects, prevent man from ascending to God by contemplation. Therefore we should not use words in our prayers. Objection 3: Further, prayer should be offered to God
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
1 Kings 1:3
Then they searched throughout Israel for a beautiful young woman and found Abishag, a Shunammite, and brought her to the king.

1 Kings 1:5
Now Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith, put himself forward and said, "I will be king." So he got chariots and horses ready, with fifty men to run ahead of him.

1 Kings 2:17
So he continued, "Please ask King Solomon--he will not refuse you--to give me Abishag the Shunammite as my wife."

1 Kings 2:21
So she said, "Let Abishag the Shunammite be given in marriage to your brother Adonijah."

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Beautiful Care Cherished Companion Damsel Fair Girl Intimate Intimately King's Lady Maiden Ministered Nurse Relations Served Serveth Times Waited Waiting Young
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