Isaiah 3:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor, skilled craftsman and clever enchanter.

New Living Translation
army officers and high officials, advisers, skilled craftsmen, and astrologers.

English Standard Version
the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor and the skillful magician and the expert in charms.

New American Standard Bible
The captain of fifty and the honorable man, The counselor and the expert artisan, And the skillful enchanter.

King James Bible
The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counseller, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
the commander of 50 and the dignitary, the counselor, cunning magician, and necromancer."

International Standard Version
the commander of fifty and the man of rank, and the counselor, the expert magician, and the medium.

NET Bible
captains of groups of fifty, the respected citizens, advisers and those skilled in magical arts, and those who know incantations.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
military leaders and civilian leaders, counselors, skilled workers, and experts in magic.

Jubilee Bible 2000
the captain of fifty and the honourable man and the counsellor and the cunning artificer and the eloquent wise man.

King James 2000 Bible
The captain of fifty, and the honorable man, and the counselor, and the skilled craftsman, and the eloquent orator.

American King James Version
The captain of fifty, and the honorable man, and the counselor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.

American Standard Version
the captain of fifty, and the honorable man, and the counsellor, and the expert artificer, and the skilful enchanter.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The captain over fifty, and the honourable in countenance, and the counsellor, and the architect, and the skilful in eloquent speech.

Darby Bible Translation
the captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the clever among artificers, and the one versed in enchantments.

English Revised Version
the captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the skilful enchanter.

Webster's Bible Translation
The captain of fifty, and the honorable man, and the counselor, and the skillful artificer, and the eloquent orator.

World English Bible
the captain of fifty, the honorable man, the counselor, the skilled craftsman, and the clever enchanter.

Young's Literal Translation
Head of fifty, and accepted of faces, And counsellor, and the wise of artificers, And the intelligent of charmers.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:1-9 God was about to deprive Judah of every stay and support. The city and the land were to be made desolate, because their words and works had been rebellious against the Lord; even at his holy temple. If men do not stay themselves upon God, he will soon remove all other supports, and then they must sink. Christ is the Bread of life and the Water of life; if he be our Stay, we shall find that is a good part not to be taken away, Joh 6:27. Here note, 1. That the condition of sinners is exceedingly woful. 2. It is the soul that is damaged by sin. 3. Whatever evil befals sinners, be sure that they bring it on themselves.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - The captain of fifty. "Captains of fifties" were scarcely at this period "civil officers" (Cheyne). They represent simply the lowest grade of officers in the army (2 Kings 1:9, 11, 13). Honorable. The same expression is used again in Isaiah 9:15. It occurs also in 2 Kings 5. I and Job 22:8. The cunning artificer. "All the craftsmen and smiths" in Jerusalem were carried away by Nebuchadnezzar in the captivity of Jehoiachin (2 Kings 24:14; cf. Jeremiah 24:1). They were among the most valuable of the population, in time of war no less than of peace, since on them depended the construction and repair of the military engines which were regarded as of so much importance (2 Chronicles 26:15). The eloquent orator; rather, the expert enchanter (comp. Ecclesiastes 10:11; Jeremiah 8:17).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The captain of fifty,.... A semi-centurion, such an one as in 2 Kings 1:9. So far should there be from being captains of thousands, and of hundreds, that there should not be one of fifty:

and the honourable man; by birth, breeding, and behaviour, through riches and greatness; and one of power and authority among the people, and in their favour and esteem:

and the counsellor; one able to give advice in matters of moment and difficulty, and in controversy between man and man; it suggests that nothing should be done with advice and counsel, with wisdom and discretion, but all tumult and sedition, as the history of these times shows: the Jews (b) interpret this of one that knows how to intercalate years, and fix the months: and the

cunning artificer: in any kind of metal, old, silver, brass, and iron, and in any sort of wood, and in any kind of manual and mechanical business; which would now be laid aside, shops shuts up, and all trade and business neglected and discouraged, occasioned partly by the siege without, and chiefly by their internal divisions and robberies, and by their zealots and cutthroats, which swarmed among them. The Septuagint render it, "the wise architect", or "masterbuilder"; the same word is used by the apostle in 1 Corinthians 3:10,

and the eloquent orator; who has the tongue of the learned, and can speak a word in season to the distressed; or who is able to plead at the bar the cause of the injured and oppressed, the widow and the fatherless. Aben Ezra interprets it of one that is skilful in enchanting serpents; that charms wisely, as in Psalm 58:5 it may be rendered, "one that understands enchantment" (c): with the Septuagint it is a "prudent hearer"; sad is the case of a nation when men of so much usefulness are taken away from them. See 2 Kings 24:15.

(b) T. Bab. Chagiga & Jarchi, ut supra. (fol. 14. 1. Jarchi in loc.) (c) "intelligentem incantationis", Vatablus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. captain of fifty—not only captains of thousands, and centurions of a hundred, but even semi-centurions of fifty, shall fail.

honourable—literally, "of dignified aspect."

cunning—skilful. The mechanic's business will come to a standstill in the siege and subsequent desolation of the state; artisans are no mean "stay" among a nation's safeguards.

eloquent orator—rather, as Vulgate, "skilled in whispering," that is, incantation (Ps 58:5). See Isa 8:19, below; and on "prudent," see on [690]Isa 3:2.

Isaiah 3:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Judgment against Judah and Jerusalem
2The mighty man and the warrior, The judge and the prophet, The diviner and the elder, 3The captain of fifty and the honorable man, The counselor and the expert artisan, And the skillful enchanter. 4And I will make mere lads their princes, And capricious children will rule over them,…
Cross References
Job 22:8
though you were a powerful man, owning land-- an honored man, living on it.

Isaiah 3:2
the hero and the warrior, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder,

Isaiah 3:4
"I will make mere youths their officials; children will rule over them."

Isaiah 5:13
Therefore my people will go into exile for lack of understanding; those of high rank will die of hunger and the common people will be parched with thirst.

Isaiah 9:15
the elders and dignitaries are the head, the prophets who teach lies are the tail.
Treasury of Scripture

The captain of fifty, and the honorable man, and the counselor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.

captain

Exodus 18:21 Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as …

Deuteronomy 1:15 So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made …

1 Samuel 8:12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over …

the honourable man. Heb. a man eminent in countenance

Judges 8:18 Then said he to Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they …

eloquent orator. or, skilful of speech

Exodus 4:10,14-16 And Moses said to the LORD, O my LORD, I am not eloquent, neither …

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Alphabetical: and artisan captain clever counselor craftsman enchanter expert fifty honorable man of rank skilled skillful the

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