1 Kings 15:2
New International Version
and he reigned in Jerusalem three years. His mother's name was Maakah daughter of Abishalom.

New Living Translation
He reigned in Jerusalem three years. His mother was Maacah, the daughter of Absalom.

English Standard Version
He reigned for three years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.

Berean Study Bible
and he reigned in Jerusalem three years. His mother’s name was Maacah daughter of Abishalom.

New American Standard Bible
He reigned three years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.

King James Bible
Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

Christian Standard Bible
and he reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Maacah daughter of Abishalom.

Contemporary English Version
and he ruled from Jerusalem for three years. His mother was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.

Good News Translation
and he ruled three years in Jerusalem. His mother was Maacah, the daughter of Absalom.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Maacah daughter of Abishalom.

International Standard Version
He reigned for three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Maacah, the daughter of Abishalom.

NET Bible
He ruled for three years in Jerusalem. His mother was Maacah, the daughter of Abishalom.

New Heart English Bible
He reigned three years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He ruled for three years in Jerusalem. His mother was named Maacah, daughter of Abishalom.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Three years reigned he in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.

New American Standard 1977
He reigned three years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

King James 2000 Bible
Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

American King James Version
Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. and his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

American Standard Version
Three years reigned he in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he reigned three years over Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Maacha, daughter of Abessalom.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He reigned three years in Jerusalem: the name of his mother was Maacha the daughter of Abessalom.

Darby Bible Translation
He reigned three years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Maachah, a daughter of Abishalom.

English Revised Version
Three years reigned he in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.

Webster's Bible Translation
Three years he reigned in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

World English Bible
Three years reigned he in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.

Young's Literal Translation
three years he hath reigned in Jerusalem, and the name of his mother is Maachah daughter of Abishalom;
Study Bible
Abijam Reigns in Judah
1In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam son of Nebat, Abijam became king of Judah, 2and he reigned in Jerusalem three years. His mother’s name was Maacah daughter of Abishalom. 3Abijam walked in all the sins that his father before him had committed, and his heart was not as fully devoted to the LORD his God as the heart of David his forefather had been.…
Cross References
1 Kings 15:10
and he reigned in Jerusalem forty-one years. His grandmother's name was Maacah daughter of Abishalom.

2 Chronicles 11:20
After her, he married Maacah daughter of Absalom, and she bore to him Abijah, Attai, Ziza, and Shelomith.

2 Chronicles 11:21
Rehoboam loved Maacah daughter of Absalom more than all his wives and concubines. In all, he had eighteen wives and sixty concubines, and he was the father of twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters.

2 Chronicles 13:1
In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, Abijah became king of Judah,

2 Chronicles 13:2
and he reigned in Jerusalem three years. His mother's name was Micaiah daughter of Uriel; she was from Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.

Treasury of Scripture

Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. and his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

his mother's

1 Kings 15:13
And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen, because she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt it by the brook Kidron.

2 Chronicles 11:20-22
And after her he took Maachah the daughter of Absalom; which bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith…

Maachah

2 Chronicles 13:2
He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.

Michaiah the daughter of Uriel

2 Chronicles 11:21
And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines: (for he took eighteen wives, and threescore concubines; and begat twenty and eight sons, and threescore daughters.)

Absalom







Lexicon
and he reigned
מָלַ֖ךְ (mā·laḵ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4427: To reign, inceptively, to ascend the throne, to induct into royalty, to take counsel

in Jerusalem
בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם (bî·rū·šā·lim)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3389: Jerusalem -- probably 'foundation of peace', capital city of all Israel

three
שָׁלֹ֣שׁ (šā·lōš)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7969: Three, third, thrice

years.
שָׁנִ֔ים (šā·nîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

His mother’s
אִמּ֔וֹ (’im·mōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 517: A mother, )

name
וְשֵׁ֣ם (wə·šêm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8034: A name

was Maacah
מַעֲכָ֖ה (ma·‘ă·ḵāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4601: Maacah -- an Israelite name, also a non-Israelite name, also a region in Syria

daughter
בַּת־ (baṯ-)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1323: A daughter

of Abishalom.
אֲבִישָׁלֽוֹם׃ (’ă·ḇî·šā·lō·wm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 53: Absalom -- 'my father is peace', two Israelites
(2) Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.--The Abishalom of this passage, called, in 2Chronicles 11:20, Absalom, is in all probability the rebel son of David, whose mother (2Samuel 3:3) was also named Maachah. In 2Chronicles 11:21-22, it seems that of all the wives ("eighteen wives and threescore concubines") whom ?ehoboam, following the evil traditions of his father, took, she was the favourite, and that even in his lifetime Rehoboam exalted Abijam "to be ruler among his brethren." In 2Chronicles 13:2 she is called Michaiah, and said to be the daughter of "Uriel of Gibeah." This shows that, as indeed chronological considerations would suggest, she must have been the granddaughter of Absalom. She is mentioned below (1Kings 15:13) as prominent in the evil propensity to idolatry.

Verse 2. - Three years [The Alex. LXX. says δεκὰεξ, sixteen. The" three years" are not to be interpreted strictly. As he ascended the throne in the eighteenth and died in the twentieth year of Jeroboam's reign, he cannot have completed three years. But it does not follow that "he cannot have reigned much more than two years" (Rawlinson, and similarly Keil). He may have reigned all but three] reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah [in 2 Chronicles 13:2 called Michaiah, Heb. Michajahu. That the same person is meant is proved as well by the context as by 2 Chronicles 11:21, where the name is given as here. Keil (cf. Dict. Bib. 2:162) ascribes the discrepancy to an error of the copyist; but the names are so unlike in the original as to discountenance this assumption. I venture to suggest that Michajahu was the significant form - the word means "Who is like Jehovah?" - which the name Maachah, "oppression," borne by the Geshurite princess who married David (2 Samuel 3:3) assumed when she joined the Lord's people, and embraced, as no doubt she would do, the religion of Jehovah. Such a change would be quite in accordance with the genius and traditions of the Semitic races (Genesis 17:5, 15; Genesis 30. passim; 32:28; 41:45; Exodus 6:3, etc. Cf. 2 Kings 23:34; 2 Kings 24:17; Hosea 1:4, 6), and there may well have been special reasons in this case, apart from the piety of David, why it should be made. For the name Maachah appears to have been taken Iron the town and district of that name near Geshur - a part of Syria was called Syria Maachah (1 Chronicles 19:6; cf. 2 Samuel 10:6-8). In 2 Samuel 20:14, 15 we read of a district of Beth Maachah - and it not improbably witnessed to unhappy memories. How natural it would be that David's bride should take a name of better omen and of a religious import, and how natural that the grand-daughter who bore her name should be called by that name in both its forms. Since writing the above, I find that a somewhat similar idea has occurred long since to others. Both Kimchi and Jarchi hold that she had two names. It is supposed by some that she assumed the name Michaiah, as more dignified, on becoming queen. Wordsworth thinks that Michaiah was her real name, and that it was degraded into Maachah when she was deposed for idolatry. This latter view dovetails with the one suggested above. It would be quite in accordance with Jewish usages and habits of thought that the name which had been changed into Michaiah when the grandmother became a proselyte, should be changed back into Maachah when this princess apostatized], the daughter [rather, grand-daughter. בַּת includes all female descendants, as אֵם (see ver. 10) all anxestresses] of Abishalom. We can hardly doubt that Absalom, the son of David, is meant here. We have

(1) the express statement of 2 Chronicles 11:21, "Rehoboam loved Maachah, the daughter of Absalom," etc.

(2) The fact that two of Rehoboam's other wives were of the family of David, which shows that it was part of his policy to marry the daughters of that house.

(3) The mother of Absalom was named Maachah (2 Samuel 3:3).

(4) The name is so uncommon - in fact, it is ἅπαξ λεγ - that another person can hardly be intended. Moreover the variation in spelling is extremely slight. It has been held, however, that a different person is designated by the name, principally because Absalom had but one daughter whose name was Tamar (2 Samuel 14:27), whereas Abijah's mother is said to have been the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah (2 Chronicles 13:2). But this difficulty admits of an easy solution. Tamar was doubtless married to Uriel, and Maachah was the fruit of this marriage. And with this explanation agrees the account of Josephus (Ant. 8:10,1). 15:1-8 Abijam's heart was not perfect with the Lord his God; he wanted sincerity; he began well, but he fell off, and walked in all the sins of his father, following his bad example, though he had seen the bad consequences of it. David's family was continued as a lamp in Jerusalem, to maintain the true worship of God there, when the light of Divine truth was extinguished in all other places. The Lord has still taken care of his cause, while those who ought to have been serviceable thereto have lived and perished in their sins. The Son of David will still continue a light to his church, to establish it in truth and righteousness to the end of time. There are two kinds of fulfilling the law, one legal, the other by the gospel. Legal is, when men do all things required in the law, and that by themselves. None ever thus fulfilled the law but Christ, and Adam before his fall. The gospel manner of fulfilling the law is, to believe in Christ who fulfilled the law for us, and to endeavour in the whole man to obey God in all his precepts. And this is accepted of God, as to all those that are in Christ. Thus David and others are said to fulfil the law.
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