Job 2:11
New International Version
When Job's three friends, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite, heard about all the troubles that had come upon him, they set out from their homes and met together by agreement to go and sympathize with him and comfort him.

New Living Translation
When three of Job's friends heard of the tragedy he had suffered, they got together and traveled from their homes to comfort and console him. Their names were Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite.

English Standard Version
Now when Job’s three friends heard of all this evil that had come upon him, they came each from his own place, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite. They made an appointment together to come to show him sympathy and comfort him.

Berean Study Bible
Now when Job’s three friends—Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite—heard about all this adversity that had come upon him, each of them came from his home and met together to go and sympathize with Job and comfort him.

New American Standard Bible
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this adversity that had come upon him, they came each one from his own place, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite; and they made an appointment together to come to sympathize with him and comfort him.

King James Bible
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.

Christian Standard Bible
Now when Job's three friends--Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite--heard about all this adversity that had happened to him, each of them came from his home. They met together to go and sympathize with him and comfort him.

Contemporary English Version
Eliphaz from Teman, Bildad from Shuah, and Zophar from Naamah were three of Job's friends, and they heard about his troubles. So they agreed to visit Job and comfort him.

Good News Translation
Three of Job's friends were Eliphaz, from the city of Teman, Bildad, from the land of Shuah, and Zophar, from the land of Naamah. When they heard how much Job had been suffering, they decided to go and comfort him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now when Job's three friends--Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite--heard about all this adversity that had happened to him, each of them came from his home. They met together to go and sympathize with him and comfort him.

International Standard Version
When Job's three friends heard all these tragedies that happened to him, they each traveled from their home towns to visit him. Eliphaz came from Teman, Bildad came from Shuah, and Zophar came from Naamath. They met together and went to console and comfort him.

NET Bible
When Job's three friends heard about all this calamity that had happened to him, each of them came from his own country--Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite. They met together to come to show sympathy for him and to console him.

New Heart English Bible
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this adversity that had come on him, they each came from his own place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, and they made an appointment together to come to sympathize with him and to comfort him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Job's three friends heard about all the terrible things that had happened to him, each of them came from his home-Eliphaz of Teman, Bildad of Shuah, Zophar of Naama. They had agreed they would go together to sympathize with Job and comfort him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place, Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite; and they made an appointment together to come to bemoan him and to comfort him.

New American Standard 1977
Now when Job’s three friends heard of all this adversity that had come upon him, they came each one from his own place, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite; and they made an appointment together to come to sympathize with him and comfort him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now three friends of Job, Eliphaz, the Temanite, Bildad, the Shuhite, and Zophar, the Naamathite, when they heard of all this evil that had come upon him, each one came from his own place; for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.

King James 2000 Bible
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.

American King James Version
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come on him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.

American Standard Version
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place: Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, and they made an appointment together to come to bemoan him and to comfort him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Now his three friends having heard of all the evil that was come upon him, came to him each from his own country: Eliphaz the king of the Thaemans, Baldad sovereign of the Saucheans, Sophar king of he Minaeans: and they came to him with one accord, to comfort and to visit him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now when Job's three friends heard all the evil that had befallen him, they came every one from his own place, Alphas the Themanite, and Baldad the Suhite, and Sophar the Naamathite. For they had made an appointment to come together and visit him, a nd comfort him.

Darby Bible Translation
And three friends of Job heard of all this evil that was come upon him. And they came each one from his place: Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite; and they made an appointment together to come to condole with him and to comfort him.

English Revised Version
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: and they made an appointment together to come to bemoan him and to comfort him.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that had come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite; for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him, and to comfort him.

World English Bible
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that had come on him, they each came from his own place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, and they made an appointment together to come to sympathize with him and to comfort him.

Young's Literal Translation
And three of the friends of Job hear of all this evil that hath come upon him, and they come in each from his place -- Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite -- and they are met together to come in to bemoan him, and to comfort him;
Study Bible
Job's Three Friends
11Now when Job’s three friends— Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite— heard about all this adversity that had come upon him, each of them came from his home and met together to go and sympathize with Job and comfort him. 12When they lifted up their eyes from afar, they could barely recognize Job. They began to weep aloud, and each man tore his robe and threw dust into the air over his head.…
Cross References
John 11:19
and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to console them in the loss of their brother.

Romans 12:15
Rejoice with those who rejoice; weep with those who weep.

Genesis 25:2
and she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.

Genesis 36:11
The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

1 Chronicles 1:45
When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.

1 Chronicles 7:22
Their father Ephraim mourned for many days, and his relatives came to comfort him.

Job 6:19
The caravans of Tema look for water; the travelers of Sheba hope to find it.

Job 42:9
So Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite went and did as the LORD had told them; and the LORD accepted Job's request.

Job 42:11
All his brothers and sisters and prior acquaintances came and dined with him in his house. They consoled him and comforted him over all the adversity that the LORD had brought upon him. And each one gave him a piece of silver and a gold ring.

Jeremiah 49:7
Concerning Edom, this is what the LORD of Hosts says: "Is there no longer wisdom in Teman? Has counsel perished from the prudent? Has their wisdom decayed?

Obadiah 1:9
Then your mighty men, O Teman, will be terrified, so that everyone in the mountains of Esau will be cut down in the slaughter.

Treasury of Scripture

Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come on him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.

friends.

Job 6:14
To him that is afflicted pity should be shewed from his friend; but he forsaketh the fear of the Almighty.

Job 16:20
My friends scorn me: but mine eye poureth out tears unto God.

Job 19:19,21
All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me…

Temanite.

Job 6:19
The troops of Tema looked, the companies of Sheba waited for them.

Job 15:1
Then answered Eliphaz the Temanite, and said,

Genesis 36:11,15
And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz…

Shuhite.

Job 8:1
Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said,

Job 18:1
Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said,

Genesis 25:2
And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah.

to come.

Job 42:11
Then came there unto him all his brethren, and all his sisters, and all they that had been of his acquaintance before, and did eat bread with him in his house: and they bemoaned him, and comforted him over all the evil that the LORD had brought upon him: every man also gave him a piece of money, and every one an earring of gold.

Genesis 37:35
And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said, For I will go down into the grave unto my son mourning. Thus his father wept for him.

Isaiah 51:19
These two things are come unto thee; who shall be sorry for thee? desolation, and destruction, and the famine, and the sword: by whom shall I comfort thee?

to comfort.

Job 13:4
But ye are forgers of lies, ye are all physicians of no value.

Job 16:2
I have heard many such things: miserable comforters are ye all.







Lexicon
Now when Job’s
אִיּ֗וֹב (’î·yō·wḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 347: Job -- a patriarch

three
שְׁלֹ֣שֶׁת ׀ (šə·lō·šeṯ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7969: Three, third, thrice

friends—
רֵעֵ֣י (rê·‘ê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

Eliphaz
אֱלִיפַ֤ז (’ĕ·lî·p̄az)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 464: Eliphaz -- 'God is fine gold', a son of Esau, also a friend of Job

the Temanite,
הַתֵּימָנִי֙ (hat·tê·mā·nî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8489: Temanite -- inhabitant of Teman

Bildad
וּבִלְדַּ֣ד (ū·ḇil·daḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1085: Bildad -- perhaps 'Bel has loved', one of Job's friends

the Shuhite,
הַשּׁוּחִ֔י (haš·šū·ḥî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7747: Shuhite -- a Shuchite

and Zophar
וְצוֹפַ֖ר (wə·ṣō·w·p̄ar)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6691: Zophar -- one of Job's friends

the Naamathite—
הַנַּֽעֲמָתִ֑י (han·na·‘ă·mā·ṯî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5284: Naamathite -- inhabitant of Naamah

heard
וַֽיִּשְׁמְע֞וּ (way·yiš·mə·‘ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

about all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

this
הַזֹּאת֮ (haz·zōṯ)
Article | Pronoun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2063: Hereby in it, likewise, the one other, same, she, so much, such deed, that,

adversity
הָרָעָ֣ה (hā·rā·‘āh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

that had come
הַבָּ֣אָה (hab·bā·’āh)
Article | Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

upon him,
עָלָיו֒ (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

each of them
אִ֣ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

came
וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ (way·yā·ḇō·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

from his home
מִמְּקֹמ֔וֹ (mim·mə·qō·mōw)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4725: A standing, a spot, a condition

and met
וַיִּוָּעֲד֣וּ (way·yiw·wā·‘ă·ḏū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3259: To fix upon, to meet, to summon, to direct, to engage

together
יַחְדָּ֔ו (yaḥ·dāw)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3162: A unit, unitedly

to go
לָב֥וֹא (lā·ḇō·w)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

and sympathize
לָנֽוּד־ (lā·nūḏ-)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5110: To nod, waver, to wander, flee, disappear, to console, deplore, taunt

with [Job]
ל֖וֹ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 0: 0

and comfort him.
וּֽלְנַחֲמֽוֹ׃ (ū·lə·na·ḥă·mōw)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5162: To sigh, breathe strongly, to be sorry, to pity, console, rue, to avenge
(11) Eliphaz the Temanite.--Teman was the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, to whose family this Eliphaz is probably to be referred (Genesis 36:4; Genesis 36:10-11). If so, this may roughly indicate the date of the book. The inhabitants of Teman, which lay north-east of Edom, were famed for their wisdom (Jeremiah 47:7).

Bildad the Shuhite probably derived his origin from Shuah, the son of Abraham by Keturah (Genesis 25:2). Of the district from which Zophar the Naamathite came nothing is known. It probably derived its name from a Naamah or Naaman, of which there were several (e.g., Genesis 4:22; 1Kings 14:21; Genesis 46:21; Numbers 26:40; 2Kings 5:1), as names of persons or places called after them.

Verse 11. - Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him. It is not to be supposed that Job had no more than three friends - indeed, Elihu the Buzzite appears later on as one of his friends (Job 32:2-6) - but he had three contemporaries with whom he was especially intimate, old men (Job 32:6), with whom he was probably accustomed to confer from time to time, and who were in the habit of giving him their advice. All three, apparently, lived at a distance; and it seems to have been some weeks before the news of his misfortunes reached them. When the news came they held communication one with another, and agreed to pay him visits of condolence at a certain definite time, which was determined upon between them. Some months - at least two - seem to have elapsed between the date of Job's latest affliction and the time of their arrival (Job 7:3). They came every one from his own place. They had separate homes, and probably lived at some considerable distance from one another. Eliphaz the Temanite. There was an Eliphaz, the son of Esau by his wife Adah, who had a son Teman (Genesis 36:4; 1 Chronicles 1:35, 36); but it is not supposed that this can be the person here intended. The name Teman did not become geographical until the descendants of this Eliphaz's son had multiplied into a tribe, when they gave name to the portion of Arabia which they inhabited. This tract seems to have been either a part of Edom, or in its immediate vicinity (Genesis 36:42, 43; Jeremiah 49:7, 8, 20; Ezekiel 25:15; Obadiah 1:8, 9), but cannot be located with accuracy. The Temanitee were celebrated for their wisdom, as we learn from Jeremiah, who says (Jeremiah 49:7), "Concerning Edom, thus saith the Lord of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished?" Job's friend was probably among their wisest men at the time; and his discourses certainly show a considerable knowledge of human nature. They do not, however, solve the riddle of the universe. And Bildad the Shuhite. Bildad is a name which does not occur elsewhere in Scripture, neither is there any other mention of Shuhites. Conjecture has identified the Shuhites with the Saccaei of Ptolemy ('Geograph.,' 5:15), whom he places in the neighbourhood of Batanaea and Trachonitis. But the Saccaei are unheard of till Ptolemy's time, and seem to be a tribe of very small importance. Perhaps Bildad belonged to the people known to the Assyrians as the Tsukhi, or Sukhi ('Records of the Past,' vol. 1. p. 14), who dwelt on the Middle Euphrates from about Anah to Hit ('Ancient Monarchies,' vol. 2. pp. 66, 67). And Zophar the Naamathite. Zophar, or rather Tsophar, is another unknown name. There was a Naamah, a city, in south-western Judaea (Joshua 15:41), to which Zophar may have belonged, though probably a region, rather than a city, is here intended. For they had made an appointment together; or, agreed together, by message or letter probably. To come to mourn with him and to comfort him. A good intention, at any rate, and one agreeable to the apostolic injunction to us to "weep with them that weep" (Romans 12:15). That they failed to carry out their intention (Job 16:2; Job 21:34) was owing to a want of judgment, and, perhaps, in part, to a want of love. 2:11-13 The friends of Job seem noted for their rank, as well as for wisdom and piety. Much of the comfort of this life lies in friendship with the prudent and virtuous. Coming to mourn with him, they vented grief which they really felt. Coming to comfort him, they sat down with him. It would appear that they suspected his unexampled troubles were judgments for some crimes, which he had vailed under his professions of godliness. Many look upon it only as a compliment to visit their friends in sorrow; we must look life. And if the example of Job's friends is not enough to lead us to pity the afflicted, let us seek the mind that was in Christ.
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Alphabetical: about adversity agreement all an and appointment Bildad by came come comfort each Eliphaz friends from go had heard him his homes Job's made met Naamathite Now of one out own place set Shuhite sympathize Temanite that the their they this three to together troubles upon When with Zophar

OT Poetry: Job 2:11 Now when Job's three friends heard (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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