Isaiah 3:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
the hero and the warrior, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder,

New Living Translation
all their heroes and soldiers, judges and prophets, fortune-tellers and elders,

English Standard Version
the mighty man and the soldier, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder,

New American Standard Bible
The mighty man and the warrior, The judge and the prophet, The diviner and the elder,

King James Bible
The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
the hero and warrior, the judge and prophet, the fortune-teller and elder,

International Standard Version
the mighty man and the warrior, the judge and the prophet, the fortune-teller and the elder,

NET Bible
the mighty men and warriors, judges and prophets, omen readers and leaders,

New Heart English Bible
the mighty man, the man of war, the judge, the prophet, the diviner, the elder,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[He will take their] heroes and soldiers, judges and prophets, fortunetellers and statesmen,

JPS Tanakh 1917
The mighty man, and the man of war; The judge, and the prophet, And the diviner, and the elder;

New American Standard 1977
The mighty man and the warrior,
            The judge and the prophet,
            The diviner and the elder,

Jubilee Bible 2000
the mighty man and the man of war, the judge and the prophet, the fortune-teller and the ancient,

King James 2000 Bible
The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the elder,

American King James Version
The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,

American Standard Version
the mighty man, and the man of war; the judge, and the prophet, and the diviner, and the elder;

Douay-Rheims Bible
The strong man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the cunning man, and the ancient.

Darby Bible Translation
the mighty man and the man of war, the judge and the prophet, and the diviner and the elder,

English Revised Version
the mighty man, and the man of war; the judge, and the prophet, and the diviner, and the ancient;

Webster's Bible Translation
The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,

World English Bible
the mighty man, the man of war, the judge, the prophet, the diviner, the elder,

Young's Literal Translation
Hero and man of war, judge and prophet, And diviner and elder,
Study Bible
Judgment against Judah and Jerusalem
1For behold, the Lord GOD of hosts is going to remove from Jerusalem and Judah Both supply and support, the whole supply of bread And the whole supply of water; 2The mighty man and the warrior, The judge and the prophet, The diviner and the elder, 3The captain of fifty and the honorable man, The counselor and the expert artisan, And the skillful enchanter.…
Cross References
2 Kings 24:14
Then he led away into exile all Jerusalem and all the captains and all the mighty men of valor, ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and the smiths. None remained except the poorest people of the land.

Isaiah 3:3
The captain of fifty and the honorable man, The counselor and the expert artisan, And the skillful enchanter.

Isaiah 9:14
So the LORD cuts off head and tail from Israel, Both palm branch and bulrush in a single day.

Isaiah 9:15
The head is the elder and honorable man, And the prophet who teaches falsehood is the tail.

Ezekiel 17:12
"Say now to the rebellious house, 'Do you not know what these things mean?' Say, 'Behold, the king of Babylon came to Jerusalem, took its king and princes and brought them to him in Babylon.

Ezekiel 17:13
'He took one of the royal family and made a covenant with him, putting him under oath. He also took away the mighty of the land,
Treasury of Scripture

The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,

mighty

Isaiah 2:13-15 And on all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and …

2 Kings 24:14-16 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the …

Psalm 74:9 We see not our signs: there is no more any prophet: neither is there …

Lamentations 5:12-14 Princes are hanged up by their hand: the faces of elders were not honored…

Amos 2:3 And I will cut off the judge from the middle thereof, and will slay …

the ancient

Isaiah 9:15 The ancient and honorable, he is the head; and the prophet that teaches …

Ezekiel 8:12 Then said he to me, Son of man, have you seen what the ancients of …

Ezekiel 9:5 And to the others he said in my hearing, Go you after him through …

(2) The mighty man, and the man of war.--The first word points to the aristocracy of landed proprietors, the latter to those who, whether of that class or not, had been prominent as leaders in the king's armies.

The judge, and the prophet.--Each is named as the representative of a class. The latter was that to which Isaiah himself belonged, but in which he found, as Jeremiah did afterwards, his chief opponents.

The prudent, and the ancient.--The former word has the more definite meaning of "diviners," those who had a real gift of wisdom, but who by their abuse of that gift had become as degenerate prophets. In the "ancient" we have the "elders" who were prominent in the municipal politics of the East, and formed at least the nucleus of the king's council (Ruth 4:4; 2Samuel 19:11; 1Kings 20:7; 1Kings 21:8; and elsewhere).

Verse 2. - The mighty man, and the man of war; or, hero and warrior. The first rank is given to those distinguished in war, as being held in the highest esteem, and perhaps as actually, under the coming circumstances, the men of most importance to the country. It is thus implied, as later (vers. 25, 26) it is expressly taught, that the impending visitation will be a terrible invasion. The judge, and the prophet; literally, judge and prophet. The judge holds his place as one of the highest officers of the state (see Isaiah 1:26); the prophet holds a lower position than might have been expected, on account of the writer's humility. The prudent; rather, the diviner, as the word is translated in Deuteronomy 18:14; 1 Samuel 6:2; Isaiah 44:25; Jeremiah 27:9; Jeremiah 29:8; Ezekiel 13:9; Micah 3:7; Zechariah 10:2; or soothsayer, as in Joshua 13:22. Isaiah arranges the classes, not so much according to the order in which he values them, as to that in which they were valued by the people. The ancient; i.e. "the elder," as the word is translated commonly. The "elders" had an ascertained position in the state under the monarchy (2 Samuel 5:3; 2 Samuel 19:11; 1 Kings 8:1; 1 Kings 20:7; 2 Kings 6:32, etc.). The mighty man, and man of war,.... The meaning is either that these should die in war, as thousands of them did; or that men fit to be generals of armies should be removed by death before this time, so that they should have none to go out with their armies, and meet the enemy:

the judge and the prophet; there should be none to sit upon the bench, and administer justice to the people in civil affairs, and to determine causes relating to life and death; and none to instruct them in religious matters, and deliver the mind and will of God to them; and before this time the Jews were under the Roman jurisdiction, and had a Roman governor over them, and had not power to judge in capital cases, in matters of life and death, as they suggest, John 18:31 and they say (z), that forty years before the destruction of the temple this power was taken from them; and at the time that Jerusalem was besieged, and taken by the Romans, and before that, they had no prophets among them; for though there were prophets in the Christian churches, yet none among them; this shows that this prophecy cannot be understood of the Babylonish captivity, because there were prophets then, as Jeremy, Ezekiel, and Daniel, but of Jerusalem's destruction by the Romans:

and the prudent and the ancient: with whom are wisdom, and who are fit to give advice and counsel in matters of difficulty; but these would be removed by famine or sword. The first of these words is used sometimes in an ill sense, for a diviner or soothsayer, Deuteronomy 18:10. The Jewish writers (a) interpret it of a king, according to Proverbs 16:10 and it is certain they were without one at this time, and have been ever since, Hosea 3:4.

(z) T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 15. 1. Sanhedrin, fol. 41. 1. and Beracot, fol. 58. 1.((a) T. Bab. Chagiga, fol. 14. 1. Jarchi in loc. 2. Fulfilled (2Ki 24:14).

prudent—the Hebrew often means a "soothsayer" (De 18:10-14); thus it will mean, the diviners, on whom they rely, shall in that day fail. It is found in a good sense (Pr 16:10), from which passage the Jews interpret it a king; "without" whom Israel long has been (Ho 3:4).

ancient—old and experienced (1Ki 12:6-8).3:1-9 God was about to deprive Judah of every stay and support. The city and the land were to be made desolate, because their words and works had been rebellious against the Lord; even at his holy temple. If men do not stay themselves upon God, he will soon remove all other supports, and then they must sink. Christ is the Bread of life and the Water of life; if he be our Stay, we shall find that is a good part not to be taken away, Joh 6:27. Here note, 1. That the condition of sinners is exceedingly woful. 2. It is the soul that is damaged by sin. 3. Whatever evil befals sinners, be sure that they bring it on themselves.
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