2 Kings 12:17
New International Version
About this time Hazael king of Aram went up and attacked Gath and captured it. Then he turned to attack Jerusalem.

New Living Translation
About this time King Hazael of Aram went to war against Gath and captured it. Then he turned to attack Jerusalem.

English Standard Version
At that time Hazael king of Syria went up and fought against Gath and took it. But when Hazael set his face to go up against Jerusalem,

Berean Study Bible
At that time Hazael king of Aram marched up and fought against Gath and captured it. Then he decided to attack Jerusalem.

New American Standard Bible
Then Hazael king of Aram went up and fought against Gath and captured it, and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

King James Bible
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

Christian Standard Bible
At that time King Hazael of Aram marched up and fought against Gath and captured it. Then he planned to attack Jerusalem.

Contemporary English Version
About the same time, King Hazael of Syria attacked the town of Gath and captured it. Next, he decided to attack Jerusalem.

Good News Translation
At that time King Hazael of Syria attacked the city of Gath and conquered it; then he decided to attack Jerusalem.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
At that time Hazael king of Aram marched up and fought against Gath and captured it. Then he planned to attack Jerusalem.

International Standard Version
Later, King Hazael of Aram invaded and attacked Gath, captured it, and then set out to approach Jerusalem.

NET Bible
At that time King Hazael of Syria attacked Gath and captured it. Hazael then decided to attack Jerusalem.

New Heart English Bible
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it; and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At this time King Hazael of Aram fought against Gath and conquered it. He was also determined to attack Jerusalem.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then Hazael king of Aram went up, and fought against Gath, and took it; and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

New American Standard 1977
Then Hazael king of Aram went up and fought against Gath and captured it, and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Hazael, king of Syria, went up, and fought against Gath and took it; and Hazael set his face to go up against Jerusalem.

King James 2000 Bible
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

American King James Version
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

American Standard Version
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it; and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then Hazael king of Syria went up and fought against Geth, and took it and set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

Darby Bible Translation
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it. And Hazael set his face to go up against Jerusalem.

English Revised Version
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it; and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

World English Bible
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it; and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

Young's Literal Translation
Then go up doth Hazael king of Aram, and fighteth against Gath, and captureth it, and Hazael setteth his face to go up against Jerusalem;
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Death of Joash
17At that time Hazael king of Aram marched up and fought against Gath and captured it. Then he decided to attack Jerusalem. 18So King Joash of Judah took all the sacred objects dedicated by his fathers—Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, and Ahaziah, the kings of Judah—along with his own consecrated items and all the gold found in the treasuries of the house of the LORD and the royal palace, and he sent them to Hazael king of Aram. So Hazael withdrew from Jerusalem.…
Cross References
1 Kings 15:18
So Asa withdrew all the silver and gold that remained in the treasuries of the house of the LORD and of the royal palace. He entrusted it to his servants and sent them to Ben-hadad son of Tabrimmon, the son of Hezion king of Aram, who was ruling in Damascus, saying,

1 Kings 19:17
Then Jehu will put to death whoever escapes the sword of Hazael, and Elisha will put to death whoever escapes the sword of Jehu.

2 Kings 8:12
"Why is my lord weeping?" asked Hazael. "Because I know the evil you will do to the Israelites," Elisha replied. "You will set fire to their fortresses, kill their young men with the sword, dash their little ones to pieces, and rip open their pregnant women."

2 Kings 10:32
In those days the LORD began to reduce the size of Israel. Hazael defeated the Israelites throughout their territory

2 Kings 10:33
from the Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead (the region of Gad, Reuben, and Manasseh), and from Aroer by the Arnon Valley through Gilead to Bashan.

2 Kings 13:3
So the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and He delivered them continually into the hands of Hazael king of Aram and his son Ben-hadad.

2 Kings 16:8
Ahaz also took the silver and gold found in the house of the LORD and in the treasuries of the king's palace, and he sent it as a gift to the king of Assyria.

2 Chronicles 24:23
At the turn of the year, the army of Aram went to war against Joash. They entered Judah and Jerusalem and destroyed all the leaders of the people, and they sent all the plunder to their king in Damascus.

2 Chronicles 24:24
Although the Aramean army had come with only a few men, the LORD delivered into their hand a very great army, because Judah had forsaken the LORD, the God of their fathers. Thus they executed judgment on Joash.

Daniel 11:17
He will resolve to come with the strength of his whole kingdom, and will reach an agreement with the king of the South. He will give him a daughter in marriage in order to overthrow the kingdom, but his plan will not succeed or help him.

Habakkuk 1:9
All of them come bent on violence; their hordes advance like the east wind; they gather prisoners like sand.

Treasury of Scripture

Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

A.M.

2 Kings 8:12-15 And Hazael said, Why weeps my lord? And he answered, Because I know …

against Gath

1 Samuel 27:2 And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that …

1 Kings 2:39,40 And it came to pass at the end of three years, that two of the servants …

1 Chronicles 8:13 Beriah also, and Shema, who were heads of the fathers of the inhabitants …

1 Chronicles 18:1 Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, …

set his face

Jeremiah 42:15 And now therefore hear the word of the LORD, you remnant of Judah; …

Luke 9:51,53 And it came to pass, when the time was come that he should be received …

to Jerusalem

2 Chronicles 24:23,24 And it came to pass at the end of the year, that the host of Syria …







Lexicon
At that time
אָ֣ז (’āz)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 227: At that time, place, therefore

Hazael
חֲזָאֵל֙ (ḥă·zā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2371: Hazael -- 'God sees', a king of Aram (Syria)

king
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of Aram
אֲרָ֔ם (’ă·rām)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 758: Aram -- Syria

marched up
יַעֲלֶ֗ה (ya·‘ă·leh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

and fought
וַיִּלָּ֥חֶם (way·yil·lā·ḥem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

Gath
גַּ֖ת (gaṯ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1661: Gath -- 'wine press', a Philistine city

and captured it.
וַֽיִּלְכְּדָ֑הּ (way·yil·kə·ḏāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3920: To catch, to capture, occupy, to choose, to cohere

Then he
חֲזָאֵל֙ (ḥă·zā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2371: Hazael -- 'God sees', a king of Aram (Syria)

decided
וַיָּ֤שֶׂם (way·yā·śem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

to attack
לַעֲל֖וֹת (la·‘ă·lō·wṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

Jerusalem.
יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם׃ (yə·rū·šā·lim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3389: Jerusalem -- probably 'foundation of peace', capital city of all Israel
(17-21) Conclusion of the epitome of the reign, broken off at 2Kings 12:4.

(17) Then.--At that time, viz., after the events just related. Hazae?s invasion of the south followed upon his successes against Jehoahaz, who became king of the northern kingdom in the very year when Jehoash took in hand the restoration of the Temple. (Comp. 2Kings 12:6 with 2Kings 13:1; 2Kings 13:3.) It appears from 2Chronicles 24:23 that the high priest Jehoiada was dead, and Jehoash had already swerved from his counsels.

Fought against Gath.--Which, therefore, at the time either belonged to, or was in league with, Judah. Rehoboam had included this town in his system of national defences (2Chronicles 11:8); and it was perhaps at this time the only important outpost of the capital on the western side. Ewald assumes that the petty Philistine states had invited the intervention of Hazael between themselves and their suzerain, the king of Judah. Gaza, Ashdod, Ascalon, and Ekron, but not Gath, appear as Philistine kingdoms in the annals of Sennacherib and Esarhaddon, a century later. This agrees with what is stated in 2Chronicles 26:6 as to Uzziah having destroyed the walls of Gath. (Comp. Amos 6:2.)

Set his face.--Comp. Luke 9:51.

To go up to.--Or, against.

Verses 17, 18. - The war of Joash with Hazael. A considerable gap occurs between vers. 16 and 17. We learn from Chronicles some particulars of the interval. Not long after the completion of the repairs, Jehoiada, who had lived to a good old age in complete harmony with the monarch, expired. His piety, and his good services, as preserver of the house of David, as restorer of the temple-worship, and joint-repairer with Joash of the temple itself, were regarded as entitling him to extraordinary funeral honors; and by general consent he was interred within the city of Jerusalem, in the sepulchers of the kings (2 Chronicles 24:16). His removal led to a fresh religious revolution. "The Jewish aristocracy, who perhaps had never been free from the licentious and idolatrous taint introduced by Rehoboam and confirmed by Athaliah, and who may well have been galled by the new rise of the priestly order, presented themselves before Joash, and offered him the same obsequious homage that bad been paid by the young nobles to Rehoboam. He... feeling himself released from personal obligations by the death of his adopted father, threw himself into their hands. Athaliah was avenged almost upon the spot where she had been first seized by her enemies" (Stanley, 'Jewish Church,' vol. 2. p. 345). Joash began by allowing the reintroduction of idolatry and grove-worship (2 Chronicles 24:18), and then, when remonstrated with by Zechariah, the son of Jehoiada, who had succeeded his father in the office of high priest, had the remonstrant set upon by the people and slain. The writer of Chronicles closely connects this murderous deed with the Syrian war, which followed it within a year (2 Chronicles 24:23), and was generally regarded as a Divine judgment. Verse 17. - Then Hazael King of Syria went up, and fought against Gath. Hitherto Judah had been safe from any attack on the part of Syria, since Israel had been interposed between the two powers. Now, however, that Hazael had conquered from Jehu the entire trans-Jordanic territory (2 Kings 10:33), the case was wholly altered - Judah and Syria had become conterminous along the line of the lower Jordan, and Syria could invade Judaea at any moment. It is surprising that Gath should have been the special object of attack, since Oath (Abu-Gheith) lay remote from the Syrian frontier, in the southwestern part of Judaea, and could only be reached from Syria by an enemy who was not afraid of leaving Jerusalem behind him. Gath, when last mentioned, was a Judaean city, and was fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:8); but it was originally Philistine (1 Samuel 5:17), and the Philistines had recovered it before the time of Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:6). To which power it belonged when Hazael made war upon it is uncertain. And took it - probably took it by storm, and plundered it, but did not attempt an occupation - and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem. If Gath be Abu-Gheith, as appears probable, it would be distant from Jerusalem not less than forty miles in a direct line. If Hazael, however, was returning to the trans-Jordanic country taken from Israel, it would lie in his way, and might naturally tempt him to make a dash at it, more especially as he was flushed with victory. 12:17-21 Let us review the character of Jehoash, and consider what we may learn from it. When we see what a sad conclusion there was to so promising a beginning, it ought to make us seek into our spiritual declinings. If we know any thing of Christ as the foundation of our faith and hope, let us desire to know nothing but Christ. May the work of the blessed Spirit on our souls be manifest; may we see, feel, and be earnest, in seeking after Jesus in all his fulness, suitableness, and grace, that our souls may be brought over from dead works to serve the living and true God.
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