Condensed Biblical CyclopediaKingdom of Israel
- Jeroboam, the First King. During Solomon's building operations He discovered a young man by the name of Jeroboam, the son of Nebat an Ephrathite, who was valorous and industrious, and he set him over the Charge of the house of Joseph (1 Kings 11:26-29). Subsequently as the young man was going out of Jerusalem, he was met by the prophet Ahijah Who, in a very impressive manner, assured him that he should reign over Ten of the tribes of Israel (1 Kings 11:29-39). Solomon on hearing of this attempted to kill Jeroboam, and for protection he fled to Egypt (1 Kings 11:40). Upon the accession of Rehoboam to the throne the people sent for Jeroboam, and he joined his countrymen in requesting the new King to lighten their burdens which he emphatically refused to Do, and Jeroboam led the revolt (1 Kings 11:1-24; 1 Chronicles 10:1-19). Jeroboam established himself at Shechem in Mount Ephraim, and in order to Prevent the people from going to Jerusalem to worship, set up two Golden calves, one at Bethel and the other at Dan, assuring the people That these were the gods that had brought them out of the land of Egypt (1 Kings 12:25-30). He also disregarded the law of God and made priests of the lowest of the people, and changed the time of holding the annual Feasts ordained by Moses (1 Kings 12:31-33). During these perilous times a prophet of the Lord from Judah went to Bethel and found Jeroboam Officiating at the altar. The prophet cried vehemently against the Altar and predicted that a child should be born to the house of David, Josiah by name, who would destroy the priests of this altar on account Of their sacrilegious work, and emphasized the authenticity of his Commission by causing the altar to open and the ashes to pour out. Jeroboam was greatly angered and attempted to arrest the man of God With disastrous results, but through the intercession of the prophet he Was restored (1 Kings 13:1-32). After this Jeroboam increased in wickedness (1 Kings 13:33,34). Jeroboam's son Abijah fell sick, and he sent his wife to Shiloh to interview the prophet Ahijah in order to Find out the destiny of the child. He told her that the child would Die, and predicted the extinction of Jeroboam's house on account of his Unparalleled wickedness (1 Kings 14:1-18). Jeroboam reigned twenty-two years (1 Kings 14:19,20). He reigned contemporaneously with Rehoboam seventeen years (1 Kings 12:1-20; 1 Kings 14:20; 2 Chronicles 14:20), Abijah three years (1 Kings 14:31-15:2), and with Asa two years (1 Kings 14:20,31; 1 Kings 15:1,2,8-10; 2 Chronicles 12:13).
- Ahijah the Prophet. The prophet Ahijah flourished during the Reign of Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:1-18).
- Nadab, the Second King. Jeroboam was succeeded by his son Nadab, Whose uneventful reign continued only two years (1 Kings 15:25).
- Baasha, the Third King--Second Dynasty. Nadab was overthrown and Succeeded by Baasha, who, as soon as he reached the throne, Exterminated the house of Jeroboam because of his extreme wickedness (1 Kings 15:2-30). Baasha walked in the footsteps of Jeroboam (1 Kings 15:34). He was visited by the prophet of the Lord who predicted the destruction of his house on account of his sins (1 Kings 16:1-7). Baasha reigned over all Israel twenty-four years (1 Kings 15:34). He reigned contemporaneously with Asa (1 Kings 15:9,10,33).
- Jehu the Prophet. The prophet Jehu flourished during the reign Of Baasha (1 Kings 16:1-4).
- Elah, the Fourth King. Baasha was succeeded by his son Elah, who Reigned two years contemporaneously with Asa, king of Judah (1 Kings 15:9,10; 1 Kings 16:6-8).
- Zimri, the Fifth King--Third Dynasty. Elah was assassinated by His servant Zimri who, as soon as he ascended the throne, destroyed all The house of Baasha according to the word of the Lord. Zimri reigned Contemporaneously with Asa seven days (1 Kings 15:9,10; 1 Kings 16:8-30).
- Omri, the Sixth King--Fourth Dynasty. Zimri was succeeded by Omri. He reigned six years in undisputed authority. He was contemporary With Asa (1 Kings 15:9,10; 1 Kings 16:21-23). The chief act of Omri's reign, was the founding of the city of Samaria (1 Kings 16:23,24). His reign was characterized by evil (1 Kings 16:25-27).
- Ahab, the Seventh King. Omri was succeeded by his son Ahab (1 Kings 16:28). He introduced idolatry into the court of Israel, and his reign was distinguished by its remarkable disregard for the law of God (1 Kings 16:9-17:24). He reigned contemporaneously with Asa four years (1 Kings 15:9,10; 1 Kings 16:29) and Jehoshaphat eighteen years (1 Kings 22;41,42).
- Micaiah and Elijah the Prophets. During the reign of Ahab two distinguished prophets flourished.
- Micaiah's history is very brief. Ahab formed a military alliance With Jehoshaphat, and they went to war against the king of Syria. Before they went into the battle, Ahab's prophets were Called, and they uttered their predictions concerning the result Of the contest, after which Micaiah was called, and in a very Impressive manner predicted the result of the engagement, and His predictions were fulfilled (2 Chronicles 18:1-34).
- Elijah is one of the most dramatic characters in history. Both His appearance and departure from the scenes of earthly conflict Are most remarkable. He appeared at a time when idolatry held High carnival in the court of Ahab, and when all Israel had Apparently departed from the Lord (1 Kings 16:29-17:1).
The chief events in life were,
- he appeared to Ahab, king of Israel and predicted that there should be neither rain nor dew except by his word (1 Kings 17:1; James 5:17);
- he was fed by the ravens at the brook Cherith (1 Kings 17:2-7);
- he arrived at Zarephath and dwelt there (1 Kings 17:8-16);
- he restored the widow's son (1 Kings 17:17-24);
- he appeared to Ahab the second time (1 Kings 18:1-19);
- he repaired the altar of the Lord and destroyed the prophets of Baal (1 Kings 18:20-40);
- the end of the drought and the race from Carmel to Jezreel (1 Kings 18:41-46);
- he fled from the anger of Jezebel (1 Kings 19:1-3);
- he sat down under a juniper tree and prayer for death (1 Kings 19:4);
- the angel of the Lord appeared, fed, and strengthened him (1 Kings 19:5-8);
- the Lord spoke to him at Mount Sinai and assured him that there were seven thousand in Israel who had not bowed their knees to Baal (1 Kings 19:9-18);
- by the Lord's authority he anointed Elisha of Abelmeholah as his successor (1 Kings 19:15-21);
- he predicted the terrible end of Ahab and his wife (1 Kings 21:17-29);
- he called fire down from heaven (2 Kings 1:1-12; Luke 9:54);
- he predicted the death of Ahaziah (2 Kings 1:13-18);
- he was carried to heaven in a chariot of fire (2 Kings 2:1-18).
- Ahaziah, the Eighth King. Ahab was succeeded by his son Ahaziah. He followed in the footsteps of his wicked ancestors (1 Kings 22:51-53). An accident befell him, and he was dangerously sick, And he sent to inquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron if he would Recover. The angel of the Lord commanded Elijah to go and tell the Messengers to declare to the king that he should surely die. When the King recognized the prophet in their description, he sent a deputation Of soldiers requesting him to come to him at once. Disaster followed Disaster until the prophet appeared in the court of the king and Predicted his speedy death (2 Kings 1:1-16). Ahaziah reigned contemporaneously with Jehoshaphat two years (1 Kings 22:42-51; 2 Kings 3:1).
- Jehoram, the Ninth King. Ahaziah was succeeded by his brother Jehoram (2 Kings 1:17; 2 Kings 3:1). His reign was characterized by evil (2 Kings 3:1,2). The peace of his kingdom was disturbed by the rebellion of the king of Moab. In order to suppress this rebellion he associated With him the king of Judah and the king of Edom. Great destruction and Sorrow followed (2 Kings 3:1-27). He reigned contemporaneously with Jehoshaphat (2 Kings 3:1), Jehoram (1 Kings 22:42; 2 Kings 3:1; 2 Kings 9:29; 2 Chronicles 21:1,5) and Ahaziah (2 Kings 9:29;
- Elisha the Prophet. Elisha the prophet flourished during these times. The chief events in his life were:
- he was anointed by Elijah as his successor (1 Kings 19:19-21);
- he received a double portion of the spirit of Elijah (2 Kings 2:9-15);
- he told king Jehoram how to obtain water during his campaign against the Moabites (2 Kings 3:10-20);
- he increased the widow's oil (2 Kings 4:1-7);
- he raised the Shunammite's son from the dead (2 Kings 4:8-38);
- he performed a great miracle at Gilgal (2 Kings 4:39-41);
- he fed a large multitude by a miraculous increase of the food (2 Kings 4:42-44);
- he healed Naaman's leprosy (2 Kings 5:1-19);
- he entailed leprosy on the house of Gehazi (2 Kings 5:20-27);
- the great famine in Samaria (2 Kings 6:1-7);
- he gave assistance to the king of Israel against his foes (2 Kings 6:8-12);
- he was captured by the Syrians (2 Kings 6:13-18);
- he led the Syrians to Samaria, fed them, furnished them with the necessities of life, sent them away, and thus gained a great victory (2 Kings 6:19-24);
- he predicted sudden plenty, during the famine of Samaria (2 Kings 7:1,2);
- his prediction was fulfilled (2 Kings 7:3-20);
- he carried out the commission originally given to Elijah (1 Kings 19:15-18; 2 Kings 8:1-15; 2 Kings 9:1-13).
- Jehu, the Tenth King--Fifth Dynasty. Jehoram was slain and Succeeded by Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat, the son of Nimshi. He Inaugurated a reformation by killing Jezebel, the sons of Ahab and the Prophets of Baal (2 Kings 9:1-10:28). Because of his success in the destruction of evil, the Lord promised him that his children should sit Upon the throne for four generations (2 Kings 10:29-34). Jehu reigned over Israel twenty-eight years, and was contemporary with Athaliah seven Years (2 Kings 10:36; 2 Kings 11:1-4) and Jehoash twenty-one years (2 Kings 12:1;
- Jehoahaz, the Eleventh King. Jehu was succeeded by his son Jehoahaz, who reigned in Samaria seventeen years (2 Kings 18:1). His reign was characterized by a continuance of the idolatrous practice Inaugurated by Jeroboam. The anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and He delivered them into the hands of the Syrians. The king Seemed to be penitent but did not reform (2 Kings 12:2-8). He was contemporary with Jehoash seventeen years (2 Kings 12:1; 2 Kings 13:1).
- Joash, the Twelfth King. Jehoahaz was succeeded by his son Joash, who followed in the footprints of his wicked progenitors. During Elisha's last illness he was visited by Joash to whom he communicated The information that he should smite the Syrians three times (2 Kings 13:14-19). Joash reigned sixteen years, and was contemporary with Jehoash two years (2 Kings 13:9,10; 2 Kings 12:1; 2 Kings 14:1) and Amaziah fourteen years (2 Kings 14:1,2).
- Jeroboam the Second, the Thirteenth King. Joash was succeeded By his son Jeroboam. He adhered to the ways of his ancestors. He Restored the coast of Israel from the "entering of Hamath unto the sea Of the plain," according to the prediction of Jonah the son of Amittai (2 Kings 14:23-25). Israel was greatly afflicted during these times, but the Lord granted them deliverance by the hand of the king (2 Kings 14:26,27). He reigned forty-one years, and was contemporary with Amaziah fifteen years (2 Kings 14:1,2,23) and Uzziah fourteen years (2 Kings 15:1).
- Jonah the Prophet. Jonah the prophet flourished during the reign of Jeroboam the Second (2 Kings 14:23-25). The chief events in his life were,
- he received a commission from the Lord to go unto the great city of Nineveh and cry against it (Jonah 1:1,2); (B) he was cast into the sea and swallowed by a great fish (Jonah 1:3-17);
- he prayed to the Lord and was delivered (Jonah 2:1-10);
- the people of Nineveh repented at his preaching (Jonah 4:1-11).
- Interregnum. There was a space of about twenty-four years Between the death of Jeroboam the Second, and the accession of Zachariah (2 Kings 14:23; 2 Kings 15:1,8).
- Zachariah, the Fourteenth King. Jeroboam the Second was Succeeded by his son Zachariah in whom was fulfilled the promise of the Lord to Jehu (2 Kings 14:29; 2 Kings 15:8-12). He reigned six months contemporaneously with Uzziah (2 Kings 15:1,2,8).
- Shallum, the Fifteenth King-- Sixth Dynasty. Zachariah was slain and succeeded by Shallum who reigned a full month, contemporaneously with Uzziah (2 Kings 15:1,2,10,13).
- Menahem, the Sixteenth King--Seventh Dynasty. Shallum was slain And succeeded by Menahem. His reign was distinguished by a very great Wickedness, war and excessive taxation (2 Kings 15:14-22). He reigned ten years contemporaneously with Uzziah (2 Kings 15:1,2,17).
- Pekahiah, the Seventeenth King. Menahem was succeeded by his Son Pekahiah. His reign was distinguished on account of wickedness. He Reigned two years contemporaneously with Uzziah (2 Kings 15:1,2,22-24).
- Pekah, the Eighteenth King--Eighth Dynasty. Pekahiah was slain And succeeded by Pekah (2 Kings 15:25-27). He departed not from the example of his progenitors (2 Kings 15:28). He reigned twenty years (2 Kings 15:27), and was contemporary with Uzziah about one year (2 Kings 15:1,2), Jotham sixteen years (2 Kings 15:32,33; years (2 Kings 16:1).
- Interregnum. There was an interregnum of about eight years Between the death of Pekah and the accession of Hoshea (2 Kings 15:27 2 Kings 16:1,2; 2 Kings 17:1).
- Hoshea, the Nineteenth King--Ninth Dynasty. Pekah was slain and Succeeded by Hoshea (2 Kings 15:30). During the reign of Hoshea, Israel was carried by the Assyrians into captivity, and their country was Occupied by their enemies (2 Kings 17:1-41).
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaKingdom of Israel
KINGDOM OF ISRAEL
See ISRAEL, KINGDOM OF.
Smith's Bible DictionaryKingdom Of Israel
I. the kingdom. --The prophet Ahijah of Shiloh, who was commissioned in the latter days of Solomon to announce the division of the kingdom, left one tribe (Judah) to the house of David, and assigned ten to Jeroboam. (1 Kings 11:31,35) These were probably Joseph (Ephraim and Manasseh), Issachar, Zebulun, Asher, Naphtali, Benjamin, Dan, Simeon, Gad and Reuben; Levi being intentionally omitted. Eventually the greater part of Benjamin, and probably the whole of Simeon and Dan, were included as if by common consent in the kingdom of Judah. With respect to the conquests of David, Moab appears to have been attached to the kingdom of Israel. (2 Kings 3:4) so much of Syria as remained subject to Solomon, see (1 Kings 11:24) would probably be claimed by his successor in the northern kingdom; and Ammon was at one time allied (2 Chronicles 20:1) we know not how closely or how early, with Moab. The seacoast between Accho and Japho remained in the possession of Israel. The whole population may perhaps have amounted to at least three and a half millions. II. the capitals . --Shechem was the first capital of the new kingdom. (1 Kings 12:25) Subsequently Tirzah became the royal residence, if not the capital, of Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:17) and of his successors. cf. (1 Kings 15:33; 16:8,17,23) Samaria was chosen by Omri. (1 Kings 16:24) Jezreel was probably only a royal residence of some of the Israelitish kings. III. History . --The kingdom of Israel lasted 254 years, from B.C. 975 to B.C. 721. The detailed history of the kingdom will be found under the names of its nineteen kings. See chart of the kings of Judah and Israel, at the end of the work. A summary view may be taken in four periods: (a) B.C. 975-929. Jeroboam had not sufficient force of character in himself to make a lasting impression on his people. A king, but not a founder of a dynasty, he aimed at nothing beyond securing his present elevation. Baasha, in the midst of the army at Gibbethon, slew the son and successor of Jeroboam; Zimri, a captain of chariots, slew the son and successor of Baasha; Omri, the captain of the host, was chosen to punish Zimri; and after a civil war of four years he prevailed over Tibni, the choice of half the people. (b) B.C. 929-884. For forty-five years Israel wag governed by the house of Omri. The princes of his house cultivated an alliance with the king of Judah which was cemented by the marriage of Jehoram and Athaliah. The adoption of Baal-worship led to a reaction in the nation, to the moral triumph of the prophets in the person of Elijah, and to extinction of the house of Ahab in obedience to the bidding of Elisha. (c) B.C. 884-772. Unparalleled triumphs, but deeper humiliation, awaited the kingdom of Israel under the dynasty of Jehu. Hazael, the ablest king of Damascus, reduced Jehoahaz to the condition of a vassal, and triumphed for a time over both the disunited Hebrew kingdoms. Almost the first sign of the restoration of their strength was a war between them; and Jehoash, the grandson of Jehu, entered Jerusalem as the conqueror of Amaziah. Jehoash also turned the tide of war against the Syrians; and Jeroboam II., the most powerful of all the kings of of Israel, captured Damascus, and recovered the whole ancient frontier from Hamath to the Dead Sea. This short-lived greatness expired with the last king of Jehu's line. (d) B.C. 772-721. Military violence, it would seem, broke off the hereditary succession after the obscure and probably convulsed reign of Zachariah. An unsuccessful usurper, Shallum, is followed by the cruel Menahem, who, being unable to make head against the first attack of Assyria under Pul, became the agent of that monarch for the oppressive taxation of his subjects. Yet his power at home was sufficient to insure for his son and successor Pekahiah a ten-years reign, cut short by a bold usurper, Pekah. Abandoning the northern and transjordanic regions to the encroaching power of Assyria under Tiglath-pileser, he was very near subjugating Judah, with the help of Damascus, now the coequal ally of Israel. But Assyria interposing summarily put an end to the independence of Damascus, and perhaps was the indirect cause of the assassination of the baffled Pekah. The irresolute Hoshea, the next and last usurper, became tributary to his invaders Shalmaneser, betrayed the Assyrian to the rival monarchy of Egypt, and was punished by the loss of his liberty, and by the capture, after a three-years siege, of his strong capital, Samaria. Some gleanings of the ten tribes yet remained in the land after so many years of religious decline, moral debasement, national degradation, anarchy, bloodshed and deportation. Even these were gathered up by the conqueror and carried to Assyria, never again, as a distinct people, to occupy their portion of that goodly and pleasant land which their forefathers won under Joshua from the heathen. (Schaff Bib. Dic.) adds to this summary that "after the destruction of the kingdom of Israel, B.C. 721, the name Israel? began to be applied to the whole surviving people. No doubt many of the kingdom of Israel joined the later kingdom of the Jews after the captivity, and became part of that kingdom.--ED.)
Greek4540. Samareia -- Samaria, the name of both a city and a region in ... ...
by Galilee on the north, and by Judaea on the south, and taking its name from the
city of Samaria, the ancient capital of the kingdom
of (northern) Israel
. ... //strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4540.htm - 6k
The Kingdom of Israel.
... OLD TESTAMENT LESSONS. PART FOURTH."THE KINGDOM OF ISRAEL. Lesson XXXII.
The Two Kingdoms. (Tell Stories 1 and 2 of Part Fourth.). ...
/.../hurlbut/hurlbuts bible lessons/part fourth the kingdom of israel.htm
Of the Disruption of the Kingdom of Israel, by which the Perpetual ...
... Book XVII. Chapter 7."Of the Disruption of the Kingdom of Israel, by Which the
Perpetual Division of the Spiritual from the Carnal Israel Was Prefigured. ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/augustine/city of god/chapter 7 of the disruption of.htm
And V the Kingdom Undivided and the Kingdom Divided
... UNDIVIDED KINGDOM: 1095 BC to 975 BC" +""" KINGDOM ISRAEL: 975
BC to 721 BC " +""" KINGDOM OF JUDAH: 975 BC to ...
/.../palmer/a birds-eye view of the bible/iv and v the kingdom.htm
'Let Him Alone'
... The tribe of Ephraim was the most important member of the kingdom of Israel;
consequently its name was not unnaturally sometimes used in a wider application ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture a/let him alone.htm
The Kingdom of all Israel.
... THE CHOSEN PEOPLE. LESSON VI. THE KINGDOM OF ALL ISRAEL. "As is the fat
taken away from the peace-offering, so was David chosen ...
//christianbookshelf.org/yonge/the chosen people/lesson vi the kingdom of.htm
... not many days hence.6. When they therefore were come together, they asked of Him,
saying, Lord, wilt Thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel? ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture the acts/the ascension.htm
A Kingdom's Epitaph
... It is a post mortem inquiry into the diseases that killed a kingdom. ... Before it, verses
7-12, narrate Israel's sin, which culminates in provoking the Lord to ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/a kingdoms epitaph.htm
How to Split a Kingdom
... But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned
over them.'"1 Kings 12:1-17. The separation of the kingdom of Solomon ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/how to split a kingdom.htm
A Loving Call to Reunion
... of the reign, the language employed in the message to the northern tribes
(vers.6,7, 9) seems to imply the previous fall of the kingdom of Israel, If so, ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/a loving call to reunion.htm
David's Prohibited Desire and Permitted Service
... He shall build an house for My name; and he shall be My son, and I will be his Father;
and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel for ever.11. ...
/.../expositions of holy scripture g/davids prohibited desire and permitted.htm
Kingdom of God
Kingdom of Heaven
Kingdom of Heaven: "My Kingdom is not of This World"
Kingdom of Heaven: Children of The
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To a Granule of Mustard Seed
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To a Householder
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To a King Who Called his Servants for a Reckoning (An Audit)
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To a King Who Made a Marriage Feast for his Son
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To a Man Who Sowed Good Seed
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To a Net
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To a Pearl
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To a Treasure
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To Leaven (Yeast)
Kingdom of Heaven: Compared: To Ten Virgins
Kingdom of Heaven: Does not Consist of Meat and Drink
Kingdom of Heaven: Good News of
Kingdom of Heaven: Keys of
Kingdom of Heaven: Mysteries of
Kingdom of Heaven: Rich People Cannot Enter
Kingdom of Heaven: To a Man, Traveling Into a Far Country, Who Called his Servants
Kingdom Of Israel
Kingdom Of Judah
Kingdom of Satan: General Scriptures Concerning
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