Luke 23:31
New International Version
For if people do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

New Living Translation
For if these things are done when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

English Standard Version
For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

Berean Study Bible
For if men do these things while the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

Berean Literal Bible
For if they do these things in the green tree, what might take place in the dry?"

King James Bible
For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

New King James Version
For if they do these things in the green wood, what will be done in the dry?”

New American Standard Bible
For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

NASB 1995
"For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

NASB 1977
“For if they do these things in the green tree, what will happen in the dry?”

Amplified Bible
For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

Christian Standard Bible
For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry? ”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

American Standard Version
For if they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For if they are doing these things with green wood, what will happen with the dried?”

Contemporary English Version
If this can happen when the wood is green, what do you think will happen when it is dry?

Douay-Rheims Bible
For if in the green wood they do these things, what shall be done in the dry?

English Revised Version
For if they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Good News Translation
For if such things as these are done when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If people do this to a green tree, what will happen to a dry one?"

International Standard Version
And if they do this when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

Literal Standard Version
for if they do these things in the green tree, what may happen in the dry?”

NET Bible
For if such things are done when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

New Heart English Bible
For if they do these things in the green tree, what will be done in the dry?"

Weymouth New Testament
For if they are doing these things in the case of the green tree, what will be done in that of the dry?"

World English Bible
For if they do these things in the green tree, what will be done in the dry?"

Young's Literal Translation
for, if in the green tree they do these things -- in the dry what may happen?'

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Crucifixion
30At that time ‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!” ’ 31For if men do these things while the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?” 32Two others, who were criminals, were also led away to be executed with Jesus.…

Cross References
Luke 23:30
At that time 'they will say to the mountains, "Fall on us!" and to the hills, "Cover us!"'

Luke 23:32
Two others, who were criminals, were also led away to be executed with Jesus.

1 Peter 4:18
And, "If it is hard for the righteous to be saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner?"


Treasury of Scripture

For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Proverbs 11:31
Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.

Jeremiah 25:29
For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.

Ezekiel 15:2-7
Son of man, What is the vine tree more than any tree, or than a branch which is among the trees of the forest? …









(31) If they do these things in a green tree.--The word for "tree" primarily meant "wood" or "timber," the tree cut down. In later Greek, however, as, e.g., in Revelation 2:7; Revelation 22:2; Revelation 22:14; Revelation 22:19, it was used for "tree." The "green tree" is, therefore, that which is yet living, capable of bearing fruit; the "dry," that which is barren, fruitless, withered, fit only for the axe (Matthew 3:10; Luke 13:7). The words have so much the character of a proverb that the verb may almost be treated as practically impersonal. So far as any persons are implied, we must think of our Lord as speaking of the representatives of Roman power. If Pilate could thus sentence to death One in whom he acknowledged that he could find no fault, what might be expected from his successors when they had to deal with a people rebellious and in arms? In 1Peter 4:17 we have the same thought in a more general and less figurative form.

Verse 31. - For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? Bleek and others interpret this saying here thus: The green wood represents Jesus condemned to crucifixion as a traitor in spite of his unvarying loyalty to Rome and all lawful Gentile power. The dry wood pictures the Jews, who, ever disloyal to Rome and all Genesis the authority, will bring on themselves with much stronger reason the terrible vengeance of the great conquering empire. Theophylact, however, better explains the saying in his paraphrase, "If they do these things in me, fruitful, always green, undying through the Divinity, what will they do to you, fruitless, and deprived of all life-giving righteousness?" So Farrar, who well summarizes, "If they act thus to me, the Innocent and the Holy, what shall be the fate of these, the guilty and false?"

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
For
Ὅτι (Hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

if
εἰ (ei)
Conjunction
Strong's 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

[men] do
ποιοῦσιν (poiousin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

these things
ταῦτα (tauta)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's 3778: This; he, she, it.

[while]
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

tree
ξύλῳ (xylō)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's 3586: From another form of the base of xestes; timber; by implication, a stick, club or tree or other wooden article or substance.

[is] green,
ὑγρῷ (hygrō)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's 5200: Moist, green, full of sap. From the base of huetos; wet, i.e. sappy.

what
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

will happen
γένηται (genētai)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Middle - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

[when]
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

[it is]
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

dry?”
ξηρῷ (xērō)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's 3584: Dry, withered; noun: dry land. From the base of xestes; arid; by implication, shrunken, earth.


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NT Gospels: Luke 23:31 For if they do these things (Luke Lu Lk)
Luke 23:30
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