Luke 23:31
New International Version
For if people do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

New Living Translation
For if these things are done when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

English Standard Version
For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

Berean Study Bible
For if men do these things while the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

Berean Literal Bible
For if they do these things in the green tree, what might take place in the dry?"

New American Standard Bible
"For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

King James Bible
For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Christian Standard Bible
For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

Contemporary English Version
If this can happen when the wood is green, what do you think will happen when it is dry?

Good News Translation
For if such things as these are done when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

International Standard Version
And if they do this when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

NET Bible
For if such things are done when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

New Heart English Bible
For if they do these things in the green tree, what will be done in the dry?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For if they are doing these things with green wood, what will happen with the dried?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If people do this to a green tree, what will happen to a dry one?"

New American Standard 1977
“For if they do these things in the green tree, what will happen in the dry?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
For if they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

King James 2000 Bible
For if they do these things with a green tree, what shall be done with the dry?

American King James Version
For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

American Standard Version
For if they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Douay-Rheims Bible
For if in the green wood they do these things, what shall be done in the dry?

Darby Bible Translation
for if these things are done in the green tree, what shall take place in the dry?

English Revised Version
For if they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Webster's Bible Translation
For if they do these things in a green tree, what will be done in the dry?

Weymouth New Testament
For if they are doing these things in the case of the green tree, what will be done in that of the dry?"

World English Bible
For if they do these things in the green tree, what will be done in the dry?"

Young's Literal Translation
for, if in the green tree they do these things -- in the dry what may happen?'
Study Bible
The Crucifixion
30At that time ‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!”’ 31For if men do these things while the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?” 32Two others, who were criminals, were also led away to be executed with Jesus.…
Cross References
Luke 23:30
At that time 'they will say to the mountains, "Fall on us!" and to the hills, "Cover us!"'

Luke 23:32
Two others, who were criminals, were also led away to be executed with Jesus.

1 Peter 4:18
And, "If it is hard for the righteous to be saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner?"

Treasury of Scripture

For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Proverbs 11:31
Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.

Jeremiah 25:29
For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.

Ezekiel 15:2-7
Son of man, What is the vine tree more than any tree, or than a branch which is among the trees of the forest? …







Lexicon
For
Ὅτι (Hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

if
εἰ (ei)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

[men] do
ποιοῦσιν (poiousin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

these things
ταῦτα (tauta)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3778: This; he, she, it.

[while]
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

tree
ξύλῳ (xylō)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3586: From another form of the base of xestes; timber; by implication, a stick, club or tree or other wooden article or substance.

[is] green,
ὑγρῷ (hygrō)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5200: Moist, green, full of sap. From the base of huetos; wet, i.e. sappy.

what
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

will happen
γένηται (genētai)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Middle - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

[when]
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

[it is]
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

dry?”
ξηρῷ (xērō)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3584: Dry, withered; noun: dry land. From the base of xestes; arid; by implication, shrunken, earth.
(31) If they do these things in a green tree.--The word for "tree" primarily meant "wood" or "timber," the tree cut down. In later Greek, however, as, e.g., in Revelation 2:7; Revelation 22:2; Revelation 22:14; Revelation 22:19, it was used for "tree." The "green tree" is, therefore, that which is yet living, capable of bearing fruit; the "dry," that which is barren, fruitless, withered, fit only for the axe (Matthew 3:10; Luke 13:7). The words have so much the character of a proverb that the verb may almost be treated as practically impersonal. So far as any persons are implied, we must think of our Lord as speaking of the representatives of Roman power. If Pilate could thus sentence to death One in whom he acknowledged that he could find no fault, what might be expected from his successors when they had to deal with a people rebellious and in arms? In 1Peter 4:17 we have the same thought in a more general and less figurative form.

Verse 31. - For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? Bleek and others interpret this saying here thus: The green wood represents Jesus condemned to crucifixion as a traitor in spite of his unvarying loyalty to Rome and all lawful Gentile power. The dry wood pictures the Jews, who, ever disloyal to Rome and all Genesis the authority, will bring on themselves with much stronger reason the terrible vengeance of the great conquering empire. Theophylact, however, better explains the saying in his paraphrase, "If they do these things in me, fruitful, always green, undying through the Divinity, what will they do to you, fruitless, and deprived of all life-giving righteousness?" So Farrar, who well summarizes, "If they act thus to me, the Innocent and the Holy, what shall be the fate of these, the guilty and false?" 23:26-31 We have here the blessed Jesus, the Lamb of God, led as a lamb to the slaughter, to the sacrifice. Though many reproached and reviled him, yet some pitied him. But the death of Christ was his victory and triumph over his enemies: it was our deliverance, the purchase of eternal life for us. Therefore weep not for him, but let us weep for our own sins, and the sins of our children, which caused his death; and weep for fear of the miseries we shall bring upon ourselves, if we slight his love, and reject his grace. If God delivered him up to such sufferings as these, because he was made a sacrifice for sin, what will he do with sinners themselves, who make themselves a dry tree, a corrupt and wicked generation, and good for nothing! The bitter sufferings of our Lord Jesus should make us stand in awe of the justice of God. The best saints, compared with Christ, are dry trees; if he suffer, why may not they expect to suffer? And what then shall the damnation of sinners be! Even the sufferings of Christ preach terror to obstinate transgressors.
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NT Gospels: Luke 23:31 For if they do these things (Luke Lu Lk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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