James 2:2
New International Version
Suppose a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and fine clothes, and a poor man in filthy old clothes also comes in.

New Living Translation
For example, suppose someone comes into your meeting dressed in fancy clothes and expensive jewelry, and another comes in who is poor and dressed in dirty clothes.

English Standard Version
For if a man wearing a gold ring and fine clothing comes into your assembly, and a poor man in shabby clothing also comes in,

Berean Study Bible
Suppose a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and fine clothes, and a poor man in shabby clothes also comes in.

Berean Literal Bible
For if a man might come into your assembly in splendid apparel with gold rings, and a poor man in shabby apparel also might come in,

New American Standard Bible
For if a man comes into your assembly with a gold ring and dressed in fine clothes, and there also comes in a poor man in dirty clothes,

King James Bible
For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;

Christian Standard Bible
For if someone comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and dressed in fine clothes, and a poor person dressed in filthy clothes also comes in,

Contemporary English Version
Suppose a rich person wearing fancy clothes and a gold ring comes to one of your meetings. And suppose a poor person dressed in worn-out clothes also comes.

Good News Translation
Suppose a rich man wearing a gold ring and fine clothes comes to your meeting, and a poor man in ragged clothes also comes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For example, a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and dressed in fine clothes, and a poor man dressed in dirty clothes also comes in.

International Standard Version
Suppose a man wearing gold rings and fine clothes comes into your assembly, and a poor man in dirty clothes also comes in.

NET Bible
For if someone comes into your assembly wearing a gold ring and fine clothing, and a poor person enters in filthy clothes,

New Heart English Bible
For if someone with a gold ring, in fine clothing, comes into your synagogue, and a poor person in filthy clothing also comes in;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For if a man will enter your assembly with a gold ring or fine clothing and a poor man enters in dirty clothing,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
For example, two men come to your worship service. One man is wearing gold rings and fine clothes; the other man, who is poor, is wearing shabby clothes.

New American Standard 1977
For if a man comes into your assembly with a gold ring and dressed in fine clothes, and there also comes in a poor man in dirty clothes,

Jubilee Bible 2000
For if a man with a gold ring and in precious apparel comes into your synagogue and a poor person in vile raiment also comes in,

King James 2000 Bible
For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in fine apparel, and there come in also a poor man in shabby clothing;

American King James Version
For if there come to your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;

American Standard Version
For if there come into your synagogue a man with a gold ring, in fine clothing, and there come in also a poor man in vile clothing;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel, and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire,

Darby Bible Translation
for if there come unto your synagogue a man with a gold ring in splendid apparel, and a poor man also come in in vile apparel,

English Revised Version
For if there come into your synagogue a man with a gold ring, in fine clothing, and there come in also a poor man in vile clothing;

Webster's Bible Translation
For if there come into your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;

Weymouth New Testament
For suppose a man comes into one of your meetings wearing gold rings and fine clothes, and there also comes in a poor man wearing shabby clothes,

World English Bible
For if a man with a gold ring, in fine clothing, comes into your synagogue, and a poor man in filthy clothing also comes in;

Young's Literal Translation
for if there may come into your synagogue a man with gold ring, in gay raiment, and there may come in also a poor man in vile raiment,
Study Bible GRK ▾ 
A Warning against Favoritism
1My brothers, as you hold out your faith in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ, do not show favoritism. 2Suppose a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and fine clothes, and a poor man in shabby clothes also comes in. 3If you lavish attention on the man in fine clothes and say, “Here is a seat of honor,” but say to the poor man “You must stand,” or, “Sit at my feet,”…
Cross References
Zechariah 3:3
Now Joshua was dressed in filthy garments as he stood before the Angel.

Luke 23:11
And even Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked Him. Dressing Him in a fine robe, they sent Him back to Pilate.

James 2:3
If you lavish attention on the man in fine clothes and say, "Here is a seat of honor," but say to the poor man "You must stand," or, "Sit at my feet,"

Treasury of Scripture

For if there come to your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;

assembly. Gr. synagogue. gold.

Esther 3:10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it to Haman the …

Esther 8:2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and …

Luke 15:22 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and …

goodly.

Genesis 27:15 And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her oldest son Esau, which were …

Matthew 11:8,9 But what went you out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? …

in vile.

Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are …

Zechariah 3:3,4 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel…







Lexicon
Suppose
Ἐὰν (Ean)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1437: If. From ei and an; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.

a man
ἀνὴρ (anēr)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 435: A male human being; a man, husband. A primary word; a man.

comes
εἰσέλθῃ (eiselthē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1525: To go in, come in, enter. From eis and erchomai; to enter.

into
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

your
ὑμῶν (hymōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

meeting
συναγωγὴν (synagōgēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4864: From sunago; an assemblage of persons; specially, a Jewish 'synagogue'; by analogy, a Christian church.

[wearing] a gold ring
χρυσοδακτύλιος (chrysodaktylios)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5554: Adorned with a gold ring. From chrusos and daktulios; gold-ringed, i.e. Wearing a golden finger-ring or similar jewelry.

[and]
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

fine
λαμπρᾷ (lampra)
Adjective - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2986: From the same as lampas; radiant; by analogy, limpid; figuratively, magnificent or sumptuous.

clothes,
ἐσθῆτι (esthēti)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2066: Clothing, raiment, vestment, robe. From hennumi; dress.

and
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

a poor [man]
πτωχὸς (ptōchos)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4434: Poor, destitute, spiritually poor, either in a good sense (humble devout persons) or bad.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

shabby
ῥυπαρᾷ (rhypara)
Adjective - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4508: Filthy, defiled, dirty. From rhupos; dirty, i.e. cheap or shabby; morally, wicked.

clothes
ἐσθῆτι (esthēti)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2066: Clothing, raiment, vestment, robe. From hennumi; dress.

also
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

comes in.
εἰσέλθῃ (eiselthē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1525: To go in, come in, enter. From eis and erchomai; to enter.
(2) For if there come unto your assembly (literally, synagogue).--This is the only place in the New Testament where the Jewish word is used for a Christian congregation.

A man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel.--Better, a man golden-ringed, in bright apparel. Roman satirists had much to say upon the fops and dandies of their time, with "all their fingers laden with rings"; some, if we may trust the sneer of Martial, having six on each; and others with heavy gold or light, according to the oppressiveness of the season; no doubt, the fashions set in Rome extended to Jerusalem. "Goodly apparel" is, rather, gorgeous--splendid in colour or ornament; the same two words are translated "gay clothing" in the following verse.

And there come in also a poor man in vile raiment.--Squalid, even dirty, as from work and wear--the exact opposite of the idle over-dressed exquisite.

Verses 2-4. - Proof that they were guilty of respect of persons. Observe the insight which this passage gives us into the cha-racier of the assemblies of the early Christians, showing

(1) that the entrance of a rich man was not entirely unknown, but

(2) that it was probably exceptional, because so much was made of him. Notice

(3) συναγωγή used here, and here only in the New Testament, of a Christian assembly for worship (cf. Ignatius, 'Ad Polye.,' c. 4, Πυκνότερον συναγωγαὶ γινέσθωσαν). (On the distinction between συναγωγὴ and ἔκκλησία, and the history of the terms and their use, see an interesting section in Trench's ' Synonyms,' p. 1.) Verse 2. - A man with a gold ring (ἀνὴρ χρυσοδακτύλιος). The word is found here only. The English Versions (both A.V. and R.V.) needlessly limit its meaning. The man was probably bedecked with a number of rings, and had not one only. In goodly apparel. The same phrase is rendering "gay clothing" in ver. 3. The variation is quite unnecessary, the Greek being identical in both places, and rightly rendered by R.V. "fine clothing." It is curious to find a similar needless variation in the Vulgate, which has in veste candida in ver. 2, and veste proeclara in ver. 3. 2:1-13 Those who profess faith in Christ as the Lord of glory, must not respect persons on account of mere outward circumstances and appearances, in a manner not agreeing with their profession of being disciples of the lowly Jesus. St. James does not here encourage rudeness or disorder: civil respect must be paid; but never such as to influence the proceedings of Christians in disposing of the offices of the church of Christ, or in passing the censures of the church, or in any matter of religion. Questioning ourselves is of great use in every part of the holy life. Let us be more frequent in this, and in every thing take occasion to discourse with our souls. As places of worship cannot be built or maintained without expense, it may be proper that those who contribute thereto should be accommodated accordingly; but were all persons more spiritually-minded, the poor would be treated with more attention that usually is the case in worshipping congregations. A lowly state is most favourable for inward peace and for growth in holiness. God would give to all believers riches and honours of this world, if these would do them good, seeing that he has chosen them to be rich in faith, and made them heirs of his kingdom, which he promised to bestow on all who love him. Consider how often riches lead to vice and mischief, and what great reproaches are thrown upon God and religion, by men of wealth, power, and worldly greatness; and it will make this sin appear very sinful and foolish. The Scripture gives as a law, to love our neighbour as ourselves. This law is a royal law, it comes from the King of kings; and if Christians act unjustly, they are convicted by the law as transgressors. To think that our good deeds will atone for our bad deeds, plainly puts us upon looking for another atonement. According to the covenant of works, one breach of any one command brings a man under condemnation, from which no obedience, past, present, or future, can deliver him. This shows us the happiness of those that are in Christ. We may serve him without slavish fear. God's restraints are not a bondage, but our own corruptions are so. The doom passed upon impenitent sinners at last, will be judgment without mercy. But God deems it his glory and joy, to pardon and bless those who might justly be condemned at his tribunal; and his grace teaches those who partake of his mercy, to copy it in their conduct.
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