Jew
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Jew

same as Judah

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Jew

(a man of Judea). This name was properly applied to a member of the kingdom of Judah after the separation of the ten tribes. The term first makes its appearance just before the captivity of the ten tribes. The term first makes it appearance just before the captivity of the ten tribes. (2 Kings 16:6) After the return the word received a larger application. Partly from the predominance of the members of the old kingdom of Judah among those who returned to Palestine, partly from the identification of Judah with the religious ideas and hopes of the people, all the members of the new state were called Jews (Judeans) and the name was extended to the remnants of the race scattered throughout the nations. Under the name of "Judeans" the people of Israel were known to classical writers. (Tac. H. v.2, etc.) The force of the title "Jew" is seen particularly in the Gospel of St. John, who very rarely uses any other term to describe the opponents of our Lord. At an earlier stage of the progress of the faith it was contrasted with Greek as implying an outward covenant with God, (Romans 1:16; 2:9,10; Colossians 3:11) etc., which was the correlative of Hellenist [HELLENIST], and marked a division of language subsisting within the entire body, and at the same time less expressive than Israelite , which brought out with especial clearness the privileges and hopes of the children of Jacob. (2 Corinthians 11:22; John 1:47)

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The name derived from the patriarch Judah, at first given to one belonging to the tribe of Judah or to the separate kingdom of Judah (2 Kings 16:6; 25:25; Jeremiah 32:12; 38:19; 40:11; 41:3), in contradistinction from those belonging to the kingdom of the ten tribes, who were called Israelites.

During the Captivity, and after the Restoration, the name, however, was extended to all the Hebrew nation without distinction (Esther 3:6, 10; Dan. 3:8, 12; Ezra 4:12; 5:1, 5).

Originally this people were called Hebrews (Genesis 39:14; 40:15; Exodus 2:7; 3:18; 5:3; 1 Samuel 4:6, 9, etc.), but after the Exile this name fell into disuse. But Paul was styled a Hebrew (2 Corinthians 11:22; Philippians 3:5).

The history of the Jewish nation is interwoven with the history of Palestine and with the narratives of the lives of their rulers and chief men. They are now [1897] dispersed over all lands, and to this day remain a separate people, "without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image [R.V. `pillar,' marg. `obelisk'], and without an ephod, and without teraphim" (Hosea 3:4). Till about the beginning of the present century [1800] they were everywhere greatly oppressed, and often cruelly persecuted; but now their condition is greatly improved, and they are admitted in most European countries to all the rights of free citizens. In 1860 the "Jewish disabilities" were removed, and they were admitted to a seat in the British Parliament. Their number in all is estimated at about six millions, about four millions being in Europe.

There are three names used in the New Testament to designate this people,

(1.) Jews, as regards their nationality, to distinguish them from Gentiles.

(2.) Hebrews, with regard to their language and education, to distinguish them from Hellenists, i.e., Jews who spoke the Greek language.

(3.) Israelites, as respects their sacred privileges as the chosen people of God. "To other races we owe the splendid inheritance of modern civilization and secular culture; but the religious education of mankind has been the gift of the Jew alone."

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) Originally, one belonging to the tribe or kingdom of Judah; after the return from the Babylonish captivity, any member of the new state; a Hebrew; an Israelite.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
JEW, JEWESS, JEWISH

ju, joo, ju'-ish, joo'-ish (yehudhi plural yehudhim; Ioudaioi; feminine adjective yehudhith; Ioudaikos): "Jew" denotes originally an inhabitant of Judah (2 Kings 16:6 applies to the two tribes of the Southern Kingdom), but later the meaning was extended to embrace all descendants of Abraham. In the Old Testament the word occurs a few times in the singular. (Esther 2:5; Esther 3:4, etc.; Jeremiah 34:9 Zechariah 8:23); very frequently in the plural in Ezra and Nehemiah, Esther, and in Jeremiah and Daniel. The adjective in the Old Testament applies only to the "Jews' language" or speech (2 Kings 18:26, 28 parallel Nehemiah 13:24 Isaiah 36:11, 13). "Jews" (always plural) is the familiar term for Israelites in the Gospels (especially in John), Acts, Epistles, etc. "Jewess" occurs in 1 Chronicles 4:18 Acts 16:1; Acts 24:24. In Titus 1:14 a warning is given against "Jewish fables" (in Greek the adjective is found also in Galatians 2:14). The "Jews' religion" (Ioudaismos) is referred to in Galatians 1:13, 14. On the "Jews' language,'' see LANGUAGES OF THE OLD TESTAMENT; on the "Jews' religion," see ISRAEL, RELIGION OF.

James Orr

Greek
1675. Hellenistes -- a Hellenist (Greek-speaking Jew)
... a Hellenist (Greek-speaking Jew). Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration:
Hellenistes Phonetic Spelling: (hel-lay-nis-tace') Short Definition: a ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1675.htm - 6k

2453. Ioudaios -- Jewish, a Jew, Judea
... Jewish, a Jew, Judea. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: Ioudaios Phonetic
Spelling: (ee-oo-dah'-yos) Short Definition: Jewish Definition: Jewish. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2453.htm - 7k

1445. Hebraios -- a Hebrew or Jew
... a Hebrew or Jew. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: Hebraios Phonetic Spelling:
(heb-rah'-yos) Short Definition: a Hebrew Definition: a Hebrew ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1445.htm - 6k

1482. ethnikos -- national, foreign, ie spec. a Gentile
... of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: ethnikos Phonetic Spelling: (eth-nee-kos')
Short Definition: pagan, heathen, gentile; a Gentile, non-Jew Definition: pagan ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1482.htm - 7k

2450. Ioudaizo -- to Judaize
... to Judaize. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: Ioudaizo Phonetic Spelling:
(ee-oo-dah-id'-zo) Short Definition: I live as a Jew Definition: I live as a Jew ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2450.htm - 6k

2475. Israelites -- an Israelite
... Israelites Phonetic Spelling: (is-rah-ale-ee'-tace) Short Definition: an Israelite
Definition: an Israelite, one of the chosen people of Israel, a Jew. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2475.htm - 6k

921. Barnabas -- Barnabas, an Israelite companion of Paul
... of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: Barnabas Phonetic Spelling:
(bar-nab'-as) Short Definition: Barnabas Definition: Barnabas, a Cypriote Jew, uncle ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/921.htm - 6k

241. allogenes -- of another race
... strange, foreign. From allos and genos; foreign, ie Not a Jew -- stranger. see GREEK
allos. see GREEK genos. (allogenes) -- 1 Occurrence. 240, 241. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/241.htm - 6k

207. Akulas -- Aquila, a Christian
... oo'-las) Short Definition: Aquila Definition: the Greek way of writing the Latin
Aquila, a male proper name; the husband of Priscilla (Prisca), and a Jew, of a ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/207.htm - 6k

625. Apollos -- Apollos, an Alexandrian Jewish Christian
... Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: Apollos Phonetic Spelling:
(ap-ol-loce') Short Definition: Apollos Definition: Apollos, a Jew of Alexandria. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/625.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
3054. yahad -- to become a Jew
... 3053, 3054. yahad. 3055 . to become a Jew. Transliteration: yahad Phonetic
Spelling: (yaw-had') Short Definition: Jews. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/3054.htm - 6k

3064. Yehudi -- Jewish
... Word Origin from Yehudah Definition Jewish NASB Word Usage Jew (10), Jewish
(4), Jews (59), Jews' (1), Judeans (1). Jew. Patronymically ...
/hebrew/3064.htm - 6k

3062. Yehudain -- an inhabitant of Judah
... of Judah NASB Word Usage Jews (9), Judah (1). Jew. (Aramaic) patrial from Yhuwd;
a Jehudaite (or Judaite), ie Jew -- Jew. see HEBREW Yhuwd. 3061, 3062. ...
/hebrew/3062.htm - 6k

Library

The Surprised Jew.
... Some Surprising Results of the Tragic Break The Surprised Jew. God proposes.
Man disposes. God ... results. The first surprise was for the Jew. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/gordon/quiet talks about jesus/the surprised jew.htm

The Surprising Jew.
... Some Surprising Results of the Tragic Break The Surprising Jew. There is a third
surprise growing out of this tragic break, the greatest of all"the Jew. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/gordon/quiet talks about jesus/the surprising jew.htm

The Antichrist Will be a Jew
... The Person of the Antichrist I. The Antichrist Will Be a Jew. The Antichrist
will be a Jew, though his connections, his governmental ...
//christianbookshelf.org/pink/the antichrist/i the antichrist will be.htm

Jew and Gentile
... Lesson 19 Jew and Gentile. [This chapter is based on Acts 15:1-35.] On
reaching Antioch in Syria, from which place they had been ...
/.../white/the acts of the apostles/lesson 19 jew and gentile.htm

Greek and Jew
... Chapter VIII GREEK AND JEW. Julian of Ephesus, now the presumptive Philadelphus
Maccabaeus, rode up the broad brown bosom of a hill ...
/.../miller/the city of delight/chapter viii greek and jew.htm

And one Nicodemus, a Jew, Stood Before the Procurator...
... Part I."The Acts of Pilate. First Greek Form. Chapter 5. And one Nicodemus,
a Jew, stood before the procurator� And one Nicodemus ...
/.../unknown/the gospel of nicodemus /chapter 5 and one nicodemus.htm

In the Person of the Jew, Celsus Continues to Find Fault with ...
... Chapter XLI. In the person of the Jew, Celsus continues to find fault
with Jesus� In the person of the Jew, Celsus continues to ...
/.../origen/origen against celsus/chapter xli in the person.htm

But Should it be the Jew who Gainsays These Arguments...
... IV."Apologetic Works. Chapter IV. But should it be the Jew who gainsays
these arguments� But should it be the Jew who gainsays ...
/.../gregory/gregory of nyssa dogmatic treatises etc/chapter iv but should it.htm

After This, Forsooth, the Jew of Celsus, to Keep up the Character ...
... Chapter LIV. After this, forsooth, the Jew of Celsus, to keep up the
character assigned to the� After this, forsooth, the Jew ...
/.../origen/origen against celsus/chapter liv after this forsooth.htm

And Since this Jew of Celsus Makes it a Subject of Reproach that ...
... Chapter XXVIII. And since this Jew of Celsus makes it a subject of reproach
that Christians should� And since this Jew of Celsus ...
/.../origen/origen against celsus/chapter xxviii and since this.htm

Thesaurus
Jew (34 Occurrences)
... races we owe the splendid inheritance of modern civilization and secular culture;
but the religious education of mankind has been the gift of the Jew alone.". ...
/j/jew.htm - 22k

Jew's (3 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Jew's (3 Occurrences). John 7:2 Now the Jew's feast
of tabernacles was at hand. (KJV). Esther 9:10 the ten ...
/j/jew's.htm - 7k

Greek (19 Occurrences)
... The former is (1) a Greek by race (Acts 16:1-3; 18:17; Romans 1:14), or
(2) a Gentile as opposed to a Jew (Romans 2:9, 10). The ...
/g/greek.htm - 13k

Gentile (24 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (a.) One of a non-Jewish nation; one neither
a Jew nor a Christian; a worshiper of false gods; a heathen. ...
/g/gentile.htm - 13k

Justus (3 Occurrences)
... je'-zus jus'-tus Iesous ho legomenos Ioustos, "Jesus that is called Justus," Colossians
4:11): 1. A Jew by Birth: One of three friends of Paul-the others being ...
/j/justus.htm - 12k

Mor'decai (51 Occurrences)
... Esther 2:5 There was a certain Jew in Shushan the castle, whose name was Mordecai
the son of Jair the son of Shimei the son of Kish, a Benjamite, (See RSV). ...
/m/mor'decai.htm - 20k

Race (36 Occurrences)
... Acts 10:28 And he said to them, Ye know how it is unlawful for a Jew to be joined
or come to one of a strange race, and to me God has shewn to call no man ...
/r/race.htm - 19k

Jewish (49 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. JEW, JEWESS, JEWISH. ju, joo, ju'-ish,
joo'-ish (yehudhi plural yehudhim; Ioudaioi; feminine adjective ...
/j/jewish.htm - 22k

Stephen (13 Occurrences)
... 1. His Personal Antecedents: As his name and his relations in the church at Jerusalem
seem to imply (Acts 6:3), he was a Hellenist, ie a Greek-speaking Jew. ...
/s/stephen.htm - 33k

Apollos (11 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary A Jew "born at Alexandria," a man well versed
in the Scriptures and eloquent (Acts 18:24; RV, "learned"). ...
/a/apollos.htm - 16k

Concordance
Jew (34 Occurrences)

John 3:25
There arose therefore a questioning on the part of John's disciples with some Jews about purification.
(Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 4:9
The Samaritan woman therefore said to him, "How is it that you, being a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?" (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.)
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 18:35
Pilate answered, "I'm not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the chief priests delivered you to me. What have you done?"
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 6:5
And this saying was pleasing to all of them: and they made selection of Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit, and Philip and Prochorus and Nicanor and Timon and Parmenas and Nicolas of Antioch, who had become a Jew:
(BBE)

Acts 10:28
He said to them, "You yourselves know how it is an unlawful thing for a man who is a Jew to join himself or come to one of another nation, but God has shown me that I shouldn't call any man unholy or unclean.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 13:6
When they had gone through the island to Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was Bar Jesus,
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 18:2
He found a certain Jew named Aquila, a man of Pontus by race, who had recently come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome. He came to them,
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 18:24
Now a certain Jew named Apollos, an Alexandrian by race, an eloquent man, came to Ephesus. He was mighty in the Scriptures.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 19:14
There were seven sons of one Sceva, a Jewish chief priest, who did this.
(Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 19:34
But when they perceived that he was a Jew, all with one voice for a time of about two hours cried out, "Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!"
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 21:39
But Paul said, "I am a Jew, from Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no insignificant city. I beg you, allow me to speak to the people."
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 22:3
"I am indeed a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, instructed according to the strict manner of the law of our fathers, being zealous for God, even as you all are this day.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 1:16
For I am not ashamed of the Good News of Christ, for it is the power of God for salvation for everyone who believes; for the Jew first, and also for the Greek.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 2:9
oppression and anguish, on every soul of man who works evil, to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 2:10
But glory, honor, and peace go to every man who works good, to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 2:17
Indeed you bear the name of a Jew, and rest on the law, and glory in God,
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 2:28
For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh;
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 2:29
but he is a Jew who is one inwardly, and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit not in the letter; whose praise is not from men, but from God.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 3:1
Then what advantage does the Jew have? Or what is the profit of circumcision?
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 10:12
For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, and is rich to all who call on him.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Corinthians 9:20
To the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain Jews; to those who are under the law, as under the law, that I might gain those who are under the law;
(Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Galatians 2:14
But when I saw that they didn't walk uprightly according to the truth of the Good News, I said to Peter before them all, "If you, being a Jew, live as the Gentiles do, and not as the Jews do, why do you compel the Gentiles to live as the Jews do?
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Galatians 3:28
There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Colossians 3:11
where there can't be Greek and Jew, circumcision and uncircumcision, barbarian, Scythian, bondservant, freeman; but Christ is all, and in all.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 2:5
There was a certain Jew in the citadel of Susa, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 3:4
Now it came to pass, when they spoke daily to him, and he didn't listen to them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's reason would stand; for he had told them that he was a Jew.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 5:13
Yet all this avails me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 6:10
Then the king said to Haman, "Hurry and take the clothing and the horse, as you have said, and do this for Mordecai the Jew, who sits at the king's gate. Let nothing fail of all that you have spoken."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 8:7
Then King Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, "See, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged on the gallows, because he laid his hand on the Jews.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 9:29
Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority to confirm this second letter of Purim.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 9:31
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had decreed, and as they had imposed upon themselves and their descendants, in the matter of the fastings and their cry.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 10:3
For Mordecai the Jew was next to King Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted by the multitude of his brothers, seeking the good of his people, and speaking peace to all his descendants.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 34:9
that every man should let his male servant, and every man his female servant, who is a Hebrew or a Hebrewess, go free; that none should make bondservants of them, to wit, of a Jew his brother.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Zechariah 8:23
Thus says Yahweh of Armies: "In those days, ten men will take hold, out of all the languages of the nations, they will take hold of the skirt of him who is a Jew, saying,'We will go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.'"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Jew

Related Terms

Jew's (3 Occurrences)

Greek (19 Occurrences)

Gentile (24 Occurrences)

Justus (3 Occurrences)

Mor'decai (51 Occurrences)

Race (36 Occurrences)

Jewish (49 Occurrences)

Stephen (13 Occurrences)

Apollos (11 Occurrences)

Alexander (5 Occurrences)

Middle (169 Occurrences)

Mordecai (52 Occurrences)

Partition (4 Occurrences)

Wall (227 Occurrences)

Manasses (1 Occurrence)

Born (228 Occurrences)

Proselyte (2 Occurrences)

Visit (97 Occurrences)

Native (35 Occurrences)

Jehudi (3 Occurrences)

Jewess (3 Occurrences)

Worketh (49 Occurrences)

Freeman (9 Occurrences)

Foreigner (99 Occurrences)

Tribute (67 Occurrences)

Real (26 Occurrences)

Ephesian (4 Occurrences)

Enmity (23 Occurrences)

Debtor (7 Occurrences)

Debt (48 Occurrences)

Distinction (14 Occurrences)

Barjesus (1 Occurrence)

Customs (25 Occurrences)

Cili'cia (8 Occurrences)

Avail (15 Occurrences)

Associate (20 Occurrences)

Strictly (19 Occurrences)

Satisfaction (15 Occurrences)

Simply (27 Occurrences)

Sceva (1 Occurrence)

Citizenship (4 Occurrences)

Nation (192 Occurrences)

Subapostolic

Sub-apostolic

Beg (77 Occurrences)

Male (303 Occurrences)

Cilicia (8 Occurrences)

Working (205 Occurrences)

Interpretation (45 Occurrences)

Bond (32 Occurrences)

Begging (18 Occurrences)

Beggar (5 Occurrences)

Tobit

Samaritans (9 Occurrences)

Anaharath (1 Occurrence)

Ahasu-e'rus (30 Occurrences)

Timothy (28 Occurrences)

Circumcision (98 Occurrences)

Romans (8 Occurrences)

Claudius (3 Occurrences)

Paphos (2 Occurrences)

Confirm (39 Occurrences)

Ahasuerus (28 Occurrences)

Purim (5 Occurrences)

Ebionites

Ebionism

Jewel (12 Occurrences)

Bondman (108 Occurrences)

Better (218 Occurrences)

Towards (416 Occurrences)

Susanna (1 Occurrence)

James (40 Occurrences)

Taught (134 Occurrences)

Sirach

Stranger (152 Occurrences)

Jews (287 Occurrences)

Maccabees

Haman (46 Occurrences)

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