Exodus 8:18
Strong's Lexicon
The magicians
הַחַרְטֻמִּ֧ים (ha·ḥar·ṭum·mîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2748: 1) diviner, magician, astrologer 1a) engraver, writer (only in derivative sense of one possessed of occult knowledge)

tried
וַיַּעֲשׂוּ־ (way·ya·‘ă·śū-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6213: 1) to do, fashion, accomplish, make 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to do, work, make, produce 1a1a) to do 1a1b) to work 1a1c) to deal (with) 1a1d) to act, act with effect, effect 1a2) to make 1a2a) to make 1a2b) to produce 1a2c) to prepare 1a2d) to make (an offering) 1a2e) to attend to, put in order 1a2f) to observe, celebrate 1a2g) to acquire (property) 1a2h) to appoint, ordain, institute 1a2i) to bring about 1a2j) to use 1a2k) to spend, pass 1b) (Niphal) 1b1) to be done 1b2) to be made 1b3) to be produced 1b4) to be offered 1b5) to be observed 1b6) to be used 1c) (Pual) to be made 2) (Piel) to press, squeeze

כֵ֨ן (ḵên)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3651: adv 1) so, therefore, thus 1a) thus, so 1b) just so 1c) therefore 1d) so...as (paired with adv) 1e) then 1f) forasmuch as (in phrase) 1g) (with prep) 1g1) therefore, this being so (specific) 1g2) hitherto 1g3) therefore, on this ground (general) 1g4) afterwards 1g5) in such case adj 2) right, just, honest, true, veritable 2a) right, just, honest 2b) correct 2c) true, veritable 2d) true!, right!, correct! (in assent)

to produce
לְהוֹצִ֥יא (lə·hō·w·ṣî)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 3318: 1) to go out, come out, exit, go forth 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to go or come out or forth, depart 1a2) to go forth (to a place) 1a3) to go forward, proceed to (to or toward something) 1a4) to come or go forth (with purpose or for result) 1a5) to come out of 1b) (Hiphil) 1b1) to cause to go or come out, bring out, lead out 1b2) to bring out of 1b3) to lead out 1b4) to deliver 1c) (Hophal) to be brought out or forth

אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: 1) sign of the definite direct object, not translated in English but generally preceding and indicating the accusative

gnats
הַכִּנִּ֖ים (hak·kin·nîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3654: 1) gnat, gnats, gnat-swarm

using their magic arts,
בְּלָטֵיהֶ֛ם (bə·lā·ṭê·hem)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3909: 1) secrecy, mystery, enchantment 1a) secrecy, secretly 1b) mystery, enchantment

but they could
יָכֹ֑לוּ (yā·ḵō·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3201: 1) to prevail, overcome, endure, have power, be able 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to be able, be able to gain or accomplish, be able to endure, be able to reach 1a2) to prevail, prevail over or against, overcome, be victor 1a3) to have ability, have strength

not.
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: 1) not, no 1a) not (with verb-absolute prohibition) 1b) not (with modifier-negation) 1c) nothing (subst) 1d) without (with particle) 1e) before (of time)

And the gnats
הַכִּנָּ֔ם (hak·kin·nām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3654: 1) gnat, gnats, gnat-swarm

remained
וַתְּהִי֙ (wat·tə·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: 1) to be, become, come to pass, exist, happen, fall out 1a) (Qal) 1a1) ----- 1a1a) to happen, fall out, occur, take place, come about, come to pass 1a1b) to come about, come to pass 1a2) to come into being, become 1a2a) to arise, appear, come 1a2b) to become 1a2b1) to become 1a2b2) to become like 1a2b3) to be instituted, be established 1a3) to be 1a3a) to exist, be in existence 1a3b) to abide, remain, continue (with word of place or time) 1a3c) to stand, lie, be in, be at, be situated (with word of locality) 1a3d) to accompany, be with 1b) (Niphal) 1b1) to occur, come to pass, be done, be brought about 1b2) to be done, be finished, be gone

on man
בָּאָדָ֖ם (bā·’ā·ḏām)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 120: 1) man, mankind 1a) man, human being 1b) man, mankind (much more frequently intended sense in OT) 1c) Adam, first man 1d) city in Jordan valley

and beast.
וּבַבְּהֵמָֽה׃ (ū·ḇab·bə·hê·māh)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 929: 1) beast, cattle, animal 1a) beasts (coll of all animals) 1b) cattle, livestock (of domestic animals) 1c) wild beasts

Parallel Strong's
Holman Christian Standard Bible
The magicians tried to produce gnats using their occult practices, but they could not. The gnats remained on man and beast.

New American Standard Bible
The magicians tried with their secret arts to bring forth gnats, but they could not; so there were gnats on man and beast.

King James Bible
And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But when the magicians tried to produce gnats by their secret arts, they could not. Since the gnats were on people and animals everywhere,

New Living Translation
Pharaoh's magicians tried to do the same thing with their secret arts, but this time they failed. And the gnats covered everyone, people and animals alike.

English Standard Version
The magicians tried by their secret arts to produce gnats, but they could not. So there were gnats on man and beast.

New American Standard Bible
The magicians tried with their secret arts to bring forth gnats, but they could not; so there were gnats on man and beast.

King James Bible
And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The magicians tried to produce gnats using their occult practices, but they could not. The gnats remained on man and beast."

International Standard Version
The magicians tried to do the same thing with their secret arts, but they were unable to bring out the gnats. The gnats were on the people and the animals.

NET Bible
When the magicians attempted to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals.

American Standard Version
And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: and there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

English Revised Version
And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: and there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

Young's Literal Translation
And the scribes do so with their flashings, to bring out the gnats, and they have not been able, and the gnats are on man and on beast;






Cross References
2 Timothy 3:9
But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was.

Exodus 7:11
Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.

Exodus 7:12
For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents: but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.

Exodus 8:7
And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt.

Exodus 9:11
And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.

Exodus 1:1
Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.

Exodus 8:17
And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

Exodus 8:16
And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

Exodus 8:15
But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

Exodus 8:19
Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

Exodus 8:20
And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh; lo, he cometh forth to the water; and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
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