Genesis 37:36
New International Version
Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh's officials, the captain of the guard.

New Living Translation
Meanwhile, the Midianite traders arrived in Egypt, where they sold Joseph to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt. Potiphar was captain of the palace guard.

English Standard Version
Meanwhile the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard.

Berean Study Bible
Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and captain of the guard.

New American Standard Bible
Meanwhile, the Midianites sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, Pharaoh's officer, the captain of the bodyguard.

King James Bible
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and captain of the guard.

Christian Standard Bible
Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and the captain of the guards.

Contemporary English Version
Meanwhile, the Midianites had sold Joseph in Egypt to a man named Potiphar, who was the king's official in charge of the palace guard.

Good News Translation
Meanwhile, in Egypt the Midianites had sold Joseph to Potiphar, one of the king's officers, who was the captain of the palace guard.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and the captain of the guard.

International Standard Version
Meanwhile, down in Egypt, the Midianites sold Joseph to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh's court officials, who was also Commander-in-Chief of the imperial guards.

NET Bible
Now in Egypt the Midianites sold Joseph to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh's officials, the captain of the guard.

New Heart English Bible
The Midianites sold him into Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, the captain of the guard.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Meanwhile, in Egypt the Midianites sold Joseph to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh's officials and captain of the guard.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, the captain of the guard.

New American Standard 1977
Meanwhile, the Midianites sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, Pharaoh’s officer, the captain of the bodyguard.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's and captain of the guard.

King James 2000 Bible
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and captain of the guard.

American King James Version
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and captain of the guard.

American Standard Version
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, the captain of the guard.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Madianites sold Joseph into Egypt; to Petephres, the eunuch of Pharao, captain of the guard.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Madianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Putiphar, an eunuch of Pharao, captain of the soldiers.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt, to Potiphar, a chamberlain of Pharaoh, the captain of the life-guard.

English Revised Version
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, the captain of the guard.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and captain of the guard.

World English Bible
The Midianites sold him into Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, the captain of the guard.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Medanites have sold him unto Egypt, to Potiphar, a eunuch of Pharaoh, head of the executioners.
Study Bible
Jacob Mourns Joseph
35All his sons and daughters tried to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted. “No,” he said. “I will go down to Sheol mourning for my son.” So his father wept for him. 36Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and captain of the guard.
Cross References
Genesis 39:1
Meanwhile, Joseph had been taken down to Egypt, where an Egyptian named Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and captain of the guard, bought him from the Ishmaelites who had taken him there.

Genesis 40:3
and imprisoned them in the house of the captain of the guard, the same prison where Joseph was confined.

Genesis 41:12
Now a young Hebrew was there with us, a servant of the captain of the guard. We told him our dreams and he interpreted them for us individually.

Psalm 105:17
He sent a man before them--Joseph, sold as a slave.

Jeremiah 39:9
Then Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, carried away to Babylon the remnant who had remained in the city, along with the deserters who had defected to him and the rest of the people.

Treasury of Scripture

And the Midianites sold him into Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and captain of the guard.

the Midianites.

Genesis 37:28
Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.

Genesis 25:1,2
Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah…

Genesis 39:1
And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither.

officer.

Esther 1:10
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

Isaiah 56:3
Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying, The LORD hath utterly separated me from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree.

captain.

Genesis 39:1-23
And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither…

Genesis 40:4
And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward.

2 Kings 25:8
And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem:







Lexicon
Meanwhile, the Midianites
וְהַ֨מְּדָנִ֔ים (wə·ham·mə·ḏā·nîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4084: Midianite -- a descendant of Midian

sold
מָכְר֥וּ (mā·ḵə·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 4376: To sell

[Joseph]
אֹת֖וֹ (’ō·ṯōw)
Direct object marker | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

in
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

Egypt
מִצְרָ֑יִם (miṣ·rā·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

to Potiphar,
לְפֽוֹטִיפַר֙ (lə·p̄ō·w·ṭî·p̄ar)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6318: Potiphar

an officer
סְרִ֣יס (sə·rîs)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5631: A eunuch, valet, a minister of state

of Pharaoh
פַּרְעֹ֔ה (par·‘ōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6547: Pharaoh -- a title of Egypt kings

[and] captain
שַׂ֖ר (śar)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of the guard.
הַטַּבָּחִֽים׃ (haṭ·ṭab·bā·ḥîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2876: A butcher, a lifeguardsman, a cook
(36) Midianites.--Heb., Medanites. (See Note on Genesis 37:25.)

Potiphar.--Three chief interpretations are given of this name The first explains it by two Coptic words, according to which it would signify "father of the king." This would make it an official name equivalent to prime minister or vizier. Gesenius considers it to be the same name as Potipherah (Genesis 41:50), and explains it as meaning "consecrated to Ra," that is, the sun-god. Thirdly, Canon Cook, in the "Excursus on Egyptian Words," at the end of Vol. I. of The Speaker's Commentary, argues with much cogency, that it means "father of the palace." This again would be an official name.

An officer.--Though this word literally in Hebrew signifies an eunuch, yet either, as seems probable from other places, it had come to mean any officer of the palace, or Potiphar was chief of the eunuchs, and therefore is himself numbered among them.

Captain of the guard.--Heb., chief of the slaughterers, by which the LXX. understand the slaughterers of animals for food, and translate "chief cook." The other versions understand by it the commander of the king's body-guard, whose business it would be to execute condemned criminals. A comparison with 2Kings 25:8, where the same title is given to Nebuzar-adan, proves that this interpretation is correct.

Verse 36. - And the Midianites - or Medanites, descendants of Medan, a brother of Midian, both of whom were sons of Abraham by Keturah (Genesis 25:2). That the Arabian merchants are called Ishmaelites (ver. 27), Midianites (ver. 28), and Medanites (ver. 36), is explained as an evidence of varying legends (Tuch, Bleek, Davidson, Colenso), but is better accounted for as indicating that the traders were composed of men of various nations (Clericus); that the Midianites, Ishmaelites, and Medanites were often confounded from their common parentage and closely similar habits (Keil); that the narrator did not intend to lay stress upon the nationality, but upon the occupation, of the travelers (Havernick); that the proprietors of the caravan were Ishmaelites, and the company attending it Midianites or Medanites (Lange); that the Ishmaelites were the genus, and the Midianites and Medanites the species, of the same nation (Rosenmüller, Quarry); that the Midianites or Medanites were the actual purchasers of Joseph, while the caravan took its name from the Ishmaelites, who formed the larger portion of it (Murphy) - sold him into Egypt (i.e. having brought him into Egypt, perhaps, as Luther conjectures, passing through Hebron on the way, sold him) unto Potiphar, - the name is abbreviated from Poti-Phera (Genesis 41:50), i.e. he who belongs to the sun (Gesenius, sub voce). The LXX. render Πετεφρής or Πετεφρῆ - an officer - סָרִיס, from סָרַס, an unused root signifying to pull up by the roots, originally means a eunuch (Isaiah 56:3, 4), such as Oriental monarchs were accustomed to set over their harems (Esther 2:3, 14, 15; Esther 4:5), but is here employed to denote an officer or courtier generally, without any reference to the primary signification, since Potiphar was married - of Pharaoh's (vide Genesis 12:15), and captain of the guard - literally, captain of the slaughterers, i.e. chief officer of the executioners, the nature of whoso duties may be understood from the fact that he was keeper of the State prison, "where the king's prisoners were bound" (Genesis 39:20).



37:31-36 When Satan has taught men to commit one sin, he teaches them to try to conceal it with another; to hide theft and murder, with lying and false oaths: but he that covers his sin shall not prosper long. Joseph's brethren kept their own and one another's counsel for some time; but their villany came to light at last, and it is here published to the world. To grieve their father, they sent him Joseph's coat of colours; and he hastily thought, on seeing the bloody coat, that Joseph was rent in pieces. Let those that know the heart of a parent, suppose the agony of poor Jacob. His sons basely pretended to comfort him, but miserable, hypocritical comforters were they all. Had they really desired to comfort him, they might at once have done it, by telling the truth. The heart is strangely hardened by the deceitfulness of sin. Jacob refused to be comforted. Great affection to any creature prepares for so much the greater affliction, when it is taken from us, or made bitter to us: undue love commonly ends in undue grief. It is the wisdom of parents not to bring up children delicately, they know not to what hardships they may be brought before they die. From the whole of this chapter we see with wonder the ways of Providence. The malignant brothers seem to have gotten their ends; the merchants, who care not what they deal in so that they gain, have also obtained theirs; and Potiphar, having got a fine young slave, has obtained his! But God's designs are, by these means, in train for execution. This event shall end in Israel's going down to Egypt; that ends in their deliverance by Moses; that in setting up the true religion in the world; and that in the spread of it among all nations by the gospel. Thus the wrath of man shall praise the Lord, and the remainder thereof will he restrain.
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OT Law: Genesis 37:36 The Midianites sold him into Egypt (Gen. Ge Gn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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