Exodus 8:18
New International Version
But when the magicians tried to produce gnats by their secret arts, they could not. Since the gnats were on people and animals everywhere,

New Living Translation
Pharaoh’s magicians tried to do the same thing with their secret arts, but this time they failed. And the gnats covered everyone, people and animals alike.

English Standard Version
The magicians tried by their secret arts to produce gnats, but they could not. So there were gnats on man and beast.

Berean Study Bible
The magicians tried to produce gnats using their magic arts, but they could not. And the gnats remained on man and beast.

King James Bible
And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

New King James Version
Now the magicians so worked with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not. So there were lice on man and beast.

New American Standard Bible
The soothsayer priests tried with their secret arts to produce gnats, but they could not; so there were gnats on every person and animal.

NASB 1995
The magicians tried with their secret arts to bring forth gnats, but they could not; so there were gnats on man and beast.

NASB 1977
And the magicians tried with their secret arts to bring forth gnats, but they could not; so there were gnats on man and beast.

Amplified Bible
The magicians (soothsayer-priests) tried by their secret arts and enchantments to create gnats, but they could not; and there were gnats on man and animal.

Christian Standard Bible
The magicians tried to produce gnats using their occult practices, but they could not. The gnats remained on people and animals.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The magicians tried to produce gnats using their occult practices, but they could not. The gnats remained on man and beast."

American Standard Version
And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: and there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Sorcerers did in this way also by their sorceries and they were not capable of removal of the lice, and there were lice on the children of men and on the animals.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the charmers also did so with their sorceries, to bring forth the louse, and they could not. And the lice were both on the men and on the quadrupeds.

Contemporary English Version
When the magicians tried to use their secret powers to do this, they failed, and gnats stayed on people and animals.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the magicians with their enchantments practiced in like manner, to bring forth sciniphs, and they could not and there were sciniphs as well on men as on beasts.

English Revised Version
And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: and there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

Good News Translation
The magicians tried to use their magic to make gnats appear, but they failed. There were gnats everywhere,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The magicians also tried to produce gnats using their magic spells, but they couldn't do it. The gnats bit people and animals.

International Standard Version
The magicians tried to do the same thing with their secret arts, but they were unable to bring out the gnats. The gnats were on the people and the animals.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the magicians did so with their secret arts to bring forth gnats, but they could not; and there were gnats upon man, and upon beast.

Literal Standard Version
And the enchanters do so with their secrets, to bring out the gnats, and they have not been able, and the gnats are on man and on beast;

NET Bible
When the magicians attempted to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals.

New Heart English Bible
The magicians tried with their secret arts to bring forth lice, but they couldn't. There were lice on man, and on animal.

World English Bible
The magicians tried with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they couldn't. There were lice on man, and on animal.

Young's Literal Translation
And the scribes do so with their flashings, to bring out the gnats, and they have not been able, and the gnats are on man and on beast;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Third Plague: Gnats
17This they did, and when Aaron stretched out his hand with his staff and struck the dust of the earth, gnats came upon man and beast. All the dust of the earth turned into gnats throughout the land of Egypt. 18The magicians tried to produce gnats using their magic arts, but they could not. And the gnats remained on man and beast. 19“This is the finger of God,” the magicians said to Pharaoh. But Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he would not listen to them, just as the LORD had said.…

Cross References
2 Timothy 3:9
But they will not advance much further. For just like Jannes and Jambres, their folly will be plain to everyone.

Exodus 7:11
But Pharaoh called the wise men and sorcerers and magicians of Egypt, and they also did the same things by their magic arts.

Exodus 7:12
Each one threw down his staff, and it became a serpent. But Aaron's staff swallowed up the other staffs.

Exodus 8:7
But the magicians did the same thing by their magic arts, and they also brought frogs up onto the land of Egypt.

Exodus 9:11
The magicians could not stand before Moses, because the boils had broken out on them and on all the Egyptians.


Treasury of Scripture

And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice on man, and on beast.

the magicians

Exodus 7:11
Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.

they could

Exodus 9:11
And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.

Genesis 41:8
And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.

Isaiah 19:12
Where are they? where are thy wise men? and let them tell thee now, and let them know what the LORD of hosts hath purposed upon Egypt.









(18) The magicians did so--i.e., tried to do so--took moist earth, and dried it, and pulverised it, and tried the effect of their magic charms upon it, but. failed to produce mosquitoes, as Aaron had done. Mosquitoes were things too delicate to be caught, and manipulated, and produced at a given moment by sleight-of-hand. The magicians tried to produce a counterfeit of the miracle, but could not. Then they excused themselves to their master with the words, "This is the finger of a god."

Verse 18. - The magicians did so with their enchantments. The magicians stretched out their rods over certain collections of dust, but no gnats were produced; which would be the natural result, if they had made no secret arrangements. No reason can be assigned why they should not have seemed to produce gnats, as easily as frogs, if they had employed all the arts of which they were masters in so doing. But events had convinced them that they could not cope with Moses and Aaron; and it would seem that they therefore declined further contest,

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The magicians
הַחַרְטֻמִּ֧ים (ha·ḥar·ṭum·mîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 2748: An engraver, writer

tried
וַיַּעֲשׂוּ־ (way·ya·‘ă·śū-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 6213: To do, make

to produce
לְהוֹצִ֥יא (lə·hō·w·ṣî)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

gnats
הַכִּנִּ֖ים (hak·kin·nîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3654: Gnat, gnats, a gnat swarm

using their magic arts,
בְּלָטֵיהֶ֛ם (bə·lā·ṭê·hem)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 3909: Covered, secret, incantation, secrecy, covertly

but they could
יָכֹ֑לוּ (yā·ḵō·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3201: To be able, have power

not.
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

And the gnats
הַכִּנָּ֔ם (hak·kin·nām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3654: Gnat, gnats, a gnat swarm

remained
וַתְּהִי֙ (wat·tə·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

on man
בָּאָדָ֖ם (bā·’ā·ḏām)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 120: Ruddy, a human being

and beast.
וּבַבְּהֵמָֽה׃ (ū·ḇab·bə·hê·māh)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 929: A dumb beast, any large quadruped, animal


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OT Law: Exodus 8:18 The magicians tried with their enchantments (Exo. Ex)
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