Proverbs 6:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Yet if he is caught, he must pay sevenfold, though it costs him all the wealth of his house.

New Living Translation
But if he is caught, he must pay back seven times what he stole, even if he has to sell everything in his house.

English Standard Version
but if he is caught, he will pay sevenfold; he will give all the goods of his house.

New American Standard Bible
But when he is found, he must repay sevenfold; He must give all the substance of his house.

King James Bible
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Still, if caught, he must pay seven times as much; he must give up all the wealth in his house.

International Standard Version
but when he is discovered, he must restore seven-fold, forfeiting the entire value of his house.

NET Bible
Yet if he is caught he must repay seven times over, he might even have to give all the wealth of his house.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if he is caught stealing, he pays each sevenfold, and he gives all the possessions of his house.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
but when he is caught, he has to repay it seven times. He must give up all the possessions in his house.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and once he is taken, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

King James 2000 Bible
But if he is found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give up all the goods of his house.

American King James Version
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

American Standard Version
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; He shall give all the substance of his house.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if he be taken he shall restore sevenfold, and shall give up all the substance of his house.

Darby Bible Translation
and if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

English Revised Version
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

Webster's Bible Translation
But if he is found, he shall restore seven-fold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

World English Bible
but if he is found, he shall restore seven times. He shall give all the wealth of his house.

Young's Literal Translation
And being found he repayeth sevenfold, All the substance of his house he giveth.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:20-35 The word of God has something to say to us upon all occasions. Let not faithful reproofs ever make us uneasy. When we consider how much this sin abounds, how heinous adultery is in its own nature, of what evil consequence it is, and how certainly it destroys the spiritual life in the soul, we shall not wonder that the cautions against it are so often repeated. Let us notice the subjects of this chapter. Let us remember Him who willingly became our Surety, when we were strangers and enemies. And shall Christians, who have such prospects, motives, and examples, be slothful and careless? Shall we neglect what is pleasing to God, and what he will graciously reward? May we closely watch every sense by which poison can enter our minds or affections.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31. - But if he be taken, he shill restore sevenfold. Men do not despise the thief, but yet they apprehend him and insist on fullest restitution. Be found; i.e. seized (Delitzsch), or legally convicted (Gejerus). He shall restore; i.e. he must restore (Zockler). Delitzsch, however, understands the future, y'shalem, as potential, "he may restore." Sevenfold; Hebrew, siv'athayim; LXX., ἐπταπλάσια; Vulgate, septulum. On this word Geier remarks, "Haec vox nullibi in sacris ponitur pio numero definito;" i.e. "It is nowhere put in Scripture for a definite number." It is therefore to be understood indefinitely of complete restitution, or, as it is expressed in the second and parallel clauses, "all the substance of his house." The word is used in this sense in Genesis 4:24; Leviticus 26:28; Job 5:19 (Lapide). Theft under the Mosaic Law was punishable by a fivefold, fourfold, and twofold restitution (Exodus 22:1-4, 9), and, in the event of this not forthcoming, the delinquent was to be sold into slavery (Leviticus 25:89). In 2 Samuel 12:6 a fourfold restitution is mentioned, and in the New Testament Zacchaeus promises to restore fourfold if he could be convicted of fraud (Luke 19:8). In the attempts to reconcile the "sevenfold" of our passage with the requirements of the Mosaic Law, Aben Ezra says that the combined penalties for two cases of theft are contemplated, and others that in the time of the writer the penalties had been increased. But proof of this is wanting. Grotius's explanation is more curious than correct, viz. that if the theft be repeated seven times, and he be "taken" seven times, the thief should only be punished by being forced to make restitution with some addition. Both the Greek and Roman law demanded a twofold restitution. Selden maintains that theft would have been subjected to the usual punishment (Selden, 'De Jure Not. et Gent.,' 6, 100, 6). We may therefore come to the conclusion that "sevenfold" is used in the sense indicated above. As to any objection which may be raised on the seem of inconsistency in talking of a man malting restitution, and giving all his substance when he steals to satisfy his hunger, it may be remarked that he need not necessarily be without substance of some sort or other, and he could acquire subsequently sufficient to satisfy the demand. On the question whether a person is justified by extreme want in stealing, see Grotius, 'De Jure Belli et Pacis,' 2, 100, 2, § 6; Puffendorf, 'De Jure Not. et Gent,' 2, 100, 6, § 5; Blackstone, 'Commentary,' 4:2 § 4.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold,.... According to the law in Exodus 22:1; in case of theft double was to be restored, if the theft was found alive in his hand; and in some cases fourfold and fivefold. Aben Ezra observing that double and fivefold being near together in the law, joins them, and so makes sevenfold. Some think Solomon has reference to a law in other nations, which obliged to a sevenfold restoration; or that the penalty was increased in his time, but neither appears; rather the meaning is, that a thief should make restoration according to law as often as he is found guilty, be it seven times, or seventy times seven, Matthew 18:21; or the sense is, that be should make perfect restoration, full restitution as the law requires: but then this finding: him is not to be understood of finding him in the fact, stealing to satisfy hunger, for then to insist upon a legal restitution, as it is incompatible with such a man's circumstances, so would contradict what is before said, that such an one is not usually reproached and found fault with; but the sense is, if it should be found otherwise, or it should be found that he has food to satisfy his soul, as Gersom observes, and has no need to steal; or if he is found in a man's house, then he shall make restitution as the law directs, even a full one, Exodus 22:2;

he shall give all the substance of his house: to pay the sevenfold, or to make full restitution; nay, if necessary, he himself may be sold, as the above law requires.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

31. sevenfold—(compare Ex 22:1-4), for many, ample (compare Ge 4:24; Mt 18:21), even if all his wealth is taken.

Proverbs 6:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
Warnings against Adultery
30Men do not despise a thief if he steals To satisfy himself when he is hungry; 31But when he is found, he must repay sevenfold; He must give all the substance of his house. 32The one who commits adultery with a woman is lacking sense; He who would destroy himself does it.…
Cross References
Genesis 4:15
But the LORD said to him, "Not so; anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over." Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.

Exodus 22:1
"Whoever steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

Psalm 79:12
Pay back into the laps of our neighbors seven times the contempt they have hurled at you, Lord.
Treasury of Scripture

But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

if

Exodus 22:1,3,4 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; …

2 Samuel 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, …

Job 20:18 That which he labored for shall he restore, and shall not swallow …

Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said to the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half …

he shall give

Matthew 18:25 But for as much as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be …

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