2 Kings 11:1
New International Version
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to destroy the whole royal family.

New Living Translation
When Athaliah, the mother of King Ahaziah of Judah, learned that her son was dead, she began to destroy the rest of the royal family.

English Standard Version
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the royal family.

Berean Study Bible
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to annihilate all the royal heirs.

New American Standard Bible
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and destroyed all the royal offspring.

King James Bible
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

Christian Standard Bible
When Athaliah, Ahaziah's mother, saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to annihilate all the royal heirs.

Contemporary English Version
As soon as Athaliah heard that her son King Ahaziah was dead, she decided to kill any relative who could possibly become king. She would have done that,

Good News Translation
As soon as King Ahaziah's mother Athaliah learned of her son's murder, she gave orders for all the members of the royal family to be killed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Athaliah, Ahaziah's mother, saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to annihilate all the royal heirs.

International Standard Version
As soon as Ahaziah's mother Athaliah learned that her son had died, she seized the throne and executed the entire royal bloodline.

NET Bible
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she was determined to destroy the entire royal line.

New Heart English Bible
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the royal family.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Ahaziah's mother, Athaliah, saw that her son was dead, she began to destroy the entire royal family.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

New American Standard 1977
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and destroyed all the royal offspring.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Athaliah, the mother of Ahaziah, seeing that her son was dead, arose and destroyed all the royal seed.

King James 2000 Bible
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the royal heirs.

American King James Version
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

American Standard Version
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Gotholia the mother of Ochozias saw that her son was dead, and she destroyed all the seed royal.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Athalia the mother of Ochozias seeing that her son was dead, arose, and slew all the royal seed.

Darby Bible Translation
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose up and destroyed all the royal seed.

English Revised Version
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

World English Bible
Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

Young's Literal Translation
And Athaliah is mother of Ahaziah, and she hath seen that her son is dead, and she riseth, and destroyeth all the seed of the kingdom;
Study Bible
Athaliah and Joash
1When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to annihilate all the royal heirs. 2But Jehosheba daughter of King Joram, the sister of Ahaziah, took Joash son of Ahaziah and stole him away from among the sons of the king who were being murdered. She put him and his nurse in a bedroom to hide him from Athaliah, and he was not killed.…
Cross References
Judges 9:5
He went to his father's house in Ophrah, and on one stone murdered his seventy brothers, the sons of Jerubbaal. But Jotham, the youngest son of Jerubbaal, survived, because he hid himself.

1 Kings 2:44
The king also said, "You know in your heart all the evil that you did to my father David. Therefore the LORD will bring your evil back upon your head.

2 Kings 10:7
And when the letter arrived, they took the king's sons and slaughtered all seventy of them, put their heads in baskets, and sent them to Jehu at Jezreel.

2 Kings 10:36
So the time of Jehu's reign over Israel in Samaria was twenty-eight years.

2 Chronicles 22:10
When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to annihilate all the royal heirs of the house of Judah.

Treasury of Scripture

And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

A.

2 Chronicles 22:10
But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah.

2 Chronicles 24:7
For the sons of Athaliah, that wicked woman, had broken up the house of God; and also all the dedicated things of the house of the LORD did they bestow upon Baalim.

the mother

2 Kings 8:26
Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel.

2 Kings 9:27
But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.

and destroyed

Matthew 2:13,16
And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him…

Matthew 21:38,39
But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance…

seed royal [heb] seed of the kingdom

2 Kings 25:25
But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah.

Jeremiah 41:1
Now it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and the princes of the king, even ten men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat bread together in Mizpah.







Lexicon
When Athaliah
וַֽעֲתַלְיָה֙ (wa·‘ă·ṯal·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6271: Athaliah -- daughter of Ahab, also three Israelites

the mother
אֵ֣ם (’êm)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 517: A mother, )

of Ahaziah
אֲחַזְיָ֔הוּ (’ă·ḥaz·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 274: Ahaziah -- 'Yah has grasped', the name of several Israelites

saw
רָאֲתָ֖ה (rā·’ă·ṯāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

that
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

her son
בְּנָ֑הּ (bə·nāh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

was dead,
מֵ֣ת (mêṯ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

she proceeded
וַתָּ֙קָם֙ (wat·tā·qām)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

to annihilate
וַתְּאַבֵּ֔ד (wat·tə·’ab·bêḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6: To wander away, lose oneself, to perish

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the royal
הַמַּמְלָכָֽה׃ (ham·mam·lā·ḵāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4467: Kingdom, sovereignty, dominion, reign

heirs.
זֶ֥רַע (ze·ra‘)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2233: Seed, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity
XI.

ATHALIAH USURPS THE THRONE OF JUDAH, BUT IS DEPOSED AND SLAIN, AND HER GRANDSON JOASH CROWNED, THROUGH THE INSTRUMENTALITY OF THE HIGH PRIEST JEHOIADA. (Comp. 2Chronicles 22:10; 2Chronicles 23:21.)

(1) And when Athaliah . . . saw.--Rather, Now Athaliah . . . had seen. (The and, which the common Hebrew text inserts before the verb, is merely a mistaken repetition of the last letter of Ahaziah. Many MSS. omit it.)

As to Athaliah and her evil influence on her husband Jehoram, see 2Kings 8:18; 2Kings 8:26-27. By her ambition and her cruelty she now shows herself a worthy daughter of Jezebel.

Her son.--Ahaziah (2Kings 9:27). The history of the Judaean monarchy is resumed from that point.

Destroyed all the seed royal.--"The seed of the kingdom" (see margin) means all who might set up claims to the succession. Ahaziah's brothers had been slain by the Arabs (2Chronicles 21:17); and his "kinsmen" by Jehu (2Kings 10:14). Those whom Athaliah slew would be for the most part Ahaziah's own sons, though other relatives are not excluded by the term.

Verse 1. - And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead. (On Athaliah, see the comment upon 2 Kings 8:18.) She was married to Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat, probably in the lifetime of his father, to cement the alliance concluded between Ahab and Jehoshaphat against the Syrians (1 Kings 22:2-4). She inherited much of her mother Jezebel's character, obtained an unlimited ascendancy over her husband, Jehoram, and kept her son Ahaziah in leading-strings. It was unquestionably through her influence that Jehoram was prevailed upon to introduce the Baal-worship into Judah (2 Kings 8:18; 2 Chronicles 2:5, 11), and Ahaziah prevailed upon to maintain it (2 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 22:3, "He also Talked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was his counselor to do wickedly"). On the death of Ahaziah, she found her position seriously imperiled. The crown would have passed naturally to one of her grandchildren, the eldest of the sons of Ahaziah. She would have lost her position of gebirah, or queen mother, which would have passed to the widow of Ahaziah, the mother of the new sovereign. If she did not at once lose all influence, at any rate a counter-influence to hers would have been established; and this might well have been that of the high priest, who was closely connected by marriage with the royal family. Under these circumstances, she took the bold resolution described in the next clause. She arose and destroyed the seed royal. She issued her orders, and had all the members of the house of David on whom she could lay her hands put to death. The royal house had already been greatly depleted by Jehoram's murder of his brothers (2 Chronicles 21:4), by Arab marauders (2 Chronicles 21:17), and by Jehu's murder of the "brethren of Ahaziah" (2 Kings 10:14); but it is clear that Ahaziah had left several sons behind him, and some of his "brethren" had also, in all probability, left issue. There may also have been many other descendants of David in Judah, belonging to other branches of the house than that of Rehoboam. Athaliah, no doubt, endeavored to make a clean sweep, and get rid of them all. 11:1-12 Athaliah destroyed all she knew to be akin to the crown. Jehoash, one of the king's sons, was hid. Now was the promise made to David bound up in one life only, and yet it did not fail. Thus to the Son of David, the Lord, according to his promise, will secure a spiritual seed, hidden sometimes, and unseen, but hidden in God's pavilion, and unhurt. Six years Athaliah tyrannized. Then the king was brought forward. A child indeed, but he had a good guardian, and, what was better, a good God to go to With such joy and satisfaction must the kingdom of Christ be welcomed into our hearts, when his throne is set up there, and Satan the usurper is cast out. Say, Let the King, even Jesus, live, for ever live and reign in my soul, and in all the world.
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OT History: 2 Kings 11:1 Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah (2Ki iiKi ii ki 2 kg 2kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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