2 Chronicles 23:1
New International Version
In the seventh year Jehoiada showed his strength. He made a covenant with the commanders of units of a hundred: Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zikri.

New Living Translation
In the seventh year of Athaliah’s reign, Jehoiada the priest decided to act. He summoned his courage and made a pact with five army commanders: Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zicri.

English Standard Version
But in the seventh year Jehoiada took courage and entered into a covenant with the commanders of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri.

Berean Study Bible
Then in the seventh year, Jehoiada strengthened himself and made a covenant with the commanders of hundreds—with Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri.

King James Bible
And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

New King James Version
In the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and made a covenant with the captains of hundreds: Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri.

New American Standard Bible
Now in the seventh year, Jehoiada gathered his courage, and took captains of hundreds: Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Johanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, and they entered into a covenant with him.

NASB 1995
Now in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took captains of hundreds: Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Johanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, and they entered into a covenant with him.

NASB 1977
Now in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took captains of hundreds: Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Johanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, and they entered into a covenant with him.

Amplified Bible
In the seventh year Jehoiada [the priest] summoned his courage and took the captains of hundreds: Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Johanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, and they entered into a covenant with him.

Christian Standard Bible
Then, in the seventh year, Jehoiada summoned his courage and took the commanders of hundreds into a covenant with him: Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then, in the seventh year, Jehoiada summoned his courage and took the commanders of hundreds into a covenant with him: Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri.

American Standard Version
And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And in the seventh year Yawida was empowered and he took the Princes of hundreds: Azaryah son of Yarkhum, and Ishmael son of Yokhanan, and Azaryah son of Obayd, and Shemaiah son of Adu, and Elishaphat son of Zakri

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And in the eighth year Jodae strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azarias the son of Joram, and Ismael the son of Joanan, and Azarias the son of Obed, and Maasaeas the son of Adia, and Elisaphan the son of Zacharias, with him unto the house of the Lord.

Contemporary English Version
After Ahaziah's son Joash had hidden in the temple for six years, Jehoiada the priest knew that something had to be done. So he made sure he had the support of several army officers. They were Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And in the seventh year Joiada being encouraged, took the captains of hundreds, to wit, Azarias the son of Jeroham, and Ismahel the son of Johanan, and Azarias the son of Obed, and Maasias the son of Adaias, and Elisaphat the son of Zechri: and made a covenant with them.

English Revised Version
And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

Good News Translation
After waiting six years Jehoiada the priest decided that it was time to take action. He made a pact with five army officers: Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the seventh year of Athaliah's reign, Jehoiada strengthened his position by making an agreement with the company commanders: Azariah, son of Jeroham, Ishmael, son of Jehohanan, Azariah, son of Obed, Maaseiah, son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat, son of Zichri.

International Standard Version
Seven years later, Jehoiada mustered up some courage and made a deal with the officers who commanded units of hundreds of soldiers, including Jehoram's son Azariah, Jehochanan's son Ishmael, Obed's son Azariah, Adaiah's son Maaseiah, and Zichri's son Elishaphat.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

Literal Standard Version
And in the seventh year Jehoiada has strengthened himself, and takes the heads of the hundreds, even Azariah son of Jeroham, and Ishmael son of Jehohanan, and Azariah son of Obed, and Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri, into the covenant with him.

NET Bible
In the seventh year Jehoiada made a bold move. He made a pact with the officers of the units of hundreds: Azariah son of Jehoram, Ishmael son of Jehochanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zikri.

New Heart English Bible
In the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zikri, into covenant with him.

World English Bible
In the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

Young's Literal Translation
And in the seventh year hath Jehoiada strengthened himself, and taketh the heads of the hundreds, even Azariah son of Jeroham, and Ishmael son of Jehohanan, and Azariah son of Obed, and Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri, with him into covenant.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Joash Anointed King in Judah
1Then in the seventh year, Jehoiada strengthened himself and made a covenant with the commanders of hundreds— with Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri. 2So they went throughout Judah and gathered the Levites from all the cities of Judah and the heads of the families of Israel. And when they came to Jerusalem,…

Cross References
Exodus 6:21
The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg, and Zichri.

2 Kings 11:4
Then in the seventh year, Jehoiada sent for the commanders of hundreds, the Carites, and the guards, and had them brought into the house of the LORD. There he made a covenant with them and put them under oath. He showed them the king's son

2 Chronicles 22:12
And Joash remained hidden with them in the house of God for six years while Athaliah ruled the land.


Treasury of Scripture

And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

seventy year

2 Kings 11:4
And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the LORD, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the LORD, and shewed them the king's son.

covenant with him

2 Chronicles 15:12
And they entered into a covenant to seek the LORD God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul;

1 Samuel 18:3
Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

Nehemiah 9:38
And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it.









XXIII.

THE FALL OF ATHALIAH, AND SUCCESSION OF JOASH.

(Comp. 2Kings 11:4-20.)

(1) Jehoiada strengthened himself.--Showed himself strong or courageous, behaved boldly (1Samuel 4:9). The chronicler has substituted a favourite expression (hithchazzaq) for the term used in Kings, "Jehoiada sent."

The captains of hundreds.--Their names, added here, are not given in 2Kings 11:4. On the other hand, Kings reads, "the captains of the hundreds of the Carians (or body-guard) and the Runners (or couriers, i.e., royal messengers) "--terms which were probably obscure to the chronicler.

Azariah . . . and Azariah.--Heb.,'Azary?h . . . and 'Azary?h-. (Comp. 2Chronicles 21:2.) These names are introduced in the chronicler s well-known manner (by the prefix le, marking the object of the verb). His style is very visible in the additions to the narrative as compared with Kings.

Verse 1. - Jehoiada strengthened himself (see our note, 2 Chronicles 12:1; 2 Chronicles 13:7). He nerved himself with courage, and that courage which results from conviction of duty and of ripe time to achieve it. The captains of hundreds (or, centurions of the royal guards) are not mentioned in the parallel by name, but the significant mention there (2 Kings 11:5-7) of five detachments (three "third parts," plus "two parts" of another body) tally with the number five, who are here mentioned by name. The five detachments probably summed up a force of nominally five hundred. It is interesting to note how often high religious enterprises have been due to the trusting mutual co-operation of very few to begin with, and them awakened and led by one. Of no one of these five named here is anything known more to his honour than this - that his name is here recorded. It is said with the most perfect simplicity of even Hebrew language, that he took them with him in covenant.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then in the seventh
הַשְּׁבִעִ֜ית (haš·šə·ḇi·‘îṯ)
Article | Number - ordinal feminine singular
Strong's 7637: Seventh (an ordinal number)

year,
וּבַשָּׁנָ֨ה (ū·ḇaš·šā·nāh)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8141: A year

Jehoiada
יְהוֹיָדָ֗ע (yə·hō·w·yā·ḏā‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3077: Jehoiada -- 'the LORD knows', the name of several Israelites

strengthened himself
הִתְחַזַּ֣ק (hiṯ·ḥaz·zaq)
Verb - Hitpael - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2388: To fasten upon, to seize, be strong, obstinate, to bind, restrain, conquer

and made
וַיִּקַּ֣ח (way·yiq·qaḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3947: To take

a covenant
בַבְּרִֽית׃ (ḇab·bə·rîṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 1285: A covenant

with the commanders
שָׂרֵ֣י (śā·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of hundreds:
הַמֵּא֡וֹת (ham·mê·’ō·wṯ)
Article | Number - feminine plural
Strong's 3967: A hundred

Azariah
לַעֲזַרְיָ֣הוּ (la·‘ă·zar·yā·hū)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5838: Azariah -- 'Yah has helped', the name of a number of Israelites

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Jeroham,
יְרֹחָ֡ם (yə·rō·ḥām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3395: Jeroham -- 'may He be compassionate', the name of several Israelites

Ishmael
וּלְיִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל (ū·lə·yiš·mā·‘êl)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3458: Ishmael -- 'God hears', the name of several Israelites

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Jehohanan,
יְ֠הוֹחָנָן (yə·hō·w·ḥā·nān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3076: Johanan -- 'the LORD has been gracious', the name of a number of Israelites

Azariah
וְלַֽעֲזַרְיָ֨הוּ (wə·la·‘ă·zar·yā·hū)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5838: Azariah -- 'Yah has helped', the name of a number of Israelites

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Obed,
עוֹבֵ֜ד (‘ō·w·ḇêḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5744: Obed -- 'worshiper', the name of several Israelites

Maaseiah
מַעֲשֵׂיָ֧הוּ (ma·‘ă·śê·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4641: Maaseiah -- 'work of Yah', the name of a number of Israelites

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Adaiah,
עֲדָיָ֛הוּ (‘ă·ḏā·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5718: Adaiah -- 'Yah has ornamented Himself', the name of a number of Israelites

and Elishaphat
אֱלִישָׁפָ֥ט (’ĕ·lî·šā·p̄āṭ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 478: Elishaphat -- 'God has judged', an Israelite

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Zichri.
זִכְרִ֖י (ziḵ·rî)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2147: Zichri -- the name of several Israelites


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OT History: 2 Chronicles 23:1 In the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr)
2 Chronicles 22:12
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