3654. ken
Strong's Concordance
ken: gnat, gnats, a gnat swarm
Original Word: כֵּן
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: ken
Phonetic Spelling: (kane)
Definition: gnat, gnats, a gnat swarm
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
of uncertain derivation
gnat, gnats, a gnat swarm
NASB Translation
gnats (6), manner (1).

IV. כֵּן (?), כִּנִּם, כִּנָּם

noun [masculine], meaning dubious; either gnat, gnats, gnat-swarm (so ᵐ5 ᵑ9 <TOPIC:Philo Judaeus> PhiloVita Mos. i, p. 97, <TOPIC:Origen>OrigenHom. 4, 6 in Ex., and most moderns), or [louse,] lice (so ᵑ6 ᵑ7 JosAnt. ii. 14. 13 BochHieroz. II, ii, 572 f., as Late Hebrew כִּנָּה, plural כִּנִּים = maggots, and especially lice) — absolute perhaps כֵּן Isaiah 51:6 (see below); plural כִּנִּים Exodus 8:13; Exodus 8:14; Psalm 105:31, כִּנִּם Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13; Exodus 8:14 has, also, כִּנָּם probably a mere Masoretic device for כִּנִּם (compare Di), on account of preceding וַתְּהִי (on which see Ges§ 145. 4 DaSynt. § 116); has כנים throughout: — of Egyptian plague Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13 (twice in verse); Exodus 8:14 (twice in verse) (all P), hence Psalm 105:31; כְּמוֺכֵֿן יְמוּתוּן Isaiah 51:6 like a gnatswarm (?) shall they die (compare Di Du; Weir Che read כנים, compare Buhlp. 355; > Brd De like this).

Note. — NöM 54 BaNB § 15, ES 53 BuhlGes HWB ed. 12 connect this word etymologically with Aramaic כלמתא vermin, Ba and Buhl also with Assyrian kalmatu, id. [DlHWB 333], and even with Aramaic קלמתא, , Arabic , etc., Ethiopic louse; but these connections, as well as that with Late Hebrew כְּנִימָה, all involving radical מ, are most improbable

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
lice, manner

From kanan in the sense of fastening; a gnat (from infixing its sting; used only in plural (and irreg. In Exod. 8:17, Exod. 8:18; Heb. 13:14)) -- lice, X manner.

see HEBREW kanan

see HEBREW 'ebuwc

Forms and Transliterations
הַכִּנִּ֖ים הַכִּנָּ֔ם הכנים הכנם כִּ֝נִּ֗ים כִנִּ֖ים כנים לְכִנִּ֖ם לכנם chinNim hak·kin·nām hak·kin·nîm hakkinNam hakkinnām hakkinNim hakkinnîm kin·nîm ḵin·nîm kinNim kinnîm ḵinnîm lə·ḵin·nim lechinNim ləḵinnim
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Exodus 8:16
HEB: הָאָ֑רֶץ וְהָיָ֥ה לְכִנִּ֖ם בְּכָל־ אֶ֥רֶץ
NAS: that it may become gnats through all
KJV: of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land
INT: of the earth may become gnats all the land

Exodus 8:17
HEB: הָאָ֔רֶץ וַתְּהִי֙ הַכִּנָּ֔ם בָּאָדָ֖ם וּבַבְּהֵמָ֑ה
NAS: of the earth, and there were gnats on man
KJV: of the earth, and it became lice in man,
INT: of the earth became were gnats man and beast

Exodus 8:17
HEB: הָאָ֛רֶץ הָיָ֥ה כִנִּ֖ים בְּכָל־ אֶ֥רֶץ
NAS: became gnats through all
KJV: of the land became lice throughout all the land
INT: of the earth became gnats all the land

Exodus 8:18
HEB: לְהוֹצִ֥יא אֶת־ הַכִּנִּ֖ים וְלֹ֣א יָכֹ֑לוּ
NAS: to bring forth gnats, but they could
KJV: to bring forth lice, but they could
INT: their secret to bring gnats not could

Exodus 8:18
HEB: יָכֹ֑לוּ וַתְּהִי֙ הַכִּנָּ֔ם בָּאָדָ֖ם וּבַבְּהֵמָֽה׃
NAS: but they could not; so there were gnats on man
KJV: but they could not: so there were lice upon man,
INT: could become were gnats man and beast

Psalm 105:31
HEB: וַיָּבֹ֣א עָרֹ֑ב כִּ֝נִּ֗ים בְּכָל־ גְּבוּלָֽם׃
NAS: a swarm of flies [And] gnats in all
KJV: divers sorts of flies, [and] lice in all their coasts.
INT: came A swarm gnats all their territory

6 Occurrences

Strong's Hebrew 3654
6 Occurrences

ḵin·nîm — 1 Occ.
hak·kin·nām — 2 Occ.
hak·kin·nîm — 1 Occ.
kin·nîm — 1 Occ.
lə·ḵin·nim — 1 Occ.

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