Esther 9:24
New International Version
For Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them and had cast the pur (that is, the lot) for their ruin and destruction.

New Living Translation
Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews, had plotted to crush and destroy them on the date determined by casting lots (the lots were called [purim]).

English Standard Version
For Haman the Agagite, the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur (that is, cast lots), to crush and to destroy them.

Berean Study Bible
For Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them and had cast the Pur (that is, the lot) to crush and destroy them.

New American Standard Bible
For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the adversary of all the Jews, had schemed against the Jews to destroy them and had cast Pur, that is the lot, to disturb them and destroy them.

King James Bible
Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

Christian Standard Bible
For Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them. He cast the Pur--that is, the lot--to crush and destroy them.

Contemporary English Version
Haman was the son of Hammedatha and a descendant of Agag. He hated the Jews so much that he planned to destroy them, but he wanted to find out the best time to do it. So he cast lots.

Good News Translation
Haman son of Hammedatha--the descendant of Agag and the enemy of the Jewish people--had cast lots ("purim," they were called) to determine the day for destroying the Jews; he had planned to wipe them out.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them. He cast the Pur (that is, the lot) to crush and destroy them.

International Standard Version
since Hammedatha's son Haman, the enemy of the Jewish people, had plotted against the Jewish people to destroy them, and he had cast the pur (that is, the lot) to determine when to confuse and destroy them.

NET Bible
For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised plans against the Jews to destroy them. He had cast pur (that is, the lot) in order to afflict and destroy them.

New Heart English Bible
because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast "Pur," that is the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It was because Haman, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them. (Haman was the son of Hammedatha and was from Agag.) Haman had the [Pur] (which means [the lot]) thrown [in order to determine when] to crush and destroy them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast pur, that is, the lot, to discomfit them, and to destroy them;

New American Standard 1977
For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the adversary of all the Jews, had schemed against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is the lot, to disturb them and destroy them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Because Haman, the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them and to destroy them,

King James 2000 Bible
Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

American King James Version
Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

American Standard Version
because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
shewing how Aman the son of Amadathes the Macedonian fought against them, how he made a decree and cast lots to destroy them utterly;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For Aman, the son of Amadathi of the race of Agag, the enemy and adversary of the Jews, had devised evil against them, to kill them and destroy them: and had cast Phur, that is, the lot.

Darby Bible Translation
For Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the oppressor of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them and to destroy them;

English Revised Version
because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

Webster's Bible Translation
Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

World English Bible
because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast "Pur," that is the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

Young's Literal Translation
because Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, adversary of all the Jews, had devised concerning the Jews to destroy them, and had caused to fall Pur -- that is the lot -- to crush them and to destroy them;
Study Bible
The Feast of Purim Instituted
23So the Jews agreed to continue the custom they had started, as Mordecai had written to them. 24For Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them and had cast the Pur (that is, the lot) to crush and destroy them. 25But when it came before the king, he commanded by letter that the wicked scheme which Haman had devised against the Jews should come back on his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.…
Cross References
Esther 3:1
After these events, King Xerxes honored Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, elevating him to a position above all the princes who were with him.

Esther 3:7
In the twelfth year of King Xerxes, in the first month, the month of Nisan, the pur (that is, the lot) was cast before Haman to determine a day and month. And the lot fell on the twelfth month, the month of Adar.

Esther 9:23
So the Jews agreed to continue the custom they had started, as Mordecai had written to them.

Isaiah 22:25
In that day, declares the LORD of Hosts, the peg driven into a firm place will give way; it will be sheared off and fall, and the load upon it will be cut down." Indeed, the LORD has spoken.

Treasury of Scripture

Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;







Lexicon
For
כִּי֩ (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

Haman
הָמָ֨ן (hā·mān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2001: Haman -- to rage, be turbulent

son
בֶּֽן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Hammedatha
הַמְּדָ֜תָא (ham·mə·ḏā·ṯā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4099: Hammedatha including the article

the Agagite,
הָֽאֲגָגִ֗י (hā·’ă·ḡā·ḡî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 91: Agagite -- a descriptive term for Haman

the enemy
צֹרֵר֙ (ṣō·rêr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6887: To bind, tie up, be restricted, narrow, scant, or cramped

of all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the Jews,
הַיְּהוּדִ֔ים (hay·yə·hū·ḏîm)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3064: Jews -- Jewish

had plotted
חָשַׁ֥ב (ḥā·šaḇ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2803: To think, account

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the Jews
הַיְּהוּדִ֖ים (hay·yə·hū·ḏîm)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3064: Jews -- Jewish

to destroy them
לְאַבְּדָ֑ם (lə·’ab·bə·ḏām)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6: To wander away, lose oneself, to perish

and had cast
וְהִפִּ֥יל (wə·hip·pîl)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5307: To fall, lie

the Pur
פּוּר֙ (pūr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6332: a lot', a Jewish feast

(that is,
ה֣וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

the lot)
הַגּוֹרָ֔ל (hag·gō·w·rāl)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1486: Lot -- a lot (for casting)

to crush
לְהֻמָּ֖ם (lə·hum·mām)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2000: To make a noise, move noisily, confuse, discomfit

and destroy them.
וּֽלְאַבְּדָֽם׃ (ū·lə·’ab·bə·ḏām)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6: To wander away, lose oneself, to perish
(24) Pur.--See above on Esther 3:7.

9:20-32 The observance of the Jewish feasts, is a public declaration of the truth of the Old Testament Scriptures. And as the Old Testament Scriptures are true, the Messiah expected by the Jews is come long ago; and none but Jesus of Nazareth can be that Messiah. The festival was appointed by authority, yet under the direction of the Spirit of God. It was called the feast of Purim, from a Persian word, which signifies a lot. The name of this festival would remind them of the almighty power of the God of Israel, who served his own purposes by the superstitions of the heathen. In reviewing our mercies, we should advert to former fears and distresses. When our mercies are personal, we should not by forgetfulness lose the comfort of them, or withhold from the Lord the glory due to his name. May the Lord teach us to rejoice, with that holy joy which anticipates and prepares for the blessedness of heaven. Every instance of Divine goodness to ourselves, is a new obligation laid on us to do good, to those especially who most need our bounty. Above all, redemption by Christ binds us to be merciful, 2Co 8:9.
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Adversary Agagite Ag'agite Attempting Cast Chance Consume Crush Cutting Decision Designs Destroy Devised Discomfit Disturb End Enemy Haman Hammedatha Hammeda'tha Hater Jews Lot Oppressor Plotted Pur Putting Ruin Schemed View
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Adversary Agagite Ag'agite Attempting Cast Chance Consume Crush Cutting Decision Designs Destroy Devised Discomfit Disturb End Enemy Haman Hammedatha Hammeda'tha Hater Jews Lot Oppressor Plotted Pur Putting Ruin Schemed View
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Alphabetical: adversary Agagite against all and cast destroy destruction disturb enemy For had Haman Hammedatha is Jews lot lot of plotted pur ruin schemed son that the their them to

OT History: Esther 9:24 Because Haman the son of Hammedatha (Est Esth. Es) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Esther 9:23
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